LC
European Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis



References

BirdLife International. 2015. European Red List of Birds. Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg.

Clement, P. 2016. European Goldfinch (Carduelis carduelis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. and de Juana, E. (eds), Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive, Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

EBCC. 2018. Pan-European Common Bird Monitoring Scheme. Available at: https://pecbms.info/.

Hagemeijer, E.J.M.; Blair, M.J. 1997. The EBCC atlas of European breeding birds: their distribution and abundance. T. and A. D. Poyser, London.

IUCN. 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2019-3. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 10 December 2019).

Khelifa, R.; Zebsa, R.; Amari, H.; Mellal, M. K.; Bensouilah, S.; Laouar, A.; Mahdjoub, H. 2017. Unravelling the drastic range retraction of an emblematic songbird of North Africa: potential threats to Arfo-Palearctic migratory birds. Scientific Reports 7: 1092.

Further resources

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Species factsheet: Carduelis carduelis. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/10/2021. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2021) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/10/2021.