Finsch's Wheatear Oenanthe finschii


Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 4,450,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 5,440,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 1000000-3999999 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.1 - - -

Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 102,000-312,000 pairs, which equates to 204,000-624,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms c.20% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 1,020,000-3,120,000 individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats. The European population trend is estimated to be stable (BirdLife International 2015).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Armenia N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Bahrain V Extant Yes
Bulgaria V Extant
Cyprus N Extant Yes
Egypt N Extant
Georgia N Extant Yes
Greece V Extant
India N Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Israel N Extant Yes
Jordan N Extant Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kuwait N Extant Yes Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes Yes
Libya V Extant
Morocco N Extant
Oman V Extant Yes Yes
Pakistan N Extant
Qatar N Extant Yes
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes
Tajikistan N Extant Yes
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Iran, Islamic Republic of Oshtrankuh Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Parvar Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Western Zagros north of Nowsud
Iraq Ahmed Awa
Iraq Augla, Wadi Hauran
Iraq Barzan Area and Gali Balnda
Iraq Chami Razan
Iraq De Lezha
Iraq Doli Smaquli and Ashab
Iraq Dukan Lake
Iraq Halgurd Mountain
Iraq Peramagroon Mountain
Iraq Qara Dagh
Iraq Sari Hassan Bag
Iraq Sharbazher Area
Jordan Shaumari
Lebanon Shouf Cedars Nature Reserve
Lebanon Upper Mountains of Akkar-Donnieh
Saudi Arabia Harrat al-Harrah
Saudi Arabia Jabal Aja and Northern Ha'il
Saudi Arabia Jabal al-Lawz
Saudi Arabia Mahazat as-Sayd
Syria Abu Zad
Syria Mount Hermon
Syria Wadi al-Qarn - Burqush
Syria Yarmuk valley
Tajikistan Dangara massif
Tajikistan Mogoltau massif
Turkmenistan Badhyz
Turkmenistan Delili - Garajabatyr
Turkmenistan Dushakerekdag
Turkmenistan Garabil
Turkmenistan Garashor
Turkmenistan Gurykhovudan
Turkmenistan Koymat - Begarslan
Turkmenistan Koytendag
Turkmenistan Kurendag - Garagoz
Turkmenistan Kurtusuv - Khovudan
Turkmenistan Sumbar
Turkmenistan Tekejik - Biynekyr
Turkmenistan Uly Balkan
Uzbekistan Middle reaches of the Sherabad River
Uzbekistan Sarmysh Nature Park

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Desert Hot suitable breeding
Desert Hot suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Rocky areas major breeding
Rocky areas major non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 800 m Occasional altitudinal limits (max) 2200 m

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Oenanthe finschii. Downloaded from on 21/10/2019. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2019) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 21/10/2019.