LC
Eurasian Eagle-owl Bubo bubo



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 51,400,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 32,000,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 100000-499999 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 12.1 - - -

Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 18,500-30,300 pairs, which equates to 36,900-60,600 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms c.20% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 180,000-300,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed. The population is therefore placed in the band 100,000-499,999 mature individuals.

Trend justification: The overall population trend is suspected to be declining. The European population is estimated to be increasing (BirdLife International 2015). However the Asian population has apparently undergone a marked decline since the 1970s (Holt et al. 2013).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Albania N Extant Yes
Andorra N Extant Yes
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Bahrain V Extant Yes
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium N Extant Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
China (mainland) N Extant Yes
Croatia N Extant Yes
Czechia N Extant Yes
Denmark N Extant Yes
Estonia N Extant Yes
Finland N Extant Yes
France N Extant Yes
Georgia N Extant Yes
Germany N Extant Yes
Gibraltar (to UK) V Extant
Greece N Extant Yes
Hong Kong (China) N Extant Yes
Hungary N Extant Yes
India N Extant Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Israel N Extant Yes
Italy N Extant Yes
Japan N Extant Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Latvia N Extant Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes
Liechtenstein N Extant Yes
Lithuania N Extant Yes
Luxembourg N Extant Yes
Moldova N Extant Yes
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Nepal N Extant Yes
Netherlands N Extant Yes
North Korea N Extant Yes
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Norway N Extant Yes
Pakistan N Extant Yes
Palestinian Authority Territories N Extant Yes
Poland N Extant Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Romania N Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Serbia N Extant Yes
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
South Korea N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
Sweden N Extant Yes
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes
Tajikistan N Extant Yes
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
Ukraine N Extant Yes
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Czechia Pálava
Czechia Trebonsko (Trebon region)
Czechia Sumava mountains (Bohemian forest)
North Macedonia Kozhuf mountain and Boshava river
North Macedonia Demir Kapija Gorge
North Macedonia River Crna gorge
North Macedonia River Bregalnica
North Macedonia Babuna gorge, Topolka gorge, and Crn Kamen
North Macedonia River Radika catchment
North Macedonia Shar Planina Mountain
Serbia Zlot gorge--Dubasnica
Serbia Resava gorge
Azerbaijan Alty Agach area
Azerbaijan Mount Babadag
Azerbaijan Mount Bazar-Duzu
Azerbaijan Gekchai Bozdag mountains
Azerbaijan Mount Dalidag
Azerbaijan Mount Giamysh
Azerbaijan Ilisu area
Azerbaijan Ismailly area
Azerbaijan Lachin area
Azerbaijan Ordubad area
Azerbaijan Shahbuz area
Azerbaijan Mount Shahdag
Azerbaijan Zuvand upland
Belarus Mid Prypiac'
Belarus Lower Pripyat
Belarus Sialiec
Belarus Vyhanaščanskija baloty
Belarus Bielaje fish farm
Belarus Halubickaja Pušča
Belarus Biarezinski zapaviednik
Belarus Al'manskija baloty
Lithuania Nemunas delta regional Park
Estonia Matsalu Bay
Andorra Pirineo de Andorra
Latvia Slitere and Zilie kalni
Latvia Engure lake
Latvia Ziemelu bogs
Portugal Upper River Tejo
Portugal Upper River Douro and Águeda valleys
Portugal Gerês mountains
Portugal Mourão, Moura e Barrancos
Portugal Sabôr and Maçãs
Portugal Côa valley
Portugal Malcata mountains
Bulgaria Western Balkan
Bulgaria Ponor
Bulgaria Krumovitza
Bulgaria Madzharovo
Bulgaria Kamchiyska Mountain
Bulgaria Suha Reka
Bulgaria Harsovska Reka
Bulgaria Derventski Heights
Bulgaria Kotlenska Mountain
Romania Niculitel and Babadag forest
Romania Trascău Mountains
Romania Bicaz gorge and Hăşmaş Mountains
Romania Rodnei Mountains
Romania Domogled - Cernei valley
Romania Bârnova woodland
Romania Dobron forest
Romania Rarău Mountains - Giumalău
Slovenia Planina polje
Slovenia Kočevsko
Slovenia Karst
Belgium Entre-Sambre-et-Meuse
Belgium Haute Meuse
Belgium Malchamps
Belgium Hautes Fagnes/Eifel
Palestinian Authority Territories Wadi Al-Qelt
Sweden Vindel Mountains (including Lake Tärna)
Sweden Archipelago of Östergötland
Sweden Florarna
Sweden Sandemar
Sweden Dannemora
Sweden Hanveden – Hemfosa
Sweden Fjord of Stig
Poland Biebrza river valley
Poland Parczew forests
Poland Bieszczady Mountains
Poland Gorce mountains
Poland Tatra mountains
Poland Slowinski National Park
Poland Insko Site
Poland Middle part of Tuchola forest
Poland Gródek-Michalowo basin
Poland Bialowieza Forest
Poland Tysmienica river valley
Poland Przemysl Plateau
Poland Solska Forest
Poland Pisz forest
Poland Napiwodzko-Ramucka forest
Poland Augustów forest
Poland Biala Forest
Poland Knyszyn Forest
Poland Upper Narew River Valley
Poland Narew river gaps
Poland Slupia River Valley
Greece Mesolongi and Aitoliko lagoons, Acheloos delta and Evinos estuary
Greece Acherontas gorge and estuary
Greece Central Rodopi mountains and Nestos valley
Greece Nestos gorge
Greece Mount Ochi and surrounding marine area
Greece Divari Pylou (Gialova) lagoon and Sfaktiria island
Greece Thasos island and Xironisi islet
Greece Kythira island
Greece Antichasia mountains and Meteora
Greece Aliakmonas gorge
Greece Kato Olympos, Tempi gorge and mount Ossa
Greece Filiouri valley and eastern Rodopi mountains
Greece Kompsatos valley
Greece Lake Kourna, Almyros delta and Georgioupolis coast, Crete
Greece Mountains of central Evvoia
Greece Echinades, Kalamos and Atokos islands
Greece Mount Kyllini (Ziria)
Greece Mount Chelmos (Aroania)
Greece Mount Mavrovouni, Larisa
Greece Southwestern Lesvos and Petrified forest
Greece Mount Lepetymnos, Lesvos, and surrounding marine area
Greece Southern Mani, mount Sangias and cape Tainaro
Greece Mount Itamos
Greece Akarnanika mountains
Greece Acheloos valley
Greece Amvrakikos gulf
Greece Mount Taygetos
Greece Mount Voras (Kaïmaktsalan)
Greece Mount Beles (Kerkini)
Greece Mount Krousia (Mavrovouni and Dysoro)
Greece Prespa National Park and Varnountas mountains
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Mount Menoikio
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Mount Kerkis, Samos
Greece National Park of Dadia - Lefkimi - Soufli forest
Greece Tsamanta, Filiata, Farmakovouni and Megali Rachi mountains
Greece Barbas and Klokos mountains and Selinountas gorge
Greece Mount Grammos
Greece South forest complex of Evros prefecture
Greece Central Zagori and mount Mitsikeli
Greece Vouraïkos gorge and Kalavryta
Greece Lakes Volvi, Koroneia and Rentina Gorge
Finland Paimionlahti bay
Finland Köyliönjärvi and Pyhäjärvi lakes
Finland Koskeljärvi, Vaaljärvi and Pitkäjärvi lakes
Finland Pori archipelago and wetlands
Finland Kirkkonummi archipelago
Finland Hanko western archipelago
Finland Nuuksio
Finland Kirkon-Vilkkiläntura Bay
Finland Torronsuo and Lake Talpianjärvi
Finland Artjärvi wetlands
Finland Kangasala wetlands
Finland Lake Pihlajavesi
Finland Linnansaari
Finland Talaskangas
Finland Merenkurkku archipelago
Finland Luoto archipelago
Finland Pajupuronsuo-Isosuo-Kivisuo
Finland Oulanka-Sukerijärvi
Finland Juortanansalo
Finland Martimoaapa-Lumiaapa-Penikat
Finland Kemihaara (Vuotos) mires and forests
Finland Maltio fjelds
Finland Värriö-Tuntsa
Finland Pomokaira-Koitelaiskaira
Finland Saariselkä and Koilliskaira
Finland Lemmenjoki-Hammastunturi-Pulju
Hungary Zemplén Mountains
Russia (European) Kargopol' area
Russia (European) Okski Biosphere Reserve
Russia (European) Khoper Nature Reserve
Russia (European) Pechoro-Ilychski Nature Reserve
Russia (European) Voroninski Nature Reserve
Russia (European) Tsninski Forest
Russia (European) Neman river Delta and the coast of the Curonian Bay
Russia (European) Kraka Mountain
Russia (European) Khvalynski National Park
Russia (European) Stepan Rasin Rock
Spain Sierra Nevada mountain range
Spain Prelittoral mountain ranges of Granada
Spain Líjar mountain range-Zaframagon crag
Spain Ubrique and Grazalema mountain ranges
Spain Cabras, Aljibe and Montecoche mountain range
Spain Bujeo, Ojén, del Niño and Blanquilla mountain ranges
Spain Cazorla and Segura mountain ranges
Spain Aldeaquemada-Dañador
Spain Madrona and Andújar mountain ranges
Spain Alhamilla mountain range-Campo de Níjar plain
Spain Mountain range and saltpans at Cabo de Gata
Spain Hoya de Guadix
Spain Moratalla mountain range
Spain Marina mountain ranges
Spain Rivers Cabriel and Júcar canyons
Spain Espadán mountain range
Spain Pass of Beceite-Turmell mountain
Spain Montsant and Prades mountains
Spain Montes Universales-Albarracín mountain range
Spain River Martín canyons and Arcos mountain range
Spain River Jalón canyon
Spain Moncayo mountain range
Spain Lower course of the river Huerva
Spain Valdurrios-Serreta Negra and Los Rincones mountain ranges
Spain Bajo Alcanadre-Serreta de Tramaced
Spain Zuera mountains
Spain Montsech and Montgai mountains
Spain Boumort mountains
Spain Guara mountain range
Spain Santo Domingo-Riglos-Gratal
Spain Dos Ríos and Orba mountain ranges
Spain Bardenas Reales
Spain Alcarama mountain and Alhama river
Spain Gorges of Iregua, Leza and Jubera
Spain San Pedro mountain range
Spain Monfragüe
Spain Toledo mountains-Cabañeros
Spain Canyons on the middle section of the Cabriel river
Spain Cuenca mountain ranges
Spain Entrepeñas and Buendía reservoirs
Spain Ayllón mountain range
Spain El Pardo-Viñuelas
Spain Arlanza Valley-Peñas de Cervera
Spain Tiermes-Caracena
Spain Arribes del Duero-Fermoselle
Spain Obarenes mountains
Spain Oña and Tesla mountain ranges
Spain Upper Ebro and Rudrón canyons
Spain Burete, Cambrón and Espuña mountain ranges
Spain El Valle, Altaona and Escalona mountains
Spain Ricote and Nevela mountain ranges
Spain La Almenara mountain range-Cape Cope
Spain Torrecilla and Gigante mountain ranges
Spain Montagut and Montmell mountains
Spain Cardó, Tivissa and Llabería mountains
Spain Redbeeds and copses of Aranjuez
Spain Fresser-Setcases
Spain Arnedillo-Isasa crag
Spain Cerdaña
Spain Cadí mountains
Spain Mountains of Barcelona
Spain Lerida steppes
Spain La Losa-Orduña (Salvada mountain range)
Spain Sobrón canyon
Spain Urbión and Cebollera Mountain Ranges
Spain Cortados del Jarama
Spain Fausilla mountains
Spain Pila mountain range
Spain Muela mountain range and Cape Tiñoso
Spain Gistreo and Coto mountain ranges
Spain Riaño
Spain Quipar reservoir, Molino mountain range and Cagitán plains
Spain Ancares mountains
Spain La Cabrera mountain range
Spain Montes Aquilanos range
Spain Humada-Peña Amaya
Spain Gredos and Candelario mountain ranges
Spain Duratón canyon
Spain Montejo de la Vega-Riaza canyon
Spain Altos de Barahona high moor
Spain River Lobos canyon
Spain Campo de Argañán
Spain Tietar valley
Spain María mountain range-Los Vélez
Spain Antequera mountain range-El Chorro
Spain Mountain ranges of Cordoba
Spain Sierra Pelada mountain range
Spain Los Monegros (South)
Spain Ballobar-Candasnos
Spain Belchite-Mediana
Spain River Guadalope
Spain Villanueva del Fresno
Spain Lower course of the river Matarraña-Ribarroja
Spain Turia canyon and Los Serranos
Spain La Safor and North Alicante mountain ranges
Spain Morella pass
Spain Enguera mountain range-La Canal de Navarrés
Spain River Mundo and river Segura canyons
Spain Alcubierre and Sigena mountain ranges
Ukraine Crimean Nature Reserve
Ukraine Polis'kyi Nature Reserve
Ukraine Pryp'yat' river valley
Ukraine Syra Pogonya mire
Ukraine Shats'ki lakes
Ukraine Turiya river valley
Ukraine Cheremske mire
Ukraine Stokhod river valley
Ukraine Samars'kyj forest
Ukraine Gorgany
Ukraine Carpathian Vulkanichnyj Mountains
Ukraine Orikhivski lake-system
France Haut Val d'Allier
France Gorges de la Sioule
France Montagne de la Serre
France Vallée de la Loire : gorges de la Loire
France Hautes Vallées d'Aspe et d'Ossau
France Plateau Ardennais
France Gorges de la Dordogne
France Vallée du Haut-Guil
France Plaine du Forez
France Gorges de la Truyère
France Les Couzes Nord
France Les Couzes Sud
France Haute Soule : Forêt des Arbailles
France Rive Gauche de la Vallée d'Aspe et Pic d'Anie
France Pènes du Moulle de Jaut
France Montagne de la Clape
France Etangs de Leucate et Lapalme
France Etang de Capestang
France Hautes Corbières
France Basses Corbières
France Gorges de la Vis et cirque de Navacelles
France Massif des Albères
France Massif du Canigou-Carança
France Puig Carlit et environs
France Gorges du Gardon
France Hautes garrigues du Montpellierais
France Minervois
France Gorges du Rieutord-Fage-Cagnasses
France Massif du Madres et Mont Coronat
France Parc National des Cévennes
France Montagnes de Marcou, de l'Espinouse et du Caroux
France Vallées du Lis et de la Pique
France Cirque de Gavarnie
France Vallée de Melles, cols d'Aoueran et d'Artisagou et Mont Vallier
France Zones rupestres du Tarasconnais et massif d'Aston
France Gorges de la Frau et Belestat
France Gorges du Tarn et de la Jonte
France Gorges de la Dourbie et causses avoisinants
France Moyenne Vallée de la Durance
France Chaîne des Alpilles
France Montagne Sainte-Victoire
France Massif du Petit Lubéron
France Plateau de l'Arbois, garrigues de Lancon et chaîne des Côtes
France Vallée de la Durance : de Tallard à Sisteron
France Bois du Chapitre
France Bec de Crigne
France Parc National du Mercantour
France Préalpes de Grasse
France Parc National des Ecrins
France Bois de Palayson, du Rouet et de Malvoisin
France Forêt de Saou
France Val de Drôme: Les Ramières-printegarde
France Basse Ardêche
France Hauts Plateaux du Vercors et Forêt des Coulmes
France Parc National de la Vanoise
France Montagne des Frêtes et plateau des Glières
France Les Bauges
France Haut Giffre
Italy Pollino
Italy Agri Valley
Italy Mount Cervati
Italy Picentini mountains
Italy Matese
Italy Abruzzo National Park
Italy Sirente, Velino and Duchessa mountains
Italy Cicolano
Italy Ernici and Simbruini mountains
Italy Laga mountains
Italy Apennines from Passo del Cerreto to Monte Caligi
Italy Lessini and Pasubio mountains
Italy Adamello-Brenta
Italy Camonica valley
Italy Orobie Alps and pre-Alps
Italy Ligurian Alps
Italy Maritime Alps
Italy Susa and Chisone valleys
Italy Gran Paradiso
Italy Mount Beigua
Italy Pian di Spagna and Lake Mezzola
Italy Gran Sasso d'Italia
Italy Mount Grappa
Italy Carso
Italy Furlo gorge and Mount Catria
Italy Antigorio and Formazza valleys
Italy Val Grande
Italy Cividalese and upper Torre valley
Italy Assa valley
Italy Middle valley of Tagliamento river
Italy Giulie Pre-Alps
Italy Finalese
Italy Dolomites
Czechia Krkonose mountains (Giant mountains)
Czechia Jeseniky mountains
Czechia Krivoklatsko (Krivoklatsko region)
Czechia Doupov hills
Sweden Bay of Torslanda
Denmark Lille Vildmose
Denmark Lindet Skov, Hønning Plantage, Lovrup Skov and Skrøp
Denmark Forest areas south of Silkeborg
Denmark Salten Langsø
Denmark Rold Skov
Denmark Hostrup Sø, Assenholm Mose and Felsted Vestermark
Georgia Eastern Caucasus
Georgia Iori Region
Georgia Meskheti
Georgia Javakheti Plateau
Serbia Valjevske mountains
Serbia Tara mountain
Serbia Ovcar-Kablar gorge
Serbia Uvac-Milesevka
Serbia Kopaonik
Serbia Prokletije
Slovakia Vihorlat
Slovakia Nízke Tatry
Slovakia Tatry
Slovakia Velká Fatra
Slovakia Slovenský karst
Slovakia Slanské hills
Slovakia Horna Orava
Slovakia Malé Karpaty
Slovakia Volovské hills
Slovakia Malá Fatra
Slovakia Chocské hills
Slovakia Tríbec
Slovakia Polana
Slovakia Spisská Magura
Slovakia Muránska plateau and Stolicke hills
Slovakia Burda
Serbia Sara mountain
Serbia Jerma
Serbia Suva mountain
Serbia Stara mountains
Serbia Sicevo gorge
Serbia Derdap gorge
Armenia Khosrov Reserve
Norway Vega archipelago
Norway Solvær archipelago
Norway Lovunden
Austria North-eastern Leithagebirge
Austria Surroundings of Mattersburg
Austria Steinfeld
Austria Thermenlinie
Austria Vienna forest
Austria Western Weinviertel
Austria Lösslandschaft and Wagram east of Krems
Austria Pielachtal
Austria Wachau
Austria Southern Waldviertel
Austria Allentsteig military training area
Austria Middle Kamp valley
Austria Lower Kamp valley
Austria Western Waldviertel
Austria Freiwald
Austria Bohemian forest and Mühl valley
Austria Northern Kalkalpen
Austria Lower course of the Traun
Austria Salzach valley
Austria Storage lakes on the lower Inn
Austria Hohe Tauern National Park
Austria Styrian Enns valley
Austria Niedere Tauern
Austria Villacher Alpe-Dobratsch
Austria Lower valley of the Gail
Austria Nockberge National Park
Austria Kaisergebirge
Austria Tyrolian Lech valley
Austria Silvretta and Verwall
Austria Styrian Joglland
Sweden Tärnan – Riala
Germany Schwarza valley
Germany Karwendel and Karwendel foothills
Germany Ammergau mountains
Germany Rhön Biosphere Reserve
Germany Plothen ponds
Germany Vesser valley Biosphere Reserve
Germany Barnbruch
Germany Berchtesgaden National Park
Germany Bayerischer Wald National Park with Arber region and Hohem Bogen
Germany Erzgebirgskamm near Satzung
Germany Eastern Erzgebirge around Fürstenau
Germany Sächsische Schweiz National Park
Germany Mangfall mountains and Rotwand area
Germany Schorfheide-Chorin
Germany Sennelager training area
Germany Bliesgau
Germany Emsaue (Rietberger Emsniederung - Steinhorster Becken)
Germany Fiener Bruch
Germany North-eastern lower Harz mountains
Germany Northern Steigerwald
Germany Duvenstedter Brook
Germany Vogelsberg
Germany Rheingau
Germany Gladenbach mountains east of Herborn
Germany Knüll
Germany Kellerwald
Germany Hessian Rothaar mountains
Germany Reservoir near Affoldern
Germany Schiltach and Berneck valleys, near Schramberg
Germany Schwarza and Schlücht valleys
Germany South-eastern Alb and Upper Danube valley
Germany Enz valley Mühlhausen - Roßwag
Germany Wutach ravine
Croatia Mt Dinara
Croatia Krka and Surrounding Plateau
Croatia Mount Velebit
Croatia Prvic island
Croatia Special Ornithological Reserve on Krk island
Ukraine Uzh river valley
Italy Gran Sasso and Laga mountains
Russia (European) Zilairskoye Prisakmar'ye
Russia (European) Ufimskoye plateau
Russia (European) Kaltasinski forest
Russia (European) Pavlovskoye reservoir
Russia (European) Shaitan-Tau ridge
Russia (European) Aiskiye yary
Russia (European) Mountain valley of Ai river
Russia (European) Tazlarovskiye hills
Russia (European) Uryuk
Russia (European) Mountain valley of Zilim river
Russia (European) Manoilinskaya steppe
Russia (European) Rakhinski forest
Russia (European) Flood-plain of Alatyr' river in vicinity of Ardatov
Russia (European) Kabardino-Balkarski Nature Reserve
Russia (European) Mountain valley of Sakmara river
Russia (European) Rubezhnoye forest
Belarus Bielaviežškaja Pušča
Belarus Balota Dzikoje
Belarus Prostyr
Belarus Balota Zvaniec
Belarus Cikiny astravy
Belarus Dražbitka-Svina
Belarus Liebiadziny Moch
Belarus Janka river floodplain
Estonia Muraka
Estonia Nõva-Osmussaar
Estonia Nätsi-Võlla
Estonia Lahemaa
Estonia Väinameri
Russia (European) Tsimlyanskiye sands
Russia (Central Asian) Tobol pine forests near Proryvnoye village
Russia (Central Asian) Natural reserve Kuznetskij Alatau
Czechia Labské pískovce sandstones
Czechia Broumovsko
Czechia The valley of the Otava a Vltava rivers
Russia (Central Asian) Proslaukhinskaya
Russia (Central Asian) Kulundinskaya forest band
Russia (Central Asian) Suzunsky pine forest
Russia (Central Asian) Valley of the Berd' river
Russia (Central Asian) Chumyshskaya
Russia (Central Asian) Biyskiye pine forests
Russia (Central Asian) Kasmalinskaya and Barnaulskaya forest bands
Russia (Central Asian) Yel'tsovskaya
Russia (Central Asian) Togusak valley
Russia (European) Upper Voronezh forest
Russia (European) Bel'skaya flood-plain
Russia (European) Kamsko-Bakaldinskiye marshes
Russia (European) Okhlebininskaya flood-plain of river Belaya
Russia (European) Birskaya flood-plain of river Belaya
Russia (European) Mishkinski forest
Russia (European) Yuzhskoe lake-land
Russia (European) Pizhemski reserve
Russia (Central Asian) Cheka mountain
Russia (European) Khrenovski forest
Russia (Central Asian) Kuznetsky Alatau Zapovednik
Russia (Central Asian) Mouth of river Uj
Latvia Moricsala and Viskuzu sala
Latvia Gauja national park
Latvia Lubans and fish-ponds
Latvia Seda marsh
Latvia Ziemelgauja
Latvia Irbe valley and Dizpurvs
Latvia Kemeri national park
Latvia Mangene forest
Bulgaria Byala Reka
Bulgaria Ivailovgrad Reservoir
Bulgaria Kresna Gorge
Bulgaria Skrino
Bulgaria Kaliakra
Bulgaria Emine
Bulgaria Galata
Bulgaria Batova
Bulgaria Obnova Fish-ponds
Bulgaria Sredna Gora
Bulgaria Rila
Bulgaria Pirin
Bulgaria Sinite Kamani-Grebenets
Bulgaria Ludogorie
Bulgaria Western Strandzha
Bulgaria Arda Bridge
Bulgaria Melnik Pyramids
Bulgaria Slavyanka Mountain
Bulgaria Osogovo Mountain
Bulgaria Mikre Meadows
Bulgaria Palakaria
Bulgaria Vasilyovska Mountain
Bulgaria Mesta Valley
Bulgaria Belite Skali
Bulgaria Rupite
Bulgaria Ruy Mountain
Bulgaria Zemen Gordge
Bulgaria Ropotamo Complex
Russia (Central Asian) Mouth of the Uy river
Portugal Montesinho and Nogueira mountains
Portugal Serras do Alvão e Marão
Portugal Portas de Ródão e Vale Mourão
Portugal Serra de Penha Garcia e Campina de Toulões
Portugal Serra de Monchique
Portugal Serra do Caldeirão
Armenia Noravank
France Etangs Narbonnais
France Iles d'Hyères
France Col de l'Escrinet
France Monts et Plomb du Cantal
France Vallée de la Nive des Aldudes-Col de Lindux
France Haute Cize : Pic d'Errozate et Forêt d'Orion
France Arrière Côte de Dijon et de Beaune
France Etangs de Vendres, Pissevache et Lespignan
France Vallée de la Garonne : Boussens à Carbonne
France Vallée de la Garonne : Palayre et environs
France Forêts de Thiérache : Trelon, Fourmies, Hirson et St-Michel
France Camargue
France Crau
France Iles Marseillaises: Maire, Jarron, Jarre, Riou, Calseraigne, Congloue et Pomègues
France Ile de la Platière
Bulgaria Strandzha
Bulgaria Nikopolsko Plateau
Russia (European) Marshes near villages Frolishchi and Chistoye
Russia (Central Asian) Gornaya Kolyvan'
Russia (Central Asian) Loktevskaya
Russia (European) Shcherbakovskaya bend of Volga river
Russia (European) Dono-Donetskoye flood-plain
Russia (Central Asian) East slope of the Northern Ural
Russia (European) Forests and bogs in the lower reaches of Bol'shaya Kaksha river
Russia (European) Nothern part of Gor'koe reservoir with spurs
Russia (European) Kilemarski Reserve
Russia (European) Forest in the middle reaches of Serezha river
Russia (European) Ichalkovski forest
Russia (European) Semilovskoye forestry
Russia (Central Asian) Kurkure mountain
Russia (Central Asian) Plateau Ukok
Russia (Central Asian) Dzhulukul' depression
Russia (Central Asian) Tri Gusikhi
Russia (Central Asian) Verkhne-Kondinsky zakaznik
Russia (Central Asian) Shestakovskiye marshes
Russia (Central Asian) Zapovednik "Denezhkin Kamen'"
Russia (Central Asian) Watershed of the Mulym'ya and Bolshoy Tap rivers
Afghanistan Bande Amir
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gomishan marshes and Turkoman steppes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lar River Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Parvar Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arjan Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Bakhtegan, Lake Tashk and Kamjan marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamoun-i Sabari and Hamoun-i Hirmand
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bahu Kalat (Gandu) Protected Area
Iraq Tharthar Lake and Al-Dhebaeji Fields
Bulgaria Vrachanski Balkan
Bulgaria Provadiysko-Royaksko plateau
Bulgaria Karlukovski Karst
Bulgaria Studenets
Bulgaria Studen Kladenets
Bulgaria Dobrostan
Bulgaria Lomovete
Bulgaria Devetashko Plateau
Kazakhstan Cherdoyak
Kazakhstan Mugodzhary
Turkmenistan Dushakerekdag
Turkmenistan Gurykhovudan
Turkmenistan Kurtusuv - Khovudan
Kazakhstan Lower reaches of the Ashchyozek River
Kazakhstan Urda Sands
Kazakhstan North-western cliff faces of the Ustyurt Plateau
Kazakhstan Aktau cliff faces
Austria Parndorfer Platte and Heideboden
Kazakhstan Western cliff faces of the Ustyurt Plateau
Austria March/Thaya riverine forest
Austria Riverine forests on the Danube east of Vienna
Turkmenistan Sumbar
Turkmenistan Ersarybaba - Akkyr
Austria Fish-ponds in the Waldviertel
Austria Ötscher-Dürrenstein
Russia (European) Archedinskiye sands
Austria Central Marchfeld
Austria South-east Styrian hill country
Italy Carniche pre-Alps
Italy Lagorai mountains
Austria Karwendel
Kazakhstan Kaundy Depression
Kazakhstan Basgurly-Zhazgurly Depression
Ukraine Chornobyl zone
Kazakhstan Karagie Depression
Ukraine Vodorazdil'ni i Zovnishni Gorgany
Italy Stelvio National Park
Italy Rhaetian Alps
Kazakhstan Donyz-Tau cliff faces
Kazakhstan Ulytau Mountains
Poland Delta of the Swina river
Italy Alto Garda Bresciano
Kazakhstan Alekseevskie steppe pine forests
Kazakhstan Iskrinskie Pine Forests
Kazakhstan Ereymentau Mountains
Kazakhstan Ortau upland massif
Kazakhstan Ayak-Bestau Hills
Kazakhstan Western edge of the Karakoyin and Zhetikonyr Sands
Kazakhstan Middle reaches of the Sarysu River
Kazakhstan Lower reaches of the Sarysu River
Russia (European) Floodplain of the Terek river near Staroshchedrinskaya
Russia (European) Barchan Sarykum and Narat-Tyube
Russia (European) Kosobo-Kelebski reserve
Russia (European) Ravine of Eshkakon river
Sweden Sjöängen – Svartån
Russia (European) Ravine of Gundelen-Tyzyl river
Poland Wkrzanska Forest
Poland Goleniow Forest
Poland Witnica-Debno Site
Poland Barlinek Forest
Poland Drawa River Site
Poland Forest at Drawa River
Poland Forest at Gwda River
Poland Slowinska Site
Poland Lower Silesia Forests
Poland Pilica River Valley
Poland Wizna Swamps
Poland Notec Forest
Poland Podedworze Reservoir
Poland Mosty-Zahajki Site
Poland Polesie
Poland Szyszla River Valley
Italy Grigne
Poland Karkonosze Mountains
Poland Stolowe Mountains
Poland Beskid Zywiecki Mountains
Poland Babia Gora Mountain
Poland Orawa and Nowy Targ Bogs
Poland Beskid Niski Mountains
Poland Slonne Mountains
Kazakhstan Eastern Kazakhstan uplands
Turkmenistan Garashor
Turkmenistan Tejen
Italy Val d'Ossola
Poland Pieniny Mountains
Kazakhstan Kapchagay Canyon
Italy Mont Blanc (Italian side)
Italy Monte Rosa (versante valdostano) ed Alta Val Sesia
Kazakhstan Kenshektau Mountains
Slovenia Vipavski rob
Russia (Central Asian) Charyshskaya
Russia (Central Asian) Aleyskaya
Russia (Central Asian) Krasnoschekovskaya
Slovenia Snežnik plateau and Pivka valley
Russia (Asian) Perovo lake
Poland Tuchola Forest
Hungary Börzsöny
Hungary Bodrogzug–Taktaköz
Slovakia Strazovske hills
Finland Oulu region wetlands
Finland Patvinsuo National Park
Finland Pitkäranta
Finland Tammisaari and Inkoo western archipelago
Finland Korppoo and Nauvo southern archipelago
Finland Eckerö and Hammarland archipelago
Italy Sibillini mountains
Italy Gravine
Italy Calanchi della Basilicata
Italy Marchesato and River Neto
North Macedonia River Topolka-river Babuna-river Bregalnica
North Macedonia River Raec valley
North Macedonia Taor Gorge
North Macedonia Osogovo Mountains
North Macedonia River Pchinja-river Petroshnica-river Kriva Reka
North Macedonia Lake Tikvesh
Russia (European) Sources of Alimbet river and Aktykyl ridge
Russia (European) Tyuleni island
Russia (European) Kundryuchenskiye sands
Russia (European) Severo-donetskaya
Russia (European) Prisyun'ski forest
Russia (European) Buninski forest
Russia (European) Ergeninskaya area
Russia (European) Forests and wetlands in the valley of the Nuzhma river
Russia (European) Vedeneevsk pine forest
Russia (European) Flood-plain of Klyaz'ma river from mouth of Teza river up to Mstera
Germany Upper and middle reaches of river Krückau with tributaries
Germany Altengrabower Heide
Germany Rötelsee-Weihergebiet incl. Regenaue and Chambaue
Germany Lower Inn: Haiming - Neuhaus including the Neuhaus, Egglfing, Ering, and Simbach reservoirs
Germany Island of Usedom
Germany Lower Elbe valley
Germany Murnauer Moos and Loisach-Kochel-Moore
Germany Sachsenwald
Germany Elbe valley of Mecklenburg
Germany Oker valley near Vienenburg
Germany Harz National Park
Germany Solling
Germany Hoher Fläming Görzke-Kranepuhl
Germany Mittlere Schwäbische Alb with Albuch, Härtsfeld and Schmiechener See
Germany Heathlands and Forests in Tauberland
Germany High alps of Allgäu
Germany Rocks and slope forests in the Altmühl and Danube valleys
Germany Sandstone rocks of Untermain
Germany Altmühltal above Eichstätt and Wellheimer Trockental
Germany Eastern Chiemgau Alps
Germany Wetterstein mountain range
Germany Danube valley between Neuburg and Ingolstadt
Germany Northern Danube valley and southern Riesalb
Germany Central Black Forest
Germany Southern Black Forest
Germany Kraichgau near Wiesloch
Germany Wachenberg near Weinheim
Germany Bergstraße Dossenheim-Schriesheim
Germany Military training area Hohenfels
Germany Danube valley Untermarchtal-Ulm
Germany Burgwald
Germany Vogelsberg
Germany Werra lowlands near Wanfried and Eschwege
Germany Hoher Meißner/Plesse-Konstein
Germany Hedges and orchards areas in the Lumda valley
Germany Rendaer Höhe
Germany Selenter See
Germany Aukrug Nature Park
Germany Lauenburgische Seen Nature Park and Schaalsee area
Germany Grosser Plöner See
Germany Hellwegbörde
Germany Kisdorfer Wohld
Germany Rurtal, Kermeter, Vogelsang and Kalterherberg
Germany Ahrgebirge
Germany Vulkaneifel
Germany Mittelrheinisches Becken with Laacher See and Thürer Wiesen
Germany Middle and Lower Mosel
Germany Nahe valley
Germany Mosel valley and lower Sauer valley
Germany Flensburger Innen- and Aussenförde
Germany Forests of Lauenburg
Germany Kühren Teich and Lanker See
Germany Heidmoor lowlands
Luxembourg Dudelange Haard
Romania Nerei gorge - Beuşniţa
Romania Almăjului Mountains - Locvei
Romania Metaliferi Mountains
Romania Retezat Mountains
Romania Padiş - Vlădeasa mountain
Romania Bogata forest
Luxembourg Upper Valley of the Our
Luxembourg Region Kiischpelt
Luxembourg Valley of the Ernze Blanche
Kyrgyzstan Gorge Tash-Rabat
Kyrgyzstan Tulek Valley
Poland Sudety Wałbrzysko-Kamiennogorskie Mountains
Luxembourg Esch/Alzette South-east
Denmark Hanstholm Reservation
Denmark Ovesø
Hungary Mátra
Poland Swidwie Site
Poland Lower Odra river valley
Kazakhstan Aksu-Dzhabagly State Nature Reserve
Poland Orzysz Military Area
Poland Middle Vistula River Valley
Poland Nielisz Site
Poland Roztocze
Poland Solokija River Valley
Poland Beskid Slaski Mountains
Poland Beskid Wyspowy Mountains
Poland Lower Wieprz River Valley
Poland Izerskie Mountains
Poland Sieniawa Forest
Poland Kurpie Site
Poland Poprad Site
Poland Siemianowka Reseirvoir
North Macedonia Lake Mantovo and river Lakavica
Bosnia and Herzegovina Livno karst field and Busko lake
Kazakhstan Big Almaty Gorge
Slovenia Kozjansko
Slovenia Ljubljansko moor
Slovenia Rocky faces of Posavsko hribovje
Kazakhstan Altyn-Emel National Park
Kazakhstan Western and northern foothills of the Kalba Range
Kazakhstan Sarykopa Lake System
Kazakhstan Naurzum State Nature Reserve
Kazakhstan Amankaragay Forest
Moldova Dniester River between Naslavcea - Soroca
Armenia Haghartsin
Russia (European) Utrish Reserve and adjacent coastal waters
Russia (Central Asian) Suzunsky pine forest
Russia (Central Asian) Kunovatski
Serbia Pester
Denmark Frøslev Plantage and Frøslev Mose
Denmark Kongens Mose and Draved Skov
Kazakhstan Karasor Lake
Estonia Karala-Pilguse
Estonia Vilsandi archipelago
Croatia Kvarner Islands
Croatia Middle Dalmatian Islands and Peljesac Penninsula
Kazakhstan Karakol Lake
Greece Mount Olympos
Greece Mount Foloi
Greece East Lakonia mountains
Netherlands Brunssum - Kerkrade
Netherlands Zuidoost-Achterhoek
Netherlands Maasduinen
Netherlands Susteren - Roermond
Netherlands Margraten e.o.
Sweden Sjaunja
Kazakhstan Zhusandala
Kazakhstan Saumalkol Lake
Kazakhstan Balyktykol Lake
Kazakhstan Tassuat Lake
Kazakhstan Chingiztau Mountains
Kazakhstan Karabas Mountains
Kazakhstan Arkaly Mountains
Kazakhstan Lower reaches of the Emba River
Kazakhstan Chardara Reservoir
Turkmenistan Akjagaya
Serbia Pirotsko polje
Serbia Sokobanjska kotlina
Serbia Svrljisko pobrdje
Serbia Tupiznica and Beli Timok

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Subtropical/Tropical Heavily Degraded Former Forest suitable resident
Caves and Subterranean Habitats (non-aquatic) Caves suitable breeding
Forest Boreal suitable resident
Forest Temperate suitable resident
Grassland Temperate suitable resident
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable resident
Shrubland Temperate suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 4500 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Medicine - human & veterinary - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Bubo bubo. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 09/04/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 09/04/2020.