Fiordland Penguin Eudyptes pachyrhynchus


DOC. 2012. Fiordland crested penguin Tawaki Recovery Strategy 2012-2017. Department of Conservation, West Coast Tai Poutini Conservancy and Southland Conservancy, New Zealand Document ID: docDM-1427373.

Ellenberg, U. 2013 [updated 2017]. Fiordland crested penguin. In: Miskelly, C.M. (ed.), New Zealand Birds Online.

Ellenberg, U., Edwards, E., Mattern, T., Hiscock, J. A., Wilson, R., Edmonds, H. 2015. Assessing the impact of nest searches on breeding birds – a case study on Fiordland crested penguins (Eudyptes pachyrhynchus). New Zealand Journal of Ecology 39: 231-244.

Ellis, S.; Croxall, J.P.; Cooper, J. 1998. Penguin conservation assessment and management plan: report from the workshop held 8-9 September 1996, Cape Town, South Africa. IUCN/SSC, Apple Valley, USA.

Jones, H.I. and Shellam, G.R. 1999. Blood parasites in penguins, and their potential impact on conservation. Marine Ornithology 27: 181–184.

Long, R. 2014. Fiordland Crested Penguin/Tawaki (Eudyptes pachyrhynchus) Survey: Cascade River to Martins Bay, 2014. Report to the West Coast Penguin Trust.

Marchant, S.; Higgins, P. J. 1990. Handbook of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic birds, 1: ratites to ducks. Oxford University Press, Melbourne.

Mattern, T. 2013. Fiordland penguin Eudyptes pachyrhynchus. In: García Borboroglu, P. G. and Boersma P. D. (eds), Biology and Conservation of the World’s penguins, University of Washington Press, Seattle U.S.A..

Mattern, T., Ellenberg, U. 2016. The Tawaki Project: Field Report 2015 – year 2, 13-September-14 October 2015. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.3068.1847 .

Russ, R. B.; McLean, I. G.; Studholme, B. J. S. 1992. The Fiordland Crested Penguin survey, stage II: Dusky and Breaksea Sounds. Notornis 39: 113-118.

Taylor, G. A. 2000. Action plan for seabird conservation in New Zealand. Department of Conservation, Wellington.

van Heezik, Y. 1989. Diet of Fiordland crested penguins during the post-guard phase of chick growth. Notorins 36: 151-156.

van Heezik, Y. 1990. Diets of yellow-eyed, Fiordland crested, and little blue penguins breeding sympatrically on Codfish Island, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 17: 543-548.

Warham, J. 1974. The Fiordland crested penguin Eudyptes pachyhynchus. Ibis 116: 1-27.

Wilson, K.J. and Long, R. 2017. Tawaki / Fiordland Crested Penguin Conservation Management; Predator control –three year report, 2014-2016. Available at:

Wilson, K.J., and Long, R. 2015. Tawaki / Fiordland Crested Penguin Conservation Management; Predator control - Stage one. Report on year 1 progress. Accessible at

Further resources

IUCN SSC Penguin Specialist Group

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Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Eudyptes pachyrhynchus. Downloaded from on 15/08/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 15/08/2020.