LC
Fairy Prion Pachyptila turtur



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
Brooke, M. de L. 2004. Albatrosses and Petrels Across the World. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Christidis, L. and Boles, W.E. 2008. Systematics and Taxonomy of Australian Birds. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Australia.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
SACC. 2005 and updates. A classification of the bird species of South America. Available at: #http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCBaseline.htm#.
Turbott, E.G. 1990. Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand. Ornithological Society of New Zealand, Wellington.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2018 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 63,600,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor estimated 2004
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 10.8 - - -

Population justification: Brooke (2004) estimated the global population to number around 5,000,000 individuals.

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Antarctica V Extant
Argentina N Extant
Australia N Extant Yes
Chile U Extant
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) N Extant Yes
French Southern Territories N Extant Yes
Heard Island and McDonald Islands (to Australia) U Extant
Mauritius V Extant
Namibia V Extant
New Caledonia (to France) U Extant
New Zealand N Extant Yes
Norfolk Island (to Australia) U Extant
South Africa N Extant
South Georgia & the South Sandwich Islands N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
French Southern Territories Île de l'Est
French Southern Territories Île aux Cochons
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Beauchêne Island
Australia Port Davey Islands
Australia Maatsuyker Island Group
Australia Mewstone
Australia Tasman Island
Australia Albatross Island and Black Pyramid Rock
New Zealand North Eastern North Island (offshore)
New Zealand Takapourewa Stephens Island
New Zealand Trio Islands
New Zealand Brother Islands (North & South)
New Zealand Banks Peninsula (Islet in Island Nook; near Flea Bay)
New Zealand Banks Peninsula (Islet in Redcliff Nook; near Stony Bay)
New Zealand Motunau
New Zealand Mangere
New Zealand Rangiauria Pitt Island
New Zealand Rangatira South East Island
New Zealand Star Keys Motuhope
New Zealand The Sisters Rangitatahi
New Zealand Hirakimata Kotuku Peninsula
New Zealand Hen and Chicken Islands
New Zealand Motuharakeke Island (Kaeo)
New Zealand Motuopao Island
New Zealand Poor Knights Islands
New Zealand Otago Peninsula
New Zealand Northern Titi Muttonbird Islands
New Zealand Open Bay Islands
New Zealand Whenua Hou Codfish Island
New Zealand Stewart Island / the rest
New Zealand Snares (eastern islands)
New Zealand Antipodes Islands
New Zealand Solander Islands
New Zealand Poor Knights Islands
New Zealand Stephens Island/Takapourewa
New Zealand Motunau
New Zealand Antipodes Islands
New Zealand Banks Peninsula
New Zealand Catlins Coast
New Zealand Hope River
New Zealand Ruapuke
New Zealand Southern Titi Muttonbird Islands
New Zealand The Brothers Islands
New Zealand Taiaroa Head
New Zealand Cook Strait

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Grassland Subantarctic suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Sea Cliffs and Rocky Offshore Islands major breeding
Marine Neritic Macroalgal/Kelp suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Macroalgal/Kelp suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Pelagic major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Pelagic major breeding
Marine Neritic Seagrass (Submerged) suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Seagrass (Submerged) suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Loose Rock/pebble/gravel suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Loose Rock/pebble/gravel suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy-Mud suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy-Mud suitable breeding
Marine Oceanic Epipelagic (0-200m) major non-breeding
Marine Oceanic Epipelagic (0-200m) major breeding
Marine Oceanic Mesopelagic (200-1000m) major non-breeding
Marine Oceanic Mesopelagic (200-1000m) major breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) suitable breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - Felis catus Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Rapid Declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Pachyptila turtur. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 06/08/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 06/08/2020.