LC
European Storm-petrel Hydrobates pelagicus



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Brooke, M. de L. 2004. Albatrosses and Petrels Across the World. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2018 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 84,900,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 430000-519999 poor estimated 2015
Population trend Unknown suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 15.7 - - -

Population justification: In Europe (which covers >95% of the breeding range), the breeding population is estimated to be 438,000-514,000 breeding pairs, equating to 876,000-1,030,000 mature individuals or 1,314,000-1,545,000 individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Brooke (2004) also estimated the total population to number around 1,500,000. The population is therefore placed in the band 430,000-519,999 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015).

Trend justification: The population trend is unknown in Europe (BirdLife International 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Algeria V Extant
Austria V Extant
Belgium V Extant
Côte d'Ivoire V Extant
Cyprus V Extant
Czechia V Extant
Denmark N Extant Yes
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) N Extant Yes
France N Extant Yes Yes
Germany N Extant Yes
Ghana V Extant
Gibraltar (to UK) N Extant Yes
Greece N Extant Yes
Guinea V Extant
Iceland N Extant Yes
Ireland N Extant Yes
Israel V Extant
Italy N Extant Yes
Lebanon V Extant Yes
Libya V Extant
Malta N Extant Yes
Mauritania N Extant Yes Yes
Morocco N Extant Yes Yes
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Norway N Extant Yes
Poland V Extant
Portugal N Extant Yes
Russia V Extant
Russia (European) V Extant
São Tomé e Príncipe U Extant
Sierra Leone V Extant
Spain N Extant Yes Yes
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) V Extant
Sweden V Extant
Switzerland V Extant
Togo V Extant
Tunisia V Extant
Turkey V Extant
Ukraine V Extant
United Kingdom N Extant Yes Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Malta Filfla islet
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Suduroy
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Lítla Dímun
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Stóra Dímun
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Skúvoy
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Sandoy
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Hestur
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Koltur
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Nólsoy
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Svínoy
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Fugloy
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Vidoy
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Bordoy
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Kunoy
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Kalsoy
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Eysturoy
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Streymoy
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Vágar
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) Mykines and Mykineshólmur
Malta Ta'Cenc cliffs
Iceland Vestmannaeyjar
Ireland Bull and Cow Rocks
Ireland The Skelligs: Great Skellig and Little Skellig
Ireland Puffin Island
Ireland Blasket Islands
Ireland Mid Clare Coast including Mutton and Mattle Islands
Ireland High Island
Ireland Inishbofin and Inishshark (including Davillaun)
Ireland Inishglora and Inishkeeragh
Ireland Stags of Broadhaven
Ireland Illaunmaistir (Oilean Maistir)
Ireland Inishmurray
Ireland Inishduff
Ireland Rathlin O'Birne
Ireland Roaninish
Ireland Tory Island
Iceland Ingolfshofdi
Greece Islands and islets of northern Sporades and northwestern coast of Alonnisos
Greece Kythira island
Greece Dionysades islets, Crete
Greece Patmos island and surrounding islets
Greece Kinaros and Levitha islands and surrounding islets
Greece Islands and islets of northern Dodecanese
Greece Antikythira island and surrounding islets
Greece Symi island and surrounding islets
Greece Karpathian sea islets
Iceland Skeidarársandur
Spain Archipelago of Cabrera
Spain Coastal cliffs between isles of Malgrats and Cala Figuera
Spain Cala Salada - Illa d'en Calders
Spain Littoral islets of Murcia and Almería
Spain Columbretes islands
Spain Medas islands
Spain Cape Busto-Luanco
Spain Alicante islets
Spain Portios islets - Conejera island - Mouro islet
Spain Santander Bay
Spain Dragonera Island-La Trapa
Spain Cape Freu-Cape Farrutx
Spain Llobregat delta
Spain Islets Vedrá and Vedranell
Spain Salt-pans of Ibiza and Formentera and Freus isles
Spain La Mola of Formentera
Spain Isle of Conejera and islets of Bledes and Espartar (Ibiza)
Spain Islets of Santa Eulalia, Redona and Es Canar (Ibiza)
Spain Urdaibai - Matxitxako
Spain Chingudi-Bidasoa estuary
Spain Ribadesella-Tina Mayor
Spain Cíes islands
Spain Costa da Morte
Spain Cape Candelaria-Ortigueira estuary-Cape Estaca de Bares
Spain Ferrolterra-Valdoviño coast
Spain Tina Menor-Sarnosa island-Oyambre
Spain Anaga rocky islets
Spain South-west coast of La Gomera
Spain Western coast of El Hierro
Spain Salmor rocky islets
Spain Lanzarote islets
Spain Island of Lobos
France Rochers de Biarritz : le Bouccalot et la Roche Ronde
France Iles Chausey
France Archipel des Sept-Iles
France Archipel de Molène
France Cap Sizun
France Baies de Morlaix et de Carantec
France Ile d'Ouessant
France Presqu'île de Crozon, Tas de Pois et Rochers du Toulinguet
France Détroit de Bonifaccio et Iles Lavezzi
France Iles Cerbicale
France Iles Marseillaises: Maire, Jarron, Jarre, Riou, Calseraigne, Congloue et Pomègues
France Cap Gris-nez
France Marais poitevin et baie de l'Aiguillon
United Kingdom Fair Isle
United Kingdom Fetlar
United Kingdom Flannan Isles
United Kingdom Glannau Aberdaron and Ynys Enlli
United Kingdom Grassholm
United Kingdom Isles of Scilly
United Kingdom Mingulay and Berneray
United Kingdom Mousa
United Kingdom North Rona and Sula Sgeir
United Kingdom North Uist Machair and Islands
United Kingdom Papa Westray (North Hill and Holm)
United Kingdom Priest Island
United Kingdom Ramna Stacks and Gruney
United Kingdom Sanda Island
United Kingdom Skokholm and Skomer
United Kingdom Sule Skerry and Sule Stack
United Kingdom Treshnish Isles
United Kingdom Auskerry
United Kingdom North Sutherland Coastal Islands
United Kingdom Eilean nan Ron
United Kingdom South Walls and Switha
United Kingdom Calf of Man
United Kingdom Isle of Man Sea Cliffs
Italy Pantelleria and Isole Pelagie
Italy Egadi islands
Italy Cape Caccia and Conte port
Italy San Pietro and Sant'Antioco islands
Norway Røst
Norway Bleiksøy
Norway Sør-Fugløy
Norway Sklinna
Norway Runde
Croatia Kornati National Park and Telascica Nature Park
Croatia Prvic island
Croatia Special Ornithological Reserves on Cres island
Croatia Special Ornithological Reserve on Krk island
France Anse du Fiers d'Ars en Ré
France Traicts et marais salants de la Presqu'île Guérandaise
France Pointe de Grave
France Iles d'Hyères
France Anse de Fouras, baie d'Yves et marais de Rochefort
France Estuaire de la Loire
France Baie de Bourgneuf et marais breton
United Kingdom Pentland Firth Islands
United Kingdom Uists Machairs, Lochs and Coast
Ireland Magharee Islands, Mucklaghmore and Illaunbarnagh
Spain Aguas de La Gomera - Teno
Spain Estrecho de la Bocaina
Spain Golfo de Cádiz
Spain Tabarca - Cabo de Palos
Spain Plataforma-talud Marinos del Cabo de la Nao
Spain Plataforma Marina del Delta del Ebro - Columbretes
Spain Aguas de Formentera y sur de Ibiza
Spain Aguas del Poniente y Norte de Ibiza
Spain Aguas del Levante de Ibiza
Spain Aguas del Sur de Mallorca y Cabrera
Greece Paros and Antiparos islands and surrounding islets
France Jaudy et Sept-Iles
Malta Kanġu offshore
Malta Tramuntana offshore
Malta Grigal offshore
Malta Lvant marine
Malta Xlokk offshore
Malta Nofsinhar offshore
Malta Lbiċ marine
Malta Għawdex marine
Greece Mountains of central Evvoia
Mauritania Canary current shelf-break South

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Sea Cliffs and Rocky Offshore Islands major breeding
Marine Intertidal Rocky Shoreline major breeding
Marine Neritic Macroalgal/Kelp major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Macroalgal/Kelp major breeding
Marine Neritic Pelagic major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Pelagic major breeding
Marine Neritic Seagrass (Submerged) major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Seagrass (Submerged) major breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Loose Rock/pebble/gravel major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Loose Rock/pebble/gravel major breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Rock and Rocky Reefs major breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy major breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy-Mud major non-breeding
Marine Neritic Subtidal Sandy-Mud major breeding
Marine Oceanic Epipelagic (0-200m) major non-breeding
Marine Oceanic Epipelagic (0-200m) major breeding
Marine Oceanic Mesopelagic (200-1000m) major non-breeding
Marine Oceanic Mesopelagic (200-1000m) major breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - Felis catus Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Problematic native species/diseases - Unspecified species Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Species factsheet: Hydrobates pelagicus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/11/2021. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2021) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/11/2021.