LC
Fraser's Eagle-owl Bubo poensis



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note
Bubo poensis (del Hoyo and Collar 2014) was previously split as B. poensis and B. vosseleri following Sibley and Monroe (1990, 1993).

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2014 Least Concern
2012 Not Recognised
2008 Not Recognised
2004 Not Recognised
2000 Not Recognised
1994 Not Recognised
1988 Not Recognised
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type Average mass -
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 7,670,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 11.6 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is reported to be common in most of its range (del Hoyo et al. 1999).

Trend justification: Although tolerant of habitat modification, the population is nevertheless suspected to be undergoing some declines overall owing to ongoing habitat destruction and fragmentation in parts of its range.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Angola N Extant Yes
Cameroon N Extant Yes
Central African Republic N Extant Yes
Congo N Extant Yes
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the N Extant Yes
Côte d'Ivoire N Extant Yes
Equatorial Guinea N Extant Yes
Gabon N Extant Yes
Ghana N Extant Yes
Guinea N Extant Yes
Liberia N Extant Yes
Nigeria N Extant Yes
Rwanda N Extant Yes
Sierra Leone N Extant Yes
Uganda N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Luki Forest Reserve
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Ngiri
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Salonga National Park
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Lomako - Yekokora
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Okapi Faunal Reserve
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Virunga National Park
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Maiko National Park
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Forests west of Lake Edward
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Kahuzi-Biega National Park
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Itombwe Mountains
Central African Republic Bamingui-Bangoran National Park complex
Central African Republic Ngotto
Central African Republic Dzanga-Ndoki National Park
Congo Nouabalé-Ndoki National Park complex
Congo Odzala National Park complex
Congo Dimonika Biosphere Reserve
Congo Lower Kouilou basin
Côte d'Ivoire Sangbe Mountain National Park
Côte d'Ivoire Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve
Côte d'Ivoire Peko Mountain National Park
Côte d'Ivoire Marahoue National Park
Côte d'Ivoire Bossematie Forest Reserve
Côte d'Ivoire Lamto Ecological Research Station
Côte d'Ivoire Parc National de Taï et Réserve de faune du N'Zo
Côte d'Ivoire Mopri Forest Reserve
Côte d'Ivoire Yapo and Mambo Forest Reserves
Côte d'Ivoire Azagny National Park
Cameroon Tchabal-Mbabo
Cameroon Mount Oku
Cameroon Santchou Faunal Reserve
Cameroon Korup National Park
Cameroon Mont Manengouba
Cameroon Bakossi mountains
Cameroon Mont Nlonako
Cameroon Mount Rata and Rumpi Hills Forest Reserve
Cameroon Mount Kupe
Cameroon Yabassi
Cameroon Mount Cameroon and Mokoko-Onge
Cameroon Mbam Minkom - Kala
Cameroon Dja Faunal Reserve
Cameroon Campo Ma'an complex
Cameroon Lobéké National Park
Gabon Lopé Faunal Reserve
Gabon Ipassa Strict Nature Reserve
Ghana Kakum National Park - Assin Attandaso Resource Reserve
Equatorial Guinea Monte Alen National Park
Liberia Wologizi mountains
Liberia Lofa-Gola-Mano Complex
Liberia Nimba mountains
Liberia Zwedru
Liberia Grebo
Nigeria Afi River Forest Reserve
Nigeria Cross River National Park (Oban Division)
Nigeria Omo Forest Reserve
Rwanda Nyungwe National Park
Sierra Leone Western Area Peninsula Forest National Park
Sierra Leone Gola Forests
Tanzania Udzungwa National Park
Tanzania Nguru Mountains
Tanzania Rubeho Mountains
Tanzania Mount Rungwe
Tanzania Udzungwa Mountains
Tanzania Uluguru Mountains
Tanzania East Usambara Mountains
Tanzania West Usambara Mountains
Uganda Bwindi Impenetrable National Park
Ghana Kyabobo National Park
Tanzania Udzungwa Mountain Range

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 1600 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Bubo poensis. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 03/07/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 03/07/2022.