Justification of Red List Category
This species is likely to be declining moderately rapidly throughout its range as a result of forest clearance. It is currently considered Near Threatened, and should be monitored carefully.
The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as common to uncommon, extinct in Singapore (del Hoyo et al. 2005).
Precise data on population trends are not available, but declines are likely to have occurred in line with rates of forest clearance across the species's range. The population is thus suspected to be in moderately rapid decline.
Pericrocotus igneus is confined to the Sundaic lowlands, from south Tenasserim, Myanmar, peninsular Thailand, Sabah, Sarawak and Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore (formerly), Kalimantan and Sumatra, Indonesia, Brunei and Palawan, Philippines (BirdLife International 2001). It is uncommon in parts of the range (Thailand, Borneo) and fairly common in others (Myanmar, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra).
This species is found in broadleaved forest and forest edges, mature secondary growth, dry coastal forest, mangroves and occasionally overgrown plantations and gardens. It is recorded up to 1,220 m, but is principally found below 600 m.
Rates of forest loss in the Sundaic lowlands have been extremely rapid, owing partly to the escalation of illegal logging and land conversion, with deliberate targeting of all remaining stands of valuable timber including those inside protected areas. Forest fires have also had a damaging effect (particularly in 1997-1998). The magnitude of these threats may be allayed by this species's tolerance of secondary forest.
Conservation Actions Underway
No targeted conservation actions are known for this species, although some of its habitat is protected.
Conservation Actions Proposed
Monitor populations and habitat trends throughout the species's range to clarify threat status. Conduct ecological studies to identify habitat requirements and tolerance of secondary habitats or fragmentation. Effectively protect significant areas of suitable habitat at key sites, in both strictly protected areas and community-led multiple use areas.
Text account compilers
Benstead, P., Gilroy, J., Taylor, J.
BirdLife International (2021) Species factsheet: Pericrocotus igneus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/10/2021. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2021) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/10/2021.