Finsch's Wheatear Oenanthe finschii


Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 4,450,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 5,440,000
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 1000000-3999999 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.1 - - -

Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 102,000-312,000 pairs, which equates to 204,000-624,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms c.20% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 1,020,000-3,120,000 individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats. The European population trend is estimated to be stable (BirdLife International 2015).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Armenia N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Bahrain V Extant Yes
Bulgaria V Extant
Cyprus N Extant Yes
Egypt N Extant
Georgia N Extant Yes
Greece V Extant
India N Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Israel N Extant Yes
Jordan N Extant Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kuwait N Extant Yes Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes Yes
Libya V Extant
Morocco N Extant
Oman V Extant Yes Yes
Pakistan N Extant
Qatar N Extant Yes
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes
Tajikistan N Extant Yes
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Azerbaijan Gobustan area
Azerbaijan Mount Ilandag
Azerbaijan Mount Kargabazar and Mount Gush-gaya
Armenia Khosrov Reserve
Afghanistan Registan desert
Syria Mount Hermon
Iraq Augla, Wadi Hauran
Iraq Tharthar Lake and Al-Dhebaeji Fields
Iraq Abu Dalaf and Shari lake
Iran, Islamic Republic of Parvar Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Western Zagros north of Nowsud
Iran, Islamic Republic of Oshtrankuh Protected Area
Lebanon Shouf Cedars Nature Reserve
Saudi Arabia Mahazat as-Sayd
Saudi Arabia Harrat al-Harrah
Saudi Arabia Jabal al-Lawz
Saudi Arabia Jabal Aja and Northern Ha'il
Syria Tadmur desert and mountains
Syria Abu Zad
Syria Wadi al-Qarn - Burqush
Syria Yarmuk valley
Armenia Noravank
Iran, Islamic Republic of Akh Gol
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arasbaran Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gori Gol
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Uromiyeh
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shur Gol, Yadegarlu and Dorgeh Sangi lakes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Kobi
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Alagol, Lake Ulmagol and Lake Ajigol
Iran, Islamic Republic of Incheh Borun lake and marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Alborz-e Markazi Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lashgarak and Latian dam
Iran, Islamic Republic of Kavir region
Iran, Islamic Republic of Golestan
Iran, Islamic Republic of Sarani
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Zaribar
Iran, Islamic Republic of Dasht-i Gaz
Iran, Islamic Republic of Mooteh Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Dez river marshes and plains
Iran, Islamic Republic of Karun river marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shadegan marshes and tidal mudflats of Khor-al Amaya and Khor Musa
Iran, Islamic Republic of Cheghakor marsh
Iran, Islamic Republic of Dorudsan dam
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arjan Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bamou National Park
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Maharlu
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Bakhtegan, Lake Tashk and Kamjan marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hormod Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamoun-i Sabari and Hamoun-i Hirmand
Israel Western Negev
Israel Northern Arava valley
Jordan Wadi Yarmuk
Jordan Azraq
Jordan Wadi Mujib
Jordan Shaumari
Turkmenistan Koytendag
Turkmenistan Sumbar
Turkmenistan Dushakerekdag
Turkmenistan Gurykhovudan
Turkmenistan Kurtusuv - Khovudan
Turkmenistan Soltansanjar - Duyeboyun
Tajikistan Mogoltau massif
Tajikistan Dangara massif
Uzbekistan Sarmysh Nature Park
Uzbekistan Middle reaches of the Sherabad River
Turkmenistan Badhyz
Turkmenistan Garashor
Turkmenistan Koymat - Begarslan
Turkmenistan Kurendag - Garagoz
Turkmenistan Uly Balkan
Turkmenistan Garadegish
Lebanon Wadi Jouhanam
Turkmenistan Garabil
Turkmenistan Delili - Garajabatyr
Turkmenistan Tekejik - Biynekyr
Turkey Hodulbaba Mountain
Turkey Tuz Lake
Lebanon Upper Mountains of Akkar-Donnieh
Lebanon Semi Deserts of Ras Baalbek
Iraq Ahmed Awa
Iraq Barzan Area and Gali Balnda
Iraq Sari Hassan Bag
Iraq Chami Razan
Iraq De Lezha
Iraq Doli Smaquli and Ashab
Iraq Dukan Lake
Iraq Sharbazher Area
Iraq Halgurd Mountain
Iraq Peramagroon Mountain
Iraq Qara Dagh
Turkmenistan Garachop
Turkmenistan Tallymerjen
Turkmenistan Uzboy

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Desert Hot suitable breeding
Desert Hot suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) major breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) major non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 800 m Occasional altitudinal limits (max) 2200 m

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Oenanthe finschii. Downloaded from on 06/02/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 06/02/2023.