LC
Garganey Spatula querquedula



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note
Spatula querquedula (del Hoyo and Collar 2014) was previously placed in the genus Anas.

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Christidis, L. and Boles, W.E. 2008. Systematics and taxonomy of Australian birds. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Australia.
Christidis, L.; Boles, W. E. 2008. Systematics and taxonomy of Australian birds. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Australia.
Cramp, S. and Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Cramp, S.; Perrins, C. M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 32,500,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 82,900,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor estimated 2012
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 6.5 - - -

Population justification: The global population is estimated to number c.2,600,000-2,800,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2015). The European population is estimated at 352,000-524,000 pairs, which equates to 704,000-1,050,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015).

Trend justification: The overall population trend is decreasing, although some populations have unknown trends or are stable (Wetlands International 2015). The European population is estimated to be decreasing by less than 25% in three generations (19.5 years) (BirdLife International 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant
Armenia N Extant Yes
Australia V Extant
Austria N Extant Yes Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Bahrain N Extant Yes
Bangladesh N Extant Yes
Barbados V Extant
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium N Extant Yes
Benin N Extant
Bermuda (to UK) V Extant Yes
Bhutan N Extant
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Botswana V Extant
Brunei N Extant
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
Burkina Faso N Extant
Burundi N Extant
Cambodia N Extant
Cameroon N Extant
Canada V Extant
Cape Verde V Extant
Central African Republic N Extant
Chad N Extant
China (mainland) N Extant
Christmas Island (to Australia) V Extant
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the N Extant
Côte d'Ivoire N Extant
Croatia N Extant Yes
Cyprus N Extant Yes Yes
Czechia N Extant Yes
Denmark N Extant Yes Yes
Djibouti N Extant
Egypt N Extant
Eritrea N Extant
Estonia N Extant Yes Yes
Ethiopia N Extant
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) V Extant
Finland N Extant Yes Yes
France N Extant Yes Yes
Gabon N Extant
Gambia N Extant
Georgia N Extant Yes
Germany N Extant Yes Yes
Ghana N Extant
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Guam (to USA) N Extant Yes
Guinea N Extant
Guinea-Bissau N Extant
Hong Kong (China) N Extant
Hungary N Extant Yes Yes
Iceland V Extant
India N Extant
Indonesia N Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes Yes
Ireland N Extant Yes
Israel N Extant Yes
Italy N Extant Yes Yes
Japan N Extant
Jordan N Extant Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant
Kuwait N Extant Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant
Laos N Extant
Latvia N Extant Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes
Liberia N Extant
Libya N Extant
Liechtenstein N Extant
Lithuania N Extant Yes
Luxembourg N Extant Yes
Malawi N Extant
Malaysia N Extant
Maldives N Extant
Mali N Extant
Malta N Extant
Marshall Islands V Extant
Mauritania N Extant
Mauritius V Extant
Mexico V Extant
Moldova N Extant Yes Yes
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Morocco N Extant
Myanmar N Extant
Nepal N Extant
Netherlands N Extant Yes
Niger N Extant Yes
Nigeria N Extant
North Korea N Extant
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Northern Mariana Islands (to USA) N Extant Yes
Norway N Extant Yes
Oman N Extant Yes Yes
Pakistan N Extant
Palau N Extant Yes
Palestinian Authority Territories N Extant Yes
Papua New Guinea N Extant
Philippines N Extant Yes
Poland N Extant Yes Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Puerto Rico (to USA) V Extant
Qatar N Extant Yes
Réunion (to France) V Extant
Romania N Extant Yes Yes
Russia N Extant Yes Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes Yes
Rwanda N Extant
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes
Senegal N Extant
Serbia N Extant Yes
Seychelles N Extant
Sierra Leone N Extant
Singapore N Extant
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes Yes
Somalia N Extant
South Africa N Extant
South Korea N Extant
South Sudan N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
Sri Lanka N Extant Yes
Sudan N Extant
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) V Extant
Sweden N Extant Yes Yes
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes
Taiwan, China N Extant
Tajikistan N Extant
Tanzania N Extant
Thailand N Extant
Timor-Leste V Extant
Togo N Extant
Tunisia N Extant
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant
Uganda N Extant
Ukraine N Extant Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes Yes
United Kingdom N Extant Yes
United States Minor Outlying Islands (to USA) V Extant
USA V Extant Yes
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes
Vietnam N Extant Yes
Western Sahara N Extant
Yemen N Extant Yes
Zambia N Extant
Zimbabwe N Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Cyprus Akamas and Agia Aikaterini – Agia Paraskevi Gorges
Azerbaijan Lake Sarysu
Belarus Balota Dzikoje
Belarus Yaselda
Belarus Sporovo
Belarus Balota Zvaniec
Belarus Mid Prypiac'
Belarus Lower Pripyat
Belarus Sialiec
Belarus Asvieja
Belarus Vyhanaščanskija baloty
Belarus Beresina
Belarus Bielaje fish farm
Belarus Sož floodplain
Belarus Halubickaja Pušča
Belarus Zachodniaja Biarezina
Belarus Paliessie fish farm
Belarus Biarezinski zapaviednik
Belarus Haradzienskaja Svislač
Belarus Al'manskija baloty
Lithuania Islauzas fish-ponds
Cyprus Akhna dam
Cyprus Akrotiri salt-lake including Bishop's Pool
Cyprus Phasouri reedbeds
Latvia Lielais Kemeru bog
Latvia Engure lake
Latvia Pape
Romania Satchinez marsh
Romania Lake Techirghiol
Romania Rotbav fish-ponds
Romania Cefa fish-ponds and Radvani wood
Romania Stânca lake - Costeşti
Romania Cursul Dunării - Baziaş - Porţile de Fier
Romania Miheşu de Câmpie-Taureni fish-ponds
Romania Danube Delta and Razelm-Sinoe complex
Romania Jijiei şi Miletinului fish-ponds
Romania Comana
Romania Lake Fundata
Romania Lake Strachina
Romania Lake Tataru
Romania Balta Albă - Amara - Jirlău
Romania Fizes valley
Romania Blahniţa
Slovenia Lake Cerknica
Slovenia River Drava
Belgium Bassin de la Haine
Belgium Vijverkomplex van Midden Limburg
Belgium Demervallei
Belgium Zegge
Belgium Kuifeend and Blokkersdijk
Belgium Durme en Middenloop van de Schelde
Belgium Polderkomplex
Belgium IJzervallei-De Blankaart
Sweden Lake Gammelstadsviken
Sweden River Svartån
Sweden Lake Hjälstaviken
Sweden Lake Kvismaren
Sweden Lake Hornborga
Sweden Lake Kävsjön – Store Mosse
Sweden River Klingaälv – Lake Kranke
Sweden Getterön
Sweden Lake Persöfjärden
Sweden Bay of Skälder
Sweden Lomma Bight
Sweden Bay of Rynninge
Sweden Ledskär – Bay of Karlholm
Sweden Lake Tämnaren
Sweden Dannemora
Sweden Lake Östra Styran
Sweden Fjord of Båta
Sweden River Ume Delta and Plains
Poland Biebrza river valley
Poland Warta River Mouth
Poland Middle Warta River Valley
Poland Druzno lake
Poland Vistula Lagoon
Poland Gródek-Michalowo basin
Poland Middle part of Tuchola forest
Poland Jeziorsko reservoir
Poland Delta of the Swina river
Poland Ostrówek and Smogulec ponds
Poland Woniesc reservoir
Poland Goplo Lake Site
Poland Marshy Valley of the Narew River
Poland Upper Wisla River Valley
Poland Turawa reservoir
Poland Nida Rivar Valley
Poland Ner River Valley
Poland Pisz forest
Poland Swidwie lake
Poland Marshy valley of the Drweca river
Poland Notec river flood-plain
Poland Przemków ponds
Poland Middle Vistula River Valley
Poland Oak-hornbeam forests in the Odra valley
Poland Upper Narew River Valley
Poland Starzawa ponds
Poland Rakutowskie swamps
Poland Slup reservoir
Poland Nietlice marshes
Greece River Axios
Greece Axios, Loudias and Aliakmonas rivers' deltas
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary
Greece Mount Ochi and surrounding marine area
Greece Alyki lagoon, Aigio
Greece Divari Pylou (Gialova) lagoon and Sfaktiria island
Greece Lakes Chortarolimni and Alyki, Moudros gulf, Diapori fen and Fakos peninsula, Limnos
Greece Evrotas delta
Greece Nea Fokaia marshes
Greece Kythira island
Greece Lake Agras
Greece Megalo and Mikro Livari lagoons, Istiaia
Greece Lake Kourna, Almyros delta and Georgioupolis coast, Crete
Greece Prespa National Park and Varnountas mountains
Greece Reservoirs of former lake Karla
Greece Lake Pikrolimni
Greece Alyki Kitrous lagoon
Greece Acherontas gorge and estuary
Greece Amvrakikos gulf
Greece Kalloni Gulf, Lesvos
Greece Kalamas delta
Greece Artzan reservoir
Greece Lake Kerkini
Greece Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou)
Greece Agios Mamas marsh
Greece Lakes Cheimaditis and Zazari
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos gorge
Greece Lake Kastoria
Greece Northern Evros and Ardas riparian forest
Greece Psara and Antipsara islands and surrounding islets
Greece National Park of Dadia - Lefkimi - Soufli forest
Greece Kotychi lagoon
Greece Lagoons of Kerkyra island
Greece Lakes Volvi, Koroneia and Rentina Gorge
Greece Kato Olympos, Tempi gorge and mount Ossa
Finland Eckerö and Hammarland archipelago
Finland Mietoistenlahti bay
Finland Paimionlahti bay
Finland Korppoo and Nauvo southern archipelago
Finland Köyliönjärvi and Pyhäjärvi lakes
Finland Puurijärvi-Isosuo wetlands
Finland Rauma and Luvia archipelagos
Finland Koskeljärvi, Vaaljärvi and Pitkäjärvi lakes
Finland Pori archipelago and wetlands
Finland Hanko western archipelago
Finland Laajalahti bay, Vanhankaupunginlahti bay and Viikki
Finland Porvoonjoki Delta
Finland Kirkon-Vilkkiläntura Bay
Finland Kirkkojärvi lake and Lupinlahti bay
Finland Siikalahti bay and Sammallampi lake
Finland Torronsuo and Lake Talpianjärvi
Finland Koijärvi lake
Finland Artjärvi wetlands
Finland Hollola wetlands
Finland Kangasala wetlands
Finland Maaninka wetlands
Finland Päätyeenlahti bay
Finland Pitkäranta
Finland Outokumpu wetlands
Finland Värtsilä valley
Finland Alajoki
Finland Merenkurkku archipelago
Finland Sundominlahti Bay and Söderfjärden
Finland Rahja archipelago
Finland Ahmasjärvi lake
Finland Haapavesi wetlands
Finland Oulu region wetlands
Finland Tornionjoki Delta
Hungary Pacsmag Lakes of Regöly
Hungary Lake Fertő
Hungary Vértes
Hungary Alkaline pusztas of Upper Kiskunság
Hungary Borsodi-Mezőség
Hungary Kesznyéten
Hungary Hódmezővásárhely Pusztas
Hungary Csanád Pusztas
Russia (European) Delta of the River Don
Russia (European) Kupy area
Russia (European) Flood-plain of Kostroma river
Russia (European) Western Ilmen area
Russia (European) Faustovo flood-plains of Moscow river
Russia (European) Khoper Nature Reserve
Russia (European) Volga Delta
Russia (European) Chudsko-Pskovski Lake and the adjacent areas
Russia (European) Kamsko-Ikski area
Russia (European) Surski reservoir
Russia (European) Valley complex of Moksha and Oka rivers
Russia (European) Izhevsk flood-plain of Oka river
Russia (European) Berezoviye islands of Vyborg Bay
Russia (European) Flood-plain of Algashka river (Kirsko-Algashinskaya)
Russia (European) Cheremshanski Bay of Kuybyshev Reservoir
Ukraine Kyivs'ke reservoir
Ukraine Kazantip Cape, Aktash lake and Astanins'ka marsh
Ukraine Burshtyns'ke reservoir
Ukraine Dnister delta
Ukraine Dniprovs'ko-Teterivs'ke Game Reserve
Ukraine Rzhyschivs'ke Game Reserve
Ukraine Pryp'yat' river valley
Ukraine Sul's'ka bay
Ukraine Cape Martiyan
Ukraine Kanivs'kyi Nature Reserve
Ukraine Dniprovs'ko-Oril's'kyj Nature Reserve
Ukraine Petropavlivs'kyj lyman
Ukraine Shats'ki lakes
Ukraine Velykomykhailivskyj forest
Ukraine Supij marsh
Ukraine Turiya river valley
Ukraine Stokhod river valley
Ukraine Korotchenkivs'ki meadows
Ukraine Lyman lake
Ukraine Uzunlars'ke lake
Ukraine Bagerove
Ukraine Udaj river valley
Ukraine Dranyts'kyj protected locality
Ukraine Dgulyn lake
Ukraine Fishponds near Kukil'nyky village
Ukraine Ingul river valley
Ukraine Samars'kyj forest
Ukraine Kakhovs'ke reservoir (Kozats'ki islands)
Ukraine Oril' river valley
Ukraine Mzha river valley
Ukraine Chonovyny marsh
Ukraine Latorytsya river valley near Chop
Ukraine Bakhtyn river valley
Ukraine Molochna river valley
Ukraine Korostushevskoe Game Reserve
Ukraine Radomyshl's'ke Game Reserve
Ukraine Samara river valley
Ukraine Novograd-Volunskoe Game Reserve
Ukraine Ushomyrs'ke Game Reserve
Ukraine Kremenets'kyj forest
Ukraine Orikhivski lake-system
Ukraine Lake near Magazinka village
Ukraine Debal'tsivs'ke lake
France Vallée de l'Oise de Thourotte à Vendeuil
France Val d'Allier Bourbonnais
France Planèze de Saint-Flour
France Sologne Bourbonnaise
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais du Blayais
France Baie des Veys et Marais du Cotentin
France Marais de la Baie d'Audierne
France Lacs de la Forêt d'Orient
France Lac du Der-Chantecoq et étangs latéraux
France Vallée de la Conie et Beauce centrale
France Brenne centrale
France Etangs de Sologne: St Viatre, Marcilly-en-Gault et forêt de Bruadan
France Etangs de Sologne: étang de l'Arche
France Estuaire et embouchure de la Seine
France Marais de Fontenay-le-Vicomte et d'Itteville
France Etangs de la Woëvre: lac de Madine
France Etang de Lindre
France Etang de Capestang
France Etangs Montpellierains
France Vallées de la Scarpe et de l'Escaut
France Estuaire de la Canche
France Cap Gris-nez
France Marais de Manteyer
France Estuaire de la Charente
France Vallée de la Charente et de la Seugne (Cabariot-Pons/St-Sever-de-Saintonge)
France Anse de Fouras, baie d'Yves et marais de Rochefort
France Marais arrières littoraux picards
France Marais de la Souche
France Estuaires picards : baies de Somme et d'Authie
France Marais de Brière
France Estuaire de la Loire
France Lac de Grand-Lieu
France Baie de Bourgneuf et marais breton
France Basses Vallées Angevines
France Marais salants de Noirmoutier
France Marais de Mazerolles-Petit Mars
France Vallée de la Loire : de Nantes à Montsoreau
France Marais poitevin et baie de l'Aiguillon
France La Dombes
France Iles du Haut-Rhône
France Plaine du Forez
France Lac et marais du Bourget
France Ried de Colmar et Sélestat
France Vallée du Rhin : Village-neuf à Biescheim
France Vallée du Rhin : Marckolsheim à Strasbourg
France Vallée du Rhin : Strasbourg à Lauterbourg
France Barthes de l'Adour
France Barrage d'Artix et Saligue du Gave de Pau
France Arjuzanx
France Lac de Rillé et forêts voisines
France Etang de Biguglia
France Etang d'Urbino et zones humides périphériques
France Marais de Balançon et de Villiers
France Moyenne Vallée de la Durance
France Camargue
France Vallée de la Durance : de Tallard à Sisteron
France Etangs et marais du bassin de la Somme
France Marais de Sacy
France Ile de la Platière
United Kingdom Arun Valley
United Kingdom Chew Valley
United Kingdom Dee Estuary
United Kingdom Lower Derwent Valley
United Kingdom Dungeness To Pett Levels
United Kingdom Loch of Isbister
United Kingdom Loch of Strathbeg
United Kingdom Lough Neagh and Lough Beg
United Kingdom Machrihanish
United Kingdom Minsmere - Walberswick
United Kingdom Nene Washes
United Kingdom Broadland
United Kingdom Ouse Washes
United Kingdom Rutland Water
United Kingdom South-west London Waterbodies
Italy Orbetello lagoon and Burano lake
Italy Palude e Tombolo di Bolgheri
Italy River Mincio and Bosco Fontana
Italy Pian di Spagna and Lake Mezzola
Italy River Po: from the mouth of Adda river to Ostiglia
Italy Brabbia peatland, Lake Varese and Lake Biandronno
Italy Po Delta
Italy River Po: from Ticino mouth to Adda mouth
Italy Cervia saltpans
Italy Piave river
Italy Isonzo mouth, Cona island and Panzano Gulf
Italy Taro river
Italy Valli di Argenta
Italy Torrile LIPU reserve
Italy Stagnone di Marsala and Trapani saltpans
Czechia Zehunský rybník pond
Sweden River Helge
Sweden River Dal – Håvran
Serbia Gornje Podunavlje
Serbia Subotica lakes and sandy terrain
Romania Defileul Inferior al Mureşului
Kazakhstan Sorbulak Lake System
Serbia Jegricka
Serbia Koviljski rit
Serbia Pašnjaci Velike Droplje
Serbia Carska bara
Serbia Srednje Potamišje
Slovakia Senné
Serbia Vlasina
Serbia Labudovo okno
Serbia Mala Vrbica
Armenia Armash fish-farm
Austria Southern Seewinkel and Zitzmannsdorfer Wiesen
Austria Neusiedler See
Austria March/Thaya riverine forest
Austria Fish-ponds in the Waldviertel
Austria Machland
Austria Lower course of the Traun
Austria Storage lakes on the lower Inn
Austria Meadows and lakes in the foreland of the Alps in Salzburg and Upper Austria
Austria Delta of the Rhine
Poland Lower Vistula River Valley
Germany Lower Oder valley
Germany Rietzer See
Germany Putzarer See, Galenbecker See, Brohmer Berge
Germany Peenetal (Peenetalmoor and Anklamer Stadtbruch)
Germany Danube valley: Regensburg-Vilshofen
Germany Lower Aller lowlands
Germany Steinhuder Meer
Germany Peitzer und Bärenbrücker Teiche
Germany Ponds and Elbe valley near Torgau
Germany Herbsleben ponds
Germany Plothen ponds
Germany Helme reservoir Berga-Kelbra
Germany Barnbruch
Germany Saale-Elster valley
Germany Lower Inn: Haiming - Neuhaus including the Neuhaus, Egglfing, Ering, and Simbach reservoirs
Germany Rodachaue / Itzgrund / Oberes Maintal incl. Nassanger near Trieb and surrounding gravel pits
Germany Altmühl valley between Treuchtlingen and Leutershausen with Altmühlsee
Germany Rötelsee-Weihergebiet incl. Regenaue and Chambaue
Germany Berchtesgaden National Park
Germany Ammersee
Germany Spreewald
Germany Döberitzer Heide
Germany Oberes Rhinluch / Havelländisches Luch Nauen-Friesack
Germany Oberlausitz heathland and fishponds biosphere reserve
Germany Grosshartmannsdorfer Grossteich
Germany Isar valley: Gottfrieding - Plattling incl. Isar mouth
Germany Vogelfreistätte Mittlere Isar-Stauseen
Germany Main valley near Volkach: Fahr-Dettelbach
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Germany Schleswig-Holstein Wadden Sea National Park
Germany Borgfelder Wümmewiesen
Germany Blockland - lower Wümme valley - Westliches Hollerland
Germany Werderland
Germany Niedervieland, Ochtumniederung
Germany Mittelwesermarsch
Germany Isles of Oie and Kirr
Germany Greifswalder Bodden
Germany Bogs and heathlands of the Westmünsterland
Germany Lower Rhine
Germany Heubachniederung/ Schwarzes Venn/ Borkenberge/ Halterner Seen
Germany Rieselfelder Münster
Germany Emsaue (Rietberger Emsniederung - Steinhorster Becken)
Germany Rheiderland
Germany Ems valley between Leer and Emden
Germany Lower reaches of River Weser, unembanked area
Germany Südradde lowlands
Germany Leine valley near Salzderhelden
Germany Aper Tief
Germany Leda-Jümme lowlands
Germany Ostenholzer Moor and Meissendorfer Teiche
Germany Diepholzer Moorniederung and Siedener Moor
Germany Dümmer
Germany Hunte lowlands near Oldenburg
Germany Fehntjer Tief
Germany Ostfriesische Meere
Germany Elbe lowlands between Schnackenburg and Lauenburg
Germany Elbe marshes between Stade and Otterndorf
Germany Wümme lowlands and St. Jürgensland
Germany Wümmewiesen near Fischerhude
Germany Riddagshäuser Teiche
Germany Lowlands of middle Havel
Germany Unteres Rhinluch-Dreetzer See / Havelländisches Luch / Belziger Landschaftswiesen
Germany Lower Havel - Lake Schollene - Lake Gülpe
Germany Lech-Donau-Winkel: Lechstausee Feldheim and Donaustausee Bertoldsheim
Germany Starnberger See
Germany Main valley: Eltmann - Hassfurt
Germany Vogelfreistätte Alter and Neuer See
Germany Salziger See and Salza valley
Germany Lahn valley from Marburg to Wetzlar
Germany Northern Wetterau
Germany Reichlos pond
Germany Rhäden near Obersuhl and Bosserode
Germany Reservoir near Affoldern
Germany Twiste reservior
Germany Hessian Rhine alluvion
Germany Untersee of Lake Constance
Germany Silzenwiesen and Bruch near Stettfeld
Croatia Jelas Field
Cameroon Waza National Park
Mali Lac Faguibine
Mali Lac Horo
Mali Mare de Gossi
Mali Lac Débo - Lac Oualado Débo
Mali Timisobo - Képagou
Mali Séri
Mauritania Aftout es Sâheli
Mauritania Lac d'Aleg
Mauritania Lac de Mâl
Mauritania Tâmourt en Na'âj
Mauritania Rkîz
Mauritania Tâmourt de Chlim
Nigeria Hadejia-Nguru wetlands
Senegal Djoudj wetlands
Senegal Ndiaël basin (including the Trois Marigots)
Chad Lake Chad
Chad Lake Fitri
Estonia Matsalu Bay
Ukraine Tsybul'kivs'ki lakes
Ukraine Mishuryn Rig
Israel Northern Arava valley
Israel Southern Arava valley and Elat mountains
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Kobi
Iran, Islamic Republic of Nowruzlu and Ghazanlu
Iran, Islamic Republic of Anzali Mordab complex
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shadegan marshes and tidal mudflats of Khor-al Amaya and Khor Musa
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Uromiyeh
Mauritania Gâat Mahmoûdé
Vietnam Tram Chim
Russia (European) Lake Il'men and adjoining marshy plain
Russia (European) Mouth of Svir river
Niger Lassouri - Karandi wetlands
Sri Lanka Mundel Lake
Sri Lanka Periyakadawela
Sri Lanka Wirawila Tank
Bangladesh Tanguar Haor and Panabeel
China (mainland) Xingkai Hu Nature Reserve
Philippines Candaba swamp
Russia (Asian) Bolon' lake
India Kolleru Lake Wildlife Sanctuary
India Carambolim Wetlands
India Kunthur - Kallur Lakes
India Kole Wetland
India Vembanad Lake
India Point Calimere Wildlife Sanctuary
India Suchindram Therur, Vembanoor
India Patna Bird Sanctuary
Bangladesh Aila Beel
Bangladesh Jamuna-Brahmaputra river
Bangladesh Hakaluki Haor
Bangladesh Muhuri Dam
Belarus Sporaŭskaje balota
Belarus Liebiadziny Moch
Belarus Biarezina-Hajna
Belarus Prostyr
Estonia Kasti bay
Estonia Räpina polder
Estonia Ropka-Ihaste
Russia (Central Asian) Gor'koye lake near Karas'ye village
Russia (Central Asian) Bog Mamynkul and lake Alakul
Russia (European) Kuloy river
Russia (Central Asian) Mouth of the Uy river
Russia (Central Asian) Bottomland rivers Miass at village Zharnikovo
Russia (Central Asian) Man'yass lake
Russia (Central Asian) Makushinsky Zakaznik
Russia (Central Asian) Bol'shoy and Maly Akh lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Alabota lake
Russia (Central Asian) Dikoye and Epanchino lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Bol'shiye and Maliye Donki lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Flood-plain of Tobol river between mouths of the Uya and Ubagan rivers
Russia (Central Asian) Dvuob'ye
Azerbaijan Gizilagach State Reserve
Russia (Central Asian) Yudinsky stretch
Russia (Central Asian) Zdvinsky zakaznik
Russia (Central Asian) Puchina area
Russia (Central Asian) Kurtan Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Manjas Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Intenis Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Myrkaj Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Tishki Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Greater and Lesser Alekaj Lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Butash and Gor'koye lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Gorbunnoe and Solenoe Lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Greater and Lesser Kadkul', Alabuga and Tirikul' Lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Presnoe and Okunevskoe Lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Kyzil-Chilik valley
Russia (Central Asian) Sugoyak Lake
Russia (European) Lower Uvod' river
Russia (European) Sitnikovski Reserve
Russia (Central Asian) Kazanskaya flood-plain of the Ishim river
Russia (Central Asian) Pesochnoe Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Bol'shoe Mit'kino Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Verkhneoschskaya
Bulgaria Atanasovsko Lake
Bulgaria Kaliakra
Bulgaria Lakat Island
Bulgaria Galata
Bulgaria Garvansko Marsh
Bulgaria Zvanichevo Fish-ponds
Bulgaria Hadzi Dimitrovo Fish-ponds
Bulgaria Maritsa-Plovdiv
Bulgaria Zlato Pole
France Traicts et marais salants de la Presqu'île Guérandaise
France Pointe de Grave
France Etangs d'Argonne
France Vallée de l'Aisne
France Vallée de la Loire : La Charité-sur-Loire
France Etang du Bagnas
France Etangs de Vendres, Pissevache et Lespignan
France Salines de l'Etang de Berre
France Salins d'Hyères et de Pesquiers
France Basse Vallée de la Durance
France Basse vallée du Var
France Bonne Anse
France Region de Pressac, étang de Combourg
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais de la rive nord
France Col de l'Escrinet
France Golfe du Morbihan et Etier de Penerf
France Bassin du Drugeon: Pontarlier-Frasne
France Ile d'Oléron, marais de Brouage-Saint-Agnant
France Val de Saône
Kazakhstan Kyzylkol Lake
Russia (European) Floodplain of Pjana river near village Sarga
Russia (Central Asian) Bystroistokskaya
Russia (European) Oka valley in vicinity of Murmino
Russia (European) Okski Biosphere Reserve
Russia (Central Asian) Belozerskaya flood-plain of river Tobol
Russia (Central Asian) Russkoye lake
Russia (European) Floodplain of Moksha river and Common Crane autumn aggegation near villages Khohlikha and Shaprikha
Russia (Central Asian) Chernoye Lake
Russia (European) Kamsko-Bakaldinskiye marshes
Russia (European) Peat pits in Volodarski and Balakhninski districts
Russia (European) Floodplain of Rudnya river and surroundings
Russia (European) Rybachii Peninsula and Ushakovski bay
Russia (Central Asian) Altyr' lake
Russia (Central Asian) Tirikul' and Kadkul' lakes
Afghanistan Ab-i-Istada
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gori Gol
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shur Gol, Yadegarlu and Dorgeh Sangi lakes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Ghara Gheshlaq No-Hunting Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of South Caspian shore, from Astara to Gomishan
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bandar Kiashar lagoon and mouth of Sefid Rud
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lapoo - Zargmarz ab-bandans
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lashgarak and Latian dam
Iran, Islamic Republic of Dasht-i Gaz
Iran, Islamic Republic of Assadabad plain
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hashelan marsh and Doh Tappeh plains
Iran, Islamic Republic of Karkheh river marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Bakhtegan, Lake Tashk and Kamjan marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamoun-i Sabari and Hamoun-i Hirmand
Oman Quriyat - Daghmar
Saudi Arabia Al-Ha'ir
Saudi Arabia Malaki dam
Saudi Arabia Jizan Bay
Yemen Ta'izz wadis
Uzbekistan Rogatoe Lake
Austria Austrian part of Hanság
Austria Parndorfer Platte and Heideboden
Austria Feuchte Ebene and Rauchwarther Platte
Italy Magredi of Pordenone
Turkmenistan Garabogaz - Garshy
Ukraine Gerojsk Lakes
Ukraine KardashinskI mires
Barbados East Point Pond
Ukraine Serednyotomakivske reservior
Ukraine Reservoir on r. Chechva with territories adjacent
Ukraine Samars'ka bay
Ukraine Upper of r.Mokra Sura
Sweden Lake Skedviken
Italy River Po: from Ticino mouth to Boscone island
Kazakhstan Tuzkol Lake
Italy Vercelli rice-fields
Kazakhstan Ushkol Lake
Kazakhstan Shalkar Lake
Kazakhstan Sarshyganak Lake
Italy Ticino river
Kazakhstan Terenkol Lake
Turkmenistan Gurtli
Turkmenistan Kopetdagkhovudan
Turkmenistan Chokrak-Tutly
Italy Crava-Morozzo lakes
Kazakhstan Kushum Lakes
Kazakhstan Tentek River Delta
Russia (Central Asian) Chernoye Lake
Turkey Kızılırmak Delta
Finland Käsivarsi fjelds
Finland Maltio fjelds
Finland Kevo
Finland Oulanka-Sukerijärvi
Finland Luoto archipelago
Finland Tammisaari and Inkoo western archipelago
Finland Oura and Enskeri archipelagos
Italy Valli Bolognesi
Belarus Dniepr floodplain Lojeŭ-Žary
Lebanon Aammiq wetland
Russia (European) Karabash-Kudashskaya forest-steppe
Russia (European) Downstream of Ik river
Luxembourg Upper Valley of the Alzette
Germany Drömling (Niedersachsen)
Germany Terborg
Germany Alfsee
Germany Leine valley Koldingen-Ruthe
Germany Danube valley: Neu-Ulm - Lauingen incl. Faiminger Stausee, Donau-Moos, and Gundelfinger Moos
Germany Donau-Auen and Donau-Ried: Höchstädt - Donauwörth
Germany Ismaninger Speichersee and fish ponds
Germany Chiemsee and Chiemseemoore
Germany Lower Saxony Wadden Sea National Park
Germany Winsener Elbmarsch
Germany Butjadingen
Germany Drennhauser Hinterdeich
Germany Mittlere Schwäbische Alb with Albuch, Härtsfeld and Schmiechener See
Germany Donauried
Germany Wurzacher Ried
Germany Main valley and Steiger foothills near Schweinfurt and Volkach
Germany Schleswig-Holstein Wadden Sea National Park (includes the Halligs, Kniepsand/Amrum, Lister Koog, Rantumbecken, Rickelsb
Germany Coast and lagoons of Western Pomerania
Germany Wetterau
Germany Untermain
Germany Wümme lowlands Borgfeld-Fischerhude
Germany Elbe lowlands near Bertingen
Germany Heathlands of Lieberose-Staakow-Reicherskreuz
Germany Schlei
Germany Selenter See
Germany Selent-Plön fishponds
Germany Lowlands of the Rivers Eider, Treene and Sorge
Germany Pinneberg Elbe lowlands
Germany Kühren Teich and Lanker See
Germany Gotteskoogsee
Germany Haaler Au lowlands
Germany Kudensee
Luxembourg Haff Réimech
Kyrgyzstan Eastern Issyk Kul Lake
Kyrgyzstan Lake Chatyr-Kul
Kyrgyzstan Karkyra Valley
Kyrgyzstan Tokmak Pheasant Reserve
Kyrgyzstan Western Alai, Kok-Suu river
Poland Mirachowo Forest
Poland Tuchola Forest
Poland Vistula river mouth
Poland Wizna Swamps
Poland Omulew and Plodownica Rivers Valleys
Poland Upper Nurzec River Valley
Poland Zgierzynieckie Lake
Poland Obra river flood-plain
Poland Slawskie Lakes
Poland Goplo Lake Site
Poland Bzura River Valley
Poland Odra riverine forests
Poland Parczew forests
Poland Polesie
Poland Bubnow Marsh
Poland Nielisz Site
Poland Upper Odra River Valley
Poland Upper Vistula River Valley
Poland Brzeszcze ponds
Poland Lower Skawa River Valley
Poland Pulwy Marshes
Poland Lower Wieprz River Valley
Poland Przysowia and Sludwia River valley
Poland Widawa and Olesnica River Valley
Poland Radlow Forest
Poland Jaktorow and Krasnicza Wola Fishponds
Poland Siemianowka Reseirvoir
Slovenia Črete
Kazakhstan Batpakkol lake
Kazakhstan Salmanykol lake
Egypt Suez
Russia (Central Asian) Kunovatski
Ukraine Karkinits'ka and Dzharylgats'ka bays
Estonia Kabli
Estonia Karala-Pilguse
Estonia Kolga bay
Estonia Koorunõmme
Estonia Irbe strait
Estonia Väinameri
Estonia Kõrgessaare-Mudaste coast
Estonia Kärevere
Estonia Peipsi
Estonia Mullutu
Estonia Nõva-Osmussaar
Estonia Pärnu bay (NEW)
Estonia Riksu coast
Estonia Siiksaare-Oessaare bays
Estonia Kunda
Estonia Vilsandi archipelago
Estonia Vooremaa
Estonia Lõu bay
Estonia Luitemaa
Estonia Alam-Pedja
Uzbekistan Chimkurgan Reservoir
Kazakhstan Shaglyteniz Lake and marshes
Kazakhstan Sorbalyk-Maybalyk Lake System
Greece Kalogria lagoon, Strofylia forest and Lamia marshes
Estonia Küdema bay
Estonia Lahemaa
Mauritania Chott Boul
Kazakhstan Caspian Sea shore between Volga and Ural River Deltas
Kazakhstan Ereymentau Mountains
Kazakhstan Irtysh-Karaganda Waterworks 9
Kazakhstan Ters-Ashchibulak Reservoir
Kazakhstan Western and northern foothills of the Kalba Range
Kazakhstan Lesser Aral Sea
Kazakhstan Syrdarya Delta Lakes
Kazakhstan Chingiztau Mountains
Kazakhstan Eastern Kazakhstan uplands
Kazakhstan Zhagalbayly and Tuyemoynak Hills
Kazakhstan Tyulen’i (Seal) Islands
Kazakhstan Delta of the Ural River
Sweden Lake Tåkern
Mauritania Diawling National Park

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Wastewater Treatment Areas suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Water Storage Areas (over 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Seasonally Wet/Flooded suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable passage
Marine Intertidal Salt Marshes (Emergent Grasses) suitable passage
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable passage
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) major non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Inland Deltas suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Species disturbance, Species mortality
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Unintentional effects (species is not the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Species mortality
Climate change & severe weather Droughts Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Human intrusions & disturbance Work & other activities Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Species disturbance, Reduced reproductive success
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - Clostridium botulinum Timing Scope Severity Impact
Past, Likely to Return Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Past Impact
Stresses
Species mortality
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - Neovison vison Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Viral/prion-induced diseases - Avian Influenza Virus (H5N1 subtype) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Past, Likely to Return Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines Past Impact
Stresses
Species mortality
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Viral/prion-induced diseases - West Nile Virus (WNV) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species mortality
Natural system modifications Dams & water management/use - Abstraction of surface water (unknown use) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Natural system modifications Dams & water management/use - Large dams Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Natural system modifications Other ecosystem modifications Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - - International Non-trivial Recent
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Spatula querquedula. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/05/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/05/2020.