Galapagos Penguin Spheniscus mendiculus


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Boersma, P.D., Steinfurth, A., Merlen, G., Jímeñez-Uzcategui, G., Vargas, H., and P. Parker. 2015. Pingüino de Galápagos (Spheniscus mendiculus). En Pingüinos: Historia Natural y Conservación (Garcia-Borboroglu and Boersma eds.) Vazquez Mazzini Editores. Buenos Aires, Argentina: 308-328.

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Cepeda, F. and Cruz, J.B. 1994. Status and management of seabirds on the Galápagos Islands, Ecuador. In: Nettleship, D.N.; Burger, J.; Gochfeld, M. (ed.), Seabirds on islands: threats, case studies and action plans, pp. 268-278. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Deem, S.L., Merkel, J., Ballweber, L., Vargas, F.H., Cruz, M.B. and Parker, P.G. 2010. Exposure to Toxoplasma gondii in Galapagos Penguins (Spheniscus mendiculus) and Flightless Cormorants (Phalacrocorax harrisi) in the Galapagos Islands, Ecuador. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 46(3): 1005-1011.

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Vargas, F.H., Lacy, R.C., Johnson, P.J., Steinfurth, A., Crawford, R.J.M., Boersma, P.D. and Macdonald, D.W. 2007. Modelling the effects of El Niño on the persistence of small populations: the Galápagos Penguin as a case study. Biological Conservation 137(1): 138-148.

Vargas, H., Lougheed, C. and Snell, H. 2005. Population size and trends of the Galapagos Penguin Spheniscus mendiculus. Ibis 147: 367-374.

Whiteman, N.K., S.J. Goodman, B.J. Sinclair, T. Walsh, A.A. Cunningham, L.D. Kramer, P.G. Parker. 2005. Establishment of the avian disease vector Culex quinquefasciatus Say, 1823 (Diptera: Culicidae) on the Galápagos Islands, Ecuador. Ibis 147: 844-847.

Further resources

Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) species/site profile. This species has been identified as an AZE trigger due to its IUCN Red List status and limited range.

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Media resources
Arkive species - Galapagos penguin (Spheniscus mendiculus)

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2017) Species factsheet: Spheniscus mendiculus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/07/2017. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2017) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/07/2017.