LC
Eurasian Scops-owl Otus scops



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note
Otus scops has been split into Eurasian Scops-owl O. scops and Cyprus Scops-owl O. cyprius on the basis on significant vocal differences and minor plumage characteristics following a detailed review by Flint et al. 2015).

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2019 Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 33,900,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 33,400,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 790000-1400000 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.7 - - -

Population justification: The European population is estimated at 227,000-381,000 pairs, which equates to 454,000-762,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms approximately 57% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 796,000-1,337,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed. It is placed in the band 790,000-1,400,000 mature individuals.

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be in decline owing to ongoing habitat destruction. In Europe, the population size trend is unknown (BirdLife International 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant
Andorra N Extant Yes
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Bahrain N Extant Yes
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium V Extant
Benin U Extant
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
Burkina Faso U Extant
Burundi U Extant Yes
Cameroon N Extant Yes
Central African Republic U Extant
Chad N Extant Yes
China (mainland) N Extant Yes
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the U Extant
Côte d'Ivoire N Extant Yes
Croatia N Extant Yes
Cyprus N Extant Yes
Czechia N Extant Yes
Denmark V Extant
Djibouti N Extant Yes
Egypt N Extant Yes
Equatorial Guinea N Extant
Eritrea N Extant Yes
Ethiopia N Extant Yes
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) V Extant
France N Extant Yes
Gambia N Extant Yes
Georgia N Extant Yes
Germany V Extant
Ghana N Extant Yes
Gibraltar (to UK) N Extant Yes
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Guinea N Extant Yes
Hungary N Extant Yes
Iceland V Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Ireland V Extant
Israel N Extant Yes
Italy N Extant Yes
Jordan N Extant Yes Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant Yes
Kuwait N Extant Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Latvia V Extant
Lebanon N Extant Yes Yes
Liberia N Extant Yes
Libya N Extant
Liechtenstein V Extant
Lithuania N Extant Yes
Luxembourg V Extant
Mali N Extant Yes
Malta N Extant Yes
Mauritania N Extant Yes Yes
Moldova N Extant Yes
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Morocco N Extant
Netherlands V Extant
Niger N Extant Yes
Nigeria N Extant Yes
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Norway V Extant
Oman N Extant Yes
Pakistan N Extant Yes
Palestinian Authority Territories N Extant Yes
Poland N Extant Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Qatar N Extant Yes
Romania N Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Rwanda U Extant Yes
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes
Senegal N Extant Yes
Serbia N Extant Yes
Seychelles V Extant
Sierra Leone U Extant Yes
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
Somalia N Extant Yes
South Sudan N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
Sudan N Extant
Sweden V Extant
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes Yes
Tajikistan N Extant Yes
Tanzania N Extant Yes
Togo N Extant Yes
Tunisia N Extant
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
Uganda N Extant Yes
Ukraine N Extant Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes
United Kingdom V Extant
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes
Western Sahara N Extant
Yemen N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Serbia Resava gorge
Serbia Fruska gora
Bulgaria Kresna Gorge
Bulgaria Byala Reka
Bulgaria Madzharovo
Bulgaria Kamchiyska Mountain
Romania Miheşu de Câmpie-Taureni fish-ponds
Slovenia Ljubljansko moor
Slovenia Kočevsko
Slovenia Goričko
Slovenia Karst
Greece Thessaly plain
Greece Western, eastern and southern Rhodes
Greece Gavdos and Gavdopoula islands, Crete
Russia (European) Buzulukski forest
Russia (European) Watershed of Bel'skaya and Nugush rivers
Russia (European) Maly Nakas ridge
Russia (European) Irendyk ridge
France Vallée du Régino
France Chaîne des Alpilles
France Iles d'Hyères
France Plateau de Valensole
France Plaine des Maures
Italy Mount Cervati
Italy Lake Bolsena
Serbia Cer mountain
Serbia Valjevske mountains
Serbia Tara mountain
Serbia Uvac-Milesevka
Serbia Kopaonik
Serbia Prokletije
Serbia Suva mountain
Serbia Derdap gorge
Armenia Khosrov Reserve
Austria Surroundings of Mattersburg
Austria Unterlammer hill country
Russia (European) Uryuk
Russia (European) Mountain valley of Zilim river
Bulgaria Arda Bridge
Bulgaria Dobrostan
Bulgaria Vitosha Mountain
Russia (European) Forest-steppe Gyul'chachak (Peony forest-steppe)
Slovenia Snežnik plateau and Pivka valley
North Macedonia Pelagonia
Russia (European) Tul'skiye Zaseki forest
Russia (European) Vedeneevsk pine forest
Bosnia and Herzegovina Livno karst field and Busko lake
Slovenia Kozjansko

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable non-breeding
Forest Boreal suitable breeding
Forest Boreal suitable non-breeding
Forest Temperate suitable breeding
Forest Temperate suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable non-breeding
Altitude 0 - 3000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Agro-industry farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Shifting agriculture Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Unknown Unknown
Stresses
Species mortality
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Problematic species/disease of unknown origin - Strix aluco Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species mortality
Pollution Agricultural & forestry effluents - Herbicides and pesticides Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Indirect ecosystem effects
Residential & commercial development Housing & urban areas Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Ecosystem conversion

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Otus scops. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 11/08/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 11/08/2020.