Flightless Cormorant Nannopterum harrisi


Boersma, P.D.; Vargas, H.; Merlen, G. 2005. Living laboratory in peril. Science 308: 925.

Carrera-Játiva, P.; Rodríguez-Hidalgo, R.; Sevilla, C.; Jiménez-Uzcátegui, G. 2014. Gastrointestinal parasites in the Galápagos Penguin Spheniscus mendiculus and the Flightless Cormorant Phalacrocorax harrisi in the Galápagos Islands. Marine Ornithology 42: 77-80.

Deem, S.L.; Merkel, J.; Ballweber, L.; Vargas, F.H.; Cruz, M.B.; Parker, P.G. 2010. Exposure to Toxoplasma gondii in Galapagos Penguins (Spheniscus mendiculus) and Flightless Cormorants (Phalacrocorax harrisi) in the Galapagos Islands, Ecuador. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 46(3): 1005-1011.

Harris, M.P. 1973. The Galápagos avifauna. Condor 75: 265-278.

Harris, M.P. 1974. A complete census of the Flightless Cormorant (Nannopterum harrisi). Biological Conservation 6: 188-191.

Jackson, M. H. 1985. Galapagos: a natural history guide. Calgary University Press, Calgary, Canada.

Jiménez-Uzcátegui, G. 2013. Monitoreo ecológico del pingüino de Galápagos y cormorán no volador 2013. Informe para la Fundación Charles Darwin y Parque Nacional Galápagos. Puerto Ayora, Ecuador.: 18 pp.

Jiménez-Uzcátegui, G.; Vargas, F.H. 2007. Censo del pingüino de Galápagos y cormorán no volador. Informe para la Fundación Charles Darwin y Parque Nacional Galápagos. Puerto Ayora, Ecuador: 22 pp.

Levéque, R. 1963. The status of some rarer Galápagos birds. Bulletin of the International Council for Bird Preservation IX: 96-99.

Rosenberg, D.K.; Valle, C.A.; Coulter, M.C.; Harcourt, S.A. 1990. Monitoring Galápagos Penguins and Flightless Cormorants in the Galápagos Islands. Wilson Bulletin 102: 525-532.

Travis, E.K.; Vargas, F.H.; Merkel, J.; Gottdenker, N.; Jiménez-Uzcátegui, G.; Miller, E.; Parker, P.G. 2006. Hematology, serum chemistry, and disease surveillance of the Galápagos penguin (Spheniscus mendiculus) in the Galápagos islands, Ecuador. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 42(3): 625-632.

Valle, C. 1986. Status of the Galápagos Penguin and Flightless Cormorant. Notícias de Galápagos 43: 16-17.

Valle, C.A.; Coulter, M.C. 1987. Present status of the Flightless Cormorant, Galápagos Penguin and Greater Flamingo populations in the Galápagos Islands, Ecuador, after the 1982-1983 El Niño. Condor 89: 276-281.

Vargas, F.H. 2006. The ecology of small populations of birds in a changing climate. University of Oxford.

Wiedenfeld, D.A.; Jiménez-Uzcátegui, G.A. 2008. Critical problems for bird conservation in the Galápagos Islands. Cotinga: 22-27.

Further resources

IUCN SSC Cormorant Specialist Group

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Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Species factsheet: Nannopterum harrisi. Downloaded from on 26/10/2021. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2021) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 26/10/2021.