DD
Friedmann's Lark Mirafra pulpa



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2021 Data Deficient
2016 Data Deficient
2012 Data Deficient
2008 Data Deficient
2004 Data Deficient
2000 Data Deficient
1994 Lower Risk/Near Threatened
1988 Near Threatened
Species attributes

Migratory status nomadic Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 218,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -

Population justification: The population size of this species has not been quantified, but it is described as extremely rare.

Trend justification: This species is very poorly known, but the population is suspected to be in decline because its habitat is probably prone to overgrazing and conversion to cultivation (del Hoyo et al. 2004).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Ethiopia N Extant
Kenya N Extant
Tanzania N Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Ethiopia Konso - Segen
Kenya Tsavo East National Park
Kenya Tsavo West National Park
Tanzania Mkomazi National Park
Tanzania Masai Steppe

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry major resident
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Mirafra pulpa. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/11/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/11/2022.