Fire-eyed Diucon Xolmis pyrope


Taxonomic note

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
SACC. 2006. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #
SACC. 2006. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type Average mass -

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 1,490,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 1,140,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.6 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but this species is described as 'fairly common' (Stotz et al. (1996).

Trend justification: This population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Argentina N Extant
Chile N Extant
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) N Extant
South Georgia & the South Sandwich Islands N Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Chile Península Antonio Varas
Chile Parque Tumbes Talcahuano
Chile Corredor Biológico Nevados de Chillán-Laguna del Laja
Chile Isla Mocha
Chile Lago Lanalhue
Chile Monumento Natural Contulmo
Chile Salto Rayén
Chile Reserva Nacional Nonguén
Chile Laguna San Rafael National Park
Chile Humedal-Estuario Tubul-Raqui
Chile Estero del Salto Valley
Chile Ibañez River Valley
Chile La Tapera
Chile Sitio Prioritario de Conservación El Roble
Chile Mancopulli
Chile Parque Nacional La Campana
Chile Isla Guafo
Chile Desembocadura del Río San Juan
Chile Lago Peñuelas
Chile Lago Colbún
Chile Putu
Chile Sitio Prioritario Humedal de Tilicura
Chile Santuario de la Naturaleza Humedal Laguna Reloca
Chile Reserva Nacional Altos de Lircay
Chile Reserva Nacional Laguna Torca
Chile Parque Nacional Bosque de Fray Jorge
Chile Reserva Nacional Las Chinchillas
Chile Punta Lengua de Vaca
Chile Humedal El Yali
Chile Parque Nacional Alerce Andino
Chile Parque Nacional Puyehue
Chile Parque Nacional Villarica
Chile Parque Nacional Huerquehue
Chile Monumento Natural Cerro Ñielol
Chile Monumento Natural Isla Cachagua
Chile Santuario de la Naturaleza Península de Hualpén
Chile Parque Nacional Torres del Paine
Chile Santuario de la Naturaleza Carlos Anwandter, Sector Guacamayo y otros Sectores Aledaños
Chile Parque Nacional Conguillio
Chile Reserva Nacional Río Clarillo
Chile Parque Nacional Chiloé
Chile Desembocadura del Río Itata
Chile Desembocadura del Río Bío-Bío
Chile Laguna Grande de San Pedro de la Paz y Humedal Los Batros

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Subtropical/Tropical Heavily Degraded Former Forest suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Subtropical/Tropical Heavily Degraded Former Forest suitable non-breeding
Forest Temperate major breeding
Forest Temperate major non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Moist suitable breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Moist suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 3050 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Xolmis pyrope. Downloaded from on 17/08/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 17/08/2022.