LC
Eurasian Pygmy-owl Glaucidium passerinum



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Cramp, S.; Perrins, C. M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 23,700,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 500000-1199999 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.8 - - -

Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 99,600-195,000 pairs, which equates to 199,000-391,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms c. 35% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 570,000-1,120,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be fluctuating owing to fluctuations in rodent prey populations and weather conditions (del Hoyo et al. 1999). The European population is estimated to be stable (BirdLife International 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Austria N Extant Yes
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium V Extant Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
China (mainland) N Extant Yes
Croatia N Extant Yes
Czechia N Extant Yes
Denmark V Extant Yes
Estonia N Extant Yes
Finland N Extant Yes
France N Extant Yes
Germany N Extant Yes
Greece N Extant Yes
Italy N Extant Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Latvia N Extant Yes
Liechtenstein N Extant Yes
Lithuania N Extant Yes
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Norway N Extant Yes
Poland N Extant Yes
Romania N Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Serbia N Extant Yes
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
Sweden N Extant Yes
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Ukraine N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Czechia Sumava mountains (Bohemian forest)
Belarus Mid Prypiac'
Belarus Asvieja
Belarus Al'manskija baloty
Liechtenstein Garselli-Zigerberg, Alpengebiet
Estonia Põhja-Liivimaa
Bulgaria Central Balkan
Sweden Sjaunja
Sweden Lake Tämnaren
Sweden Färnebofjärden
Sweden Florarna
Sweden Båtfors – Bredfors
Sweden Hanveden – Hemfosa
Poland Bialowieza Forest
Poland Pisz forest
Poland Napiwodzko-Ramucka forest
Finland Köyliönjärvi and Pyhäjärvi lakes
Finland Koskeljärvi, Vaaljärvi and Pitkäjärvi lakes
Finland Pori archipelago and wetlands
Finland Hanko western archipelago
Finland Nuuksio
Finland Porvoonjoki Delta
Finland Torronsuo and Lake Talpianjärvi
Finland Talaskangas
Finland Merenkurkku archipelago
Finland Luoto archipelago
Finland Litokaira
Finland Valtavaara-Pyhävaara
Finland Oulanka-Sukerijärvi
Finland Syöte-Salmitunturi
Finland Elimyssalo
Finland Runkaus-Saariaapa-Tainijärvet
Finland Joutsenaapa-Kaita-aapa
Finland Luosto
Finland Maltio fjelds
Finland Värriö-Tuntsa
Finland Pallas and Ylläs fjelds
Finland Pomokaira-Koitelaiskaira
Finland Saariselkä and Koilliskaira
Ukraine Polis'kyi Nature Reserve
Ukraine Gorgany
France Massif des Vosges: Hautes Vosges
France Bois du Chapitre
France Forêts d'altitude du Jura : forêt du Risol et Mont d'Or
France Forêt d'altitude du Jura : forêt du Risoux
France Forêts d'altitude du Jura : forêt du Massacre
France Vallée du Haut-Guil
France Bois des Ayes
France Parc National du Mercantour
France Parc National des Ecrins
France Hauts Plateaux du Vercors et Forêt des Coulmes
France Parc National de la Vanoise
France Haute chaîne du Jura: défilé de l'écluse, Etournel et Mont Vuache
Italy Belluno Dolomites
Italy Adamello-Brenta
Italy Gran Paradiso
Italy Lessini and Pasubio mountains
Italy Carniche Alps
Italy Antigorio and Formazza valleys
Italy Anzasca and Antrona valleys
Italy Maritime Alps
Italy Orobie Alps and pre-Alps
Italy Stelvio National Park
Italy Mount Grappa
Italy Giulie Pre-Alps
Italy Dolomites
Latvia Ziemelu bogs
Serbia Uvac-Milesevka
Slovakia Velká Fatra
Austria Wachau
Austria Southern Waldviertel
Austria Allentsteig military training area
Austria Lower Kamp valley
Austria Western Waldviertel
Austria Ötscher-Dürrenstein
Austria Freiwald
Austria Bohemian forest and Mühl valley
Austria Northern Kalkalpen
Austria Salzach valley
Austria Hohe Tauern National Park
Austria Styrian Joglland
Austria Niedere Tauern
Austria Lower valley of the Gail
Austria Nockberge National Park
Austria Kaisergebirge
Austria Silvretta and Verwall
Austria Slope forests in the Klostertal
Poland Gorce mountains
Poland Bieszczady Mountains
Sweden Tärnan – Riala
Germany Erzgebirgskamm near Satzung
Germany Uhlstädt heathlands
Germany Berchtesgaden National Park
Germany Karwendel and Karwendel foothills
Germany Ammergau mountains
Germany Bayerischer Wald National Park with Arber region and Hohem Bogen
Germany Charlottenhofer Weihergebiet and Hirtlohweiher
Germany Rhön Biosphere Reserve
Germany Plothen ponds
Germany Vesser valley Biosphere Reserve
Germany Wurzelbergfarmde
Germany Assberg-Hasenleite
Germany Meura heathlands
Germany Westerzgebirge around Carlsfeld
Germany Eastern Erzgebirge around Fürstenau
Germany Sächsische Schweiz National Park
Germany Danube valley: Regensburg-Vilshofen
Germany Mangfall mountains and Rotwand area
Germany Nürnberger Reichswald
Germany Northern Steigerwald
Germany Manteler Forst
Germany Vogelsberg
Germany Knüll
Germany Burgwald
Germany Northern Black Forest, west of the Murg
Germany Northern Black Forest, east of the Murg
Germany Middle-eastern Black Forest
Germany Simonswald-Rohrhardsberg
Germany Schönbuch with Spitzberg
Germany Stromberg
Belarus Bielaviežškaja Pušča
Belarus Liebiadziny Moch
Estonia Haanja
Estonia Otepää
Estonia Luitemaa
Estonia Lahemaa
Estonia Väinameri
Czechia Trebonsko (Trebon region)
Czechia Beskydy mountains
Czechia Krivoklatsko (Krivoklatsko region)
Czechia The valley of the Otava a Vltava rivers
Russia (Central Asian) Zaikovo forest
Latvia Abeli
Latvia Gauja national park
Latvia Moricsala and Viskuzu sala
Latvia Orlovas bog
Latvia Teici and Pelecare bogs
Latvia Irbe valley and Dizpurvs
Latvia Ziemelgauja
Latvia Engure lake
Latvia Kemeri national park
Latvia Vecumi
Latvia Kuja
Latvia Pededze forest and Parabaine
Latvia Slitere and Zilie kalni
Latvia Stikli
Latvia Stompaku bogs
Latvia Rakupe and Pace
Latvia Mezole
Latvia Razna
Bulgaria Western Balkan
Bulgaria Slavyanka Mountain
Bulgaria Vitosha Mountain
Bulgaria Trigrad-Mursalitsa
France Bassin du Drugeon: Pontarlier-Frasne
France Haut Giffre
Mongolia Gorkhi-Terelj National Park
Lithuania Birzai forest
Czechia Boletice
Bulgaria Rila
Bulgaria Pirin
Bulgaria Western Rhodopes
Austria Fish-ponds in the Waldviertel
Austria Middle Kamp valley
Austria Thermenlinie
Austria Vienna forest
Italy Lagorai mountains
Austria Villacher Alpe-Dobratsch
Austria Karwendel
Austria Tyrolian Lech valley
Ukraine National Park Stara Guta
Sweden Sjöängen – Svartån
Poland Darzlubska Forest
Poland Lower Silesia Forests
Italy Grigne
Poland Karkonosze Mountains
Poland Stolowe Mountains
Poland Beskid Zywiecki Mountains
Poland Babia Gora Mountain
Poland Beskid Niski Mountains
Italy Val d'Ossola
Poland Pieniny Mountains
Italy Mont Blanc (Italian side)
Poland Tatra mountains
Slovenia Jelovica plateau
Slovenia Pohorje
Slovenia Grintovci
Slovenia Kočevsko
Russia (Asian) Sayanski canyon of the Enisey river
Slovakia Horna Orava
Croatia Plitvice Lakes National Park
Croatia Gorski Kotar and Northern Lika
Croatia Mount Velebit
Slovakia Nízke Tatry
Slovakia Volovské hills
Slovakia Tatry
Finland Patvinsuo National Park
Finland Linnansaari
Russia (Central Asian) East slope of the Northern Ural
Russia (Central Asian) Visimsky zapovednik and vicinity
Russia (Central Asian) Zapovednik "Denezhkin Kamen'"
Russia (Central Asian) East slope of the Northern Ural
Russia (Central Asian) Poyasovy Kamen' ridge
Russia (Central Asian) Kileinoye bog
Russia (Central Asian) Kuznetsky Alatau Zapovednik
Russia (Central Asian) Seketovo, Rakhtovo and Artevo lakes
Germany Harz National Park
Germany Northern Black Forest
Germany Vorderer Steigerwald - Windsheimer Bucht - Steigerwald-Vorland
Germany Murnauer Moos and Loisach-Kochel-Moore
Germany Military training area Munster-Nord
Germany Unterlüß / Kiehnmoor
Germany Military training area Bergen-Hohne
Germany Aschauteiche and Südheide
Germany Großes Moor near Gifhorn
Germany Solling
Germany Heathlands of Lieberose-Staakow-Reicherskreuz
Germany Niederlausitzer Heidegebiete
Germany Ragow-Mühlroser Heide
Germany Schlaubetal
Germany Central Black Forest
Germany Southern Black Forest
Germany Adelegg
Germany High alps of Allgäu
Germany Spessart
Germany Eastern Chiemgau Alps
Germany Wetterstein mountain range
Germany Military training area Hohenfels
Germany Military training area Grafenwöhr
Germany Southern Harz near Zorge
Germany Vogelsberg
Germany Hoher Meißner/Plesse-Konstein
Germany Spessart near Bad Orb
Germany Southern Sandstone-Odenwald
Germany Upper Harz mountains
Romania Defileul Superior al Mureşului
Romania Giurgeu Depression
Romania Călimani Mountains
Romania Ceahlă Mountains
Romania Frumoasa
Romania Rarău Mountains - Giumalău
Romania Retezat Mountains
Romania Rodnei Mountains
Romania Vrancea Mountains
Romania Padiş - Vlădeasa mountain
Poland Sudety Wałbrzysko-Kamiennogorskie Mountains
Lithuania Initial area of Aukstaitija NP
Lithuania Buda - Pravieniskes forest complex
Lithuania Zalioji & Gitenai forests complex
Mongolia Khan Khentii Strictly Protected Area
Poland Forest at Drawa River
Poland Slupia River Valley
Poland Lebork Forest
Poland Mirachowo Forest
Poland Augustów forest
Poland Biebrza river valley
Poland Knyszyn Forest
Poland Janów forests
Poland Roztocze
Poland Polica Mountain Range
Poland Przemysl Plateau
Poland Slonne Mountains
Poland Beskid Slaski Mountains
Poland Beskid Wyspowy Mountains
Poland Izerskie Mountains
Poland Poprad Site
Poland Siemianowka Reseirvoir
Slovenia Julijci
Slovenia Snežnik plateau and Pivka valley
Slovenia Trnovski gozd
Norway Reisa
Estonia Kikepera
Estonia Koorunõmme
Estonia Kärevere
Estonia Nõva-Osmussaar
Estonia Vilsandi archipelago
Estonia Agusalu
Estonia Alam-Pedja
Estonia Karula
Estonia Koigi
Greece Central Rodopi mountains and Nestos valley
Estonia Kõnnumaa-Väätsa
Estonia Kõrvemaa
Estonia Käntu-Kastja
Estonia Küdema bay
Estonia Meenikunno bog
Estonia Misso
Sweden Lake Gammelstadsviken
Kazakhstan Karakol Lake
Serbia Kopaonik
Serbia Mokra Gora
Serbia Tara mountain
Serbia Zlatar
Serbia Zlatibor

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Boreal suitable resident
Forest Temperate suitable resident
Shrubland Boreal suitable resident
Shrubland Temperate suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable resident
Altitude 250 - 2150 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Glaucidium passerinum. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 16/07/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 16/07/2020.