Eurasian Hobby Falco subbuteo


Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2021 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2013 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type Average mass -

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 52,600,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 49,300,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 900000-1500000 poor suspected 2020
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.8 - - -

Population justification: The European population is estimated at 140,000-219,000 pairs, which equates to 280,000-437,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International in prep.). Europe forms approximately 30% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 933,000-1,457,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed. The population is therefore placed in the band 900,000-1,500,000 mature individuals.

Trend justification: The population is declining locally owing to habitat loss (del Hoyo et al. 1994). For example, in North Africa a continuing population decline is inferred due to the observed degradation of open wooded habitats and observations from recent road census in Morocco (Garrido et al. in prep.). In Europe the population size is estimated to be stable (BirdLife International in prep.).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant
Andorra N Extant Yes
Angola N Extant
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Bahrain N Extant Yes
Bangladesh N Extant
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium N Extant Yes
Benin N Extant
Bhutan N Extant
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Botswana N Extant
Bulgaria N Extant Yes Yes
Burkina Faso N Extant
Burundi N Extant
Cameroon V Extant
Canada V Extant
Chad V Extant
China (mainland) N Extant Yes
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the N Extant
Côte d'Ivoire N Extant
Croatia N Extant Yes
Cyprus N Extant Yes Yes
Czechia N Extant Yes
Denmark N Extant Yes Yes
Djibouti N Extant
Egypt N Extant
Eritrea N Extant
Estonia N Extant Yes
Eswatini N Extant
Ethiopia N Extant
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) V Extant
Finland N Extant Yes Yes
France N Extant Yes Yes
Gabon N Extant
Gambia N Extant
Georgia N Extant Yes
Germany N Extant Yes Yes
Ghana V Extant
Gibraltar (to UK) N Extant
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Guam (to USA) U Extant
Guinea V Extant
Hong Kong (China) N Extant
Hungary N Extant Yes
Iceland V Extant
India N Extant Yes
Indonesia V Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Ireland N Extant
Israel N Extant Yes
Italy N Extant Yes Yes
Japan N Extant Yes
Jordan N Extant Yes Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant
Kuwait N Extant Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Laos N Extant
Latvia N Extant Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes Yes
Lesotho V Extant
Liberia N Extant
Libya N Extant
Liechtenstein N Extant Yes
Lithuania N Extant Yes
Luxembourg N Extant Yes
Malawi N Extant
Malaysia V Extant
Maldives N Extant
Mali N Extant
Malta N Extant Yes
Mauritania N Extant
Moldova N Extant Yes
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Morocco N Extant
Mozambique N Extant
Myanmar N Extant Yes
Namibia N Extant
Nepal N Extant Yes
Netherlands N Extant Yes
Nigeria N Extant
North Korea N Extant Yes
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Northern Mariana Islands (to USA) U Extant
Norway N Extant Yes
Oman N Extant Yes
Pakistan N Extant Yes
Palestine N Extant Yes
Poland N Extant Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Qatar N Extant Yes
Romania N Extant Yes Yes
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Rwanda N Extant
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes
Senegal V Extant
Serbia N Extant Yes
Seychelles N Extant
Singapore V Extant Yes
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes Yes
Somalia N Extant
South Africa N Extant
South Korea N Extant
South Sudan N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
Sudan N Extant
Sweden N Extant Yes
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes Yes
Taiwan, China V Extant
Tajikistan N Extant Yes
Tanzania N Extant
Thailand N Extant
Timor-Leste V Extant
Togo N Extant
Tunisia N Extant
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
Uganda N Extant
Ukraine N Extant Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes
United Kingdom N Extant Yes
USA V Extant
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes
Vietnam N Extant Yes
Yemen N Extant Yes
Zambia N Extant
Zimbabwe N Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Malta Buskett and Wied il-Luq
Azerbaijan Alty Agach area
Azerbaijan Akstafa-chai valley
Azerbaijan Barda tugai forest
Azerbaijan Kusari (Gusari) area
Azerbaijan Samur Delta
Azerbaijan Shamkhor area
Azerbaijan Vilajchai valley
Belarus Asvieja
Belarus Bielaje fish farm
Belarus Balota Jel'nia
Belarus Sož floodplain
Belarus Halubickaja Pušča
Belarus Kaz'jany
Belarus Vyhanaščanskija baloty
Belarus Biarezinski zapaviednik
Belarus Al'manskija baloty
Bulgaria Atanasovsko Lake
Romania Satchinez marsh
Romania Lake Taşaul
Romania Cefa fish-ponds and Radvani wood
Romania Stânca lake - Costeşti
Romania Miheşu de Câmpie-Taureni fish-ponds
Romania Danube Delta and Razelm-Sinoe complex
Romania Dobron forest
Slovenia Lake Cerknica
Slovenia Ribnica valley
Slovenia Nanoščica river basin
Belgium Gebieden ten noorden van Turnhout en Ravels
Belgium De Maatjes, Wuustwezel Heide en Groot Schietveld
Moldova Tigheci Forest
Moldova Purcari - Etulia
Moldova Congaz – Taraclia Lakes
Sweden Lake Åsnen
Sweden Lake Persöfjärden
Sweden Lake Solgen
Sweden Archipelago and coastline of North-East Scania
Sweden Lake Hornborga
Sweden Lake Hjälstaviken
Sweden Ledskär – Bay of Karlholm
Sweden Lake Tämnaren
Sweden Florarna
Sweden Lövsta Bight – Björn Archipelago
Sweden Dannemora
Sweden Lake Östra Styran
Sweden Bay of Kil
Poland Tuchola Forest
Poland Bialowieza Forest
Poland Obra river flood-plain
Poland Marshy Valley of the Narew River
Poland Nida Rivar Valley
Poland Parczew forests
Poland Przemysl Plateau
Poland Kampinos forest
Poland Pisz forest
Poland Luknajno lake
Poland Nietlice marshes
Poland Odra riverine forests
Poland Oak-hornbeam forests in the Odra valley
Poland Augustów forest
Poland Niepolomice forest
Poland Slupia River Valley
Poland Middle Warta River Valley
Poland Marshy valley of the Drweca river
Greece Axios, Loudias and Aliakmonas rivers' deltas
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary
Greece Mount Oiti
Greece Lefka Ori mountains, Crete
Greece Mount Peristeri
Greece Mount Gkiona
Greece Dionysades islets, Crete
Greece Mount Vourinos
Greece Aliakmonas gorge
Greece Kalamaki gorge and Zarkou mountains
Greece Kato Olympos, Tempi gorge and mount Ossa
Greece Filiouri valley and eastern Rodopi mountains
Greece Kompsatos valley
Greece Pineios delta
Greece Lower Kalamas gorge
Greece Mount Falakro
Greece Mount Chelmos (Aroania)
Greece Prespa National Park and Varnountas mountains
Greece Mount Mavrovouni, Larisa
Greece Reservoirs of former lake Karla
Greece Tsamanta, Filiata, Farmakovouni and Megali Rachi mountains
Greece Southwestern Lesvos and Petrified forest
Greece Mount Lepetymnos, Lesvos, and surrounding marine area
Greece Gera gulf, Ntipi and Charamida marshes, Lesvos
Greece Valtou mountains
Greece Mount Kantili
Greece Mount Itamos
Greece Acherontas gorge and estuary
Greece Mountains of Naxos
Greece Tzena and Pinovo mountains
Greece Acheloos valley
Greece Amvrakikos gulf
Greece Nea Fokaia marshes
Greece Kalloni Gulf, Lesvos
Greece Spercheios valley and delta and Maliakos gulf
Greece Mount Ochi and surrounding marine area
Greece Mount Voras (Kaïmaktsalan)
Greece Mount Beles (Kerkini)
Greece Mount Krousia (Mavrovouni and Dysoro)
Greece Lake Kerkini
Greece Mount Pangaio
Greece Lakes Cheimaditis and Zazari
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos gorge
Greece National Park of Dadia - Lefkimi - Soufli forest
Greece Barbas and Klokos mountains and Selinountas gorge
Greece Samothraki island
Greece Vouraïkos gorge and Kalavryta
Greece Lakes Volvi, Koroneia and Rentina Gorge
Finland Paimionlahti bay
Finland Köyliönjärvi and Pyhäjärvi lakes
Finland Puurijärvi-Isosuo wetlands
Finland Koskeljärvi, Vaaljärvi and Pitkäjärvi lakes
Finland Pori archipelago and wetlands
Finland Kirkkonummi archipelago
Finland Hanko western archipelago
Finland Tammisaari and Inkoo western archipelago
Finland Nuuksio
Finland Porvoonjoki Delta
Finland Teutjärvi and Suvijärvi lakes
Finland Kirkon-Vilkkiläntura Bay
Finland Itäinen Suomenlahti National Park
Finland Siikalahti bay and Sammallampi lake
Finland Torronsuo and Lake Talpianjärvi
Finland Koijärvi lake
Finland Kukkiajärvi lake
Finland Artjärvi wetlands
Finland Kangasala wetlands
Finland Keski-Kallavesi and Kuhanen Lake
Finland Talaskangas
Finland Maaninka wetlands
Finland Pitkäranta
Finland Patvinsuo National Park
Finland Outokumpu and Kaavi oligotrophic lakes
Finland Outokumpu wetlands
Finland Koitajoki area
Finland Alajoki
Finland Lålby fields
Finland Lapväärti wetlands
Finland Merenkurkku archipelago
Finland Ahmasjärvi lake
Finland Litokaira
Finland Olvassuo-Oravisuo-Näätäsuo-Sammakkosuo
Finland Oulanka-Sukerijärvi
Finland Rumala-Kuvaja-Oudonrimmet
Finland Kilsiaapa-Ristivuoma
Finland Martimoaapa-Lumiaapa-Penikat
Finland Veittiaapa-Ristiaapa
Finland Runkaus-Saariaapa-Tainijärvet
Finland Kemihaara (Vuotos) mires and forests
Hungary Szatmár-Bereg
Hungary Gerecse
Russia (European) Valley of Sysola river
Russia (European) Khoper Nature Reserve
Russia (European) Teberdinski Nature Reserve
Spain Hoya de Guadix
Spain River Moros
Ukraine Kyivs'ke reservoir
Ukraine Cape Martiyan
Ukraine Kanivs'kyi Nature Reserve
Ukraine Dniprovs'ko-Oril's'kyj Nature Reserve
Ukraine Pryp'yat' river valley
Ukraine Dnipro delta
Ukraine Turiya river valley
Ukraine Stokhod river valley
Ukraine Lyman lake
Ukraine Samars'kyj forest
Ukraine Kakhovs'ke reservoir (Kozats'ki islands)
Ukraine Bakhtyn river valley
Ukraine Dereluj river valley
Ukraine Molochna river valley
Ukraine Carpathian Vulkanichnyj Mountains
Ukraine Korostushevskoe Game Reserve
Ukraine Orikhivski lake-system
France Montagne de la Serre
France Barrage d'Artix et Saligue du Gave de Pau
France Arjuzanx
France Côte Médocaine: dunes boisées et dépressions humides
France Arrière Côte de Dijon et de Beaune
France Etangs d'Argonne
France Vallée de l'Aube, de la Superbe et Marigny
France Bassigny
France Brenne centrale
France Vallée de la Loire : confluence Loire-Vienne
France Basse vallée de L'Indre
France Vallée de la Loire : environs de Montlouis-sur-Loire
France Vallée du Fouzon
France Vallée du Régino
France Massifs de Fontainebleau et zones humides adjacentes
France Bassée et plaines adjacentes
France Marais de Fontenay-le-Vicomte et d'Itteville
France Bazoncourt-Vigy
France Massif du Canigou-Carança
France Etangs de Canet et de Villeneuve-de-la-Raho et embouchure du Tech
France Petite Camargue fluvio-lacustre
France Petite Camargue laguno-marine
France Plateau de Valensole
France Vallée de la Durance : de Tallard à Sisteron
France Vallée de la Charente et de la Seugne (Cabariot-Pons/St-Sever-de-Saintonge)
France Anse de Fouras, baie d'Yves et marais de Rochefort
France Ile d'Oléron, marais de Brouage-Saint-Agnant
France Le Pinail, Forêt de Moulière et bois du Défens
France Plaines de Mirebeau et de Neuville-du-Poitou
France Region de Pressac, étang de Combourg
France Marais arrières littoraux picards
France Etangs et marais du bassin de la Somme
France Marais de Sacy
France Marais de la Souche
France Forêt du Gavre
France Vallée de la Loire : de Nantes à Montsoreau
France Marais poitevin et baie de l'Aiguillon
France Val de Saône
France Plaine du Forez
France Pointe de Grave
France Queue de Brenne : Etang des Loges, Grand et Petit Mez
France Col de l'Escrinet
United Kingdom Dorset Heaths and Forests
United Kingdom New Forest
Italy Peloritani mountains
Italy Lakes Montepulciano and Chiusi
Italy Pian di Spagna and Lake Mezzola
Italy River Po: from the mouth of Adda river to Ostiglia
Italy Brabbia peatland, Lake Varese and Lake Biandronno
Italy River Po: from Ticino mouth to Adda mouth
Italy Piave river
Italy Valli di Argenta
Italy Circeo National Park
Italy River Biferno
Italy Cape Otranto and Cape Santa Maria di Leuca coast
Italy Costa Viola
Italy Ticino river
Italy Scrivia stream
Italy Magredi of Pordenone
Italy Finalese
Italy Maritime Alps
Italy Tolfa hills
Czechia Doupov hills
Sweden Lake Dättern
Serbia Subotica lakes and sandy terrain
Serbia Koviljski rit
Serbia Fruska gora
Serbia Zasavica
Serbia Obedska bara
Georgia Eastern Caucasus
Georgia Iori Region
Georgia Meskheti
Serbia Vršačke Planine
Serbia Valjevske mountains
Serbia Ovcar-Kablar gorge
Serbia Suva mountain
Serbia Zlot gorge--Dubasnica
Serbia Labudovo okno
Austria Southern Seewinkel and Zitzmannsdorfer Wiesen
Austria North-eastern Leithagebirge
Austria Zoological Gardens of Lainz
Austria March/Thaya riverine forest
Austria Steinfeld
Austria Thermenlinie
Austria Vienna forest
Austria Riverine forests in the Tullnerfeld
Austria Lösslandschaft and Wagram east of Krems
Austria Pielachtal
Austria Wachau
Austria Southern Waldviertel
Austria Middle Kamp valley
Austria Western Waldviertel
Austria Freiwald
Austria Bohemian forest and Mühl valley
Austria Lower course of the Traun
Austria Ibmer Moor
Austria Salzach valley
Austria Storage lakes on the lower Inn
Austria Styrian Joglland
Austria Unterlammer hill country
Austria South-east Styrian hill country
Austria Lower valley of the Gail
Austria Kaisergebirge
Austria Tyrolian Lech valley
Poland Gorce mountains
Poland Bieszczady Mountains
Germany Ponds and Elbe valley near Torgau
Germany Rhön Biosphere Reserve
Germany Schwalm-Nette-Platte and Grenzwald
Germany Niers valley
Germany Hellwegbörde
Germany Plothen ponds
Germany Saale-Elster valley
Germany Rötelsee-Weihergebiet incl. Regenaue and Chambaue
Germany Berchtesgaden National Park
Germany Altmühl valley between Treuchtlingen and Leutershausen with Altmühlsee
Germany Spreewald
Germany Wahner Heide
Germany Döberitzer Heide
Germany Bayerischer Wald National Park with Arber region and Hohem Bogen
Germany Lowlands of middle Havel
Germany Pressel wooded heath and mire
Germany Oberlausitz heathland and fishponds biosphere reserve
Germany Erzgebirgskamm near Satzung
Germany Isar valley: Gottfrieding - Plattling incl. Isar mouth
Germany Danube valley: Regensburg-Vilshofen
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Germany Niedervieland, Ochtumniederung
Germany Bastau lowlands
Germany Lower Rhine
Germany Heubachniederung/ Schwarzes Venn/ Borkenberge/ Halterner Seen
Germany Rieselfelder Münster
Germany Recker Moor/ Düsterdieker Niederung/ Seester Feld
Germany Medebacher Bucht
Germany Sennelager training area
Germany Oppenweher Moor
Germany Emsaue (Rietberger Emsniederung - Steinhorster Becken)
Germany Valley of River Ems
Germany Lower Aller lowlands
Germany Diepholzer Moorniederung and Siedener Moor
Germany Tinner Dose and Staverner Dose
Germany Elbe lowlands between Schnackenburg and Lauenburg
Germany Heerter See
Germany Unteres Rhinluch-Dreetzer See / Havelländisches Luch / Belziger Landschaftswiesen
Germany Nürnberger Reichswald
Germany Lech-Donau-Winkel: Lechstausee Feldheim and Donaustausee Bertoldsheim
Germany Donau-Auen and Donau-Ried: Höchstädt - Donauwörth
Germany Main valley: Eltmann - Hassfurt
Germany Vogelfreistätte Alter and Neuer See
Germany Fiener Bruch
Germany Military training area east and west of Jüterbog
Germany North-eastern lower Harz mountains
Germany Northern Steigerwald
Germany Rhein: Greffern-Murgmündung-Neuburgweier
Germany Wulfener Bruch and Teichgebiet Osternienburg
Germany Hudewälder northeast of Haldensleben
Germany Duvenstedter Brook
Germany Waldeck upland
Germany Rhäden near Obersuhl and Bosserode
Germany Hessian Rhine alluvion
Germany Northern Black Forest, west of the Murg
Germany Northern Black Forest, east of the Murg
Germany Untersee of Lake Constance
Germany Schwarza and Schlücht valleys
Germany South-eastern Alb and Upper Danube valley
Germany Kaiserstuhl
Germany Orchards and oakwoods near Filderstadt and Echterdingen
Norway Lake Vansjø
Belarus Polesie Reserve
Belarus Liebiadziny Moch
Belarus Balota Zvaniec
Belarus Janka river floodplain
Russia (Central Asian) Intenis Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Yarovskoe marsh
Russia (Central Asian) Sources of the Bolshaya Karaganka and Syntasty rivers
Russia (Central Asian) Togusak valley
Russia (European) Dedinovo flood-plain of Oka river
Russia (Central Asian) Ir valley
Russia (European) Podozerskie open pits
Russia (Central Asian) Parshivye mountains
Russia (Central Asian) Cheka mountain
Russia (Central Asian) Kuznetsky Alatau Zapovednik
Russia (Central Asian) Flood-plain of river Irtysh near village Atak
Russia (Central Asian) Shestakovskiye marshes
Bulgaria Western Balkan
Bulgaria Provadiysko-Royaksko plateau
Bulgaria Ivailovgrad Reservoir
Bulgaria Kaliakra
Bulgaria Emine
Bulgaria Galata
Bulgaria Strandzha
Bulgaria Batova
Bulgaria Bakarlaka
Bulgaria Balchik
Bulgaria Vrachanski Balkan
Bulgaria Sredna Gora
Bulgaria Rila
Bulgaria Pirin
Bulgaria Besaparski Hills
Bulgaria Kamenski Bair
Bulgaria Ludogorie
Bulgaria Western Rhodopes
Bulgaria Western Strandzha
Bulgaria Karlukovski Karst
Bulgaria Arda Bridge
Bulgaria Melnik Pyramids
Bulgaria Dobrostan
Bulgaria Slavyanka Mountain
Bulgaria Trigrad-Mursalitsa
Bulgaria Mikre Meadows
Bulgaria Mesta Valley
Bulgaria Studenets
Bulgaria Zlato Pole
Bulgaria Adata-Tundzha
Bulgaria Obnova Fish-ponds
Bulgaria Devetashko Plateau
Bulgaria Ruy Mountain
Bulgaria Kamchia Complex
France Haute Soule : Forêt d'Irraty, Organbidexka et Pic des Escaliers
France Col de Lizarrieta
France Vallée de la Nive des Aldudes-Col de Lindux
France Vallée de l'Aisne
France Etang de Lindre
France Etangs Montpellierains
France Basse Vallée de la Durance
France Préalpes de Grasse
France Vallée de la Charente : amont d'Angoulême
France Plaine de Saint-Jean-de-Sauves
France Estuaire de la Loire
France Baie de Bourgneuf et marais breton
France Basses Vallées Angevines
France Val d'Allier Bourbonnais
France Haut Val d'Allier
France Gorges de la Sioule
France Planèze de Saint-Flour
France Vallée de la Loire : gorges de la Loire
France Les Couzes Nord
France Les Couzes Sud
France Champ de Tir du Poteau
France Domaine d'Orx
France Forêt de Citeaux et environs
France Forêt de Châtillon et environs
France Baie des Veys et Marais du Cotentin
France Baie du Mont Saint Michel et Ile des Landes
France Lacs de la Forêt d'Orient
France Forêt d'Orléans: massifs d'Ingrannes et de Lorris
France Etangs de la Woëvre: lac de Madine
France Val de Chiers et environs de Spincourt
France Forêt de la Reine
France Gorges de la Dordogne
France Parc National des Cévennes
France Vallée de la Garonne : Boussens à Carbonne
France Vallée de la Garonne : Palayre et environs
France Moyenne Vallée de la Durance
France Bonne Anse
France Plaine de Niort (sud-est)
France Plaine de Niort (nord-ouest)
France Plaine de Villefagnan
France Lac de Grand-Lieu
France Plaine calcaire du sud Vendée
France Ile de la Platière
France Lac et marais du Bourget
France Val d'Allier : Saint-Yorre-Joze
Bulgaria Belite Skali
Bulgaria Suha Reka
Russia (European) Kamsko-Bakaldinskiye marshes
Russia (European) Floodplain of Pjana river near village Sarga
Russia (European) Floodplain of Moksha river and Common Crane autumn aggegation near villages Khohlikha and Shaprikha
Russia (Central Asian) Seketovo, Rakhtovo and Artevo lakes
Russia (European) Forest in the middle reaches of Serezha river
Russia (Central Asian) Solenoye lake
Austria Surroundings of Mattersburg
Austria Parndorfer Platte and Heideboden
Austria Lobau
Austria Riverine forests on the Danube east of Vienna
Austria Feuchte Ebene and Rauchwarther Platte
Austria Lower Kamp valley
Austria Allentsteig military training area
Austria Styrian Enns valley
Austria Karwendel
Austria Inn valley between Stams and Haiming
Ukraine Desna river part of National Nature Park "Desnyans'ko-Staroguts'kyj"
Ukraine National Park Stara Guta
Ukraine Reservoir on r. Chechva with territories adjacent
Ukraine Voloshans'ka dacha
Ukraine Dneaster Landscope Park
Ukraine Komisarovskyj Forest
Jordan Dana
Kazakhstan Topar Lake System
Sweden Lake Vendel
Italy River Po: from Ticino mouth to Boscone island
Sweden Bog of Komosse
Sweden Bog of Dumme
Turkmenistan Badhyz
Russia (European) Gunibskoye plateau
Lebanon Shouf Cedars Nature Reserve
Finland Maltio fjelds
Finland Oulu region wetlands
Finland Närängänvaara-Virmajoki-Romevaara
Finland Haapavesi wetlands
Finland Värtsilä valley
Finland Päätyeenlahti bay
Finland Ruunaa
Finland Linnansaari
Finland Hollola wetlands
Finland Kirkkojärvi lake and Lupinlahti bay
Finland Pernaja outer archipelago
Finland Laajalahti bay, Vanhankaupunginlahti bay and Viikki
Finland Oura and Enskeri archipelagos
Russia (European) Schuch'i Gori area
Russia (European) Kuplongskaya
Russia (European) Bylinskaya
Germany Hohe Geest near Himbergen / Bad Bodenteich
Germany Nemitzer Heide
Germany Wutach ravine
Germany Eschebrügger Wösten
Germany Huvenhoopsmor and Breddorfer Wiesen
Germany Hildesheim forest
Germany Großes Moor near Gifhorn
Germany Esterweger Dose
Germany Heathlands of Lieberose-Staakow-Reicherskreuz
Germany Northern Black Forest
Germany Mittlere Schwäbische Alb with Albuch, Härtsfeld and Schmiechener See
Germany Bodanrück and Mindelsee
Germany Oppenweher Moor
Germany Colblitz-Letzlinger Heide
Germany Rhine flats between mouth of Rench and mouth of Murg
Germany Rhine flats Elchesheim-Karlsruhe
Germany Southern Black Forest
Germany Altengrabower Heide
Germany Zschornoer Heide
Germany Forests of Lauenburg
Germany Davert
Germany Aukrug Nature Park
Germany Kühren Teich and Lanker See
Belarus Dniepr floodplain Lojeŭ-Žary
Kazakhstan Chokpak Pass
Poland Omulew and Plodownica Rivers Valleys
Poland Biala Forest
Poland Beskid Zywiecki Mountains
Poland Widawa and Olesnica River Valley
Poland Vistula Spit
Poland Hel Peninsula
Poland Sudety Wałbrzysko-Kamiennogorskie Mountains
Belarus Braslav lakes
Serbia Gornje Podunavlje
Serbia Karadjordjevo
Serbia Titelski breg
Serbia Carska bara
Serbia Jegricka
Serbia Becej fish-pond
Serbia Okanj I Rusanda
Serbia Slano Kopovo
Serbia Bosutska forest
Serbia Cer mountain
Serbia Usce Save u Dunav
Serbia Deliblatska pescara
Serbia Stara mountains
Serbia Vlasina
Serbia Pcinja
Serbia Kopaonik
Serbia Golija
Serbia Pester
Serbia Uvac-Milesevka
Serbia Gornje Pomoravlje
Serbia Tara mountain
Serbia Mala Vrbica
Serbia Derdap gorge
Kazakhstan Ili River Delta
Estonia Agusalu
Estonia Alam-Pedja
Estonia Haanja
Estonia Karula
Estonia Kasti bay
Estonia Kikepera
Greece Antikythira island and surrounding islets
Estonia Koorunõmme
Estonia Irbe strait
Estonia Kõnnumaa-Väätsa
Estonia Kõrvemaa
Estonia Lahemaa
Estonia Luitemaa
Kazakhstan Kaundy Depression
Kazakhstan Zhusandala
Kazakhstan Ereymentau Mountains
Kazakhstan Kyzylkol Lake
Kazakhstan Ertis Ormany (Shaldai Forest)
Kazakhstan Ulytau Mountains
Kazakhstan Syrdarya Delta Lakes
Kazakhstan Chingiztau Mountains
Kazakhstan Zhagalbayly and Tuyemoynak Hills
Kazakhstan Karabas Mountains
Kazakhstan Arkaly Mountains
Kazakhstan Karagie Depression
Kazakhstan Karakol Lake
Kazakhstan Shoshkakol Lakes

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable resident
Forest Boreal suitable breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major non-breeding
Forest Temperate suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Savanna Dry major non-breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent/Irregular Rivers/Streams/Creeks suitable breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits (max) 4000 m

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Agro-industry farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Indirect ecosystem effects, Ecosystem degradation
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Species mortality
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Unintentional effects (species is not the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Indirect ecosystem effects, Species mortality
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting - Unintentional effects: (large scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Ecosystem degradation
Energy production & mining Renewable energy Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Species mortality
Human intrusions & disturbance Work & other activities Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Species disturbance
Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases Problematic native species/diseases - Accipiter gentilis Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Indirect ecosystem effects, Reduced reproductive success, Species mortality
Pollution Agricultural & forestry effluents - Herbicides and pesticides Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Indirect ecosystem effects
Transportation & service corridors Roads & railroads Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Species mortality

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Food - human - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Falco subbuteo. Downloaded from on 26/11/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 26/11/2022.