Eurasian Golden Plover Pluvialis apricaria


Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Cramp, S.; Perrins, C. M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 11,100,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 11,700,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 1300000-1750000 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Increasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.2 - - -

Population justification: The European population is estimated at 630,000-860,000 pairs, which equates to 1,260,000-1,720,000 mature individuals or 1,890,000-2,600,000 individuals (BirdLife International 2015). The population is therefore placed in the band 1,300,000-1,750,000 individuals.

Trend justification: The European population trend is estimated to be increasing (BirdLife International 2015).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Albania N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant
Armenia N Extant
Austria N Extant
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Bahrain V Extant Yes
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium N Extant Yes Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
Canada V Extant
Croatia N Extant
Cyprus N Extant Yes
Czechia N Extant Yes
Denmark N Extant Yes Yes
Egypt N Extant
Estonia N Extant Yes
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) N Extant Yes
Finland N Extant Yes Yes
France N Extant Yes Yes
Gambia V Extant
Germany N Extant Yes Yes
Ghana V Extant
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Greenland (to Denmark) N Extant Yes
Hungary N Extant Yes
Iceland N Extant Yes
India V Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Iraq V Extant Yes
Ireland N Extant Yes Yes
Israel N Extant
Italy N Extant Yes Yes
Jordan V Extant
Kazakhstan N Extant
Latvia N Extant Yes Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes Yes
Libya N Extant
Liechtenstein V Extant
Lithuania N Extant Yes Yes
Luxembourg N Extant
Malta N Extant Yes
Mauritania V Extant
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Morocco N Extant
Netherlands N Extant Yes
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Norway N Extant Yes Yes
Oman N Extant Yes
Pakistan V Extant
Palestinian Authority Territories N Extant Yes Yes
Poland N Extant Yes Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Romania N Extant Yes Yes
Russia N Extant Yes Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes Yes
São Tomé e Príncipe N Extant
Saudi Arabia V Extant Yes
Senegal V Extant
Serbia N Extant Yes
Sierra Leone V Extant
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
St Pierre and Miquelon (to France) V Extant Yes
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) N Extant Yes
Sweden N Extant Yes Yes
Switzerland N Extant
Syria N Extant Yes Yes
Tunisia N Extant
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes
United Kingdom N Extant Yes Yes
USA V Extant
Western Sahara V Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Belarus Liasnaja river
Belgium Polderkomplex
Denmark Coast between Dokkedal and Lyngså
Denmark Dråby Vig and Buksør Odde
Denmark Eastern part of Vejlerne
Denmark Glomstrup Vig, Agerø, Munkholm and Katholm Odde, Lindholm, and Rotholme
Denmark Odense Fjord
Denmark Råbjerg Mile and surrounding heathlands
Denmark Ribe Holme and meadows at Kongeåen
Denmark Sjørring Sø
Denmark Tøndermarsken, Magisterkog and Rudbøl Sø
Denmark Ulvedybet and Nibe Bredning
Denmark Vadehavet (Wadden Sea)
Estonia Lavassaare
Estonia Marimetsa-Õmma
Estonia Muraka
Estonia Nätsi-Võlla
Estonia Soomaa
Estonia Tuhu-Kesu
Finland Käsivarsi fjelds
Finland Kevo
Finland Lemmenjoki-Hammastunturi-Pulju
Finland Pallas and Ylläs fjelds
Finland Saariselkä and Koilliskaira
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais de la rive nord
France Petite Beauce
France Plateau de Bellefonds
France Vallée de la Conie et Beauce centrale
Germany Aland-Elbe lowlands
Germany Altmühl valley between Treuchtlingen and Leutershausen with Altmühlsee
Germany Blockland - lower Wümme valley - Westliches Hollerland
Germany Coast and lagoons of Western Pomerania
Germany Danube valley: Neu-Ulm - Lauingen incl. Faiminger Stausee, Donau-Moos, and Gundelfinger Moos
Germany Diepholzer Moorniederung and Siedener Moor
Germany Donau-Auen and Donau-Ried: Höchstädt - Donauwörth
Germany Dosse-Jäglitz lowlands
Germany Drömling (Sachsen-Anhalt)
Germany Elbe marshes between Stade and Otterndorf
Germany Elbe valley of Mecklenburg
Germany Engerhafer Meede
Germany Esterweger Dose
Germany Farmlands Lich-Utphe
Germany Fiener Bruch
Germany Georgsdorfer and Dalum-Wietmarscher Moor and Alte Piccardie
Germany Greifswalder Bodden
Germany Hellwegbörde
Germany Krummhörn-Westermarsch
Germany Lewitz
Germany Lower Elbe valley
Germany Lower Inn: Haiming - Neuhaus including the Neuhaus, Egglfing, Ering, and Simbach reservoirs
Germany Lower Rhine
Germany Lower Saxony Wadden Sea National Park
Germany Lowlands of the Rivers Eider, Treene and Sorge
Germany Maifeld Kaan-Lonnig
Germany Mecklenburgische Schweiz
Germany Mittelwesermarsch
Germany Niedervieland, Ochtumniederung
Germany Oberes Rhinluch / Havelländisches Luch Nauen-Friesack
Germany Oberwesterwald, incl. Westerwald lake area and Neunkhausener Plateau
Germany Orsfeld (Bitburger Gutland)
Germany Ostfriesische Meere
Germany Ponds and Elbe valley near Torgau
Germany Randow-Welse-Bruch / Uckermärkische Agrarlandschaft
Germany Rheiderland
Germany Rötelsee-Weihergebiet incl. Regenaue and Chambaue
Germany Schleswig-Holstein Wadden Sea National Park (includes the Halligs, Kniepsand/Amrum, Lister Koog, Rantumbecken, Rickelsb
Germany Schwalmaue around Schwalmstadt
Germany Unteres Rhinluch-Dreetzer See / Havelländisches Luch / Belziger Landschaftswiesen
Germany Upper and middle reaches of river Krückau with tributaries
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Germany Weserstaustufe Schlüsselburg
Germany Wittmund-Wangerland
Germany Zerbster Land
Ireland Ballymacoda
Ireland Connemara Bogs (south-east), including Roundstone Bog
Ireland Dundalk Bay
Ireland Lough Foyle
Ireland Lough Nillan bog
Ireland Owenduff River catchment and Nephin Beg
Ireland The Cull and Killag
Ireland Tralee Bay and Barrow Harbour
Ireland Wexford Harbour and Slobs
Italy Altopiano di Abbasanta
Italy Altopiano di Campeda
Italy Bassa Modenese
Italy Biviere and Plain of Gela
Italy Central Campidano
Italy Circeo National Park and Pontine islands
Italy Migliarino-San Rossore
Italy Palude e Tombolo di Bolgheri
Italy Simeto mouth and middle course and Biviere di Lentini
Italy Sinis and Oristano wetlands
Italy Uccellina mountains, Trappola marshes and Ombrone mouth
Italy Venice lagoon
Latvia Berzpils bogs and flood-plains
Latvia Kemeri national park
Latvia Lielais and Pemmas bogs
Latvia Orlovas bog
Latvia Stikli
Latvia Sturu and Zvardes bogs
Latvia Teici and Pelecare bogs
Latvia Ziemelu bogs
Lithuania Aukstasis Tyras Telmological Reserve
Lithuania Cepkeliai Strict Nature Reserve
Lithuania Kamanos Strict Nature Reserve
Lithuania Musos tyrelis raised bog with surrounding forest
Lithuania Reiskiai Telmological Reserve
Lithuania Viesvile Strict Nature Reserve
Norway Dokkadelta
Norway Dovrefjell
Norway Hardangervidda
Norway Øvre Anárjohka
Norway Reisa
Norway Varanger Peninsula
Poland Liwiec river valley
Poland Lower Vistula River Valley
Poland Obra river flood-plain
Poland Przysowia and Sludwia River valley
Portugal Vila Fernando
Romania Balta Albă - Amara - Jirlău
Romania Câmpia Crişurilor
Romania Cefa fish-ponds and Radvani wood
Romania Danube Delta
Romania Dealurile Homoroadelor
Romania Jijiei şi Miletinului fish-ponds
Romania Lacurile Fălticeni
Romania Miheşu de Câmpie-Taureni fish-ponds
Russia (European) Kvarkush and Zolotoy Kamen' ridges
Russia (European) Lapland Biosphere Reserve
Russia (European) Polisto-Lovatskaya mire system
Russia (European) Shilovo flood-plain of Oka river
Russia (European) Verkhnevisherski mountain
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) Adventdalen & Adventfjorden
Sweden Bog of Dumme
Sweden Bog of Komosse
Sweden Lake Ånn – Storlien
Sweden Lomma Bight
Sweden Lundåkra Bight
Sweden Middagsfjället – Dörrshöjden
United Kingdom Airds Moss and Muirkirk Uplands
United Kingdom Bae Caerfyrddin/Carmarthen Bay
United Kingdom Bodmin Moor
United Kingdom Breydon Water
United Kingdom Caithness and Sutherland Peatlands
United Kingdom Dungeness To Pett Levels
United Kingdom Firth of Forth
United Kingdom Hamford Water
United Kingdom Humber Estuary
United Kingdom Lewis Peatlands
United Kingdom Lindisfarne
United Kingdom Lough Foyle and River Foyle
United Kingdom Lough Neagh and Lough Beg
United Kingdom Lower Derwent Valley
United Kingdom Mersey Estuary
United Kingdom Mid-Essex Coast
United Kingdom Morecambe Bay
United Kingdom Muirkirk and North Lowther Uplands
United Kingdom North Norfolk Coast
United Kingdom North Pennine Moors
United Kingdom North Pennine Moors
United Kingdom North Yorkshire Moors
United Kingdom Outer Ards
United Kingdom Peak District Moors
United Kingdom Ribble and Alt Estuaries
United Kingdom Somerset Levels and Moors
United Kingdom South Pennine and Peak District Moors
United Kingdom South Pennine Moors
United Kingdom Strangford Lough and islands
United Kingdom The Swale
United Kingdom The Wash
United Kingdom The Wash
United Kingdom Upper Solway Flats and Marshes
United Kingdom Yorkshire Dale Moorlands

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable non-breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Grassland Tundra major breeding
Marine Neritic Estuaries suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Boreal suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Tundra Wetlands (incl. pools and temporary waters from snowmelt) suitable breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Climate change & severe weather Habitat shifting & alteration Timing Scope Severity Impact
Future Whole (>90%) Unknown Unknown
Indirect ecosystem effects, Ecosystem degradation
Climate change & severe weather Other impacts Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Unknown Unknown Unknown
Reduced reproductive success

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Pluvialis apricaria. Downloaded from on 03/04/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 03/04/2020.