LC
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Cramp, S.; Perrins, C. M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type Average mass 1868 g
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 56,200,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 57,700,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor estimated 2012
Population trend Unknown not applicable -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 7.2 - - -

Population justification: The global population is estimated to number c.63,000-65,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2015). The European population is estimated at 10,200-15,200 pairs, which equates to 20,400-30,500 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015).

Trend justification: The overall population trend is uncertain, as some populations are decreasing, while others are increasing or stable (Wetlands International 2015). The European population is estimated to be increasing (BirdLife International 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Albania N Extant Yes Yes
Algeria N Extant
Armenia N Extant
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes Yes
Bahrain N Extant Yes
Bangladesh N Extant
Belarus V Extant
Belgium N Extant Yes Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Brazil V Extant
Bulgaria N Extant Yes Yes
Burkina Faso V Extant
Cameroon V Extant
Cape Verde N Extant
Chad N Extant
China (mainland) N Extant
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the V Extant
Croatia N Extant Yes Yes
Cyprus N Extant Yes Yes
Czech Republic N Extant Yes
Denmark N Extant Yes Yes
Djibouti N Extant
Egypt N Extant
Eritrea N Extant
Ethiopia N Extant
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) V Extant
Finland V Extant
France N Extant Yes Yes
Gambia N Extant
Germany N Extant Yes
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Greenland (to Denmark) V Extant
Guinea-Bissau N Extant
Hong Kong (China) N Extant
Hungary N Extant Yes Yes
Iceland V Extant
India N Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Ireland V Extant Yes
Israel N Extant Yes
Italy N Extant Yes Yes
Japan N Extant
Jordan N Extant Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant
Kuwait N Extant Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Latvia V Extant
Lebanon N Extant Yes
Libya N Extant
Luxembourg V Extant
Maldives V Extant
Mali N Extant
Malta N Extant
Mauritania N Extant
Moldova N Extant Yes
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes Yes
Morocco N Extant
Myanmar N Extant
Nepal N Extant
Netherlands N Extant Yes Yes
Niger V Extant
Nigeria V Extant
North Korea N Extant Yes
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Norway V Extant
Oman N Extant Yes Yes
Pakistan N Extant
Palestinian Authority Territories N Extant Yes
Poland V Extant
Portugal N Extant Yes Yes
Qatar N Extant Yes Yes
Romania N Extant Yes Yes
Russia N Extant Yes Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) V Extant
Russia (European) N Extant Yes Yes
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes Yes
Senegal N Extant
Serbia N Extant Yes Yes
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant
Somalia N Extant
South Korea N Extant
South Sudan N Extant Yes Yes
Spain N Extant Yes Yes
Sri Lanka N Extant Yes
Sudan N Extant
Sweden V Extant
Switzerland N Extant
Syria N Extant Yes Yes
Taiwan, China N Extant
Tajikistan N Extant
Thailand N Extant
Trinidad and Tobago V Extant
Tunisia N Extant Yes
Turkey N Extant Yes Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
Uganda V Extant
Ukraine N Extant Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes Yes
United Kingdom N Extant Yes Yes
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes
Western Sahara N Extant
Yemen N Extant Yes Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Austria Neusiedler See
Azerbaijan Aggyol
Azerbaijan Divichi liman (or Lake Akzibir)
Azerbaijan Gizilagach State Reserve
Azerbaijan Lake Mahmudchala
Bosnia and Herzegovina Livno karst field and Busko lake
Bulgaria Atanasovsko Lake
Bulgaria Ibisha Island
Bulgaria Kalimok Complex
Bulgaria Mandra-Poda complex
Bulgaria Srebarna
Bulgaria Vardim Island
China (mainland) Anqing wetlands (Caizi Hu, Wuchang Hu and other lakes)
China (mainland) Chen Hu Wetland Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Dongting Hu wetlands
China (mainland) Ulansuhai Nur Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Zhalong Nature Reserve
Croatia Grudnjak and Nasice Carp Fishponds
Croatia Jelas Field
Croatia Lower Posavina
Croatia Podunavlje and Lower Podravlje
France Baie des Veys et Marais du Cotentin
France Bassin d'Arcachon et Banc d'Arguin
France Cap Gris-nez
France Estuaire de l'Orne
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais de la rive nord
France Estuaire et embouchure de la Seine
France Estuaires picards : baies de Somme et d'Authie
France Golfe du Morbihan et Etier de Penerf
France Ile d'Oléron, marais de Brouage-Saint-Agnant
France Lac de Grand-Lieu
France Marais de Brière
France Marais et forêt d'Olonne
Germany Butjadingen
Germany Geeste lowlands near Bramel
Germany Krummhörn-Westermarsch
Germany Lower Saxony Wadden Sea National Park
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Greece Amvrakikos gulf
Greece Axios, Loudias and Aliakmonas rivers' deltas
Greece Evros delta
Greece Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou)
Greece Lake Kerkini
Hungary Flood plain of Tiszaalpár
Hungary Hortobágy and Tisza-to
Hungary Lower Tisza Valley
Hungary Péteri Lake
Hungary Velence Lake–Dinnyés Lake
India Bardha Dam
India Kaj Lake (Pipalava Bandharo)
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arjan Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamoun-i Sabari and Hamoun-i Hirmand
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hilleh Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Khouran Straits
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Uromiyeh
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay
Israel Carmel coast
Israel Hefer valley
Israel Jezre'el, Harod and Bet She'an valleys
Israel Northern Arava valley
Italy Pantani di Vendicari e di Capo Passero
Italy Simeto mouth and middle course and Biviere di Lentini
Italy Stagnone di Marsala and Trapani saltpans
Italy Valli Bolognesi
Italy Valli di Comacchio and Bonifica del Mezzano
Italy Venice lagoon
Kazakhstan Irgiz-Turgay Lakes
Kazakhstan Sarykopa Lake System
Kazakhstan Shoshkakol Lakes
Mauritania Aftout es Sâheli
Mauritania Banc d'Arguin National Park
Mauritania Diawling National Park
Mongolia Airag Lake
Mongolia Baga and Bayan Lakes
Mongolia Boon Tsagaan Lake
Mongolia Khar Us Lake
Mongolia Uvs Lake
Montenegro Lake Sasko
Morocco Lagune de Khnifiss
Morocco Marais Larache
Morocco Parc National de Souss-Massa and Aglou
Netherlands Balgzand
Netherlands Biesbosch
Netherlands Duinen en Lage Land Texel
Netherlands Duinen Goeree & Kwade Hoek
Netherlands Duinen Vlieland
Netherlands Eilandspolder
Netherlands Grevelingen
Netherlands Lauwersmeer
Netherlands Lepelaarplassen
Netherlands Makkumer-and Kooiwaard
Netherlands Naardermeer
Netherlands Oostvaardersplassen
Netherlands Terschelling: De Boschplaat
Netherlands Texel: Schorren and Zeeburg
Netherlands Voornes Duin
Netherlands Westerschelde & Saeftinghe
Netherlands Wormer- en Jisperveld & Kalverpolder
Netherlands Zwanenwater & Pettemerduinen
Netherlands Zwarte Meer
Pakistan Mehboob Shah Lake
Pakistan Phoosna Wetlands Complex
Pakistan Pugri Lake
Pakistan Taunsa Barrage Wildlife Sanctuary
Pakistan Ucchali Wetland Complex
Portugal Arraiolos
Portugal Castro Marim
Portugal Évora plains
Portugal Paul do Boquilobo
Portugal Paul do Taipal
Portugal Pera marsh
Portugal Ria Formosa (Faro lagoon)
Portugal Tejo estuary
Romania Balta Albă - Amara - Jirlău
Romania Balta Mică a Brăilei
Romania Balta Vederoasa
Romania Băneasa - Canaraua Fetei
Romania Bistreţ
Romania Blahniţa
Romania Braţul Borcea
Romania Calafat - Ciuperceni - Dunăre
Romania Cefa fish-ponds and Radvani wood
Romania Ciocăneşti - Dunăre
Romania Comana
Romania Confluenţa Jiu - Dunăre
Romania Dăbuleni - Grinduri
Romania Danube Delta
Romania Dunăre - Olteniţa
Romania Dunăre - Ostroave
Romania Gruia - Gârla Mare
Romania Iezerul Călăraşi
Romania Lake Beibugeac (Plopu)
Romania Lake Bugeac
Romania Lake Dunăreni
Romania Lake Oltina
Romania Olteniţa - Ulmeni
Romania Suhaia
Russia (European) Burukshunskiye limans
Russia (European) Dadynskiye lakes
Russia (European) Islands in the western part of Lake Manych-Gudilo
Russia (European) Kalausskiye floods
Russia (European) Kozinka lake and Baranikovski segment of Manych
Russia (European) Kurnikov liman
Russia (European) Lysyi Liman lake and valley of Vostochniy Manych river
Russia (European) Manychstroi area
Russia (European) Novotroitskoye reservoir
Russia (European) Oling area
Russia (European) Prikumskiye steppes
Russia (European) Sarpinskaya lake-system
Russia (European) Sostinskiye lakes
Russia (European) Veselovskoye reservoir
Saudi Arabia Farasan Islands
Saudi Arabia Jiddah south corniche and port
Saudi Arabia Jizan Bay
Saudi Arabia Kutambil island
Saudi Arabia Malaki dam
Saudi Arabia Umm al-Qamari
Senegal Delta du Saloum
Senegal Djoudj wetlands
Senegal Guembeul Avifaunal Reserve and St Louis lagoons
Senegal Lac de Guiers
Serbia Becej fish-pond
Serbia Gornje Podunavlje
Serbia Gornje Potamisje
Serbia Koviljski rit
Serbia Pašnjaci Velike Droplje
Serbia Srednje Potamišje
Slovakia Senné
Spain Chingudi-Bidasoa estuary
Spain Guadalquivir marshes
Spain Isla Cristina and Ayamonte marshes and Prado lagoon
Spain Odiel and Tinto marshes and Huelva coastal lagoons
Spain Ría de Arosa (O Grove) estuary
Spain Ría de Villaviciosa
Spain River Piedras marshes and Rompido sandbank
Spain Salburua
Spain Santander Bay
Spain Santoña marshes
Spain Urdaibai - Matxitxako
Spain Vegas del Alagón
Sri Lanka Periyakadawela
Tunisia Côte de Zerkine et El Grine
Tunisia Côtes de l'Île de Djerba
Tunisia Golfe de Boughrara
Tunisia Îles Kerkennah
Tunisia Îles Kneiss
Tunisia Lac de Tunis
Tunisia Salines de Thyna
Turkey Akşehir and Eber Lakes
Turkey Bolluk Lake
Turkey Burdur Lake
Turkey Ceyhan Delta
Turkey Ereğli Plain
Turkey Gediz Delta
Turkey Haçlı Lake
Turkey Hörmetçi Marshes
Turkey Hotamış Marshes
Turkey Kızılırmak Delta
Turkey Manyas Lake (Kuş Lake)
Turkey Meriç Delta
Turkey Seyfe Lake
Turkey Sultan Marsh
Turkey Uluabat Lake
Ukraine Kugurluj and Kartal lakes
Ukraine Kytaj lake
Ukraine Stentsivs'ko-Zhebriyanivs'ki plavni
Uzbekistan Balykchi Fish Farm
Uzbekistan Kagan Fish Farm
Uzbekistan Tudakul and Kuymazar Reservoirs
Yemen Aden
Yemen Islands north of Al-Hudaydah
Yemen Midi - Al-Luhayyah

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Irrigated Land (includes irrigation channels) suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Irrigated Land (includes irrigation channels) suitable breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Freshwater Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Freshwater Lakes suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food (human) Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Non-trivial Historical
Food (human) Whole Eggs Wild Non-trivial Recent
Food - human - - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild Non-trivial Recent
Pets Whole Adults and juveniles Wild International Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Platalea leucorodia. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/06/2019. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2019) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/06/2019.