Galapagos Rail Laterallus spilonota


Cruz, F.; Donlan, C. J.; Campbell, K.; Carrion, V. 2005. Conservation action in the Galapagos: feral pig (Sus scrofa) eradication from Santiago Island. Biological Conservation 121: 473-478.

Dvorak, M.; Fessl, B.; Nemeth, E.; Anchundia, D.; Cotín, J.; Schulze, C. H.; Tapia, W.; Wendelin, B. 2019. Survival and extinction of breeding landbirds on San Cristóbal, a highly degraded island in the Galápagos. Bird Conservation International first view.

Dvorak, M.; Nemeth, E.; Wendelin, B.; Herrera, P.; Mosquera, D.; Anchundia, D.; Sevilla, C.; Tebbich, S.; Fessl, B. 2017. Conservation status of landbirds on Floreana: the smallest inhabited Galapagos Island. Journal of Field Ornithology 88(2): 132-145.

Franklin, A. B. 1979. Ecology and behaviour of the Galápagos Rail. Wilson Bulletin 91: 202-221.

Gibbs, J. P.; Shriver, W. G.; Vargas, H. 2003. An assessment of a Galapagos Rail population over thirteen years (1986 to 2000). Journal of Field Ornithology 74: 136-140.

Harris, M. P. 1982. A field guide to the birds of Galápagos. Collins, London.

IUCN. 2020. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2020-3. Available at: (Accessed: 10 December 2020).

Jiménez-Utzcátegui, G.; Ortiz-Catedral, L. 2019. Vertebrate diversity on Floreana Island, Galápagos. Galapagos Research 69: 18-24.

Jiménez-Uzcátegui, G.; Wiedenfeld, D.; Valle, C. A.; Vargas, H.; Piedrahita, P.; Muñoz-Abril, L. J.; Alava, J. J. 2019. Threats and vision for the conservation of Galápagos birds. The Open Ornithology Journal 12: 1-15.

Rosenberg, D. K. 1990. The impact of introduced herbivores on the Galápagos Rail (Laterallus spilonotus). Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 32: 169-178.

Shriver, W.G., Gibbs, J.P., Woltz, H.W., Schwarz, N.P. & Pepper, M.A. 2011. Galápagos Rail Laterallus spilonotus population change associated with habitat invasion by the Red-barked Quinina Tree Cinchona pubescens. Bird Conservation International 21: 221–227.

Taylor, B.; van Perlo, B. 1998. Rails: a guide to the rails, crakes, gallinules and coots of the world. Pica Press, Robertsbridge, UK.

Wiedenfeld, D. A. 2006. Aves, the Galápagos Islands, Ecuador. Check List 2: 1-27.

Further resources

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Species factsheet: Laterallus spilonota. Downloaded from on 06/03/2021. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2021) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 06/03/2021.