Fire-eyed Diucon Xolmis pyrope


Taxonomic note

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
SACC. 2006. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #
SACC. 2006. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency low
Land mass type Average mass -

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 1,490,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 1,140,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.6 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but this species is described as 'fairly common' (Stotz et al. (1996).

Trend justification: This population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Presence Origin Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Argentina extant native
Chile extant native
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) extant native
South Georgia & the South Sandwich Islands extant native

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Chile Corredor Biológico Nevados de Chillán-Laguna del Laja
Chile Desembocadura del Río Bío-Bío
Chile Desembocadura del Río Itata
Chile Desembocadura del Río San Juan
Chile Estero del Salto Valley
Chile Humedal El Yali
Chile Humedal-Estuario Tubul-Raqui
Chile Ibañez River Valley
Chile Isla Guafo
Chile Isla Mocha
Chile La Tapera
Chile Lago Colbún
Chile Lago Lanalhue
Chile Laguna San Rafael National Park
Chile Mancopulli
Chile Monumento Natural Contulmo
Chile Monumento Natural Isla Cachagua
Chile Parque Nacional Bosque de Fray Jorge
Chile Parque Nacional La Campana
Chile Parque Nacional Torres del Paine
Chile Parque Tumbes Talcahuano
Chile Península Antonio Varas
Chile Punta Lengua de Vaca
Chile Putu
Chile Reserva Nacional Altos de Lircay
Chile Reserva Nacional Laguna Torca
Chile Reserva Nacional Las Chinchillas
Chile Reserva Nacional Nonguén
Chile Salto Rayén
Chile Santuario de la Naturaleza Carlos Anwandter, Sector Guacamayo y otros Sectores Aledaños
Chile Santuario de la Naturaleza Humedal Laguna Reloca
Chile Santuario de la Naturaleza Península de Hualpén

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Subtropical/Tropical Heavily Degraded Former Forest suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Subtropical/Tropical Heavily Degraded Former Forest suitable non-breeding
Forest Temperate major breeding
Forest Temperate major non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Moist suitable breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Moist suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 3050 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Xolmis pyrope. Downloaded from on 01/06/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 01/06/2023.