Eurasian Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus


Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2021 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2013 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type Average mass -

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 54,400,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 82,000,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 2000000-3200000 poor estimated 2021
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.15 - - -

Population justification: The European population is estimated at 364,000-571,000 pairs, which equates to 728,000-1,150,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International in prep.). Europe forms approximately 36% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 2,020,000-3,190,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed. It is placed in the band 2,000,000 to 3,200,000 mature individuals.

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats. In Europe, the population has increased since the 1980s, but remained stable over the last three generations (15.45 years [Bird et al. 2020]) (BirdLife International in prep.).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes Yes
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant Yes
Andorra N Extant Yes
Armenia N Extant Yes Yes
Austria N Extant Yes Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes Yes Yes
Bahrain N Extant Yes Yes
Bangladesh N Extant Yes
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium N Extant Yes
Bhutan N Extant Yes Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes Yes
Brunei V Extant
Bulgaria N Extant Yes Yes
Chad V Extant Yes
China (mainland) N Extant Yes Yes Yes Yes
Croatia N Extant Yes
Cyprus N Extant Yes
Czechia N Extant Yes
Denmark N Extant Yes Yes
Djibouti N Extant Yes
Egypt N Extant Yes
Estonia N Extant Yes
Ethiopia N Extant Yes
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) V Extant
Finland N Extant Yes Yes Yes
France N Extant Yes Yes
Gambia V Extant
Georgia N Extant Yes Yes
Germany N Extant Yes Yes Yes
Gibraltar (to UK) N Extant Yes
Greece N Extant Yes Yes Yes
Hong Kong (China) N Extant Yes
Hungary N Extant Yes
Iceland V Extant
India N Extant Yes Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes Yes
Ireland N Extant Yes
Israel N Extant Yes Yes
Italy N Extant Yes Yes
Japan N Extant Yes
Jordan N Extant Yes Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant Yes
Kuwait N Extant Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Laos N Extant Yes
Latvia N Extant Yes Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes Yes
Libya N Extant Yes
Liechtenstein N Extant Yes
Lithuania N Extant Yes
Luxembourg N Extant Yes
Macao (China) N Extant Yes
Malaysia V Extant
Mali V Extant
Malta N Extant Yes
Mauritania V Extant
Moldova N Extant Yes
Monaco N Extant Yes
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes Yes
Morocco N Extant Yes
Myanmar N Extant Yes
Nepal N Extant Yes Yes
Netherlands N Extant Yes Yes
Niger N Extant Yes
North Korea N Extant Yes Yes
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Norway N Extant Yes Yes
Oman N Extant Yes Yes
Pakistan N Extant Yes Yes
Palestine N Extant Yes
Poland N Extant Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes Yes
Qatar N Extant Yes
Romania N Extant Yes Yes Yes
Russia N Extant Yes Yes Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes Yes Yes
San Marino N Extant
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes Yes
Serbia N Extant Yes Yes
Slovakia N Extant Yes Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
Somalia V Extant
South Africa V Extant
South Korea N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes Yes Yes
Sri Lanka V Extant Yes
Sudan N Extant Yes
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) V Extant
Sweden N Extant Yes Yes Yes
Switzerland N Extant Yes Yes
Syria N Extant Yes Yes
Taiwan, China N Extant Yes
Tajikistan N Extant Yes
Tanzania N Extant Yes
Thailand N Extant Yes
Tunisia N Extant Yes Yes
Turkey N Extant Yes Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
Ukraine N Extant Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes Yes
United Kingdom N Extant Yes
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes
Vietnam N Extant Yes
Western Sahara V Extant
Yemen N Extant Yes Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Azerbaijan Alty Agach area
Azerbaijan Akstafa-chai valley
Azerbaijan Astara-chai valley
Azerbaijan Mount Babadag
Azerbaijan Barda tugai forest
Azerbaijan Gekchai Bozdag mountains
Azerbaijan Mount Giamysh
Azerbaijan Girkan forest
Azerbaijan Ismailly area
Azerbaijan Kusari (Gusari) area
Azerbaijan Lachin area
Azerbaijan Samur Delta
Azerbaijan Shamkhor area
Azerbaijan Vilajchai valley
Belarus Halubickaja Pušča
Belarus Kaz'jany
Belarus Zachodniaja Biarezina
Belarus Biarezinski zapaviednik
Belarus Al'manskija baloty
Lithuania Labunava forest
Latvia Slitere and Zilie kalni
Portugal South-west coast of Portugal
Romania Lake Techirghiol
Romania Mures river lower flood-plain
Romania Dobron forest
Slovenia Nanoščica river basin
Sweden Falsterbo – Bay of Fote
Sweden Lake Ånn – Storlien
Sweden Hanveden – Hemfosa
Poland Bialowieza Forest
Poland Marshy Valley of the Narew River
Poland Parczew forests
Poland Przemysl Plateau
Poland Kampinos forest
Poland Pisz forest
Poland Augustów forest
Poland Warta River Mouth
Greece Mount Athos and surrounding marine area
Greece River Axios
Greece Axios, Loudias and Aliakmonas rivers' deltas
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary
Greece Mount Parnassos
Greece Mount Oiti
Greece Mount Ochi and surrounding marine area
Greece Divari Pylou (Gialova) lagoon and Sfaktiria island
Greece Mount Parnitha
Greece Mount Dikti, Crete
Greece Mountains of Naxos
Greece Lakes Chortarolimni and Alyki, Moudros gulf, Diapori fen and Fakos peninsula, Limnos
Greece Mounts Orliakas and Tsourgiakas
Greece Nea Fokaia marshes
Greece Lake Stymfalia
Greece Mount Gkiona
Greece Mount Vardousia
Greece Islands and islets of northern Sporades and northwestern coast of Alonnisos
Greece Mounts Agia Dynati and Kokkini Rachi, Kefalonia
Greece Dionysades islets, Crete
Greece Mount Vourinos
Greece Kalamaki gorge and Zarkou mountains
Greece Mount Othrys
Greece Rodopos peninsula, Crete
Greece Kato Olympos, Tempi gorge and mount Ossa
Greece Filiouri valley and eastern Rodopi mountains
Greece Kompsatos valley
Greece Ikaria island
Greece Mount Kerketio (Koziakas)
Greece Lake Kourna, Almyros delta and Georgioupolis coast, Crete
Greece Mountains of central Evvoia
Greece Lower Kalamas gorge
Greece Mount Falakro
Greece Agrafa mountains
Greece Artemisio and Lyrkeio mountains
Greece Mount Erymanthos
Greece Mount Ymittos
Greece Prespa National Park and Varnountas mountains
Greece Mount Mavrovouni, Larisa
Greece Paramythia mountains
Greece Tsamanta, Filiata, Farmakovouni and Megali Rachi mountains
Greece Southwestern Lesvos and Petrified forest
Greece Mount Olympos and pine forest of central Lesvos
Greece Mount Lepetymnos, Lesvos, and surrounding marine area
Greece Gera gulf, Ntipi and Charamida marshes, Lesvos
Greece Valtou mountains
Greece Mount Kantili
Greece Southern Mani, mount Sangias and cape Tainaro
Greece Mount Itamos
Greece Akarnanika mountains
Greece Acherontas gorge and estuary
Greece Tzena and Pinovo mountains
Greece Acheloos valley
Greece Amvrakikos gulf
Greece Mount Taygetos
Greece Mount Voras (Kaïmaktsalan)
Greece Mount Beles (Kerkini)
Greece Mount Krousia (Mavrovouni and Dysoro)
Greece Lake Kerkini
Greece Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou)
Greece Mount Pangaio
Greece Agios Mamas marsh
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Mount Menoikio
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos gorge
Greece Psara and Antipsara islands and surrounding islets
Greece National Park of Dadia - Lefkimi - Soufli forest
Greece Barbas and Klokos mountains and Selinountas gorge
Greece Samothraki island
Greece South forest complex of Evros prefecture
Greece Dadia - Dereio - Aisymi forest
Greece Lakes Volvi, Koroneia and Rentina Gorge
Finland Puurijärvi-Isosuo wetlands
Finland Koskeljärvi, Vaaljärvi and Pitkäjärvi lakes
Finland Pori archipelago and wetlands
Finland Hanko western archipelago
Finland Porvoonjoki Delta
Finland Kirkon-Vilkkiläntura Bay
Finland Talaskangas
Finland Koitajoki area
Finland Lålby fields
Finland Rahja archipelago
Finland Rummelö-Harrbodan
Finland Litokaira
Finland Valtavaara-Pyhävaara
Finland Oulanka-Sukerijärvi
Finland Syöte-Salmitunturi
Finland Elimyssalo
Finland Kemihaara (Vuotos) mires and forests
Finland Värriö-Tuntsa
Finland Käsivarsi fjelds
Russia (European) Siniye mountains
Spain El Valle, Altaona and Escalona mountains
Spain Tarifa
Spain Tágara gully
Spain Las Vueltas, Aguas Negras and Quebradas mountains
Spain Tigaiga slope
Spain San Andrés, Pijaral and Anaga mountains
Spain Las Mercedes, Mina y Yedra, Aguirre, La Goleta and Pedro Alvarez mountains
Spain Mountain of Agua, gully of Los Cochinos and gully of Cuevas Negras
Spain Santa Trsula and La Victoria laurel forest
Spain Arico pine woodland
Spain Vilaflor pine woodland
Spain Los Rodeos-La Esperanza
Spain Step rocks of Hermigua and Agulo
Spain Garajonay National Park
Spain La Palma laurel forest
Spain La Caldera de Taburiente National Park
Spain El Canal y Los Tiles laurel forest
Spain Ventejís mountain
Spain Frontera laurel forest
Spain Nizdafe plains
Spain Tamadaba pine woodland
Ukraine Kyivs'ke reservoir
Ukraine Forests in Dnipro and Desna valleys
Ukraine Carpathian Biosphere Reserve
Ukraine Cape Martiyan
Ukraine Dniprovs'ko-Oril's'kyj Nature Reserve
Ukraine Shats'ki lakes
Ukraine Velykomykhailivskyj forest
Ukraine Turiya river valley
Ukraine Cheremske mire
Ukraine Stokhod river valley
Ukraine Lyman lake
Ukraine Chervone marsh
Ukraine Samars'kyj forest
Ukraine Ukrainian Steppe Nature Reserve
Ukraine Korostushevskoe Game Reserve
Ukraine Radomyshl's'ke Game Reserve
Ukraine Novograd-Volunskoe Game Reserve
Ukraine Ushomyrs'ke Game Reserve
Ukraine Kremenets'kyj forest
Ukraine Lake near Magazinka village
France Montagne de la Serre
France Vallée du Haut-Guil
France Forêts picardes : Compiègne, Laigue, Ourscamp
France Forêts picardes : massif de Retz
France Forêts picardes : massif des Trois Forêts et bois du Roi
France Plaine du Forez
France Barrage d'Artix et Saligue du Gave de Pau
France Arjuzanx
France Vallée de la Loire : environs de Montlouis-sur-Loire
France Lac de Rillé et forêts voisines
France Forêts domaniales de Corse
France Vallée du Régino
France Vallée du Verghello
France Forêt d'altitude du Jura : forêt du Risoux
France Massifs de Fontainebleau et zones humides adjacentes
France Marais de Fontenay-le-Vicomte et d'Itteville
France Etang et Forêt de Villefermoy
France Massif du Canigou-Carança
France Parc National des Cévennes
France Montagne Sainte-Victoire
France Plaine des Maures
France Vallée de la Durance : de Tallard à Sisteron
France Bois de Palayson, du Rouet et de Malvoisin
France Le Pinail, Forêt de Moulière et bois du Défens
France Plateau de Bellefonds
France Col de l'Escrinet
Italy Gran Paradiso
Italy Pian di Spagna and Lake Mezzola
Italy River Po: from Ticino mouth to Adda mouth
Italy Carniche Alps
Italy Piave river
Italy Orobie Alps and pre-Alps
Italy Mount Sette Fratelli and Sarrabus
Georgia Eastern Caucasus
Georgia Iori Region
Georgia Meskheti
Georgia Kolkheti
Serbia Vršačke Planine
Serbia Deliblatska pescara
Serbia Valjevske mountains
Serbia Pcinja
Serbia Suva mountain
Serbia Resava gorge
Armenia Khosrov Reserve
Norway Alta-Kautokeino watercourse
Austria North-eastern Leithagebirge
Austria Zoological Gardens of Lainz
Austria March/Thaya riverine forest
Austria Steinfeld
Austria Riverine forests on the Danube east of Vienna
Austria Thermenlinie
Austria Vienna forest
Austria Riverine forests in the Tullnerfeld
Austria Lösslandschaft and Wagram east of Krems
Austria Allentsteig military training area
Austria Middle Kamp valley
Austria Ötscher-Dürrenstein
Austria Machland
Austria Freiwald
Austria Bohemian forest and Mühl valley
Austria Lower course of the Traun
Austria Storage lakes on the lower Inn
Austria Hohe Tauern National Park
Austria Styrian Joglland
Austria Unterlammer hill country
Austria South-east Styrian hill country
Austria Nockberge National Park
Austria Kaisergebirge
Austria Tyrolian Lech valley
Austria Slope forests in the Klostertal
Poland Gorce mountains
Germany Ponds and Elbe valley near Torgau
Germany Rhön Biosphere Reserve
Germany Vesser valley Biosphere Reserve
Germany Berchtesgaden National Park
Germany Altmühl valley between Treuchtlingen and Leutershausen with Altmühlsee
Germany Wahner Heide
Germany Pressel wooded heath and mire
Germany Oberlausitz heathland and fishponds biosphere reserve
Germany Westerzgebirge around Carlsfeld
Germany Erzgebirgskamm near Satzung
Germany Eastern Erzgebirge around Fürstenau
Germany Isar valley: Gottfrieding - Plattling incl. Isar mouth
Germany Main valley near Volkach: Fahr-Dettelbach
Germany Danube valley: Regensburg-Vilshofen
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Germany Emsaue (Rietberger Emsniederung - Steinhorster Becken)
Germany Nürnberger Reichswald
Germany Lech-Donau-Winkel: Lechstausee Feldheim and Donaustausee Bertoldsheim
Germany Donau-Auen and Donau-Ried: Höchstädt - Donauwörth
Germany Main valley: Eltmann - Hassfurt
Germany Military training area east and west of Jüterbog
Germany North-eastern lower Harz mountains
Germany Northern Steigerwald
Germany Northern Black Forest, west of the Murg
Germany Northern Black Forest, east of the Murg
Belarus Liebiadziny Moch
Belarus Janka river floodplain
Russia (Central Asian) Sources of the Bolshaya Karaganka and Syntasty rivers
Russia (Central Asian) Rocky outcrops of river Uj
Russia (European) Podozerskie open pits
Bulgaria Atanasovsko Lake
Bulgaria Belasitza mountain
Bulgaria Ivailovgrad Reservoir
Bulgaria Kaliakra
Bulgaria Ponor
Bulgaria Zhrebchevo Reservoir
Bulgaria Emine
Bulgaria Galata
Bulgaria Strandzha
Bulgaria Batova
Bulgaria Bakarlaka
Bulgaria Balchik
Bulgaria Vrachanski Balkan
Bulgaria Sredna Gora
Bulgaria Rila
Bulgaria Pirin
Bulgaria Besaparski Hills
Bulgaria Sinite Kamani-Grebenets
Bulgaria Ludogorie
Bulgaria Western Rhodopes
Bulgaria Western Strandzha
Bulgaria Karlukovski Karst
Bulgaria Arda Bridge
Bulgaria Melnik Pyramids
Bulgaria Dobrostan
Bulgaria Slavyanka Mountain
Bulgaria Osogovo Mountain
Bulgaria Vitosha Mountain
Bulgaria Trigrad-Mursalitsa
Bulgaria Mikre Meadows
Bulgaria Vasilyovska Mountain
Bulgaria Mesta Valley
Bulgaria Hadzi Dimitrovo Fish-ponds
Bulgaria Maritsa-Plovdiv
Bulgaria Adata-Tundzha
Bulgaria Nikopolsko Plateau
Bulgaria Rupite
Bulgaria Ruy Mountain
Bulgaria Zemen Gordge
Bulgaria Kamchiyska Mountain
Portugal Laurissilva
Portugal Maciço Montanhoso Oriental
Portugal Ponta do Pargo
France Monts et Plomb du Cantal
France Haute Soule : Forêt d'Irraty, Organbidexka et Pic des Escaliers
France Mars sur Allier
France Golfe de Porto, presqu'île de Scandola et golfe de Galeria
France Vallée d'Asco
France Etangs de la Woëvre: lac de Madine
France Etang de Lindre
France Val de Chiers et environs de Spincourt
France Bazoncourt-Vigy
France Estuaire de la Canche
France Iles d'Hyères
France Parc National de la Vanoise
Bulgaria Kresna Gorge
Bulgaria Belite Skali
Bulgaria Suha Reka
Bulgaria Provadiysko-Royaksko plateau
Russia (European) Forest in the middle reaches of Serezha river
Russia (European) Floodplain of Pjana river near village Sarga
Russia (Central Asian) Bakanzhul lake
Russia (European) Dono-Donetskoye flood-plain
Russia (European) Shumerlinskaya
Austria Surroundings of Mattersburg
Austria Parndorfer Platte and Heideboden
Austria Western Waldviertel
Italy Magredi of Pordenone
Austria Lower Kamp valley
Austria Southern Waldviertel
Austria Styrian Enns valley
Austria Villacher Alpe-Dobratsch
Ukraine Serednyotomakivske reservior
Lebanon Yammouneh Nature Reserve
Lebanon Yanta
Ukraine National Park Stara Guta
Ukraine Upper of r.Mokra Sura
Ukraine Voloshans'ka dacha
Ukraine Komisarovskyj Forest
Ukraine Sinelnikov Complex
Jordan Dana
Italy Ticino river
Kazakhstan Paradise Valley mountain plateau
Lebanon Lake Qaraoun
Lebanon Qadisha Valley
Finland Lätäseno and Jietajoki mires
Finland Pallas and Ylläs fjelds
Finland Maltio fjelds
Finland Tornionjoki Delta
Finland Oulu region wetlands
Finland Olvassuo-Oravisuo-Näätäsuo-Sammakkosuo
Finland Patvinsuo National Park
Finland Ruunaa
Finland Linnansaari
Finland Kangasala wetlands
Finland Nuuksio
Finland Tammisaari and Inkoo western archipelago
Germany Hohe Geest near Himbergen / Bad Bodenteich
Germany Hasbruch
Germany Northern Black Forest
Germany Zschornoer Heide
Germany Forests of Lauenburg
Kyrgyzstan Gorge Tash-Rabat
Kyrgyzstan Tokmak Pheasant Reserve
Kyrgyzstan Eastern Alai
Kyrgyzstan Western Alai, Kok-Suu river
Kazakhstan Chokpak Pass
Poland Vistula Spit
Poland Hel Peninsula
Egypt Ain Sukhna
Saudi Arabia Taif escarpment
Estonia Karala-Pilguse
Estonia Kasti bay
Estonia Kikepera
Estonia Koorunõmme
Estonia Kõrgessaare-Mudaste coast
Estonia Kärevere
Estonia Nõva-Osmussaar
Estonia Räpina polder
Estonia Siiksaare-Oessaare bays
Estonia Kunda
Estonia Vilsandi archipelago
Estonia Vooremaa
Estonia Väinameri
Serbia Gornje Podunavlje
Serbia Subotica lakes and sandy terrain
Serbia Karadjordjevo
Serbia Titelski breg
Serbia Koviljski rit
Serbia Pašnjaci Velike Droplje
Serbia Carska bara
Serbia Labudovo okno
Serbia Usce Save u Dunav
Serbia Danube loess bluffs
Serbia Fruska gora
Serbia Obedska bara
Serbia Bosutska forest
Serbia Cer mountain
Serbia Tara mountain
Serbia Uvac-Milesevka
Serbia Pester
Serbia Golija
Serbia Gornje Pomoravlje
Serbia Ovcar-Kablar gorge
Serbia Kopaonik
Serbia Sicevo gorge
Serbia Stara mountains
Serbia Derdap gorge
Serbia Mala Vrbica
Kazakhstan Sorbulak Lake System
Morocco Canton Forestier de Sidi Bou Ghaba
Morocco Embouchure Oued Moulouya
Estonia Agusalu
Estonia Alam-Pedja
Estonia Haanja
Estonia Karula
Estonia Koigi
Kazakhstan Kapchagay Canyon
Kazakhstan Russkiy Zharkol
Kazakhstan Kamyshovoe-Zhamankol Lakes
Kazakhstan Karakol Lake
Greece Antikythira island and surrounding islets
Estonia Koiva-Mustjõe
Estonia Irbe strait
Estonia Kõnnumaa-Väätsa
Estonia Kõrvemaa
Estonia Käntu-Kastja
Estonia Lahemaa
Estonia Luitemaa
Estonia Marimetsa-Õmma
Estonia Misso
Kazakhstan Karagie Depression
Kazakhstan Shoshkakol Lakes
Sweden Kullaberg

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable resident
Forest Boreal suitable breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland suitable non-breeding
Forest Temperate suitable resident
Savanna Dry suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Boreal suitable breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 4500 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Wood & pulp plantations - Agro-industry plantations Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 5
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Persecution/control Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Species mortality
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Unintentional effects (species is not the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 5
Species mortality
Energy production & mining Renewable energy Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Species mortality
Natural system modifications Fire & fire suppression - Increase in fire frequency/intensity Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Indirect ecosystem effects, Ecosystem degradation, Reduced reproductive success
Pollution Agricultural & forestry effluents - Herbicides and pesticides Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 5
Indirect ecosystem effects, Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Accipiter nisus. Downloaded from on 03/02/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 03/02/2023.