European Turtle-dove Streptopelia turtur


Balmer, D. E.; Gillings, S.; Caffrey, B. J.; Swann, R. L.; Downie, I. S.; Fuller, R. J. (eds). 2013. Bird Atlas 2007-11: The Breeding and Wintering Birds of Britain and Ireland. BTO Books, Thetford, UK.

Baptista, L.F., Trail, P.W., Horblit, H.M., Boesman, P. and Sharpe, C.J. 2015. European Turtle-dove (Streptopelia turtur). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. and de Juana, E. (eds), Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive, Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

BirdLife International. 2015. European Red List of Birds. Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg.

Brochet, A.-L.; van den Bossche, W.; Jbour, S.; Ndang’ang’a, P. K.; Jones, V. R.; Abdou, W. A. L. I.; Al-Hmoud, A. R.; Asswad, N. G.; Atienza, J. C.; Atrash, I.; Barbara, N.; Bensusan, K.; Bino, T.; Celada, C.; Cherkaoui, S. I.; Costa, J.; Deceuninck, B.; Etayeb, K. S.; Feltrup-Azafzaf, C.; Figelj, J.; Gustin, M.; Kmecl, P.; Kocevski, V.; Korbeti, M.; Kotrosan, D.; Laguna, J. M.; Lattuada, M.; Leitao, D.; Lopes, P.; Lopez-Jimenez, N.; Lucic, V.; Micol, T.; Moali, A.; Perlman, Y.; Piludu, N.; Portolou, D.; Putilin, K.; Quaintenne, G.; Ramadan-Jaradi, G.; Ruzic, M.; Sandor, A.; Sarajli, N.; Saveljic, D.; Sheldon, R. D.; Shialis, T.; Tsiopelas, N.; Vargas, F.; Thompson, C.; Brunner, A.; Grimmett, R.; Butchart, S. H. M. 2016. Preliminary assessment of the scope and scale of illegal killing and taking of birds in the Mediterranean. Bird Conservation International 26: 1-28.

Browne, S. J.; Aebischer, N. J. 2003. Habitat use, foraging ecology and diet of Turtle Doves Streptopelia turtur in Britain. Ibis 145: 572-582.

Dunn, J .C.; Grice, P. V.; Morris, A. J. 2015. Testing bespoke management of foraging habitat for European turtle doves Streptopelia turtur. Journal for Nature Conservation 25: 23-34.

Dunn, J. C.; Morris, A. J. 2012. Which features of UK farmland are important in retaining territories of the rapidly declining Turtle Dove Streptopelia turtur? Bird Study 59: 394-402.

Eraud, C.; Boutin, J.-M.; Riviere, M.; Brun, J.; Barbraud, C.; Lormee, H. 2009. Survival of Turtle Doves Streptopelia turtur in relation to western Africa environmental conditions. Ibis 151: 186-190.

Fisher, I.; Ashpole, J.; Scallan, D.; Proud, T.; Carboneras, C. 2018. International Single Species Action Plan for the Conservation of the European Turtle-dove, Streptopelia turtur (2018 to 2028). European Commission.

Hanane, S. 2016. Effects of location, orchard type, laying period and nest position on the reproductive performance of Turtle Doves (Streptopelia turtur) on intensively cultivated farmland. Avian Res. 7(4): DOI 10.1186/s40657-016-0039-0.

IUCN. 2017. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2017-1. Available at: (Accessed: 27 April 2017).

IUCN. 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2019-3. Available at: (Accessed: 10 December 2019).

Lennon, R. J.; Dunn, J. C.; Stockdale, J. E.; Goodman, S. J.; Morris, A. J.; Hamer, K. C. 2013. Trichomonad parasite infection in four species of Columbidae in the UK. Parasitology 140: 1368-1376.

Lutz, M. 2006. Management Plan for Turtle Dove (Streptopelia turtur) 2007 –2009. Technical Report - 007 – 2007.

Stockdale, J.E., Dunn, J.C., Goodman, S.J., Morris, A.J., Sheehan, D.K., Grice, P.V., and Hamer, K.C. 2015. The protozoan parasite Trichomonas gallinae causes adult and nestling mortality in a declining population of European Turtle Doves, Streptopelia turtur. Parasitology 142(03): 490-498.

Tucker, G.M.; Heath, M.F. 1994. Birds in Europe: Their Conservation Status. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

Wassink, A.; Oreel, G. J. 2008. Birds of Kazakhstan: new and interesting data. Dutch Birding 30(2): 93-100.

Further resources

Detailed species account from Birds in Europe: population estimates, trends and conservation status (BirdLife International 2004)

Detailed species account from European Red List of Birds (BirdLife International 2015)

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

Euro Bird Portal

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Streptopelia turtur. Downloaded from on 05/12/2023.
Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 05/12/2023.