LC
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2019 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type Average mass 1868 g
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 60,400,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 74,700,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor estimated 2012
Population trend Unknown not applicable -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 7.2 - - -

Population justification: The global population is estimated to number c.63,000-65,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2015). The European population is estimated at 10,200-15,200 pairs, which equates to 20,400-30,500 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015).

Trend justification: The overall population trend is uncertain, as some populations are decreasing, while others are increasing or stable (Wetlands International 2015). The European population is estimated to be increasing (BirdLife International 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Albania N Extant Yes Yes
Algeria N Extant
Armenia N Extant
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes Yes
Bahrain N Extant Yes
Bangladesh N Extant
Belarus V Extant
Belgium N Extant Yes Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Brazil V Extant
Bulgaria N Extant Yes Yes
Burkina Faso V Extant
Cameroon V Extant
Cape Verde N Extant
Chad N Extant
China (mainland) N Extant
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the V Extant
Croatia N Extant Yes Yes
Cyprus N Extant Yes Yes
Czechia N Extant Yes
Denmark N Extant Yes Yes
Djibouti N Extant
Egypt N Extant
Eritrea N Extant
Ethiopia N Extant
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) V Extant
Finland V Extant
France N Extant Yes Yes
Gambia N Extant
Germany N Extant Yes
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Greenland (to Denmark) V Extant
Guinea-Bissau N Extant
Hong Kong (China) N Extant
Hungary N Extant Yes Yes
Iceland V Extant
India N Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Ireland V Extant Yes
Israel N Extant Yes
Italy N Extant Yes Yes
Japan N Extant
Jordan N Extant Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant
Kuwait N Extant Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Latvia V Extant
Lebanon N Extant Yes
Libya N Extant
Luxembourg V Extant
Maldives V Extant
Mali N Extant
Malta N Extant
Mauritania N Extant
Moldova N Extant Yes
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes Yes
Morocco N Extant
Myanmar N Extant
Nepal N Extant
Netherlands N Extant Yes Yes
Niger V Extant
Nigeria V Extant
North Korea N Extant Yes
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Norway V Extant
Oman N Extant Yes Yes
Pakistan N Extant
Palestinian Authority Territories N Extant Yes
Poland V Extant
Portugal N Extant Yes Yes
Qatar N Extant Yes Yes
Romania N Extant Yes Yes
Russia N Extant Yes Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) V Extant
Russia (European) N Extant Yes Yes
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes Yes
Senegal N Extant
Serbia N Extant Yes Yes
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant
Somalia N Extant
South Korea N Extant
South Sudan N Extant Yes Yes
Spain N Extant Yes Yes
Sri Lanka N Extant Yes
Sudan N Extant
Sweden V Extant
Switzerland N Extant
Syria N Extant Yes Yes
Taiwan, China N Extant
Tajikistan N Extant
Thailand N Extant
Trinidad and Tobago V Extant
Tunisia N Extant Yes
Turkey N Extant Yes Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
Uganda V Extant
Ukraine N Extant Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes Yes
United Kingdom N Extant Yes Yes
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes
Western Sahara N Extant
Yemen N Extant Yes Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Cyprus Akrotiri salt-lake including Bishop's Pool
Cyprus Larnaca Salt Lakes
Syria Sabkhat al-Jabboul
Montenegro Ulcinj saltpans
Montenegro Lake Sasko
Serbia Obedska bara
Serbia Labudovo okno
Serbia Koviljski rit
Serbia Pašnjaci Velike Droplje
Bosnia and Herzegovina Bardaca
Azerbaijan Aggyol
Azerbaijan Lake Boz-Koba
Azerbaijan Divichi liman (or Lake Akzibir)
Azerbaijan Kura Delta
Azerbaijan Lake Mahmudchala
Azerbaijan Lake Ych-chala (Novogolovka-chala)
Azerbaijan Yashma Island
Cyprus Akhna dam
Cyprus Phasouri reedbeds
Portugal Castro Marim
Portugal Ria Formosa (Faro lagoon)
Portugal Ria de Aveiro
Portugal Murta dam
Portugal Paul do Boquilobo
Bulgaria Belene Islands Complex
Bulgaria Island near Gorni Tzibar
Bulgaria Pozharevo Island
Bulgaria Varna-Beloslav Lakes Complex
Romania Cârja - Maţa - Rădeanu - Roşcani
Romania Satchinez marsh
Romania Cefa fish-ponds and Radvani wood
Romania Stânca lake - Costeşti
Romania Danube Delta and Razelm-Sinoe complex
Romania Jijiei şi Miletinului fish-ponds
Romania Balta Mică a Brăilei
Romania Ciocăneşti - Dunăre
Romania Balta Albă - Amara - Jirlău
Romania Mehedinti fish-ponds-Gârla Mare
Belgium Zwin
Turkey Meriç Delta
Turkey Uluabat Lake
Turkey Manyas Lake (Kuş Lake)
Turkey Akşehir and Eber Lakes
Turkey Sultan Marsh
Turkey Seyfe Lake
Turkey Kızılırmak Delta
Turkey Ereğli Plain
Turkey Bolluk Lake
Turkey Haçlı Lake
Greece Kalamas delta
Greece Alyki Kitrous lagoon
Greece Evros delta
Greece Axios, Loudias and Aliakmonas rivers' deltas
Greece Alyki Angelochoriou lagoon (Megalou Emvolou)
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary
Greece Divari Pylou (Gialova) lagoon and Sfaktiria island
Greece Evrotas delta
Greece Dionysades islets, Crete
Greece Megalo and Mikro Livari lagoons, Istiaia
Greece Lake Kourna, Almyros delta and Georgioupolis coast, Crete
Greece Prespa National Park and Varnountas mountains
Greece Reservoirs of former lake Karla
Greece Amvrakikos gulf
Greece Kalloni Gulf, Lesvos
Greece Gallikos estuary and Kalochori lagoon
Greece Lake Kerkini
Greece Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou)
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Strymonas estuary
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Lakes Vegoritis and Petron
Greece Kotychi lagoon
Netherlands Texel: Schorren and Zeeburg
Netherlands Duinen en Lage Land Texel
Netherlands Duinen Vlieland
Netherlands Terschelling: De Boschplaat
Netherlands Balgzand
Netherlands Lauwersmeer
Netherlands Zwanenwater & Pettemerduinen
Netherlands Voornes Duin
Netherlands Duinen Goeree & Kwade Hoek
Netherlands Westerschelde & Saeftinghe
Netherlands Makkumer-and Kooiwaard
Netherlands Zwarte Meer
Netherlands Oostvaardersplassen
Netherlands Lepelaarplassen
Netherlands Eilandspolder
Netherlands Wormer- en Jisperveld & Kalverpolder
Netherlands Naardermeer
Netherlands Duinen Schiermonnikoog
Netherlands Frisian Wadden Sea coast
Netherlands Hollands Diep
Netherlands Krammer-Volkerak
Netherlands Grevelingen
Netherlands Oosterschelde
Netherlands Markiezaat
Netherlands Steile Bank and Mokkebank
Netherlands Lake Eemmeer
Netherlands Polder Zeevang
Netherlands Biesbosch
Hungary Lower Tisza Valley
Hungary Kolon Lake
Hungary Hortobágy and Tisza-to
Hungary Velence Lake–Dinnyés Lake
Hungary Lake Fertő
Hungary Lake Kis-Balaton
Hungary Kis-Sárrét
Hungary Pacsmag Lakes of Regöly
Hungary Vértes
Hungary Alkaline pusztas of Upper Kiskunság
Hungary Borsodi-Mezőség
Hungary Sárvíz Valley
Hungary Bodrogzug–Taktaköz
Hungary Flood plain of Tiszaalpár
Hungary Gerje-sik
Russia (European) Mouth of Samur river
Russia (European) Islands in the western part of Lake Manych-Gudilo
Russia (European) Veselovskoye reservoir
Russia (European) Western Ilmen area
Russia (European) Volga Delta
Russia (European) Eastern coast of the Sea of Azov
Russia (European) Dadynskiye lakes
Russia (European) Kalininski Plavny
Russia (European) Salt lakes in the Primorsko-Akhtarsk area
Russia (European) Lake Manych-Gudilo
Russia (European) Burukshunskiye limans
Spain Guadalquivir marshes
Spain Odiel and Tinto marshes and Huelva coastal lagoons
Spain Urdaibai - Matxitxako
Spain Santoña marshes
Spain Santander Bay
Spain El Pardo-Viñuelas
Spain Chingudi-Bidasoa estuary
Spain Villafáfila
Spain Mouth of the river Guadalhorce
Spain Isla Cristina and Ayamonte marshes and Prado lagoon
Spain River Piedras marshes and Rompido sandbank
Spain Ría de Arosa (O Grove) estuary
Spain Costa da Morte
Spain Rosarito and Navalcán reservoirs-La Iglesuela (Tietar valley)
Ukraine Stentsivs'ko-Zhebriyanivs'ki plavni
Ukraine Kugurluj and Kartal lakes
Ukraine Syvash Bay
Ukraine Dnipro delta
France Bassin d'Arcachon et Banc d'Arguin
France Domaine d'Orx
France Baie des Veys et Marais du Cotentin
France Estuaire de l'Orne
France Baies de Morlaix et de Carantec
France Golfe du Morbihan et Etier de Penerf
France Baie de Goulven
France Brenne centrale
France Etangs Narbonnais
France Anse de Fouras, baie d'Yves et marais de Rochefort
France Ile d'Oléron, marais de Brouage-Saint-Agnant
France Anse du Fiers d'Ars en Ré
France Estuaires picards : baies de Somme et d'Authie
France Traicts et marais salants de la Presqu'île Guérandaise
France Marais de Brière
France Marais et forêt d'Olonne
France Marais poitevin et baie de l'Aiguillon
France Lac de Grand-Lieu
France Pointe de Grave
France Barrage d'Artix et Saligue du Gave de Pau
France Estuaire de la Bidassoa et Baie de Fontarabie
France Marais de la Baie d'Audierne
France Lacs de la Forêt d'Orient
France Lac du Der-Chantecoq et étangs latéraux
France Estuaire et embouchure de la Seine
France Etang de Capestang
France Etangs de Canet et de Villeneuve-de-la-Raho et embouchure du Tech
France Marais de Balançon et de Villiers
France Cap Gris-nez
France Camargue
France Estuaire de la Charente
France Bonne Anse
France Marais et estuaire de la Seudre
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais de la rive nord
France Estuaire de la Loire
France Baie de Bourgneuf et marais breton
France Vallée de la Loire : de Nantes à Montsoreau
France La Dombes
Italy Pantani di Vendicari e di Capo Passero
Italy Le Cesine
Italy Orbetello lagoon and Burano lake
Italy Po Delta
Italy Lake Alviano
Italy Punte Alberete and Valle della Canna, Pineta San Vitale and Pialassa della Baiona
Italy River Biferno
Italy Marchesato and River Neto
Italy Simeto mouth and middle course and Biviere di Lentini
Italy Biviere and Plain of Gela
Italy Stagnone di Marsala and Trapani saltpans
Italy Cagliari wetlands
Italy Manfredonia Gulf wetlands
Albania Narta Lagoon
Albania Karavasta Lagoon
Albania Lake Butrinti
Romania Lake Beibugeac (Plopu)
Romania Defileul Inferior al Mureşului
Denmark Skjern Å
Denmark Ulvedybet and Nibe Bredning
Denmark Ringkøbing Fjord
Denmark Eastern part of Vejlerne
Serbia Becej fish-pond
Georgia Javakheti Plateau
Georgia Kolkheti
Serbia Slano Kopovo
Serbia Srednje Potamišje
Slovakia Senné
Armenia Armash fish-farm
Austria Neusiedler See
Turkey Tuz Lake
Serbia Gornje Podunavlje
Serbia Carska bara
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Germany Rhäden near Obersuhl and Bosserode
Croatia Kopacki Rit Special Zoological Reserve
Croatia Lower Posavina
Croatia Jelas Field
Croatia Alluvial wetlands of the River Drava
Croatia Grudnjak fish-ponds
Croatia Poilovlje with Carp Fishponds
Croatia Donji Miholjac fish-ponds
Morocco Marais Larache
Morocco Parc National de Souss-Massa and Aglou
Morocco Lagune de Khnifiss
Mauritania Banc d'Arguin National Park
Mauritania Aftout es Sâheli
Mauritania Diawling National Park
Senegal Djoudj wetlands
Senegal Lac de Guiers
Senegal Guembeul Avifaunal Reserve and St Louis lagoons
Senegal Delta du Saloum
Tunisia Lac de Tunis
Tunisia Îles Kerkennah
Tunisia Salines de Thyna
Tunisia Îles Kneiss
Tunisia Côtes de l'Île de Djerba
Tunisia Golfe de Boughrara
Portugal Pera marsh
Ukraine Kytaj lake
Israel Jezre'el, Harod and Bet She'an valleys
Israel Hefer valley
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Uromiyeh
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arjan Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamoun-i Sabari and Hamoun-i Hirmand
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hilleh Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Khouran Straits
Saudi Arabia Jiddah south corniche and port
Saudi Arabia Umm al-Qamari
Saudi Arabia Kutambil island
Saudi Arabia Malaki dam
Saudi Arabia Jizan Bay
Saudi Arabia Farasan Islands
Yemen Midi - Al-Luhayyah
Yemen Aden
Yemen Islands north of Al-Hudaydah
Russia (European) Sarpinskaya lake-system
Russia (European) Large liman
Russia (European) Sostinskiye lakes
Russia (European) Oling area
Sri Lanka Periyakadawela
China (mainland) Zhalong Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Anqing wetlands (Caizi Hu, Wuchang Hu and other lakes)
China (mainland) Chen Hu Wetland Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Dongting Hu wetlands
Mongolia Uvs Lake
Mongolia Airag Lake
Mongolia Baga and Bayan Lakes
Mongolia Khar Us Lake
Pakistan Mehboob Shah Lake
Pakistan Pugri Lake
Pakistan Phoosna Wetlands Complex
Pakistan Taunsa Barrage Wildlife Sanctuary
Pakistan Ucchali Wetland Complex
Pakistan Salkala Wildlife Sanctuary
India Bardha Dam
Russia (European) Shabel'skaya sand-spit
Russia (European) Novotroitskoye reservoir
Russia (European) Prikumskiye steppes
Russia (European) Lysyi Liman lake and valley of Vostochniy Manych river
Russia (European) Pelikani islands
Azerbaijan Lake Sarysu
Azerbaijan Gizilagach State Reserve
Russia (European) Khanskoye Lake
Russia (European) Mouth of Yeya river
Russia (European) Adzhi Lake
Bulgaria Atanasovsko Lake
Bulgaria Kaliakra
Bulgaria Galata
Bulgaria Batova
Bulgaria Balchik
Bulgaria Hadzi Dimitrovo Fish-ponds
Portugal Paul do Taipal
Portugal Tejo estuary
Portugal Évora plains
Portugal Arraiolos
France Ried de Colmar et Sélestat
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais du Nord Médoc
France Baie du Mont Saint Michel et Ile des Landes
France Baie de Saint-Brieuc
France Baie de Vilaine
France Rade de Lorient
France Baie de Quiberon
France Vallée de la Loire : environs de Blois
France Marais entre Crau et Grand Rhône: Meyranne, Chanoine, Plan de Bourg et Salins du Caban
France Barthes de l'Adour
France Garonne : marais de Bordeaux
France Etang de Biguglia
France Etang de Lindre
France Estuaire de la Canche
France Salins d'Hyères et de Pesquiers
France Basses Vallées Angevines
France Val de Drôme: Les Ramières-printegarde
France Plaine du Forez
Kazakhstan Shoshkakol Lakes
Afghanistan Ab-i-Istada
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shur Gol, Yadegarlu and Dorgeh Sangi lakes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Ghara Gheshlaq No-Hunting Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Nowruzlu and Ghazanlu
Iran, Islamic Republic of Anzali Mordab complex
Iran, Islamic Republic of Horeh Bamdej
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shadegan marshes and tidal mudflats of Khor-al Amaya and Khor Musa
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gavekhoni lake, and marshes of the lower Zaindeh Rud
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Maharlu
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Bakhtegan, Lake Tashk and Kamjan marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of South end of the Hamoun-i Puzak
Iran, Islamic Republic of Monde Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Nakhilu, Morghu and Ummal Karam islands
Iran, Islamic Republic of Rud-i-Shur, Rud-i-Shirin and Rud-i-Minab deltas
Iran, Islamic Republic of Rud-i-Gaz and Rud-i-Hara deltas
Iran, Islamic Republic of Khor Jask
Iran, Islamic Republic of Rud-i-Jagin and Rud-i-Gabrik deltas
Iran, Islamic Republic of Chahbahar Bay and Khor Konarak
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bahu Kalat (Gandu) Protected Area
Iraq Razzaza Lake
Iraq Haur Al Hammar
Israel Carmel coast
Israel Northern Arava valley
Kuwait Sulaibikhat Bay
Oman Quriyat - Daghmar
Oman Ras al Hadd
Oman Barr al Hikman
Oman Duqm
Saudi Arabia Abu Ali
Saudi Arabia Tarut Bay
Saudi Arabia Al-Ha'ir
Saudi Arabia Madinat Yanbu al-Sinaiyah
United Arab Emirates Khor Al Beidah
United Arab Emirates Ras Al Khor Wildlife Sanctuary (Khor Dubai)
Bulgaria Mandra-Poda complex
Bulgaria Srebarna
Bulgaria Vardim Island
Bulgaria Ibisha Island
Bulgaria Kalimok Complex
Uzbekistan Balykchi Fish Farm
Uzbekistan Kagan Fish Farm
Uzbekistan Tudakul and Kuymazar Reservoirs
Kazakhstan Irgiz-Turgay Lakes
Italy Venice lagoon
Italy Magredi of Pordenone
Turkmenistan Garabogaz - Garshy
Netherlands Markermeer & IJmeer
Austria Storage lakes on the lower Inn
United Kingdom Poole Harbour
Ukraine River Tysa Valley
Ukraine Zakaznyk Domuzaly
Kazakhstan Sarykopa Lake System
Turkmenistan Deryatakyr
Italy River Po: from Ticino mouth to Boscone island
Italy River Mincio and Bosco Fontana
Kazakhstan Cherniy (Black) Irtysh Delta
Italy Ticino river
Russia (European) Kurnikov liman
Netherlands Veerse Meer
Italy Pian di Spagna and Lake Mezzola
Turkmenistan Mergen
Russia (European) Kalausskiye floods
Russia (European) Manychstroi area
Netherlands Haringvliet
Mongolia Boon Tsagaan Lake
Kazakhstan Chardara Reservoir
Kazakhstan Tentek River Delta
Russia (European) Kozinka lake and Baranikovski segment of Manych
Turkey Hörmetçi Marshes
Turkey Hotamış Marshes
Serbia Becej fishpond
Turkey Ceyhan Delta
Turkey Burdur Lake
Turkey Gediz Delta
Croatia Podunavlje and Lower Podravlje
Croatia Grudnjak and Nasice Carp Fishponds
Italy Valli di Comacchio and Bonifica del Mezzano
Italy Valli Bolognesi
Italy Argentario, Laguna di Orbetello Lagoon e Lago di Burano
Netherlands Lake Veluwemeer
Netherlands Delta Coast
Netherlands Wadden Sea
Netherlands Lake IJsselmeer
Netherlands Ketelmeer & Vossemeer
Germany Lower Saxony Wadden Sea National Park
Germany Butjadingen
Germany Krummhörn-Westermarsch
Germany Geeste lowlands near Bramel
Germany Schleswig-Holstein Wadden Sea National Park (includes the Halligs, Kniepsand/Amrum, Lister Koog, Rantumbecken, Rickelsb
Romania Balta Vederoasa
Romania Blahniţa
Romania Braţul Borcea
Romania Calafat - Ciuperceni - Dunăre
Romania Danube Delta
Romania Dunăre - Ostroave
Romania Bistreţ
Romania Gruia - Gârla Mare
Romania Suhaia
Romania Iezerul Călăraşi
Romania Lake Bugeac
Romania Băneasa - Canaraua Fetei
Romania Comana
Romania Confluenţa Jiu - Dunăre
Romania Dăbuleni - Grinduri
Romania Dunăre - Olteniţa
Romania Lake Dunăreni
Romania Lake Oltina
Romania Olteniţa - Ulmeni
Morocco Oued Tahadart
Hungary Péteri Lake
Poland Delta of the Swina river
Kazakhstan Ili River Delta
Kazakhstan Kyzylkol Lake
Poland Nida Rivar Valley
China (mainland) Ulansuhai Nur Nature Reserve
Bosnia and Herzegovina Livno karst field and Busko lake
Kazakhstan Naurzum State Nature Reserve
Kazakhstan Lower reaches of the Emba River
Kazakhstan Delta of the Ural River
Spain Salburua
Spain Ría de Villaviciosa
Spain Vegas del Alagón
Moldova Royal Forest
India Kaj Lake (Pipalava Bandharo)
Egypt Aswan reservoir
Yemen Al-'Urj
Yemen Nukhaylah - Ghulayfiqah
Yemen Al-Mukha - Al-Khawkhah
Ukraine Karkinits'ka and Dzharylgats'ka bays
Serbia Gornje Potamisje
Serbia Okanj I Rusanda
Denmark Parts of Randers and Mariager Fjords
Denmark Skallingen and Langli
Denmark Western part of Vejlerne, Arup Holm and Hovsør Røn
Tunisia Sebkhet Dreiaâ
Tunisia Côte de Zerkine et El Grine
Serbia Mala Vrbica
Serbia Jegricka
Serbia Subotica lakes and sandy terrain
Morocco Merja Bargha
Morocco Merja Halloufa
Morocco Merja Zerga
Morocco Canton Forestier de Sidi Bou Ghaba
Morocco Barrage Idriss Premier
Morocco Sebkha Bou Areg
Morocco Embouchure Oued Moulouya
Morocco Barrage Mohamed V
Morocco Sidi Moussa - Oualidia
Morocco Barrage al Massira
Morocco Barrage al Mansour Ad-Dhabi
Morocco Tamri and Imsouane
Morocco Plage Blanche - Ras Takoumba
Morocco Zone Humide de Laayoune
Morocco Baie d'Ad Dakhla
Uzbekistan Sudochye Lake
Greece Lakes Volvi, Koroneia and Rentina Gorge
Netherlands De Wieden
Netherlands Duinen Ameland
Mauritania Lac d'Aleg
Mauritania Chott Boul
Kazakhstan Caspian Sea shore between Volga and Ural River Deltas
Kazakhstan Lesser Aral Sea
Turkmenistan Sarygamysh
Turkmenistan Tallymerjen
Serbia Srpski Miletic
India Nikol-Samadhiyala-Malan Wetlands Complex
Senegal Ndiaël basin (including the Trois Marigots)
Senegal Parc National de la Langue de Barbarie
Senegal La Petite Côte

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Irrigated Land (includes irrigation channels) suitable breeding
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Artificial/Aquatic - Irrigated Land (includes irrigation channels) suitable non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Mangrove Vegetation Above High Tide Level suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Brackish/Saline Lagoons/Marine Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Freshwater Lakes suitable breeding
Marine Coastal/Supratidal Coastal Freshwater Lakes suitable non-breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Marshes/Pools (under 8ha) suitable non-breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Platalea leucorodia. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 11/08/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 11/08/2020.