Forty-spotted Pardalote Pardalotus quadragintus


Alves, F., Langmore, N., Heinsohn, R., Stojanovic, D. 2020. 'Self-fumigation' of nests by an endangered avian host using insecticide-treated feathers increases reproductive success more than tenfold. Animal Conservation.

Alves, F., López-Iborra, G.M., Stojanovic, D., Webb, M.H., Langmore, N., Heinsohn, R. 2019. Occupancy and density of a habitat specialist and a sympatric generalist songbird species in Tasmania. Austral Ecologhy 44: 1430–1437.

Bird, J.P., Martin, R., Akçakaya, H.R., Gilroy, J., Burfield, I.J., Garnett, S.G., Symes, A., Taylor, J., ?ekercio?lu, Ç.H. and Butchart, S.H.M. 2020. Generation lengths of the world’s birds and their implications for extinction risk. Conservation Biology 34(5): 1252-1261. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.13486.

Brown, P. B.; Rounsevell, D.E. 1986. The Forty-Spotted Pardalote Pardalotus quadragintus on Bruny Island. Tasmanian Bird Report 15: 25-31.

Brown, P.B. 1989. The Forty-spotted Pardalote on Maria Island. Tasmanian Bird Report 18: 4-13.

Bryant, S. and Tzaros, C. 2010. A forty-spot of trouble. Wingspan 20(2): 30-33.

Bryant, S. L. 2010. Conservation assessment of the endangered forty-spotted pardalote 2009–2010. Report to Threatened Species Section, DPIPWE and NRM South. Hobart.

Bryant, S., Alves, F., Webb, M., Stojanovic, D., Heinsohn, R., Woinarski, J.C.Z., Baker, G.B. 2021. Forty-spotted Pardalote Pardalotus quadragintus. In: Garnett, S.T., Baker, G.B. (ed.), The Action Plan for Australian Birds 2020, pp. 641-44. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne.

Bryant, S.L. & Webb, M. 2014. Status of the endangered Forty-spotted Pardalote Pardalotus quadragintus on Flinders Island, 2012. Hamish Saunders Memorial Trust Flinders Island Survey 2012. Hamish Saunders Memorial Trust, New Zealand and Resource Management and Conservation Division, DPIPWE, Hobart.

Bryant, S.L. 1997. Status of colonies of the Forty-spotted Pardalote. Tasmanian Bird Report 26: 45-51.

Bryant, S.L. 2018. The forty-spotted pardalote: a woodland survivor. In: Garnett, S., Latch, P., Lindenmayer, D., Woinarski, J. (ed.), Recovering Australian Threatened Species: a Book of Hope, pp. 125-133. CSIRO Publishing, Victoria.

Campbell, A.G. 1903. The birds of King Island. Emu 2: 203-210.

Edworthy, A.B. 2016a. Competition and aggression for nest cavities between Striated Pardalotes and endangered Forty-spotted Pardalotes. Condor 118: 1-11.

Edworthy, A.B. 2016b. Avian hosts, prevalence and larval life history of the ectoparasitic fly Passeromyia longicornis (Diptera : Muscidae) in south-eastern Tasmania. Australian Journal of Zoology, 64: 100-106.

Edworthy, A.B., Langmore, N.E., Heinsohn, R. 2019. Native fly parasites are the principal cause of nestling mortality in endangered Tasmanian pardalotes. Animal Conservation 22: 96-103.

Evans, J.P., Argueso, D., Olson, R., Di Luca, A. 2017. Bias-corrected regional climate projections of extreme rainfall in south-east Australia. Theoretical and Applied Climatology 130: 1085-1098.

Forest Practices Authority (FPA). 2020. Information on land clearing controls in Tasmania. Forest Practices Authority, Hobart.

Garnett, S.T., Szabo, J.K. and Dutson, G. 2011. The Action Plan for Australian Birds 2010. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood.

Higgins, P. J.; Peter, J. M. 2002. Handbook of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic Birds: pardalotes to shrike-thrushes. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

IUCN. 2022. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2022-1. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 21 July 2022).

Quintero, I. and Jetz, W. 2018. Global elevational diversity and diversification of birds. Nature, 555(7695): 246-250.

Threatened Species Section. 2006. Fauna Recovery Plan: Forty-Spotted Pardalote 2006–2010. Department of Primary Industries and Water, Hobart.

Webb, M., Alves, F., Tulloch, A., Shaw, J., Bryant, S., Stojanovic, D., Crates, R., Heinsohn, R. 2019. All the eggs in one basket: Are island refuges securing an endangered passerine? Austral Ecology 44: 523-533.

Woinarski, J. C. Z.; Bulman, C. 1985. Ecology and breeding biology of the Forty-Spotted Pardalote and other Pardalotes on North Bruny Island. Emu 85: 106-120.

Woinarski, J.C.Z., Rounsevell, D.E.B. 1983. Comparative ecology of Pardalotes, including the Forty-Spotted Pardalote, Pardalotus quadragintus (Aves: Pardalotidae) in south-eastern Tasmania. Australian Wildlife Research 10: 351-361.

Further resources

Australian Govt - Action Plan for Australian Birds 2000 - Recovery Outline

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Pardalotus quadragintus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 07/10/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 07/10/2022.