LC
European Nightjar Caprimulgus europaeus



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Cramp, S.; Perrins, C. M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 33,200,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 19,500,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 3000000-5999999 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.6 - - -

Population justification: The European population is estimated at 614,000-1,100,000 calling or lekking males, which equates to 1,230,000-2,200,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms c. 40% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 3,100,000-5,500,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed. The population is therefore placed in the band 3,000,000-5,999,999 mature individuals.

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be in decline owing to ongoing habitat destruction, pesticide use reducing the availability of food, and disturbance (del Hoyo et al. 1999). In Europe the population is estimated to be stable (BirdLife International 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant
Andorra N Extant Yes
Angola N Extant
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Bahrain N Extant Yes
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium N Extant Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Botswana N Extant
Bulgaria N Extant Yes Yes
Burundi N Extant
Cameroon N Extant
China (mainland) N Extant Yes
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the N Extant
Côte d'Ivoire V Extant
Croatia N Extant Yes
Cyprus N Extant Yes
Czechia N Extant Yes
Denmark N Extant Yes Yes
Djibouti N Extant
Egypt N Extant
Eritrea N Extant
Estonia N Extant Yes
Eswatini N Extant
Ethiopia N Extant
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) V Extant
Finland N Extant Yes Yes
France N Extant Yes Yes
Gabon N Extant
Gambia N Extant
Georgia N Extant Yes
Germany N Extant Yes Yes
Ghana V Extant
Gibraltar (to UK) N Extant
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Hungary N Extant Yes
Iceland V Extant
India N Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes Yes
Ireland N Extant Yes
Israel N Extant Yes
Italy N Extant Yes Yes
Jordan N Extant Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant
Kuwait N Extant Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Latvia N Extant Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes
Lesotho N Extant
Liberia V Extant
Libya N Extant
Liechtenstein N Extant Yes
Lithuania N Extant Yes
Luxembourg N Extant Yes
Malawi N Extant
Mali V Extant
Malta N Extant
Mauritania N Extant
Moldova N Extant Yes
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Morocco N Extant
Mozambique N Extant
Namibia N Extant
Netherlands N Extant Yes
Niger N Extant
Nigeria N Extant
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Norway N Extant Yes
Oman N Extant Yes
Pakistan N Extant Yes
Palestinian Authority Territories N Extant Yes
Poland N Extant Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Qatar N Extant Yes
Romania N Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Rwanda N Extant
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes
Senegal V Extant
Serbia N Extant Yes
Seychelles V Extant
Sierra Leone V Extant
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
Somalia N Extant
South Africa N Extant
South Sudan N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
Sudan N Extant
Sweden N Extant Yes
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes Yes
Tajikistan N Extant Yes
Tanzania N Extant
Tunisia N Extant
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
Uganda N Extant
Ukraine N Extant Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes
United Kingdom N Extant Yes
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes
Western Sahara N Extant
Yemen N Extant Yes
Zambia N Extant
Zimbabwe N Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
North Macedonia River Bregalnica
North Macedonia Babuna gorge, Topolka gorge, and Crn Kamen
North Macedonia River Radika catchment
Serbia Zlot gorge--Dubasnica
Serbia Resava gorge
Serbia Deliblatska pescara
Azerbaijan Alty Agach area
Azerbaijan Akstafa-chai valley
Azerbaijan Astara-chai valley
Azerbaijan Lachin area
Azerbaijan Samur Delta
Azerbaijan Shamkhor area
Azerbaijan Vilajchai valley
Belarus Asvieja
Belarus Halubickaja Pušča
Belarus Biarezinski zapaviednik
Belarus Al'manskija baloty
Lithuania Cepkeliai Strict Nature Reserve
Lithuania Initial area of Aukstaitija NP
Lithuania Dzukija National Park
Estonia Nehatu mire
Estonia Marimetsa-Õmma
Estonia Ohepalu
Estonia Puhatu mire
Estonia Alam-Pedja
Estonia Meenikunno bog
Estonia Meelva bog
Andorra Pirineo de Andorra
Latvia Slitere and Zilie kalni
Latvia Engure lake
Latvia Ziemelu bogs
Latvia Zile forest area
Latvia Seda marsh
Portugal Minho and Coura estuaries
Portugal Gerês mountains
Portugal Ria de Aveiro
Bulgaria Central Balkan
Romania Niculitel and Babadag forest
Romania Trascău Mountains
Romania Domogled - Cernei valley
Romania Padiş - Vlădeasa mountain
Romania Hagieni forest
Romania Mures river lower flood-plain
Slovenia Goričko
Slovenia Karst
Belgium Sinémurienne
Belgium Hautes Fagnes/Eifel
Belgium Malchamps
Belgium Marche en Famenne
Belgium Lesse et Lomme
Belgium Entre-Sambre-et-Meuse
Belgium Bassin de la Haine
Belgium Mechelse Heide en de Vallei van de Ziepbeek
Belgium Gebieden gelegen te Houthalen-Helchteren en Meeuwen-Gruitrode
Belgium Gebieden gelegen te Peer en Hechtel-Eksel
Belgium Vallei van de Zwarte Beek
Belgium Ronde Put
Belgium Gebieden ten noorden van Turnhout en Ravels
Belgium Kalmthoutse Heide
Sweden Kullaberg
Sweden Archipelago and coastline of North-East Scania
Sweden Lövsta Bight – Björn Archipelago
Sweden Hanveden – Hemfosa
Poland Bialowieza Forest
Poland Biala Forest
Poland Biebrza river valley
Poland Parczew forests
Poland Pisz forest
Poland Ilawa Forest
Poland Slupia River Valley
Poland Marshy valley of the Drweca river
Greece Alyki Angelochoriou lagoon (Megalou Emvolou)
Greece Epanomi lagoon
Greece Mount Cholomontas
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary
Greece Mount Parnassos
Greece Mount Ochi and surrounding marine area
Greece Mountains of Naxos
Greece Lakes Chortarolimni and Alyki, Moudros gulf, Diapori fen and Fakos peninsula, Limnos
Greece Evrotas delta
Greece Mount Pangaio
Greece Thasos island and Xironisi islet
Greece Mounts Orliakas and Tsourgiakas
Greece Islands and islets of northern Sporades and northwestern coast of Alonnisos
Greece Kythira island
Greece Dionysades islets, Crete
Greece Mount Vourinos
Greece Aliakmonas gorge
Greece Mount Othrys
Greece Rodopos peninsula, Crete
Greece Apsalos and Moglenitsa gorges
Greece Kato Olympos, Tempi gorge and mount Ossa
Greece Filiouri valley and eastern Rodopi mountains
Greece Kompsatos valley
Greece Pineios delta
Greece Megalo and Mikro Livari lagoons, Istiaia
Greece Ikaria island
Greece Mount Kerketio (Koziakas)
Greece Lake Kourna, Almyros delta and Georgioupolis coast, Crete
Greece Lower Kalamas gorge
Greece Patmos island and surrounding islets
Greece Echinades, Kalamos and Atokos islands
Greece Islands and islets of northern Dodecanese
Greece Mount Falakro
Greece Mount Ymittos
Greece Mount Mavrovouni, Larisa
Greece Agios Efstratios island
Greece Southwestern Lesvos and Petrified forest
Greece Mount Lepetymnos, Lesvos, and surrounding marine area
Greece Gera gulf, Ntipi and Charamida marshes, Lesvos
Greece Paros and Antiparos islands and surrounding islets
Greece Symi island and surrounding islets
Greece Mount Itamos
Greece Akarnanika mountains
Greece Acherontas gorge and estuary
Greece Tzena and Pinovo mountains
Greece Acheloos valley
Greece Amvrakikos gulf
Greece Kalloni Gulf, Lesvos
Greece Mount Koutroulis, Mount Agios Dikaios and Modia plateau, Crete
Greece Mount Voras (Kaïmaktsalan)
Greece Mount Beles (Kerkini)
Greece Mount Krousia (Mavrovouni and Dysoro)
Greece Lake Kerkini
Greece Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou)
Greece Douskon and Kasidiaris mountains, Delvinaki lakes and Gormou valley
Greece Lakes Cheimaditis and Zazari
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos gorge
Greece Mount Kerkis, Samos
Greece Psara and Antipsara islands and surrounding islets
Greece National Park of Dadia - Lefkimi - Soufli forest
Greece Barbas and Klokos mountains and Selinountas gorge
Greece Mount Grammos
Greece Kalogria lagoon, Strofylia forest and Lamia marshes
Greece South forest complex of Evros prefecture
Greece Dadia - Dereio - Aisymi forest
Greece Lakes Volvi, Koroneia and Rentina Gorge
Greece Spercheios valley and delta and Maliakos gulf
Greece Gavdos and Gavdopoula islands, Crete
Netherlands Veluwe
Netherlands Maasduinen
Netherlands De Utrecht
Netherlands Leenderbos, Groote Heide & De Plateaux
Netherlands Meinweg
Netherlands Brabantse Wal
Finland Paimionlahti bay
Finland Köyliönjärvi and Pyhäjärvi lakes
Finland Koskeljärvi, Vaaljärvi and Pitkäjärvi lakes
Finland Pori archipelago and wetlands
Finland Hanko western archipelago
Finland Nuuksio
Finland Porvoonjoki Delta
Finland Kirkon-Vilkkiläntura Bay
Finland Itäinen Suomenlahti National Park
Finland Lake Pihlajavesi
Finland Linnansaari
Finland Pitkäranta
Hungary Zemplén Mountains
Hungary Aggtelek Karst
Hungary Szatmár-Bereg
Spain North and east coasts of Minorca and island of Aire
Spain Ravines and pinewoods in central Minorca
Spain Mountains of Barcelona
Ukraine Shats'ki lakes
Ukraine Polis'kyi Nature Reserve
Ukraine Cape Martiyan
Ukraine Dniprovs'ko-Oril's'kyj Nature Reserve
Ukraine Syra Pogonya mire
Ukraine Velykomykhailivskyj forest
Ukraine Tarkhankuts'kyj peninsula
Ukraine Samars'kyj forest
Ukraine Bakhtyn river valley
Ukraine Dereluj river valley
Ukraine Gorgany
Ukraine Mokri Yasli forestry plantation
Ukraine Kremenets'kyj forest
France Forêt de Haguenau
France Haut Val d'Allier
France Gorges de la Sioule
France Montagne de la Serre
France Sologne Bourbonnaise
France Vallée de la Loire : gorges de la Loire
France Les Couzes Nord
France Les Couzes Sud
France Champ de Tir du Poteau
France Barthes de l'Adour
France Domaine d'Orx
France Réserve Naturelle du courant d'Huchet
France Arjuzanx
France Côte Médocaine: dunes boisées et dépressions humides
France Arrière Côte de Dijon et de Beaune
France Forêts du Perche
France Plateau Ardennais
France Barois et Forêt de Clairvaux
France Vallée de l'Aube, de la Superbe et Marigny
France Brenne centrale
France Brenne Sud
France Queue de Brenne : Etang des Loges, Grand et Petit Mez
France Brenne: Forêt de la Petite-Brenne
France Brenne: Forêt de Lancosme
France Etangs de Sologne: St Viatre, Marcilly-en-Gault et forêt de Bruadan
France Forêt d'Orléans: massifs d'Ingrannes et de Lorris
France Golfe de Porto, presqu'île de Scandola et golfe de Galeria
France Vallée du Régino
France Etang d'Urbino et zones humides périphériques
France Iles Finocchiarola et côte de Tamarone à Centuri
France Bassin du Drugeon: Pontarlier-Frasne
France Boucle de Moisson
France Massifs de Fontainebleau et zones humides adjacentes
France Plateaux de Millevaches et de Gentioux
France Montagne de la Clape
France Hautes Corbières
France Basses Corbières
France Gorges de la Vis et cirque de Navacelles
France Massif du Canigou-Carança
France Gorges du Gardon
France Hautes garrigues du Montpellierais
France Minervois
France Gorges du Rieutord-Fage-Cagnasses
France Montagnes de Marcou, de l'Espinouse et du Caroux
France Gorges de la Dourbie et causses avoisinants
France Vallées de la Scarpe et de l'Escaut
France Estuaire de la Canche
France Moyenne Vallée de la Durance
France Chaîne des Alpilles
France Montagne Sainte-Victoire
France Massif du Petit Lubéron
France Plateau de Valensole
France Plateau de l'Arbois, garrigues de Lancon et chaîne des Côtes
France Plaine des Maures
France Marais de L'Ile Vieille
France Vallée de la Durance : de Tallard à Sisteron
France Bec de Crigne
France Parc National du Mercantour
France Préalpes de Grasse
France Parc National des Ecrins
France Bois de Palayson, du Rouet et de Malvoisin
France Vallée de la Charente : amont d'Angoulême
France Le Pinail, Forêt de Moulière et bois du Défens
France Forêts picardes : massif de Saint-Gobain
France Forêts picardes : massif des Trois Forêts et bois du Roi
France Estuaires picards : baies de Somme et d'Authie
France Marais de Brière
France Marais et forêt d'Olonne
France Marais poitevin et baie de l'Aiguillon
France Plaine du Forez
France Parc National de la Vanoise
United Kingdom Avon Valley
United Kingdom Berwyn
United Kingdom Bodmin Moor
United Kingdom Breckland
United Kingdom Dorset Heaths and Forests
United Kingdom Duddon Estuary
United Kingdom East Devon Heaths
United Kingdom Elenydd - Mallaen
United Kingdom Holburn Lake and Moss
United Kingdom Minsmere - Walberswick
United Kingdom North Yorkshire Moors
United Kingdom Peak District Moors
United Kingdom Poole Harbour
United Kingdom Thames Basin Heaths
United Kingdom New Forest
United Kingdom Thorne and Hatfield Moors
United Kingdom Wealden Heaths
United Kingdom Ashdown Forest
United Kingdom Exmoor Coast and Heaths
United Kingdom Galloway Forest Park
United Kingdom Haldon Forest
United Kingdom Laughton Forest
United Kingdom Suffolk Sandlings
United Kingdom West Penwith Coast and Moors
Italy Gran Paradiso
Italy Mount Beigua
Italy Pian di Spagna and Lake Mezzola
Italy Grigne
Italy River Po: from the mouth of Adda river to Ostiglia
Italy Piave river
Italy Taro river
Italy Ortazzo and Ortazzino
Italy Rieti mountains
Italy Vico lake
Italy Lake Bracciano and surrounding areas
Italy Tolfa hills
Italy Ernici and Simbruini mountains
Italy Circeo National Park
Italy Sirente, Velino and Duchessa mountains
Italy River Cecina middle valley
Italy Foreste Casentinesi
Italy Apennines from Passo del Cerreto to Monte Caligi
Italy Arezzo heathlands
Italy Mount Grappa
Italy Mount Conero
Italy Ticino river
Italy Scrivia stream
Italy Cividalese and upper Torre valley
Italy Susa and Chisone valleys
Italy Magredi of Pordenone
Italy Capri island
Italy Calvana mountains
Italy Middle course of River Brenta
Italy Giulie Pre-Alps
Italy Finalese
Czechia Doupov hills
Denmark Råbjerg Mile and surrounding heathlands
Denmark Lille Vildmose
Denmark Fiilsø
Denmark Heath areas near Store Råbjerg
Serbia Subotica lakes and sandy terrain
Serbia Vršačke Planine
Serbia Valjevske mountains
Serbia Tara mountain
Serbia Uvac-Milesevka
Serbia Kopaonik
Serbia Prokletije
Slovakia Vihorlat
Slovakia Slanské hills
Slovakia Nízke Tatry
Slovakia Tatry
Slovakia Slovenský karst
Slovakia Malé Karpaty
Slovakia Tríbec
Slovakia Bukovské hills
Slovakia Velká Fatra
Slovakia Polana
Slovakia Lest
Slovakia Spisská Magura
Slovakia Volovské hills
Slovakia Muránska plateau and Stolicke hills
Slovakia Burda
Serbia Sara mountain
Serbia Pcinja
Serbia Jerma
Serbia Suva mountain
Serbia Stara mountains
Serbia Sicevo gorge
Serbia Labudovo okno
Serbia Derdap gorge
Armenia Khosrov Reserve
Austria North-eastern Leithagebirge
Austria Surroundings of Mattersburg
Austria Steinfeld
Austria Thermenlinie
Austria Vienna forest
Austria Central Marchfeld
Austria Wachau
Austria Lower Kamp valley
Austria Lower Mur valley
Austria Niedere Tauern
Austria Villacher Alpe-Dobratsch
Austria Lower valley of the Gail
Sweden Tärnan – Riala
Germany Pressel wooded heath and mire
Germany Schorfheide-Chorin
Germany Peenetal (Peenetalmoor and Anklamer Stadtbruch)
Germany Serrahn
Germany Barnbruch
Germany Lauenburgische Seen Nature Park and Schaalsee area
Germany Middle Elbe valley with Steckby-Lödderitz forest
Germany Ponds and Elbe valley near Torgau
Germany Rhön Biosphere Reserve
Germany Schwalm-Nette-Platte and Grenzwald
Germany Drömling (Niedersachsen)
Germany Bogs and heathlands of the Westmünsterland
Germany Wahner Heide
Germany Döberitzer Heide
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Germany Uckermark lake region
Germany Stechlin
Germany Märkische Schweiz
Germany Lower Elbe valley
Germany Lower Havel - Lake Schollene - Lake Gülpe
Germany Heubachniederung/ Schwarzes Venn/ Borkenberge/ Halterner Seen
Germany Recker Moor/ Düsterdieker Niederung/ Seester Feld
Germany Oppenweher Moor
Germany Sennelager training area
Germany Ostenholzer Moor and Meissendorfer Teiche
Germany Steinhuder Meer
Germany Diepholzer Moorniederung and Siedener Moor
Germany Heerter See
Germany Dalum Wietmarscher swamp
Germany Georgsdorfer swamp
Germany Spreewald
Germany Nürnberger Reichswald
Germany Military training area east and west of Jüterbog
Germany Hudewälder northeast of Haldensleben
Germany Manteler Forst
Germany Dune and aeolian sand area Dudenhofen, Babenhausen, Seligenstadt
Germany Lorsch forest and Vierheim heathland
Germany Northern Karlsruhe Hardt
Germany Lüneburger Heide
Croatia Mt Dinara
Croatia Cetina River
Croatia Special Ornithological Reserves on Cres island
Ukraine Velyka Osokorovka
Estonia Kõrvemaa
Estonia Põhja-Liivimaa
Estonia Nõva-Osmussaar
Estonia Soomaa
Estonia Luitemaa
Estonia Taarikõnnu-Kaisma
Czechia Trebonsko (Trebon region)
Czechia Ceskolipsko - Dokeské pískovce sandstones and wetlands
Czechia Bzenecka Doubrava-Straznicke Pomoravi
Russia (Central Asian) Cheka mountain
Latvia Abava valley
Latvia Garkalne forest
Latvia Satini fish-ponds
Latvia Adazi
Latvia Gauja national park
Latvia Teici and Pelecare bogs
Latvia Lubans and fish-ponds
Latvia Uzava coast
Latvia Ziemelgauja
Latvia Augsdaugava
Latvia Irbe valley and Dizpurvs
Latvia Kemeri national park
Latvia Vecumi
Latvia Kuja
Latvia Pededze forest and Parabaine
Latvia Stikli
Latvia Stompaku bogs
Latvia Berzpils bogs and flood-plains
Latvia Burga meadows
Latvia Mangene forest
Latvia Rakupe and Pace
Latvia Sturu and Zvardes bogs
Latvia Mezole
Latvia Razna
Bulgaria Belasitza mountain
Bulgaria Kresna Gorge
Bulgaria Kaliakra
Bulgaria Ponor
Bulgaria Emine
Bulgaria Radinchevo
Bulgaria Galata
Bulgaria Batova
Bulgaria Bakarlaka
Bulgaria Vrachanski Balkan
Bulgaria Sredna Gora
Bulgaria Pirin
Bulgaria Sinite Kamani-Grebenets
Bulgaria Western Strandzha
Bulgaria Karlukovski Karst
Bulgaria Arda Bridge
Bulgaria Melnik Pyramids
Bulgaria Slavyanka Mountain
Bulgaria Osogovo Mountain
Bulgaria Vitosha Mountain
Bulgaria Trigrad-Mursalitsa
Bulgaria Mikre Meadows
Bulgaria Palakaria
Bulgaria Vasilyovska Mountain
Bulgaria Mesta Valley
Bulgaria Adata-Tundzha
Bulgaria Devetashko Plateau
Bulgaria Ruy Mountain
Bulgaria Zemen Gordge
Portugal Tejo estuary
France Salines de l'Etang de Berre
France Bois du Chapitre
France Anse du Fiers d'Ars en Ré
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais de la rive nord
France Baie de Bourgneuf et marais breton
France Val de Drôme: Les Ramières-printegarde
France Gorges de la Truyère
France Bassin d'Arcachon et Banc d'Arguin
France Col de Lizarrieta
France Vallée de la Nive des Aldudes-Col de Lindux
France Forêt de Jugny
France Forêt de Citeaux et environs
France Forêt de Châtillon et environs
France Bassigny
France Forêts domaniales de Corse
France Vallée d'Asco
France Vallée de la Restonica
France Etang de Biguglia
France Vallée du Verghello
France Estuaire et embouchure de la Seine
France Etang de Lindre
France Gorges de la Dordogne
France Etangs Narbonnais
France Massif du Madres et Mont Coronat
France Parc National des Cévennes
France Vallée de Melles, cols d'Aoueran et d'Artisagou et Mont Vallier
France Iles d'Hyères
France Bonne Anse
France Plateau de Bellefonds
France Region de Pressac, étang de Combourg
France Plaine de Villefagnan
France Forêt du Gavre
France La Dombes
France Val de Saône
France Forêt de Saou
France Basse Ardêche
France Hauts Plateaux du Vercors et Forêt des Coulmes
Russia (European) Kilemarski Reserve
Lithuania Simonys & Ramuldava forest complex
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arasbaran Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay
Iran, Islamic Republic of Alborz-e Markazi Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Parvar Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Sarani
Iran, Islamic Republic of Tandoureh
Iran, Islamic Republic of Western Zagros north of Nowsud
Iran, Islamic Republic of Ilam area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Oshtrankuh Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Karkheh river marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Dez river marshes and plains
Iran, Islamic Republic of Kuh-i Dena, and Yasuj and Sisakht area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arjan Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Khabr-va-Rouchoon Wildlife Refuge
Iran, Islamic Republic of Deh Bakhri area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Kuh-i Taftan
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bahu Kalat (Gandu) Protected Area
Lithuania Asveja Regional Park
Lithuania Labanoras Regional Park
Bulgaria Kamchiyska Mountain
Bulgaria Dobrostan
Bulgaria Provadiysko-Royaksko plateau
Bulgaria Western Balkan
Bulgaria Byala Reka
Bulgaria Rila
Bulgaria Ludogorie
Bulgaria Western Rhodopes
Italy Carso
Austria Freiwald
Italy Lagorai mountains
Italy Adamello-Brenta
Ukraine Chornobyl zone
Ukraine Serednyotomakivske reservior
United Kingdom Cannock Chase
United Kingdom Sherwood Forest
Sweden Färnebofjärden
Poland Bieszczady Mountains
Poland Delta of the Swina river
Italy River Po: from Ticino mouth to Boscone island
Poland Lower Odra river valley
Italy Alto Garda Bresciano
Poland Pasleka river valley
Poland Middle Warta River Valley
Poland Insko Site
Poland Wkrzanska Forest
Poland Cedynia Site
Poland Goleniow Forest
Poland Trzebiatow Site
Poland Witnica-Debno Site
Poland Drawa River Site
Poland Forest at Drawa River
Poland Forest at Gwda River
Poland Zgierzynieckie Lake
Poland Middle Odra River Valley
Poland Lebork Forest
Poland Bielawa Swamps
Poland Darzlubska Forest
Poland Mirachowo Forest
Poland Pilica River Valley
Poland Kozienicka Forest
Poland Warmia Site
Poland Skaliskie Forest
Poland Wizna Swamps
Poland Upper Nurzec River Valley
Poland Borecka forest
Poland Napiwodzko-Ramucka forest
Poland Kostrzyn River Valley
Poland Lukow Forests
Poland Notec Forest
Poland Polesie
Poland Nielisz Site
Poland Beskid Niski Mountains
Poland Slonne Mountains
Netherlands Sallandse Heuvelrug
Kazakhstan Kenshektau Mountains
Slovenia Banjšice plateau
Slovenia Vipavski rob
Slovenia Snežnik plateau and Pivka valley
Netherlands Bargerveen
Poland Solska Forest
Poland Janów forests
Slovakia Laborecka upland
Croatia Middle Dalmatian Islands and Peljesac Penninsula
Finland Patvinsuo National Park
Finland Tammisaari and Inkoo western archipelago
Italy Crete Senesi
Italy Tuscan Archipelago
Italy Albegna river valley
Italy Lake Bracciano and Tolfa hills
Italy Sibillini mountains
Italy Furlo
Italy Maiella, Pizzi and Frentani mountains
Italy Gran Sasso and Laga mountains
Cyprus Pentadaktylos Mountains
Cyprus Pafos Forest
Cyprus Adelphoi Forest - Papoutsa
Cyprus Mahairas Forest - Tzionia
Cyprus Vouni Panagias
Germany Serrahn and Woldegk-Feldberger Hügelland
Germany Thülsfeld reservoir
Germany Hohe Geest near Himbergen / Bad Bodenteich
Germany Nemitzer Heide
Germany Großes Moor near Gifhorn
Germany Rhine flats Neuenburg - Breisach
Germany Northern Black Forest
Germany Tinner Dose and Staverner Dose
Germany Aisch-Regnitz-Grund
Germany Eastern shore of Lake Müritz, Grosser Schwerin and Steinhorn
Germany Ueckermünder Heide
Germany Südradde lowlands
Germany Vorderer Steigerwald - Windsheimer Bucht - Steigerwald-Vorland
Germany Retzower Heide
Germany Engdener Wüste
Germany Gildehauser Venn
Germany Geeste lowlands near Bramel
Germany Ekelmoor (moorlands near Sittensen)
Germany Military training area Munster-Nord
Germany Military training area Munster-Süd
Germany Unterlüß / Kiehnmoor
Germany Military training area Bergen-Hohne
Germany Aschauteiche and Südheide
Germany Mittleres Wietingsmoor
Germany Oppenweher Moor
Germany Georgsdorfer and Dalum-Wietmarscher Moor and Alte Piccardie
Germany Altengrabower Heide
Germany Heathlands of Lieberose-Staakow-Reicherskreuz
Germany Southern Karlsruhe Hardt
Germany Schwetzinger and Hockenheimer Hardt
Germany Heathlands and Forests in Tauberland
Germany Mittlerer Rammert
Germany Wurzacher Ried
Germany Danube valley between Neuburg and Ingolstadt
Germany Military training area Grafenwöhr
Germany Farmlands Prignitz with Stepenitz valley (BB) and eastern Grabow (MV)
Germany Drawehn
Germany Gohrischheide
Germany Griese Gegend
Germany Hauberge near Haiger
Germany Zschornoer Heide
Germany Colblitz-Letzlinger Heide
Germany Niederlausitzer Heidegebiete
Germany Klietzer Heide
Germany Glücksburger Heide
Germany Annaburger Heide
Germany Davert
Germany Haardtrand
Germany Speyerer Wald, Nonnenwald and Bachauen between Geinsheim and Hanhofen
Germany Offenbacher Wald, Bellheimer Wald and Queichwiesen
Germany Bienwald and Viehstrichwiesen
Romania Aliman - Adamclisi
Romania Nerei gorge - Beuşniţa
Romania Cursul Mijlociu al Someşului
Romania Dealurile Târnavelor - Valea Nirajului
Romania Defileul Inferior al Mureşului
Romania Almăjului Mountains - Locvei
Romania Măcin - Niculiţel
Romania Podişul Hârtibaciului
Romania Fizes valley
Poland Sandomierz Forest
Denmark Fanø
Denmark Hanstholm Reservation
Denmark Kallesmærsk Hede, Grærup Langsø and surrounding areas
Denmark Rold Skov
Denmark Rømø
Denmark Forest areas south of Silkeborg
Denmark Vangså Hede
Denmark Ålvand Klithede and Førby Sø
Poland Swidwie Site
Poland Weltyn lakes
Poland Slowinska Site
Poland Tuchola Forest
Poland Augustów forest
Poland Upper Narew River Valley
Poland Omulew and Plodownica Rivers Valleys
Poland Slawskie Lakes
Poland Barycz river valley
Poland Kampinos forest
Poland Calowanie Swamp
Poland Lower Silesia Forests
Poland Nida Rivar Valley
Poland Strzeleckie forests
Poland Roztocze
Poland Upper Huczwa River Catchment
Poland Solokija River Valley
Poland Niepolomice forest
Poland Gorce mountains
Poland Przemysl Plateau
Poland Beskid Wyspowy Mountains
Poland Grzeda Sokalska Beechwood
Poland Czarna River Valley
Poland Lower San River Valley
Poland Lower Wieprz River Valley
Poland Stobrawa Watershed
Poland Izerskie Mountains
Poland Radlow Forest
Poland Wloszczowa Basin
Poland Kurpie Site
Poland Siemianowka Reseirvoir
Cyprus Akamas and Agia Aikaterini – Agia Paraskevi Gorges
Cyprus Kormakitis Peninsula
Armenia Gndasar
Belarus Polesye valley of river Buh
Armenia Jermook
Kenya Boni and Dodori National Reserves
Denmark Almindingen
Denmark Borris Hede
Denmark Lindet Skov, Hønning Plantage, Lovrup Skov and Skrøp
Denmark Randbøl Hede
Estonia Karala-Pilguse
Estonia Kikepera
Estonia Koorunõmme
Estonia Vilsandi archipelago
Estonia Väinameri
Croatia Kvarner Islands
Croatia Krka and Surrounding Plateau
Estonia Agusalu
Estonia Haanja
Estonia Karula
Estonia Kasti bay
Estonia Koigi
Estonia Koiva-Mustjõe
Estonia Irbe strait
Estonia Kõnnumaa-Väätsa
Estonia Käntu-Kastja
Estonia Lahemaa
Estonia Lavassaare
Estonia Misso
Belarus Cieliachanski wood and mire complex
Kazakhstan Donyz-Tau cliff faces
Kazakhstan Kyzylkol Lake
Serbia Kucaj-Beljanica
Serbia Tupiznica and Beli Timok

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Forest Temperate suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable breeding
Altitude 0 - 2800 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Caprimulgus europaeus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 09/08/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 09/08/2020.