LC
Eurasian Green Woodpecker Picus viridis



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2013 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type Average mass 176 g
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 11,800,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 1200000-2299999 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Increasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.6 - - -

Population justification: The European population is estimated at 587,000-1,050,000 pairs, which equates to 1,180,000-2,120,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms c.95% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 1,240,000-2,230,000 mature individuals although further validation of this estimate is needed.

Trend justification: The European population trend increased moderately between 1980 and 2013 (EBCC 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Albania N Extant Yes
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium N Extant Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
Croatia N Extant Yes
Czechia N Extant Yes
Denmark N Extant Yes
Estonia N Extant Yes
Finland V Extant Yes
France N Extant Yes
Georgia N Extant Yes
Germany N Extant Yes
Gibraltar (to UK) V Extant Yes
Greece N Extant Yes
Hungary N Extant Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Ireland V Extant Yes
Italy N Extant Yes
Latvia N Extant Yes
Liechtenstein N Extant Yes
Lithuania N Extant Yes
Luxembourg N Extant Yes
Malta V Extant Yes
Moldova N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Netherlands N Extant Yes
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Norway N Extant Yes
Poland N Extant Yes
Romania N Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Serbia N Extant Yes
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
Sweden N Extant Yes
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Turkey N Extant Yes
Ukraine N Extant Yes
United Kingdom N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Czechia Trebonsko (Trebon region)
Serbia Bosutska forest
Serbia Subotica lakes and sandy terrain
Serbia Koviljski rit
Serbia Deliblatska pescara
Serbia Vršačke Planine
Serbia Obedska bara
Serbia Resava gorge
Serbia Zlot gorge--Dubasnica
Serbia Fruska gora
Azerbaijan Karayazi forest
Azerbaijan Alazani river valley
Azerbaijan Alty Agach area
Azerbaijan Akstafa-chai valley
Azerbaijan Astara-chai valley
Azerbaijan Barda tugai forest
Azerbaijan Ilisu area
Azerbaijan Ismailly area
Azerbaijan Kusari (Gusari) area
Azerbaijan Samur Delta
Azerbaijan Shamkhor area
Azerbaijan Vilajchai valley
Belarus Biarezinski zapaviednik
Belarus Mid Prypiac'
Belarus Lower Pripyat
Belarus Bielaje fish farm
Belarus Zachodniaja Biarezina
Belarus Al'manskija baloty
Lithuania Cepkeliai Strict Nature Reserve
Bulgaria Ropotamo Complex
Bulgaria Emine
Bulgaria Central Balkan
Bulgaria Kresna Gorge
Bulgaria Ponor
Bulgaria Kamchiyska Mountain
Romania Satchinez marsh
Romania Dobron forest
Slovenia Nanoščica river basin
Slovenia Kočevsko
Slovenia River Drava
Slovenia River Mura
Slovenia Goričko
Slovenia Krakovo forest and Šentjernej plain
Sweden Kullaberg
Sweden Florarna
Poland Slupia River Valley
Poland Middle Warta River Valley
Poland Parczew forests
Poland Biala Forest
Poland Pisz forest
Poland Augustów forest
Poland Niepolomice forest
Poland Omulew and Plodownica Rivers Valleys
Greece National Park of Dadia - Lefkimi - Soufli forest
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Filiouri valley and eastern Rodopi mountains
Greece Kompsatos valley
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos gorge
Greece Central Rodopi mountains and Nestos valley
Greece Lake Kerkini
Greece Mount Beles (Kerkini)
Greece Mount Pangaio
Greece Mount Krousia (Mavrovouni and Dysoro)
Greece Mount Cholomontas
Greece Tzena and Pinovo mountains
Greece Mount Voras (Kaïmaktsalan)
Greece Lakes Cheimaditis and Zazari
Greece Mount Grammos
Greece Mount Vourinos
Greece Tymfi (Gkamila) and Smolikas mountains
Greece Central Zagori and mount Mitsikeli
Greece Antichasia mountains and Meteora
Greece Mount Kerketio (Koziakas)
Greece Kato Olympos, Tempi gorge and mount Ossa
Greece Mount Mavrovouni, Larisa
Greece Athamanika mountains (Tzoumerka)
Greece Acheloos valley
Greece Mount Vardousia
Greece Mount Gkiona
Greece Mount Parnassos
Greece Mount Oiti
Greece Mount Othrys
Greece Vouraïkos gorge and Kalavryta
Greece Lake Stymfalia
Greece Mounts Orliakas and Tsourgiakas
Greece Mount Falakro
Greece Agrafa mountains
Greece Mount Kyllini (Ziria)
Greece Mount Chelmos (Aroania)
Greece Mount Erymanthos
Greece Valtou mountains
Greece Northern Evros and Ardas riparian forest
Greece South forest complex of Evros prefecture
Greece Dadia - Dereio - Aisymi forest
Hungary Borsodi-Mezőség
Hungary Szatmár-Bereg
Hungary Inner Somogy
France Forêt de Jugny
France Forêt de Citeaux et environs
France Forêt de Châtillon et environs
France Forêt de Chaux
France Etangs de la Woëvre: lac de Madine
France Val de Chiers et environs de Spincourt
France Plaine des Maures
France Marais de Sacy
United Kingdom Dorset Heaths and Forests
Italy Antigorio and Formazza valleys
Italy Val Grande
Italy Gran Paradiso
Italy Susa and Chisone valleys
Italy Mount Beigua
Italy Pian di Spagna and Lake Mezzola
Italy Grigne
Italy Brabbia peatland, Lake Varese and Lake Biandronno
Italy River Mincio and Bosco Fontana
Italy River Po: from Ticino mouth to Adda mouth
Italy Stelvio National Park
Italy Adamello-Brenta
Italy Lagorai mountains
Italy Lessini and Pasubio mountains
Italy Carniche Alps
Italy Tarvisio Forest
Italy Piave river
Italy Taro river
Italy Valli di Argenta
Italy Apennines from Passo del Cerreto to Monte Caligi
Italy Migliarino-San Rossore
Italy Farma valley
Italy Laga mountains
Italy Rieti mountains
Italy Vico lake
Italy Lake Bracciano and surrounding areas
Italy Alburni mountains
Italy Mount Cervati
Italy Sila Grande
Italy Ticino river
Italy Foreste Casentinesi
Italy Litorale Romano
Italy River Po from Dora Baltea mouth to Scrivia mouth
Italy Cividalese and upper Torre valley
Italy Finalese
Italy Mont Blanc (Italian side)
Czechia Krkonose mountains (Giant mountains)
Czechia Poodri
Czechia Beskydy mountains
Czechia Krivoklatsko (Krivoklatsko region)
Czechia Hermansky stav-Odra-Poolsi wetlands
Serbia Zasavica
Serbia Cer mountain
Serbia Valjevske mountains
Serbia Tara mountain
Serbia Ovcar-Kablar gorge
Serbia Uvac-Milesevka
Serbia Kopaonik
Serbia Prokletije
Slovakia Slanské hills
Slovakia Slovenský karst
Slovakia Malé Karpaty
Slovakia Tríbec
Slovakia Bukovské hills
Serbia Sara mountain
Serbia Pcinja
Serbia Vlasina
Serbia Jerma
Serbia Suva mountain
Austria Parndorfer Platte and Heideboden
Austria North-eastern Leithagebirge
Austria Surroundings of Mattersburg
Austria Zoological Gardens of Lainz
Austria Lobau
Austria March/Thaya riverine forest
Austria Riverine forests on the Danube east of Vienna
Austria Steinfeld
Austria Thermenlinie
Austria Vienna forest
Austria Western Weinviertel
Austria Central Marchfeld
Austria Riverine forests in the Tullnerfeld
Austria Lösslandschaft and Wagram east of Krems
Austria Pielachtal
Austria Wachau
Austria Southern Waldviertel
Austria Allentsteig military training area
Austria Middle Kamp valley
Austria Lower Kamp valley
Austria Fish-ponds in the Waldviertel
Austria Western Waldviertel
Austria Niederösterreichische Randalpen
Austria Ötscher-Dürrenstein
Austria Machland
Austria Freiwald
Austria Bohemian forest and Mühl valley
Austria Northern Kalkalpen
Austria Lower course of the Traun
Austria Ibmer Moor
Austria Salzach valley
Austria Storage lakes on the lower Inn
Austria Meadows and lakes in the foreland of the Alps in Salzburg and Upper Austria
Austria Hohe Tauern National Park
Austria Styrian Joglland
Austria Unterlammer hill country
Austria South-east Styrian hill country
Austria Lower Mur valley
Austria Styrian Enns valley
Austria Niedere Tauern
Austria Villacher Alpe-Dobratsch
Austria Lower valley of the Gail
Austria Nockberge National Park
Austria Kaisergebirge
Austria Tyrolian Lech valley
Austria Silvretta and Verwall
Austria Slope forests in the Klostertal
Austria Delta of the Rhine
Austria Feuchte Ebene and Rauchwarther Platte
Switzerland Klingnau reservoir
Switzerland Lake Neuchâtel: southern shore
Switzerland Lake Geneva: Grangettes
Switzerland Lake Geneva: Versoix and Hermance to Geneva
Switzerland River Rhone: Geneva to Verbois reservoir
Switzerland Bolle di Magadino
Switzerland Mont Tendre
Switzerland La Brévine and Les Ponts-de-Martel
Switzerland Jura mountains of Baselland - Solothurn
Switzerland Lowlands of Zurich and lower valley of the river Thur
Switzerland 'Grosses Moos' plain and Niederried reservoir
Switzerland Pre-alpine region of Pays d'Enhaut
Switzerland Pre-alpine region of Gurnigel
Switzerland Augstmatthorn
Switzerland Upper Toggenburg and Säntis
Switzerland Central Valais between Sierre and Visp
Switzerland Valley of Zermatt
Switzerland Aletsch region
Switzerland Heinzenberg mountain and surrounding valleys
Switzerland Lower Engadine and Swiss National Park
Switzerland Simplon region
Switzerland Maggia valley
Switzerland Piora - Dötra
Switzerland Bregaglia valley
Switzerland Pre-alpine region of Schwyz
Switzerland Generoso mountain
Germany Grosser Plöner See
Germany Aukrug Nature Park
Germany Lauenburgische Seen Nature Park and Schaalsee area
Germany Elbe lowlands between Schnackenburg and Lauenburg
Germany Steinhuder Meer
Germany Ostenholzer Moor and Meissendorfer Teiche
Germany Lower Aller lowlands
Germany Barnbruch
Germany Drömling (Niedersachsen)
Germany Bastau lowlands
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Germany Federseeried
Germany Main valley near Volkach: Fahr-Dettelbach
Germany Altmühl valley between Treuchtlingen and Leutershausen with Altmühlsee
Germany Donau-Auen and Donau-Ried: Höchstädt - Donauwörth
Germany Lech-Donau-Winkel: Lechstausee Feldheim and Donaustausee Bertoldsheim
Germany Danube valley: Regensburg-Vilshofen
Germany Isar valley: Gottfrieding - Plattling incl. Isar mouth
Germany Vesser valley Biosphere Reserve
Germany Ploetzkau flood-plain forest
Germany Saale-Elster valley
Germany Ponds and Elbe valley near Torgau
Germany Rhön Biosphere Reserve
Germany Wahner Heide
Germany Sennelager training area
Germany Landgraben and Dumme lowlands
Germany Upper Aller lowlands
Germany Nürnberger Reichswald
Germany Vorderer Steigerwald - Windsheimer Bucht - Steigerwald-Vorland
Germany North-eastern lower Harz mountains
Germany Northern Steigerwald
Germany Hudewälder northeast of Haldensleben
Germany High Westerwald around Driedorf
Germany Gladenbach mountains east of Herborn
Germany Burgwald
Germany Hessian Rhine alluvion
Germany Eder alluvion
Germany Twiste reservior
Germany Northern Black Forest, west of the Murg
Germany Northern Black Forest, east of the Murg
Germany Schiltach and Berneck valleys, near Schramberg
Germany Schönbuch with Spitzberg
Germany Orchards and vineyards between Waldhausen and Geradstetten
Germany Wutach ravine
Germany Orchards and oakwoods near Filderstadt and Echterdingen
Germany Lüneburger Heide
Iran, Islamic Republic of Dasht-e Naz Wildlife Refuge
Iran, Islamic Republic of Alborz-e Markazi Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Golestan
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Zaribar
Iran, Islamic Republic of Oshtrankuh Protected Area
Germany Forests of Lauenburg
Germany Retzower Heide
Germany Forests south of Wolfsburg
Germany Davert
Germany Eder alluvion
Germany Neckar oxbows in the Hessian Ried
Germany Hedges and orchards areas in the Lumda valley
Germany Orchards in the Wetterau
Germany Northern Black Forest
Germany Central Black Forest
Italy Gran Sasso and Laga mountains
Belarus Prypiackija baloty
Belarus Prostyr
Estonia Otepää
Bulgaria Kaliakra
Bulgaria Vrachanski Balkan
Bulgaria Sredna Gora
Bulgaria Rila
Bulgaria Pirin
Bulgaria Besaparski Hills
Bulgaria Sinite Kamani-Grebenets
Bulgaria Kamenski Bair
Bulgaria Galata
Bulgaria Ludogorie
Bulgaria Western Rhodopes
Bulgaria Western Strandzha
Bulgaria Karlukovski Karst
Bulgaria Zvanichevo Fish-ponds
Bulgaria Arda Bridge
Bulgaria Melnik Pyramids
Bulgaria Dobrostan
Bulgaria Bakarlaka
Bulgaria Batova
Bulgaria Mikre Meadows
Bulgaria Slavyanka Mountain
Bulgaria Osogovo Mountain
Bulgaria Vitosha Mountain
Bulgaria Trigrad-Mursalitsa
Bulgaria Palakaria
Bulgaria Zlato Pole
Bulgaria Maritsa-Parvomay
Bulgaria Adata-Tundzha
Bulgaria Vasilyovska Mountain
Bulgaria Nikopolsko Plateau
Bulgaria Belite Skali
Bulgaria Rupite
Bulgaria Devetashko Plateau
Bulgaria Ruy Mountain
Bulgaria Zemen Gordge
Austria Karwendel
Austria Inn valley between Stams and Haiming
Poland Wizna Swamps
Poland Upper Nurzec River Valley
Poland Middle Odra River Valley
Poland Darzlubska Forest
Poland Beskid Zywiecki Mountains
Poland Slawskie Lakes
Slovenia Slovenske gorice
Slovenia Dravinja valley
Poland Lower Sola River Valley
Italy Val d'Ossola
Italy River Po: from Ticino mouth to Boscone island
Luxembourg Region of Mompach, Manternach, Bech and Osweiler
Luxembourg Esch/Alzette South-east
Luxembourg Region of Schuttrange, Canach, Lenningen and Gostingen
Luxembourg Valley of Trintange
Luxembourg Mines of the region of Differdange
Armenia Dsegh
Moldova Dniester River between Naslavcea - Soroca
Armenia Haghartsin
Russia (European) Utrish Reserve and adjacent coastal waters
Estonia Väinameri
Serbia Toplica
Serbia Stara mountains

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Forest Temperate suitable resident
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable resident
Shrubland Temperate suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 3000 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Picus viridis. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/05/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/05/2020.