Fiordland Penguin Eudyptes pachyrhynchus


Bird, J.P., Martin, R., Akçakaya, H.R., Gilroy, J., Burfield, I.J., Garnett, S.G., Symes, A., Taylor, J., Şekercioğlu, Ç.H. and Butchart, S.H.M. 2020. Generation lengths of the world’s birds and their implications for extinction risk. Conservation Biology 34(5): 1252-1261.

DOC. 2012. Fiordland crested penguin Tawaki Recovery Strategy 2012-2017. Department of Conservation, West Coast Tai Poutini Conservancy and Southland Conservancy, New Zealand Document ID: docDM-1427373.

Ellenberg, U. 2013 [updated 2017]. Fiordland crested penguin. In: Miskelly, C.M. (ed.), New Zealand Birds Online. www.nzbirdsonline.org.nz..

Ellenberg, U., Edwards, E., Mattern, T., Hiscock, J. A., Wilson, R., Edmonds, H. 2015. Assessing the impact of nest searches on breeding birds – a case study on Fiordland crested penguins (Eudyptes pachyrhynchus). New Zealand Journal of Ecology 39: 231-244.

Ellis, S., Croxall, J. P. & Cooper, J. 1998. Penguin conservation assessment and management plan: report from the workshop held 8-9 September 1996, Cape Town, South Africa. IUCN/SSC, Apple Valley, USA.

IUCN. 2020. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2020-3. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 10 December 2020).

Jones, H.I. and Shellam, G.R. 1999. Blood parasites in penguins, and their potential impact on conservation. Marine Ornithology 27: 181–184.

Long, R.G. 2017. A survey of Fiordland crested penguins / tawaki (Eudyptes pachyrhynchus) from Cascade River to Martins Bay, South Westland, New Zealand, 2014. Notonis 64(4): 206-210.

Marchant, S.; Higgins, P. J. 1990. Handbook of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic birds, 1: ratites to ducks. Oxford University Press, Melbourne.

Mattern, T. 2013. Fiordland penguin Eudyptes pachyrhynchus. In: García Borboroglu, P. G. and Boersma P. D. (eds), Biology and Conservation of the World’s penguins, University of Washington Press, Seattle U.S.A..

Mattern, T. 2019. Quarter One (Q1) Report 2019. New Zealand Penguin Initiative.

Mattern, T., and Ellenberg, U. 2018. The Tawaki Project - Field Report 2018 - Year 5, 14 September 2018 - 3 May 2019.

Mattern, T., and Ellenberg, U. 2020. The Tawaki Project: Field Report 2019/20 - year 6.

Mattern, T., Ellenberg, U. 2016. The Tawaki Project: Field Report 2015 – year 2, 13-September-14 October 2015. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.3068.1847 .

Mattern, T., Pütz, K., Garcia-Borboroglu, P., Ellenberg, U., Houston, D.M., Long, R., and Seddon, P.J. 2018. Marathon penguins – Reasons and consequences of long-range dispersal in Fiordland penguins / Tawaki during the pre-moult period. . PLOS ONE 13(e0198688).

Mattern, T., Wilson, K.-J. 2019. Fiordland penguin/tawaki, Eudyptes pachyrhynchus. New Zealand Penguin Initiative & Birds NZ, Dunedin & Wellington.

Otley, H., Edmonds, H., Hiscock, J., Newton, G., Tansell, J., van Klink, P., Wilson, R., and Westbrooke, I. 2018. Assessing the population trend and threats to New Zealand’s Fiordland crested penguin using counting and demographic modelling approaches. . New Zealand Journal of Ecology 42.

Poupart, T.A., Waugh, S.M., Bost, C.A., Kato, A., Miskelly, C.M., Rogers, K.R., and Arnould, J.P.Y. 2019. Foraging ecology of a winter breeder, the Fiordland penguin. Marine Ecology Progress Series 614: 183-197.

Studholm, B.J.S., Russ, R.B. and McLean, I.G. 1994. The Fiordland Crested Penguin survey: stage IV, Stewart and offshore islands and Solander Island. Notornis 42(133-143).

Taylor, G. A. 2000. Action plan for seabird conservation in New Zealand. Department of Conservation, Wellington.

van Heezik, Y. 1989. Diet of Fiordland crested penguins during the post-guard phase of chick growth. Notorins 36: 151-156.

van Heezik, Y. 1990. Diets of yellow-eyed, Fiordland crested, and little blue penguins breeding sympatrically on Codfish Island, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 17: 543-548.

Warham, J. 1974. The Fiordland crested penguin Eudyptes pachyhynchus. Ibis 116: 1-27.

Wilson, K.J. and Long, R. 2017. Tawaki / Fiordland Crested Penguin Conservation Management; Predator control –three year report, 2014-2016. Available at: http://www.bluepenguin.org.nz/wp-content/uploads/Tawaki-report-2017-final.pdf.

Wilson, K.J., and Long, R. 2015. Tawaki / Fiordland Crested Penguin Conservation Management; Predator control - Stage one. Report on year 1 progress. Accessible at http://www.bluepenguin.org.nz/wp-content/uploads/Tawaki-project-progress-report-May-2015.pdf.

Further resources

IUCN SSC Penguin Specialist Group

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Eudyptes pachyrhynchus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 07/12/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 07/12/2022.