VU
Fairy Pitta Pitta nympha



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - A2cd+3cd+4cd

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Vulnerable A2cd+3cd+4cd
2012 Vulnerable A2cd+3cd+4cd
2008 Vulnerable A2c,d; A3c,d; A4c,d
2004 Vulnerable
2000 Vulnerable
1996 Vulnerable
1994 Vulnerable
1988 Threatened
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type Land-mass type - continent
Land-mass type - shelf island
Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 2,990,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 227,000 medium
Number of locations 11-100 -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 1500-7000 poor estimated 2000
Population trend Decreasing poor suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) 30-49 - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) 30-49 - - -
Number of subpopulations 2-100 - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.2 - - -

Population justification: BirdLife International (2001) estimated the total population to be not more than a few thousand or tens of thousands of individuals. This is precautionarily placed in the band 2,500-9,999 individuals, equating to 1,667-6,666 mature individuals, rounded here to 1,500-7,000 mature individuals. National population estimates include: c.100-10,000 breeding pairs and c.50-1,000 individuals on migration in China; c.100-10,000 breeding pairs and c.50-1,000 individuals on migration in Taiwan, China; c.100-10,000 breeding pairs and c.50-1,000 individuals on migration in Korea and c.100-10,000 breeding pairs and c.50-1,000 individuals on migration in Japan (Brazil 2009).

Trend justification: A number of pressures within the species's range are driving habitat loss and conversion, the effects of which are compounded by local trapping pressure. As a result the species is suspected to be declining rapidly, with survey results from Taiwan, China, suggesting an annual decline of 5.9% (3.4-8.4%) (Kuan-Chieh Hung in litt. 2014).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Brunei N Extant Yes
China (mainland) N Extant Yes Yes
Hong Kong (China) N Extant Yes
Indonesia V Extant Yes
Japan N Extant Yes
Malaysia N Extant Yes
North Korea N Extant Yes
South Korea N Extant Yes Yes
Taiwan, China N Extant Yes Yes
Thailand U Extant
Vietnam N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Brunei Belait Swamp Forest
China (mainland) Buliuhe Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Chebaling Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Dawangling Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Dayao Shan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Dongzhai Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Guanshan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Gulongshan
China (mainland) Huangfu Shan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Jianfengling
China (mainland) Jigong Shan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Jiugong Shan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Jiulianshan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Jiuwan Shan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Lao Shan Mountain
China (mainland) Linduo
China (mainland) Linkang Shan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Longlin-Xilin
China (mainland) Maolan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Mulun Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Nankun Shan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Nanling mountains
China (mainland) Pingnan Dapeng
China (mainland) Sanpihu Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Tianma Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Tianmu Shan
China (mainland) Weizhou Dao Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Xidamingshan
China (mainland) Yaoluoping Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Yindian Shan and Xiling Shan ranges
China (mainland) Zipeng Shan National Forest Park
Hong Kong (China) Tai Po Kau, Shing Mun and Tai Mo Shan area
Indonesia Betung Kerihun
Japan Ayakawa valley
Japan Kirishima mountains and Lake Miike
Japan Middle Shimantogawa basin
Malaysia Danum Valley Conservation Area
Malaysia Dulit Range
Malaysia Kelabit Highlands
Malaysia Lambir Hills National Park
Malaysia Lanjak Entimau Wildlife Sanctuary
South Korea Gwangneung forest
Taiwan, China Huben
Taiwan, China Shihmen Reservoir
Taiwan, China Yellow Butterfly Valley

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Moist suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 1200 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Agro-industry farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species mortality
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting - Unintentional effects: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Energy production & mining Mining & quarrying Timing Scope Severity Impact
Past, Likely to Return Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Past Impact
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Natural system modifications Dams & water management/use - Large dams Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Minority (<50%) Very Rapid Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Natural system modifications Fire & fire suppression - Trend Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Residential & commercial development Housing & urban areas Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Unknown Unknown Unknown
Stresses
Ecosystem conversion

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - Non-trivial Recent
Medicine - human & veterinary - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Pitta nympha. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/09/2019. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2019) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/09/2019.