LC
Fox Kestrel Falco alopex



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2021 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 8,700,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 6700-67000 poor suspected 2001
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.3 - - -

Population justification: The population is suspected to number 10,001-100,000 individuals (Ferguson-Lees and Christie 2001), roughly equating to 6,700-67,000 mature individuals. However, given the size of the range and the frequency of reports it is unlikely that the true population size is close to the lower end of this range.

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable overall in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats. In Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger the population decreased outside protected areas and increased slightly within protected areas between 1969-1973 and 2000-2004 (Thiollay 2007).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Benin N Extant Yes
Burkina Faso N Extant Yes
Cameroon N Extant Yes
Central African Republic N Extant Yes
Chad N Extant Yes
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the N Extant Yes
Côte d'Ivoire N Extant Yes
Djibouti V Extant Yes
Eritrea N Extant Yes
Ethiopia N Extant Yes
Gambia N Extant Yes
Ghana N Extant Yes
Guinea N Extant Yes
Guinea-Bissau N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant Yes
Liberia N Extant Yes
Mali N Extant Yes
Mauritania N Extant Yes
Niger N Extant Yes
Nigeria N Extant Yes
Senegal N Extant Yes
Sierra Leone N Extant Yes
South Sudan N Extant Yes
Sudan N Extant
Togo N Extant Yes
Uganda N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Burkina Faso Bérégadougou hill
Benin Pendjari National Park
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Lendu Plateau
Central African Republic André Félix National Park complex
Central African Republic Manovo - Gounda - St Floris National Park complex
Central African Republic Bamingui-Bangoran National Park complex
Central African Republic Bozoum
Côte d'Ivoire Comoe National Park
Cameroon Waza National Park
Cameroon Mayo-Louti Forest Reserve
Cameroon Gashiga - Demsa
Cameroon Tchabal-Mbabo
Cameroon Mount Oku
Cameroon Mbi Crater Faunal Reserve - Mbingo forest
Cameroon Mount Mbam
Cameroon Mbam Djerem National Park
Eritrea Western Plain: Barka river
Eritrea Dehalak Archipelago and offshore islands
Eritrea Central Plateau (Keren)
Eritrea Western Plain: Gash - Setit
Eritrea Mareb escarpment
Ethiopia Jemma and Jara valleys
Ethiopia Awash National Park
Ethiopia Omo National Park
Guinea Nialama
Guinea Mafou
Kenya Lake Turkana
Mali Falaise de Bandiagara
Mali Sirakoroni - Tyènfala
Mali Bafing
Niger Makalondi district
Niger Dallol Boboye
Niger Dilia de Lagané
Nigeria Obudu Plateau
Nigeria Gashaka-Gumti National Park
Nigeria Chad Basin National Park: Chingurmi - Duguma Sector
Nigeria Yankari Game Reserve
Nigeria Amurum woodlands (Taboru)
Nigeria Assop Falls and hills
Nigeria Falgore and Lame Burra Game Reserves
Sudan Jebel Marra
South Sudan Sudd (Bahr-el-Jebel system)
South Sudan Southern National Park
South Sudan Bandingilo
South Sudan Juba
South Sudan Imatong mountains
South Sudan Kidepo
South Sudan Nimule
Senegal Delta du Saloum
Senegal Parc National du Niokolo-Koba
Chad Ouadi Rimé - Ouadi Achim
Togo Oti Valley Faunal Reserve
Togo Kéran National Park
Togo Fazao-Malfakassa National Park
Uganda Mount Otzi Forest Reserve
Uganda Kidepo Valley National Park
Nigeria Kagoro - Nindam Forest Reserves and vicinity
Niger Diffa-Kinzindi grassland and wetlands

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Desert Hot suitable resident
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) major breeding
Savanna Dry major resident
Altitude 0 - 1000 m Occasional altitudinal limits (max) 2900 m

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Livestock farming & ranching - Small-holder grazing, ranching or farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Pollution Agricultural & forestry effluents - Herbicides and pesticides Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Species mortality

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Falco alopex. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/06/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/06/2022.