LC
European Honey-buzzard Pernis apivorus



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Cramp, S.; Perrins, C. M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2013 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency High
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 18,200,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 23,900,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 280000-420000 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 11.8 - - -

Population justification: Ferguson-Lees et al. (2001) estimated the population to number 100,000-1,000,000 individuals. In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 118,000-171,000 breeding pairs, equating to 235,000-342,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms approximately 82% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 287,000-417,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed. Hence a revised global estimate is 280,000-420,000 mature individuals.

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be decreasing. In Europe the population size is estimated to be decreasing by less than 25% in 35.4 years (three generations) (BirdLife International 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant
Andorra N Extant Yes
Angola N Extant
Armenia N Extant Yes Yes
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Bahrain N Extant Yes
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium N Extant Yes Yes
Benin N Extant
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant
Botswana N Extant
Bulgaria N Extant Yes Yes
Burkina Faso V Extant
Burundi V Extant
Cameroon N Extant
Central African Republic N Extant
Chad N Extant
Congo N Extant
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the N Extant
Côte d'Ivoire N Extant
Croatia N Extant Yes
Cyprus N Extant Yes
Czechia N Extant Yes
Denmark N Extant Yes Yes
Djibouti N Extant
Egypt N Extant
Equatorial Guinea N Extant
Eritrea N Extant
Estonia N Extant Yes
Eswatini V Extant
Ethiopia N Extant
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) V Extant
Finland N Extant Yes
France N Extant Yes Yes
Gabon N Extant
Gambia N Extant
Georgia N Extant Yes Yes
Germany N Extant Yes Yes
Ghana N Extant
Gibraltar (to UK) N Extant Yes
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Guinea N Extant
Guinea-Bissau N Extant
Hungary N Extant Yes
Iceland V Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Ireland V Extant
Israel N Extant Yes
Italy N Extant Yes Yes
Jordan N Extant Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant
Kuwait N Extant Yes
Latvia N Extant Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes
Liberia N Extant
Libya N Extant
Liechtenstein N Extant Yes
Lithuania N Extant Yes
Luxembourg N Extant Yes
Malawi N Extant
Mali N Extant
Malta N Extant Yes
Mauritania N Extant
Moldova N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Morocco N Extant
Mozambique N Extant
Namibia N Extant
Netherlands N Extant Yes
Niger N Extant
Nigeria N Extant
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Norway N Extant Yes
Oman N Extant Yes Yes
Palestinian Authority Territories N Extant Yes
Poland N Extant Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes Yes
Qatar N Extant Yes
Romania N Extant Yes Yes
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Rwanda N Extant
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes
Senegal N Extant
Serbia N Extant Yes
Seychelles V Extant
Sierra Leone N Extant
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
Somalia V Extant
South Africa N Extant
South Sudan N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes Yes
Sudan N Extant
Sweden N Extant Yes Yes
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes
Tanzania N Extant
Togo N Extant
Tunisia N Extant
Turkey N Extant Yes Yes
Uganda N Extant
Ukraine N Extant Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes Yes
United Kingdom N Extant Yes
Uzbekistan V Extant
Western Sahara N Extant
Yemen N Extant Yes
Zambia N Extant
Zimbabwe N Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Czechia Trebonsko (Trebon region)
Czechia Sumava mountains (Bohemian forest)
Malta Buskett and Wied il-Luq
Gibraltar (to UK) Rock of Gibraltar
North Macedonia Kozhuf mountain and Boshava river
North Macedonia Demir Kapija Gorge
North Macedonia Shar Planina Mountain
Serbia Zlot gorge--Dubasnica
Serbia Fruska gora
Azerbaijan Karayazi forest
Azerbaijan Mount Bazar-Duzu
Azerbaijan Girkan forest
Azerbaijan Ilisu area
Azerbaijan Ismailly area
Azerbaijan Samur Delta
Belarus Bielaviežškaja Pušča
Belarus Sialiec
Belarus Bielaje fish farm
Belarus Halubickaja Pušča
Belarus Kaz'jany
Belarus Vyhanaščanskija baloty
Belarus Biarezinski zapaviednik
Belarus Al'manskija baloty
Lithuania Labunava forest
Lithuania Kauno Marios water reservoir & eastern coastal zone
Estonia Alam-Pedja
Cyprus Akhna dam
Cyprus Akrotiri salt-lake including Bishop's Pool
Cyprus Pafos Plain
Latvia Slitere and Zilie kalni
Latvia Engure lake
Latvia Teici and Pelecare bogs
Latvia Mangene forest
Latvia Satini fish-ponds
Portugal South-west coast of Portugal
Bulgaria Central Balkan
Bulgaria Emine
Bulgaria Studen Kladenets
Bulgaria Yatata
Bulgaria Ropotamo Complex
Bulgaria Kotlenska Mountain
Romania Trascău Mountains
Romania Domogled - Cernei valley
Romania Danube Delta and Razelm-Sinoe complex
Romania Hagieni forest
Romania Mures river lower flood-plain
Slovenia Ribnica valley
Slovenia Julijci
Slovenia Kočevsko
Slovenia River Drava
Slovenia River Mura
Slovenia Krakovo forest and Šentjernej plain
Belgium Côte Bajocienne
Belgium Sinémurienne
Belgium Haute Sûre/Ardenne méridionale
Belgium Deux Ourthes
Belgium Tailles
Belgium Wanne-Logbiermé
Belgium Vallée de la Lienne
Belgium Hautes Fagnes/Eifel
Belgium Malchamps
Belgium Ochamp-Freux
Belgium Saint-Hubert
Belgium Marche en Famenne
Belgium Daverdisse
Belgium Lesse et Lomme
Belgium Croix-Scaille
Belgium Haute Meuse
Belgium Entre-Sambre-et-Meuse
Belgium Bassin de la Haine
Belgium De Dijlevallei
Belgium Mechelse Heide en de Vallei van de Ziepbeek
Belgium Vijverkomplex van Midden Limburg
Belgium Hamonterheide, Hageven, Buitenheide, Mariahof en Stamprooierbroek
Belgium Gebieden gelegen te Houthalen-Helchteren en Meeuwen-Gruitrode
Belgium Gebieden gelegen te Peer en Hechtel-Eksel
Belgium Vallei van de Zwarte Beek
Belgium Ronde Put
Belgium Kalmthoutse Heide
Belgium Zwin
Belgium Durme en Middenloop van de Schelde
Belgium Zegge
Belgium Demervallei
Belgium Bokrijk
Belgium De Maten
Belgium Vallée de la Dyle
Palestinian Authority Territories Jebel Al-Ras - Wadi Al-Makhrour
Palestinian Authority Territories Wadi Al-Qelt
Sweden Getterön
Sweden Falsterbo – Bay of Fote
Sweden Bay of Skälder
Sweden Lake Solgen
Sweden Bay of Rynninge
Sweden Lake Hjälstaviken
Sweden Ledskär – Bay of Karlholm
Sweden Lake Tämnaren
Sweden Florarna
Sweden Lövsta Bight – Björn Archipelago
Sweden Hanveden – Hemfosa
Sweden Lake Östra Styran
Sweden Bay of Kil
Poland Biebrza river valley
Poland Bialowieza Forest
Poland Lower Bug river valley
Poland Parczew forests
Poland Bieszczady Mountains
Poland Janów forests
Poland Oak-hornbeam forests in the Odra valley
Poland Odra riverine forests
Poland Przemków ponds
Poland Obra river flood-plain
Poland Ilawa Forest
Poland Miedwie site
Poland Weltyn lakes
Poland Swidwie Site
Poland Kampinos forest
Poland Biala Forest
Poland Luknajno lake
Poland Marshy Valley of the Narew River
Poland Nida Rivar Valley
Poland Przemysl Plateau
Poland Solska Forest
Poland Pisz forest
Poland Napiwodzko-Ramucka forest
Poland Borecka forest
Poland Augustów forest
Poland Middle Warta River Valley
Poland Knyszyn Forest
Poland Strzeleckie forests
Poland Niepolomice forest
Poland Slupia River Valley
Greece Evrotas delta
Greece Mount Taygetos
Greece Barbas and Klokos mountains and Selinountas gorge
Greece Mountains of central Evvoia
Greece Mount Kantili
Greece Mount Pilio
Greece Mount Vardousia
Greece Acherontas gorge and estuary
Greece Antichasia mountains and Meteora
Greece Tymfi (Gkamila) and Smolikas mountains
Greece Douskon and Kasidiaris mountains, Delvinaki lakes and Gormou valley
Greece Mount Grammos
Greece Lakes Cheimaditis and Zazari
Greece Mount Cholomontas
Greece Mount Beles (Kerkini)
Greece Nestos gorge
Greece National Park of Dadia - Lefkimi - Soufli forest
Greece River Axios
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary
Greece Mount Ochi and surrounding marine area
Greece Divari Pylou (Gialova) lagoon and Sfaktiria island
Greece East Lakonia mountains
Greece Thasos island and Xironisi islet
Greece Mount Peristeri
Greece Lake Stymfalia
Greece Islands and islets of northern Sporades and northwestern coast of Alonnisos
Greece Kythira island
Greece Dionysades islets, Crete
Greece Mount Vourinos
Greece Lake Agras
Greece Aliakmonas gorge
Greece Kalamaki gorge and Zarkou mountains
Greece Mount Othrys
Greece Rodopos peninsula, Crete
Greece Kato Olympos, Tempi gorge and mount Ossa
Greece Filiouri valley and eastern Rodopi mountains
Greece Kompsatos valley
Greece Pineios delta
Greece Mount Kerketio (Koziakas)
Greece Lake Kourna, Almyros delta and Georgioupolis coast, Crete
Greece Mount Falakro
Greece Mount Erymanthos
Greece Prespa National Park and Varnountas mountains
Greece Western Skyros and islets
Greece Mount Mavrovouni, Larisa
Greece Reservoirs of former lake Karla
Greece Tsamanta, Filiata, Farmakovouni and Megali Rachi mountains
Greece Southwestern Lesvos and Petrified forest
Greece Mount Olympos and pine forest of central Lesvos
Greece Mount Lepetymnos, Lesvos, and surrounding marine area
Greece Gera gulf, Ntipi and Charamida marshes, Lesvos
Greece Valtou mountains
Greece Mount Itamos
Greece Akarnanika mountains
Greece Mountains of Naxos
Greece Tzena and Pinovo mountains
Greece Acheloos valley
Greece Asvestades - Vrysika area
Greece Kalloni Gulf, Lesvos
Greece Spercheios valley and delta and Maliakos gulf
Greece Mount Koutroulis, Mount Agios Dikaios and Modia plateau, Crete
Greece Athamanika mountains (Tzoumerka)
Greece Mount Voras (Kaïmaktsalan)
Greece Mount Krousia (Mavrovouni and Dysoro)
Greece Lake Kerkini
Greece Mount Pangaio
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Mount Menoikio
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Lake Kastoria
Greece Mount Kerkis, Samos
Greece Mount Foloi
Greece Mount Ymittos
Greece Samothraki island
Greece South forest complex of Evros prefecture
Greece Dadia - Dereio - Aisymi forest
Greece Lakes Volvi, Koroneia and Rentina Gorge
Netherlands Drents-Friese Wold & Leggelderveld
Netherlands Veluwe
Netherlands Kampina & Oisterwijkse Vennen
Hungary Aggtelek Karst
Hungary Bükk
Hungary Zemplén Mountains
Hungary Vértes
Hungary Börzsöny
Hungary Ipoly Valley
Hungary Béda–Karapancsa
Hungary Szatmár-Bereg
Hungary Gerecse
Russia (European) Sources of Osuga river
Russia (European) Smolenskoye Poozer'ye
Russia (European) Khoper Nature Reserve
Russia (European) Mordovian P. G. Smidovich Nature Reserve
Russia (European) Kraka Mountain
Spain Moncayo mountain range
Spain Alt Pallars
Spain Urbión and Cebollera Mountain Ranges
Spain La Demanda mountains
Spain East Gata mountain range
Spain Gredos and Candelario mountain ranges
Spain Babia-Somiedo
Spain Valdegovía-Arcena mountain range
Spain Cadí mountains
Spain Gistreo and Coto mountain ranges
Spain Riaño
Spain Fuentes Carrionas
Spain Ancares mountains
Spain Peña Labra and Cordel mountain ranges
Spain Montes Aquilanos range
Spain Campo de Argañán
Spain Muniellos
Spain Central ranges of the Cantabric mountains
Spain Picos de Europa mountain range
Spain Tarifa
Spain Ceuta
Spain Roncesvalles-Irati-Abodi mountain range
Ukraine Bondar marsh
Ukraine Polis'kyi Nature Reserve
Jordan Northern Jordan Valley (North Ghor)
Ukraine Forests in Dnipro and Desna valleys
Ukraine Dniprovs'ko-Oril's'kyj Nature Reserve
Ukraine Turiya river valley
Ukraine Samars'kyj forest
Ukraine Oril' river valley
Ukraine Kremenets'kyj forest
France Ried de Colmar et Sélestat
France Forêt domaniale de la Harth
France Forêt de Haguenau
France Massif des Vosges : crêtes de Schneeberg au Donon
France Vallée du Rhin : Village-neuf à Biescheim
France Vallée du Rhin : Marckolsheim à Strasbourg
France Vallée du Rhin : Strasbourg à Lauterbourg
France Massif des Vosges: Hautes Vosges
France Val d'Allier Bourbonnais
France Haut Val d'Allier
France Gorges de la Sioule
France Monts et Plomb du Cantal
France Montagne de la Serre
France Sologne Bourbonnaise
France Vallée de la Loire : gorges de la Loire
France Gorges de la Truyère
France Les Couzes Nord
France Les Couzes Sud
France Barthes de l'Adour
France Haute Soule : Massif Forestier, Gorges d'Holzarte et d'Olhadubi
France Haute Soule : Forêt d'Irraty, Organbidexka et Pic des Escaliers
France Haute Soule : massif de la Pierre-St-Martin.
France Pic de l'Estibet et Mondragon
France Vallée de la Nive des Aldudes-Col de Lindux
France Domaine d'Orx
France Garonne : marais de Bordeaux
France Réserve Naturelle du courant d'Huchet
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais du Blayais
France Haute Cize : Pic d'Errozate et Forêt d'Orion
France Côte Médocaine: dunes boisées et dépressions humides
France Forêt de Jugny
France Forêt de Citeaux et environs
France Forêt de Châtillon et environs
France Forêts du Perche
France Plateau Ardennais
France Lacs de la Forêt d'Orient
France Etangs d'Argonne
France Lac du Der-Chantecoq et étangs latéraux
France Barois et Forêt de Clairvaux
France Bassigny
France Vallée de la Conie et Beauce centrale
France Brenne centrale
France Brenne Sud
France Queue de Brenne : Etang des Loges, Grand et Petit Mez
France Brenne: Forêt de la Petite-Brenne
France Brenne: Forêt de Lancosme
France Vallée de la Loire : confluence Loire-Vienne
France Basse vallée de L'Indre
France Vallée de la Loire : environs de Montlouis-sur-Loire
France Etangs de Sologne: St Viatre, Marcilly-en-Gault et forêt de Bruadan
France Forêt d'Orléans: massifs d'Ingrannes et de Lorris
France Bassin du Drugeon: Pontarlier-Frasne
France Forêts d'altitude du Jura : forêt du Risol et Mont d'Or
France Forêt d'altitude du Jura : forêt du Risoux
France Forêt de Chaux
France Vallée de la Saône de Corre à Broye
France Boucle de Pose et de Muids
France Boucle de Moisson
France Massifs de Fontainebleau et zones humides adjacentes
France Bassée et plaines adjacentes
France Marais de Fontenay-le-Vicomte et d'Itteville
France Etang et Forêt de Villefermoy
France Etangs de la Woëvre: lac de Madine
France Etangs de la Woëvre: la Chaussée
France Plateau de Delme, Val de Petite Seille
France Val de Chiers et environs de Spincourt
France Fresnes-en-Woëvre-Mars-la-Tour
France Bazoncourt-Vigy
France Etang des Landes
France Plateaux de Millevaches et de Gentioux
France Gorges de la Dordogne
France Hautes Corbières
France Basses Corbières
France Massif du Canigou-Carança
France Gorges du Gardon
France Hautes garrigues du Montpellierais
France Gorges du Rieutord-Fage-Cagnasses
France Parc National des Cévennes
France Montagnes de Marcou, de l'Espinouse et du Caroux
France Vallées du Lis et de la Pique
France Vallée de Melles, cols d'Aoueran et d'Artisagou et Mont Vallier
France Gorges du Tarn et de la Jonte
France Gorges de la Dourbie et causses avoisinants
France Vallées de la Scarpe et de l'Escaut
France Forêts de Thiérache : Trelon, Fourmies, Hirson et St-Michel
France Plateau de l'Arbois, garrigues de Lancon et chaîne des Côtes
France Basse Vallée de la Durance
France Bois du Chapitre
France Bec de Crigne
France Parc National du Mercantour
France Préalpes de Grasse
France Parc National des Ecrins
France Vallée de la Charente et de la Seugne (Cabariot-Pons/St-Sever-de-Saintonge)
France Vallée de la Charente : amont d'Angoulême
France Le Pinail, Forêt de Moulière et bois du Défens
France Plateau de Bellefonds
France Region de Pressac, étang de Combourg
France Forêts picardes : Compiègne, Laigue, Ourscamp
France Forêts picardes : massif de Retz
France Forêts picardes : massif de Saint-Gobain
France Marais de la Souche
France Forêts picardes : massif des Trois Forêts et bois du Roi
France Lac de Grand-Lieu
France Marais poitevin et baie de l'Aiguillon
France Val de Saône
France Forêt de Saou
France Val de Drôme: Les Ramières-printegarde
France Hauts Plateaux du Vercors et Forêt des Coulmes
France Plaine du Forez
France Haute chaîne du Jura: défilé de l'écluse, Etournel et Mont Vuache
France Val d'Allier : Saint-Yorre-Joze
France Planèze de Saint-Flour
France Pointe de Grave
France Col de Lizarrieta
France Marais de la Baie d'Audierne
France Confluent des vallées de la Meuse et de la Chiers
France Lac de Rillé et forêts voisines
France Montagne de la Clape
France Etangs de Leucate et Lapalme
France Etangs Narbonnais
France Gorges de la Vis et cirque de Navacelles
France Etangs Montpellierains
France Minervois
France Cap Gris-nez
France Chaîne des Alpilles
France Salins d'Hyères et de Pesquiers
France Marais de L'Ile Vieille
France Vallée de la Durance : de Tallard à Sisteron
France Marais de Manteyer
France Bois des Ayes
France Bonne Anse
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais de la rive nord
France Etangs et marais du bassin de la Somme
France Marais de Sacy
France Vallée de l'Oise de Thourotte à Vendeuil
France Estuaires picards : baies de Somme et d'Authie
France Col de l'Escrinet
United Kingdom New Forest
Italy Peloritani mountains
Italy River Biferno
Italy Tolfa hills
Italy Selva del Lamone
Italy River Cecina middle valley
Italy Apennines from Passo del Cerreto to Monte Caligi
Italy Piave river
Italy Tarvisio Forest
Italy Carniche Alps
Italy Lessini and Pasubio mountains
Italy Grigne
Italy Camonica valley
Italy Pian di Spagna and Lake Mezzola
Italy Mount Beigua
Italy Gran Paradiso
Italy River Po: from the mouth of Adda river to Ostiglia
Italy Vico lake
Italy Circeo National Park
Italy Maiella, Pizzi and Frentani mountains
Italy Matese
Italy Alburni mountains
Italy Pollino
Italy Cape Otranto and Cape Santa Maria di Leuca coast
Italy Costa Viola
Italy Maritime Alps
Italy Mount Grappa
Italy Campo dei Fiori, Valganna and Cuvia valley
Italy Mount Conero
Italy Daunia mountains
Italy Susa and Chisone valleys
Italy Orobie Alps and pre-Alps
Italy Aspromonte
Italy Stelvio National Park
Italy Adamello-Brenta
Italy Farma valley
Italy Gargano promontory
Italy Calvana mountains
Italy Alpi Apuane
Italy Assa valley
Italy Middle valley of Tagliamento river
Italy Ligurian Alps
Luxembourg Upper Valley of the Sure
Czechia Krkonose mountains (Giant mountains)
Czechia Pálava
Czechia Krivoklatsko (Krivoklatsko region)
Czechia Doupov hills
Sweden Lake Åsnen
Serbia Gornje Podunavlje
Denmark Gribskov Area
Denmark Jægerspris Nordskov
Denmark Forests near Vemmetofte
Denmark Klinteskoven
Denmark Forests near Gråsten
Denmark Lindet Skov, Hønning Plantage, Lovrup Skov and Skrøp
Denmark Haderslev Tunneldal (Pamhule Skov)
Denmark Forest areas along the northern part of Vejle Fjord
Denmark Maribo lakes
Denmark Almindingen
Denmark Forests near Brahetrolleborg
Denmark Forest areas south of Silkeborg
Denmark Rold Skov
Denmark Arreskov Sø
Denmark Lille Vildmose
Serbia Koviljski rit
Serbia Bosutska forest
Serbia Obedska bara
Georgia Eastern Caucasus
Georgia Iori Region
Georgia Meskheti
Georgia Kolkheti
Serbia Deliblatska pescara
Serbia Cer mountain
Serbia Valjevske mountains
Serbia Tara mountain
Serbia Ovcar-Kablar gorge
Serbia Uvac-Milesevka
Serbia Kopaonik
Serbia Prokletije
Slovakia Vihorlat
Slovakia Nízke Tatry
Slovakia Slanské hills
Slovakia Horná Orava
Slovakia Slovenský karst
Slovakia Malé Karpaty
Slovakia Morava
Slovakia Danube floodplains
Slovakia Volovské hills
Slovakia Tríbeč
Slovakia Bukovské hills
Slovakia Veľká Fatra
Slovakia Tatry
Slovakia Poľana
Slovakia Medzibodrožie
Slovakia Lešť
Slovakia Levočské hills
Slovakia Spišská Magura
Slovakia Burda
Slovakia Muránska plateau and Stolické hills
Serbia Sara mountain
Serbia Pcinja
Serbia Vlasina
Serbia Jerma
Serbia Suva mountain
Serbia Stara mountains
Serbia Sicevo gorge
Serbia Resava gorge
Serbia Labudovo okno
Serbia Derdap gorge
Armenia Khosrov Reserve
Austria North-eastern Leithagebirge
Austria Zoological Gardens of Lainz
Austria Lobau
Austria March/Thaya riverine forest
Austria Riverine forests on the Danube east of Vienna
Austria Thermenlinie
Austria Vienna forest
Austria Riverine forests in the Tullnerfeld
Austria Lösslandschaft and Wagram east of Krems
Austria Pielachtal
Austria Southern Waldviertel
Austria Wachau
Austria Allentsteig military training area
Austria Middle Kamp valley
Austria Lower Kamp valley
Austria Western Waldviertel
Austria Niederösterreichische Randalpen
Austria Ötscher-Dürrenstein
Austria Freiwald
Austria Bohemian forest and Mühl valley
Austria Northern Kalkalpen
Austria Lower course of the Traun
Austria Salzach valley
Austria Storage lakes on the lower Inn
Austria Hohe Tauern National Park
Austria Styrian Joglland
Austria Unterlammer hill country
Austria South-east Styrian hill country
Austria Lower Mur valley
Austria Styrian Enns valley
Austria Lower valley of the Gail
Austria Kaisergebirge
Austria Slope forests in the Klostertal
Czechia Poodri
Poland Gorce mountains
Germany Pressel wooded heath and mire
Germany Hakel
Germany Lower Oder valley
Germany Middle Elbe valley with Steckby-Lödderitz forest
Germany Schorfheide-Chorin
Germany Eastern shore of Lake Müritz, Grosser Schwerin and Steinhorn
Germany Berchtesgaden National Park
Germany Danube valley: Regensburg-Vilshofen
Germany Donau-Auen and Donau-Ried: Höchstädt - Donauwörth
Germany Danube valley: Neu-Ulm - Lauingen incl. Faiminger Stausee, Donau-Moos, and Gundelfinger Moos
Germany Bayerischer Wald National Park with Arber region and Hohem Bogen
Germany Main valley near Schweinfurt
Germany Rhein: Greffern-Murgmündung-Neuburgweier
Germany Hördter Rheinaue
Germany Barnbruch
Germany Lauenburgische Seen Nature Park and Schaalsee area
Germany Aukrug Nature Park
Germany Aland-Elbe lowlands
Germany Drömling (Sachsen-Anhalt)
Germany Landgraben-Dumme lowlands
Germany Milde lowlands/Altmark
Germany Wulfener Bruch and Teichgebiet Osternienburg
Germany Ploetzkau flood-plain forest
Germany Ponds and Elbe valley near Torgau
Germany Saale-Elster valley
Germany Rhön Biosphere Reserve
Germany Schwalm-Nette-Platte and Grenzwald
Germany Drömling (Niedersachsen)
Germany Bogs and heathlands of the Westmünsterland
Germany Main valley near Volkach: Fahr-Dettelbach
Germany Spreewald
Germany Wahner Heide
Germany Oberes Rhinluch / Havelländisches Luch Nauen-Friesack
Germany Oberlausitz heathland and fishponds biosphere reserve
Germany Erzgebirgskamm near Satzung
Germany Sächsische Schweiz National Park
Germany Bliesgau
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Germany Döberitzer Heide
Germany Uckermark lake region
Germany Stechlin
Germany Märkische Schweiz
Germany Lower Elbe valley
Germany Deichvorland Oderbruch
Germany Unteres Rhinluch-Dreetzer See / Havelländisches Luch / Belziger Landschaftswiesen
Germany Lower Havel - Lake Schollene - Lake Gülpe
Germany Hellwegbörde
Germany Bastau lowlands
Germany Heubachniederung/ Schwarzes Venn/ Borkenberge/ Halterner Seen
Germany Wet grasslands and forests around Burbach
Germany Medebacher Bucht
Germany Sennelager training area
Germany Lower Rhine
Germany Landgraben and Dumme lowlands
Germany Viehmoor with Leiferder Teiche
Germany Emsaue (Rietberger Emsniederung - Steinhorster Becken)
Germany Old Picardie
Germany Valley of River Ems
Germany Ostenholzer Moor and Meissendorfer Teiche
Germany Elbe lowlands between Schnackenburg and Lauenburg
Germany Heerter See
Germany Lowlands of middle Havel
Germany Nürnberger Reichswald
Germany Lech-Donau-Winkel: Lechstausee Feldheim and Donaustausee Bertoldsheim
Germany Fiener Bruch
Germany Military training area east and west of Jüterbog
Germany North-eastern lower Harz mountains
Germany Northern Steigerwald
Germany Hudewälder northeast of Haldensleben
Germany Duvenstedter Brook
Germany Waldeck upland
Germany Rhäden near Obersuhl and Bosserode
Germany Alluvion of the middle Horloff
Germany Twiste reservior
Germany Hessian Rhine alluvion
Germany Northern Black Forest, west of the Murg
Germany Schwarza and Schlücht valleys
Germany South-eastern Alb and Upper Danube valley
Germany Simonswald-Rohrhardsberg
Germany Rhine flats Karlsruhe - Rheinsheim
Germany Rhine flats Sasbach - Wittenweier
Germany Rhine flats Nonnenweier - Kehl
Germany Rhine flats Neuenburg - Breisach
Germany Rhine flats Kehl-Helmlingen
Germany Rhine flats Breisach - Sasbach with Limberg
Germany Rhine flats Haltingen - Neuenburg and foothills
Germany Enz valley Mühlhausen - Roßwag
Germany Schönbuch with Spitzberg
Germany Orchards, heathlands and forests around Weil der Stadt
Germany Wutach ravine
Germany Kaiserstuhl
Germany Stromberg
Germany Sachsenwald
Norway Lake Vansjø
Luxembourg Upper Valley of the Our
Croatia Lower Posavina
Italy Gargano Promontory and Capitanata Wetlands
Turkey Bosphorus
Israel Northern lower Jordan valley
Israel Western Negev
Israel Southern Arava valley and Elat mountains
Israel Hula valley
Israel Jezre'el, Harod and Bet She'an valleys
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lisar Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Alborz-e Markazi Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Golestan
Jordan Petra
Russia (European) Orota depression
Belarus Liebiadziny Moch
Belarus Cikiny astravy
Belarus Dražbitka-Svina
Estonia Otepää
Estonia Põhja-Liivimaa
Estonia Lahemaa
Russia (Central Asian) Bobrovsko-Rasskazikhinskaya
Russia (Central Asian) Shestakovskie of a bog 2
Czechia Confluence of the Morava (March) and Dyje (Thaya) rivers - Tvrdonicko
Russia (Central Asian) South spurs of Sylvinski range
Russia (European) Karakulinskaya flood-plain
Russia (European) Khrenovski forest
Russia (Central Asian) Shestakovskiye marshes
Latvia Adazi
Latvia Garkalne forest
Latvia Gauja national park
Latvia Lubans and fish-ponds
Latvia Seda marsh
Latvia Ukri forest
Latvia Ziemelgauja
Latvia Irbe valley and Dizpurvs
Latvia Vecumi
Latvia Augsdaugava
Latvia Kuja
Latvia Pape
Latvia Vidusburtnieks
Latvia Zvarde forest
Latvia Augstroze
Latvia Kemeri national park
Latvia Pededze forest and Parabaine
Latvia Berzpils bogs and flood-plains
Latvia Stompaku bogs
Latvia Mezole
Latvia Sturu and Zvardes bogs
Latvia Razna
Bulgaria Atanasovsko Lake
Bulgaria Kaliakra
Bulgaria Ivailovgrad Reservoir
Bulgaria Kresna Gorge
Bulgaria Ponor
Bulgaria Zlatiata
Bulgaria Sakar
Bulgaria Kamchia Complex
Bulgaria Derventski Heights
Bulgaria Provadiysko-Royaksko plateau
Bulgaria Kamchiyska Mountain
Bulgaria Harsovska Reka
Bulgaria Galata
Bulgaria Radinchevo
Bulgaria Strandzha
Bulgaria Batova
Bulgaria Bakarlaka
Bulgaria Balchik
Bulgaria Sredna Gora
Bulgaria Rila
Bulgaria Pirin
Bulgaria Sinite Kamani-Grebenets
Bulgaria Ludogorie
Bulgaria Western Strandzha
Bulgaria Arda Bridge
Bulgaria Melnik Pyramids
Bulgaria Slavyanka Mountain
Bulgaria Osogovo Mountain
Bulgaria Vitosha Mountain
Bulgaria Trigrad-Mursalitsa
Bulgaria Mikre Meadows
Bulgaria Vasilyovska Mountain
Bulgaria Mesta Valley
Bulgaria Studenets
Bulgaria Zlato Pole
Bulgaria Nikopolsko Plateau
Bulgaria Ruy Mountain
Bulgaria Zemen Gordge
Portugal Gerês mountains
Portugal Cabeção
Armenia Jermook
Armenia Mount Ara
Armenia Sardarapat
France Bassin d'Arcachon et Banc d'Arguin
France Vallée de l'Aisne
France Vallée de la Loire : La Charité-sur-Loire
France Etang de Lindre
France Etang du Bagnas
France Petite Camargue fluvio-lacustre
France Zones rupestres du Tarasconnais et massif d'Aston
France Marais de Balançon et de Villiers
France Montagne Sainte-Victoire
France Marais entre Crau et Grand Rhône: Meyranne, Chanoine, Plan de Bourg et Salins du Caban
France Iles d'Hyères
France Anse de Fouras, baie d'Yves et marais de Rochefort
France Anse du Fiers d'Ars en Ré
France Estuaire de la Loire
France Baie de Bourgneuf et marais breton
France Basses Vallées Angevines
France Iles du Haut-Rhône
France Lac Léman (partie française)
France Vallée de la Loire: Pit majeur d'Iguerande à Décize
France Haute Soule : Forêt des Arbailles
France Hautes Vallées d'Aspe et d'Ossau
France Arrière Côte de Dijon et de Beaune
France Vallée de l'Aube, de la Superbe et Marigny
France Vallée de la Loire : Orléanais
France Mars sur Allier
France Forêts d'altitude du Jura : forêt du Massacre
France Basse Vallée du Doubs : Dole Sud
France Estuaire et embouchure de la Seine
France Forêt de la Reine
France Gorges de la Frau et Belestat
France Estuaire de la Canche
France Moyenne Vallée de la Durance
France Massif du Petit Lubéron
France Plaine des Maures
France Plaine de Niort (sud-est)
France Plaine de Niort (nord-ouest)
France Plaines de Mirebeau et de Neuville-du-Poitou
France Plaine de Saint-Jean-de-Sauves
France Plaine de Villefagnan
France Forêt du Gavre
France Plaine calcaire du sud Vendée
France La Dombes
France Basse Ardêche
France Parc National de la Vanoise
France Montagne des Frêtes et plateau des Glières
France Les Bauges
France Haut Giffre
Bulgaria Belite Skali
Bulgaria Mandra-Poda complex
Bulgaria Suha Reka
Russia (European) Kamsko-Bakaldinskiye marshes
Russia (European) Marshes near villages Frolishchi and Chistoye
Russia (European) Marshes near Pavlovskoye Zaoch'ye and adjoining floodplain of Oka river
Russia (European) Floodplain of Moksha river and Common Crane autumn aggegation near villages Khohlikha and Shaprikha
Russia (European) Forest in the middle reaches of Serezha river
Russia (European) Shcherbakovskaya bend of Volga river
Russia (European) Gavan'skie oak-forest
Russia (European) Kaluzhskiye Zaseki Nature Reserve
Russia (European) Forests and bogs in the lower reaches of Bol'shaya Kaksha river
Russia (European) Flood-plain of rivers Usta and Vaya in Urenski district
Russia (European) Kilemarski Reserve
Russia (European) Ichalkovski forest
Russia (Central Asian) Kuznetsky Alatau Zapovednik
Russia (Central Asian) Verkhne-Kondinsky zakaznik
Iran, Islamic Republic of Anzali Mordab complex
Iran, Islamic Republic of Dasht-e Naz Wildlife Refuge
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lashgarak and Latian dam
Lithuania Adutiskis & Guntauninkai forest complex
Israel Zevulun valley
Israel Judean foothills
Israel Judean desert
Israel Northern Arava valley
Jordan Ajloun
Jordan Jordan Valley
Lebanon Horsh Ehden Nature Reserve
Lebanon Shouf Cedars Nature Reserve
Lebanon Aammiq wetland
Palestinian Authority Territories Jerusalem wilderness
Yemen Al-Kadan area
Yemen Jabal Sumarah
Yemen Mafraq al-Mukha
Bulgaria Western Balkan
Bulgaria Western Rhodopes
Bulgaria Dobrostan
Bulgaria Vrachanski Balkan
Bulgaria Byala Reka
Bulgaria Karlukovski Karst
Bulgaria Persenk
Lebanon Ramlieh Valley
Austria Surroundings of Mattersburg
Austria Parndorfer Platte and Heideboden
Lebanon Rim - Sannine Mountain
Austria Feuchte Ebene and Rauchwarther Platte
Austria Machland
Italy Magredi of Pordenone
Austria Ibmer Moor
Austria Niedere Tauern
Italy Carniche pre-Alps
Italy Lagorai mountains
Italy Dolomites
Austria Villacher Alpe-Dobratsch
Austria Karwendel
Austria Silvretta and Verwall
Ukraine Ai-Petri
Israel Cliffs of Zin and the Negev highlands
Ukraine Ratsynska Dacha Zakaznik
Jordan Madaba - Hisban
Ukraine National Park Stara Guta
Ukraine Voloshans'ka dacha
Germany Gülzower Holz and Rühlauer Forst
Ukraine Komisarovskyj Forest
Sweden Holmöarna Archipelago
Sweden Färnebofjärden
Jordan Dana
Italy Rhaetian Alps
Poland Marshy valley of the Drweca river
Poland Rozwarowo Marshes
Poland Rakutowskie swamps
Poland Delta of the Swina river
Italy River Po: from Ticino mouth to Boscone island
Poland Lower Odra river valley
Poland Lower Vistula River Valley
Poland Upper Narew River Valley
Poland Upper Wisla River Valley
Italy Alto Garda Bresciano
Poland Pasleka river valley
Poland Middle Bug river valley
Poland Insko Site
Sweden Sjöängen – Svartån
Poland Wkrzanska Forest
Poland Cedynia Site
Poland Goleniow Forest
Poland Trzebiatow Site
Poland Witnica-Debno Site
Poland Barlinek Forest
Poland Drawa River Site
Poland Forest at Drawa River
Poland Slowinska Site
Italy Ticino river
Poland Zgierzynieckie Lake
Poland Middle Odra River Valley
Poland Rogalin Site
Poland Bielawa Swamps
Poland Mirachowo Forest
Poland Pilica River Valley
Poland Kozienicka Forest
Poland Warmia Site
Poland Dobskie Lake
Poland Skaliskie Forest
Poland Orzysz Military Area
Poland Wizna Swamps
Poland Upper Nurzec River Valley
Poland Kostrzyn River Valley
Poland Lukow Forests
Poland Lower Notec River Valley
Poland Notec Forest
Poland Mosty-Zahajki Site
Poland Polesie
Italy Brabbia peatland, Lake Varese and Lake Biandronno
Poland Por River Valley
Poland Nielisz Site
Poland Tyszowce Site
Poland Upper Huczwa River Catchment
Poland Solokija River Valley
Poland Stolowe Mountains
Poland Upper Labunka River Valley
Poland Slonne Mountains
Italy Val d'Ossola
Poland Roztocze
Russia (European) Staromainskiy forest and bay
Slovenia Banjšice plateau
Slovenia Vipavski rob
Netherlands Brabantse Wal
Turkey Kaz Mountains
Hungary Lower Tisza Valley
Hungary North Bakony
Lebanon Qadisha Valley
Lebanon Qammouaa
Croatia Palagruza - Lastovo - Peljesac Migration Corridor
Croatia Podunavlje and Lower Podravlje
Finland Elimyssalo
Finland Koitajoki area
Finland Patvinsuo National Park
Finland Ruunaa
Finland Linnansaari
Finland Nuuksio
Finland Tammisaari and Inkoo western archipelago
Finland Koskeljärvi, Vaaljärvi and Pitkäjärvi lakes
Italy Arezzo heathlands
Italy Albegna river valley
Italy Sibillini mountains
Italy Sila Grande
Lebanon Jabal Moussa Mountain
Poland Upper Vistula River Valley
Russia (European) Zalazniki, Beli, Urino and Leskovo area
Russia (European) Snake hills
Russia (European) Kologrivski forest
Russia (European) Kuplongskaya
Germany Wetterau
Germany Upper and middle reaches of river Krückau with tributaries
Germany Lüneburger Heide
Germany Ahlhorner fishponds
Germany Gildehauser Venn
Germany Hohe Geest near Himbergen / Bad Bodenteich
Germany Großes Moor near Gifhorn
Germany Engdener Wüste
Germany Northern Black Forest
Germany Grosser Plöner See
Germany Lower Aller lowlands
Germany Aisch-Regnitz-Grund
Germany Lower Inn: Haiming - Neuhaus including the Neuhaus, Egglfing, Ering, and Simbach reservoirs
Germany Chiemsee and Chiemseemoore
Germany Ammergau mountains
Germany Rodachaue / Itzgrund / Oberes Maintal incl. Nassanger near Trieb and surrounding gravel pits
Germany Vogelfreistätte Mittlere Isar-Stauseen
Germany Mangfall mountains and Rotwand area
Germany Lucie and Landwehr
Germany Vorderer Steigerwald - Windsheimer Bucht - Steigerwald-Vorland
Germany Murnauer Moos and Loisach-Kochel-Moore
Germany Hasbruch
Germany Unterlüß / Kiehnmoor
Germany Aschauteiche and Südheide
Germany Hildesheim forest
Germany Braunschweig sewage farms
Germany Oker valley near Vienenburg
Germany Heathlands of Lieberose-Staakow-Reicherskreuz
Germany Randow-Welse-Bruch / Uckermärkische Agrarlandschaft
Germany Mittlere Schwäbische Alb with Albuch, Härtsfeld and Schmiechener See
Germany Mooswälder near Freiburg
Germany Mittlerer Rammert
Germany Danube valley Scheer-Zwiefaltendorf
Germany Main valley and Steiger foothills near Schweinfurt and Volkach
Germany Spessart
Germany Sandstone rocks of Untermain
Germany Danube valley between Neuburg and Ingolstadt
Germany Northern Danube valley and southern Riesalb
Germany Renchniederung
Germany Kinzig- und Schutterniederung between Niederschopfheim and Kehl
Germany Heathlands and Forests in Tauberland
Germany Farmlands Prignitz with Stepenitz valley (BB) and eastern Grabow (MV)
Germany Vorland of the Mittlere Schwäbische Alb
Germany Bodanrück and Mindelsee
Germany Kammbachniederung
Germany Rhine flats Altlußheim-Mannheim
Germany Untersee of Lake Constance
Germany Silzenwiesen and Bruch near Stettfeld
Germany Colblitz-Letzlinger Heide
Germany Central Black Forest
Germany Southern Black Forest
Germany Rhine flats between mouth of Rench and mouth of Murg
Germany Schwetzinger and Hockenheimer Hardt
Germany Drumlinlandschaft near Überlingen with Salemer Klosterweihern
Germany Baar
Germany Wernauer and Unterensinger gravel pits
Germany Ponds and forests near Maulbronn
Germany Ingerkinger Moore and adjoining forests
Germany Donauried
Germany Korker Wald
Germany Pfrunger and Burgweiler Ried
Germany Bergstraße Dossenheim-Schriesheim
Germany Rocks and slope forests in the Altmühl and Danube valleys
Germany Military training area Hohenfels
Germany Jagst and adjoining valleys
Germany Rhine flats Elchesheim-Karlsruhe
Germany Vogelsberg
Germany Neckar oxbows in the Hessian Ried
Germany Hoher Meißner/Plesse-Konstein
Germany Lower Gersprenz lowlands incl. Reinheim pond
Germany Rendaer Höhe
Germany Altengrabower Heide
Germany Selenter See
Germany Farmlands near Kusey (Altmark)
Germany Nuthe - Nieplitz lowlands
Germany Elbe lowlands Jerichow
Germany Salziger See and Salza valley
Germany Forests of Lauenburg
Germany Kisdorfer Wohld
Germany Klietzer Heide
Germany Mouth of river Schwarze Elster
Germany Glücksburger Heide
Germany Annaburger Heide
Germany Davert
Germany Ahrgebirge
Germany Middle Rhine valley
Germany Middle and Lower Mosel
Germany Nahe valley
Germany Bienwald and Viehstrichwiesen
Germany Flensburger Innen- and Aussenförde
Germany Warder See
Germany Kühren Teich and Lanker See
Luxembourg Mines of the region of Differdange
Romania Dealurile Homoroadelor
Romania Dealurile Nordice ale Munţilor Făgăraş
Romania Dealurile Târnavelor - Valea Nirajului
Romania Defileul Inferior al Mureşului
Romania Baraolt Mountains - Bodoc
Romania Piatra Şoimului - Scorţeni - Gârleni
Romania Podişul Hârtibaciului
Romania Subcarpaţii Vrancei
Romania Vânători - Neamţ
Luxembourg Region Kiischpelt
Poland Sieniawa Forest
Lebanon Beirut River Valley
Lebanon Bentael forest area
Lebanon Hima Ebel es-Saqi
Denmark Borris Hede
Denmark Holmegård Mose & Porsmose
Denmark Kongens Mose and Draved Skov
Denmark Salten Langsø
Denmark Islands in Smålandshavet, north of Lolland
Denmark Tystrup-Bavelse Søerne
Lithuania Buda - Pravieniskes forest complex
Lithuania Plinksiai state Nature Reserve and its environs
Lithuania Zalioji & Gitenai forests complex
Lithuania Rudninkai forest complex
Hungary Őrség
Lithuania Vainutas, Begedziai, Zasyciai & neighbouring forests complex
Lithuania Labanoras Regional Park
Poland Szczecin lagoon
Poland Kamien Lagoon and Dziwna River
Poland Tuchola Forest
Poland Oswin site
Kazakhstan Chokpak Pass
Poland Gródek-Michalowo basin
Poland Omulew and Plodownica Rivers Valleys
Poland Liwiec river valley
Poland Warta River Mouth
Poland Samica Valley
Poland Pszczew Lakes and Obra River Valley
Poland Slawskie Lakes
Poland Woniesc reservoir
Poland Bzura River Valley
Poland Turawa reservoir
Poland Middle Vistula River Valley
Poland Calowanie Swamp
Poland Lower Silesia Forests
Poland Mietkow reservoir
Poland Tysmienica river valley
Poland Podedworze Reservoir
Poland Chelm calcareous marshes
Poland Szyszla River Valley
Poland Karkonosze Mountains
Poland Upper Odra River Valley
Poland Lower Sola River Valley
Poland Beskid Zywiecki Mountains
Poland Polica Mountain Range
Poland Orawa and Nowy Targ Bogs
Poland Pieniny Mountains
Poland Beskid Niski Mountains
Poland Beskid Slaski Mountains
Poland Beskid Wyspowy Mountains
Poland Grzeda Sokalska Beechwood
Poland Czarna River Valley
Poland Lower Wieprz River Valley
Poland Przysowia and Sludwia River valley
Poland Izerskie Mountains
Poland Radlow Forest
Poland Wloszczowa Basin
Poland Kurpie Site
Poland Mircze Site
Poland Poprad Site
Poland Sandomierz Forest
Poland Jaktorow and Krasnicza Wola Fishponds
Poland Sudety Wałbrzysko-Kamiennogorskie Mountains
Poland Elblag Height
Poland Siemianowka Reseirvoir
Slovenia Breginjski Stol
Slovenia Goričko
Slovenia Kozjansko
Slovenia Karst
Slovenia Ljubljansko moor
Slovenia Snežnik plateau and Pivka valley
Armenia Dsegh
Armenia Haghartsin
Egypt Nabq Protected Area
Egypt Gebel El Zeit
Egypt Suez
Djibouti Kadda Guéïni - Doumêra
Egypt Ain Sukhna
Egypt Ras Mohammed National Park
Egypt El Qa plain
Ethiopia Lake Langano
Jordan Aqaba coast and mountains
Jordan Qa' Khanna
Jordan Hisma Basin - Rum
Palestinian Authority Territories Jericho
Syria Jabal al-Shuah
Yemen Bab al-Mandab - Mawza
Turkey Uludağ
Estonia Kikepera
Estonia Koorunõmme
Estonia Nõva-Osmussaar
Estonia Taarikõnnu-Kaisma
Estonia Vilsandi archipelago
Estonia Vooremaa
Estonia Väinameri
Palestinian Authority Territories Ein Al-Fashkha
Croatia Gorski Kotar and Northern Lika
Croatia Mt Bilogora and Kalnik
Croatia Mount Velebit
Croatia Kvarner Islands
Serbia Golija
Serbia Pester
Serbia Karadjordjevo
Serbia Zasavica
Serbia Usce Save u Dunav
Serbia Vršačke Planine
Serbia Carska bara
Serbia Subotica lakes and sandy terrain
Kazakhstan Sorbulak Lake System
Estonia Agusalu
Estonia Haanja
Estonia Karula
Greece Central Rodopi mountains and Nestos valley
Greece Central Zagori and mount Mitsikeli
Greece Antikythira island and surrounding islets
Netherlands Heuvellanden Zuid-Limburg
Netherlands Maasduinen
Netherlands Susteren - Roermond
Estonia Kõnnumaa-Väätsa
Estonia Kõrvemaa
Estonia Käntu-Kastja
Estonia Kärevere
Estonia Luitemaa
Estonia Marimetsa-Õmma
Kazakhstan Lesser Aral Sea
Sweden Kullaberg
Serbia Kucaj-Beljanica

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Boreal major breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Forest Temperate major breeding
Savanna Dry suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 2000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Wood & pulp plantations - Agro-industry plantations Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Persecution/control Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Species mortality
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting - Unintentional effects: (large scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem conversion
Energy production & mining Renewable energy Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Unknown Unknown
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Species mortality
Human intrusions & disturbance Recreational activities Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Species disturbance
Pollution Agricultural & forestry effluents - Herbicides and pesticides Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Indirect ecosystem effects

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - - Non-trivial Recent
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Pernis apivorus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/11/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/11/2020.