Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca


Balmaki, B.; Barati, A. 2006. Harvesting status of migratory waterfowl in northern Iran: a case study from Gilan Province. In: Boere, G., Galbraith, C. and Stroud, D. (eds), Waterbirds around the world, pp. 868-869. The Stationary Office, Edinburgh, UK.

Berezovikov, N. N.; Samusev, I. F. 1998. The Ferruginous Duck in the upper reaches of the Irtysh river. Casarca.

BirdLife International. 2004. Birds in Europe: population estimates, trends and conservation status. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

BirdLife International. 2015. European Red List of Birds. Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg.

Brochet, A.-L.; Van den Bossche, W.; Jones, V. R.; Arnardottir, H.; Damoc, D.; Demko, M.; Driessens, G.; Flensted, K.; Gerber, M.; Ghasabyan, M.; Gradinarov, D.; Hansen, J.; Horvath, M.; Karlonas, M.; Krogulec, J.; Kuzmenko, T.; Lachman, L.; Lehtiniemi, T.; Lorgé, P.; Lotberg, U.; Lusby, J.; Ottens, G.; Paquet, J.-Y.; Rukhaia, A.; Schmidt, M.; Shimmings, P.; Stipnieks, A.; Sultanov, E.; Vermouzek, Z.; Vintchevski, A.; Volke, V.; Willi, G.; Butchart, S. H. M. 2018. Illegal killing and taking of birds in Europe outside the Mediterranean: assessing the scope and scale of a complex issue. Bird Conservation International 29: 10-40.

Brown, L.H.; Urban, E.K.; Newman, K. 1982. The Birds of Africa, Volume I. Academic Press, London.

Callaghan, D. A. 1999. European Union Species Action Plan: Ferruginous Duck (Althea nervosa). Council of Europe Publishing, Strasbourg.

Carboneras, C. 1992. Anatidae (Ducks, Geese, and Swans). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J. (ed.), Handbook of the birds of the world, pp. 536-628. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

del Hoyo, J.; Elliot, A.; Sargatal, J. 1992. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Delany, S.; Reyes, C.; Hubert, E.; Pihl, S.; Rees, E.; Haanstra, L.; van Strien, A. 1999. Results from the International Waterbird Census in the Western Palearctic and Southwest Asia 1995 and 1996. Wetlands International, Wageningen, Netherlands.

Djelailia, A.; Baazia, N.; Samraoui, F.; Alfarhan, A. H.; Samraoui, B. 2018. Distribution and breeding ecology of the Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca in Algeria. Ostrich 89(1): 5-12.

Dodman, T.; Sá, J. 2005. Waterbird monitoring in the Bijagós Archipelago, Guinea-Bissau. Wetlands International, Dakar.

Dordevic, I.; Vuvanovic, M.; Sciban, M.; Ruzic, M.; Radisic, D.; Rajkovic, D. 2009. Large autumn flocks of Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca on Durica Pond near Banatska Palanka. Ciconia 18: 185-186.

Gilissen, N.; Haanstra, L.; Delany, S.; Boere, G.; Hagemeijer, W. 2002. Numbers and distribution of wintering waterbirds in the Western Palearctic and Southwest Asia in 1997, 1998 and 1999: results from the international waterbird census. Wetlands International, Wageningen.

Grishanov, D. 2006. Conservation problems of migratory waterfowl and shorebirds and their habitats in the Kaliningrad region of Russia. In: G. Boere, C. Galbraith and D Stroud (eds), Waterbirds around the world, pp. 356. The Stationary Office, Edinburgh, U.K.

Hoek, D.; Ibrahim, H.; Noby, K. 2010. Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca, a new breeding species for Egypt in a temporary artificial wetland near Aswan. Sandgrouse 32(2): 163-166.

IUCN. 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2019-3. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 10 December 2019).

Johnsgard, P.A. 1978. Ducks, geese and swans of the World. University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln and London.

Kashkarov, D.; Mukhina, E. 1997. Status of the Ferruginous Duck in Uzbekistan. TWSG News 10: 21-24.

Kear, J. 2005. Ducks, geese and swans volume 2: species accounts (Cairina to Mergus). Oxford University Press, Oxford, U.K.

Leuzinger, H. 2010. Tauchentenhybriden mit Beteiligung der Moorente Aythya nyroca auf Kleingewässern bei Frauenfeld (Kanton Thurgau). Ornithologische Beobachter 107(1): 51-56.

Madge, S.; Burn, H. 1988. Wildfowl. Christopher Helm, London.

Mundkur, T., Langendoen, T. and Watkins, D. (eds.). 2017. The Asian Waterbird Census 2008-2015 – results of coordinated counts in Asia and Australasia. Wetlands International, Ede. http://www.eaaflyway.net/documents/resources/aewa%20ref/AWC_2008-2015_Summary_Report_31Mar17.pdf.

Petkov, N. 2006. The importance of extensive fishponds for Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca conservation. In: Boere, G.; Galbraith, C., Stroud, D. (ed.), Waterbirds around the world, pp. 733-734. The Stationary Office, Edinburgh, UK.

Petkov, N. 2012. Habitat characteristics assessment of the wetlands with breeding Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca and Pochard A. ferina in Bulgaria/Ocena habitatnih značilnosti mokrišč z gnezdečimi kostanjevkami Aythya nyroca in sivkami A. ferina v Bolgariji. Acrocephalus, 32(150-151): 127-134.

Petkov, N.; Hughes, B.; Gallo-Orsi, U. 2003. Ferruginous Duck: from research to conservation. Birdlife International-RSPB-TWSG, Sofia, Bulgaria.

Robinson, J. A.; Callaghan, D. A. 2003. The ferruginous duck as a Near Threatened species: problems, causes and solutions. In: Petkov, N.; Hughes, B.; Gallo-Orsi, U. (ed.), Ferruginous duck: from research to conservation, pp. 138-143. BirdLife International-BSBP-TWSG, Sofia.

Robinson, J. A.; Hughes, B. 2006. International single species action plan for the conservation of the Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca. CMS/AEWA, Bonn, Germany.

Scott, D. A. 1993. The Black-necked Cranes Grus nigricollis of Ruoergai Marshes, Sichuan, China. Bird Conservation International 3: 245-259.

Scott, D. A.; Rose, P. M. 1996. Atlas of Anatidae populations in Africa and western Eurasia. Wetlands International, Wageningen, Netherlands.

Snow, D.W.; Perrins, C.M. 1998. The Birds of the Western Palearctic, Volume 1: Non-Passerines. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Tucker, G.M.; Heath, M.F. 1994. Birds in Europe: Their Conservation Status. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Ul Haque, E. 2002. News from Bangladesh. Asian Waterbird Census Newsletter.

Vinicombe, K. E. 2000. Identification of Ferruginous Duck and its status in Britain and Ireland. British Birds 93: 4-21.

Wetlands International. 2016. Waterbird Population Estimates. Available at: wpe.wetlands.org.

Wetlands International. 2017a. Waterbird Population Estimates. Retrieved from wpe.wetlands.org on Tuesday 23 May 2017. Updated from the AEWA Conservation Status Review 6.

Wetlands International. 2017b. Waterbird Population Estimates. Retrieved from wpe.wetlands.org on Tuesday 23 May 2017. Current data from http://wpe.wetlands.org/search?form%5Bspecies%5D=ferruginous+duck&form%5Bpopulation%5D=&form%5Bpublication%5D=5.

Zhao, Z.; MaMing, R. 2014. The status of Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca breeding and wintering in China. Wildfowl 64: 116-125.

Further resources

IUCN SSC Duck Specialist Group

IUCN SSC Threatened Waterfowl Specialist Group

African-Eurasian Waterbird Agreement (AEWA) International Action Plan 2006

Detailed species account from Birds in Europe: population estimates trends and conservation status (BirdLife International 2004)

Detailed species account from Birds in Europe: population estimates, trends and conservation status (BirdLife International 2004)

Detailed species accounts from the Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 2001).

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

International Action Plan

International Species Review

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Aythya nyroca. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/01/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/01/2020.