LC
Fraser's Sunbird Deleornis fraseri



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note
Deleornis fraseri and D. axillaris (del Hoyo and Collar 2016) were previously lumped and placed in the genus Anthreptes as A. fraseri following Dowsett & Forbes-Watson (1993).

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type Average mass -
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 3,430,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 0
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.7 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as common in forests in Liberia, and locally common elsewhere (del Hoyo et al. 2008).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be in decline owing to ongoing habitat destruction.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Angola N Extant Yes
Cameroon N Extant Yes
Central African Republic N Extant Yes
Congo N Extant Yes
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the N Extant Yes
Côte d'Ivoire N Extant Yes
Equatorial Guinea N Extant Yes
Gabon N Extant Yes
Ghana N Extant Yes
Guinea N Extant Yes
Liberia N Extant Yes
Mali N Extant Yes
Nigeria N Extant Yes
Sierra Leone N Extant Yes
Togo N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Angola Camabatela
Angola Maiombe
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Luki Forest Reserve
Central African Republic Ngotto
Central African Republic Dzanga-Ndoki National Park
Congo Nouabalé-Ndoki National Park complex
Congo Odzala National Park complex
Congo Léfini Faunal Reserve
Congo Dimonika Biosphere Reserve
Congo Lower Kouilou basin
Congo Conkouati National Park
Côte d'Ivoire Comoe National Park
Côte d'Ivoire Peko Mountain National Park
Côte d'Ivoire Bossematie Forest Reserve
Côte d'Ivoire Mabi Forest reserve
Côte d'Ivoire Parc National de Taï et Réserve de faune du N'Zo
Côte d'Ivoire Mopri Forest Reserve
Côte d'Ivoire Yapo and Mambo Forest Reserves
Côte d'Ivoire Azagny National Park
Cameroon Mbam Djerem National Park
Cameroon Banyang Mbo Wildlife Sanctuary
Cameroon Santchou Faunal Reserve
Cameroon Korup National Park
Cameroon Bakossi mountains
Cameroon Mont Nlonako
Cameroon Mount Kupe
Cameroon Yabassi
Cameroon Mount Cameroon and Mokoko-Onge
Cameroon Mbam Minkom - Kala
Cameroon Dja Faunal Reserve
Cameroon Boumba - Bek
Cameroon Campo Ma'an complex
Cameroon Nki
Cameroon Lobéké National Park
Gabon Gamba Protected Areas Complex
Gabon Lopé Faunal Reserve
Gabon Ipassa Strict Nature Reserve
Gabon Minkébé Forest Reserve
Ghana Ankasa Resource Reserve - Nini-Sushien National Park
Ghana Bia National Park and Resource Reserve
Ghana Boin Tano Forest Reserve
Ghana Boin River Forest Reserve
Ghana Cape Three Points Forest Reserve
Ghana Dadieso Forest Reserve
Ghana Draw River Forest Reserve
Ghana Ebi River Shelterbelt Forest Reserve
Ghana Fure River Forest Reserve
Ghana Jema-Asemkrom Forest Reserve
Ghana Kakum National Park - Assin Attandaso Resource Reserve
Ghana Mamiri Forest Reserve
Ghana Subri River Forest Reserve
Ghana Tano-Ehuro Forest Reserve
Ghana Tano-Nimiri Forest Reserve
Ghana Tano-Offin Forest Reserve
Ghana Yoyo River Forest Reserve
Guinea Kounounkan
Guinea Massif du Ziama
Guinea Monts Nimba (part of Mount Nimba transboundary AZE)
Guinea Diécké
Equatorial Guinea Monte Alen National Park
Equatorial Guinea Nsork Highlands National Park
Liberia Wologizi mountains
Liberia Wonegizi mountains
Liberia Lofa-Gola-Mano Complex
Liberia Nimba mountains
Liberia Lake Piso (Cape Mount)
Liberia Zwedru
Liberia Sapo
Liberia Grebo
Nigeria Afi River Forest Reserve
Nigeria Cross River National Park (Oban Division)
Nigeria Omo Forest Reserve
Nigeria Upper Orashi forests
Sierra Leone Loma Mountains Non-hunting Forest Reserve
Sierra Leone Tingi Hills Non-hunting Forest Reserve
Sierra Leone Kangari Hills Non-hunting Forest Reserve
Sierra Leone Western Area Peninsula Forest National Park
Sierra Leone Kambui Hills Forest Reserve
Sierra Leone Gola Forests
Togo Misahöhe Forest Reserve
Ghana Kyabobo National Park
Congo Lake Télé Community Reserve
Congo Ntokou Pikounda Reserve
Congo Ogooué Leketi National Park

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Deleornis fraseri. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/06/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/06/2022.