Eye-ringed Tody-tyrant Hemitriccus orbitatus


Justification of Red List Category
This species is classified as Near Threatened because it is suspected to be declining moderately rapidly owing to habitat loss.

Population justification
The global population size has not been quantified, but this species is described as 'fairly common' (Stotz et al. (1996).

Trend justification
A moderately rapid and on-going decline is suspected owing to habitat loss and fragmentation.

Distribution and population

Hemitriccus orbitatus occurs in south-east Brazil (Espírito Santo, south Minas Gerais and São Paulo to north-east Rio Grande do Sul), typically up to 600 m, occasionally to 1,000 m (Parker et al. 1996; Ridgely and Tudor 1994), where it is locally uncommon to relatively common.


It is resident in the lower and middle growth of lowland evergreen forest and mature secondary woodland (Ridgely and Tudor 1994).


Agricultural conversion and deforestation for mining and plantation production historically threatened its habitat (Fearnside 1996). Current key threats are urbanisation, industrialisation, agricultural expansion, colonisation and associated road-building (Dinerstein et al. 1995).

Conservation actions

Conservation Actions Underway
It occurs in a number of protected areas including Patrimônio Natural de Volta Velha Special Reserve (Santa Catarina), Serra Paranapiacaba Biosphere Reserve and Tijuca National Park.

Conservation Actions Proposed
Effectively protect protected areas where the species occurs. Research its ecology and ability to persist in degraded and fragmented habitats. Carry out surveys at known sites and attempt to quantify decline.


Text account compilers
Capper, D., O'Brien, A., Sharpe, C J, Symes, A.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Hemitriccus orbitatus. Downloaded from http://datazone.birdlife.org/species/factsheet/eye-ringed-tody-tyrant-hemitriccus-orbitatus on 07/06/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://datazone.birdlife.org on 07/06/2023.