LC
Eurasian Eagle-owl Bubo bubo



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 51,400,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 32,000,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 100000-499999 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 12.1 - - -

Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 18,500-30,300 pairs, which equates to 36,900-60,600 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms c.20% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 180,000-300,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed. The population is therefore placed in the band 100,000-499,999 mature individuals.

Trend justification: The overall population trend is suspected to be declining. The European population is estimated to be increasing (BirdLife International 2015). However the Asian population has apparently undergone a marked decline since the 1970s (Holt et al. 2013).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Albania N Extant Yes
Andorra N Extant Yes
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Bahrain V Extant Yes
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium N Extant Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
China (mainland) N Extant Yes
Croatia N Extant Yes
Czech Republic N Extant Yes
Denmark N Extant Yes
Estonia N Extant Yes
Finland N Extant Yes
France N Extant Yes
Georgia N Extant Yes
Germany N Extant Yes
Gibraltar (to UK) V Extant
Greece N Extant Yes
Hong Kong (China) N Extant Yes
Hungary N Extant Yes
India N Extant Yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Israel N Extant Yes
Italy N Extant Yes
Japan N Extant Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Latvia N Extant Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes
Liechtenstein N Extant Yes
Lithuania N Extant Yes
Luxembourg N Extant Yes
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of N Extant Yes
Moldova N Extant Yes
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Nepal N Extant Yes
Netherlands N Extant Yes
North Korea N Extant Yes
Norway N Extant Yes
Pakistan N Extant Yes
Palestinian Authority Territories N Extant Yes
Poland N Extant Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Romania N Extant Yes
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Serbia N Extant Yes
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
South Korea N Extant Yes
Spain N Extant Yes
Sweden N Extant Yes
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes
Tajikistan N Extant Yes
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
Ukraine N Extant Yes
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Armenia Khosrov Reserve
Armenia Noravank
Austria Kaisergebirge
Austria Karwendel
Austria Lower Kamp valley
Austria Middle Kamp valley
Austria Styrian Enns valley
Austria Thermenlinie
Austria Wachau
Belarus Al'manskija baloty
Belarus Balota Zvaniec
Belarus Bielaviežškaja Pušča
Belarus Mid Prypiac'
Belarus Sialiec
Belgium Entre-Sambre-et-Meuse
Belgium Haute Meuse
Bosnia and Herzegovina Livno karst field and Busko lake
Bulgaria Devetashko Plateau
Bulgaria Dobrostan
Bulgaria Karlukovski Karst
Bulgaria Ponor
Bulgaria Provadiysko-Royaksko plateau
Bulgaria Studen Kladenets
Bulgaria Studenets
Bulgaria Suha Reka
Bulgaria Vrachanski Balkan
Bulgaria Western Balkan
Croatia Krka and Surrounding Plateau
Croatia Kvarner Islands
Croatia Middle Dalmatian Islands and Peljesac Penninsula
Croatia Mount Velebit
Czech Republic Broumovsko
Czech Republic Doupov hills
Czech Republic Krivoklatsko (Krivoklatsko region)
Czech Republic Krkonose mountains (Giant mountains)
Czech Republic Labské pískovce sandstones
Czech Republic Sumava mountains (Bohemian forest)
Czech Republic The valley of the Otava a Vltava rivers
Czech Republic Trebonsko (Trebon region)
Estonia Lahemaa
Estonia Muraka
Estonia Nätsi-Võlla
Estonia Nõva-Osmussaar
Estonia Väinameri
Finland Juortanansalo
Finland Lake Pihlajavesi
Finland Luoto archipelago
Finland Oulanka-Sukerijärvi
Finland Pomokaira-Koitelaiskaira
France Basses Corbières
France Chaîne des Alpilles
France Gorges de la Dourbie et causses avoisinants
France Gorges du Tarn et de la Jonte
France Haut Val d'Allier
France Hautes Corbières
France Hautes garrigues du Montpellierais
France Hauts Plateaux du Vercors et Forêt des Coulmes
France Les Couzes Nord
France Les Couzes Sud
France Massif du Petit Lubéron
France Minervois
France Montagne de la Clape
France Montagne Sainte-Victoire
France Parc National de la Vanoise
France Plateau de l'Arbois, garrigues de Lancon et chaîne des Côtes
France Vallée de la Loire : gorges de la Loire
Greece Barbas and Klokos mountains and Selinous gorge
Greece Mount Ochi and surrounding marine area
Greece Nestos gorge
Greece Protected area of Dadia-Lefkimi-Soufli forest
Greece South forest complex of Evros prefecture
Hungary Bodrogzug–Taktaköz
Hungary Mátra
Hungary Zemplén Mountains
Italy Carso
Italy Finalese
Italy Gran Sasso and Laga mountains
Italy Ligurian Alps
Italy Maritime Alps
Italy Matese
Italy Middle valley of Tagliamento river
Italy Mount Cervati
Italy Mount Grappa
Italy Picentini mountains
Italy Rhaetian Alps
Italy Sirente, Velino and Duchessa mountains
Italy Susa and Chisone valleys
Italy Val D'Ossola
Latvia Engure lake
Latvia Gauja national park
Lithuania Nemunas delta regional Park
Luxembourg Dudelange Haard
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Lake Tikvesh
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of River Pchinja-river Petroshnica-river Kriva Reka
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of River Radika catchment
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of River Topolka-river Babuna-river Bregalnica
Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Shar Planina Mountain
Moldova Dniester River between Naslavcea - Soroca
Norway Solvær archipelago
Palestinian Authority Territories Wadi Al-Qelt
Poland Biebrza river valley
Poland Bieszczady Mountains
Poland Drawa River Site
Poland Forest at Drawa River
Poland Forest at Gwda River
Poland Middle part of Tuchola forest
Poland Parczew forests
Poland Slonne Mountains
Poland Solska Forest
Poland Sudety Wałbrzysko-Kamiennogorskie Mountains
Poland Tuchola Forest
Portugal Côa valley
Portugal Gerês mountains
Portugal Malcata mountains
Portugal Montesinho and Nogueira mountains
Portugal Mourão, Moura e Barrancos
Portugal Portas de Ródão e Vale Mourão
Portugal Sabôr and Maçãs
Portugal Serra de Monchique
Portugal Serra de Penha Garcia e Campina de Toulões
Portugal Serra do Caldeirão
Portugal Serras do Alvão e Marão
Portugal Upper River Douro and Águeda valleys
Portugal Upper River Tejo
Romania Almăjului Mountains - Locvei
Romania Bârnova woodland
Romania Bicaz gorge and Hăşmaş Mountains
Romania Bogata forest
Romania Domogled - Cernei valley
Romania Metaliferi Mountains
Romania Nerei gorge - Beuşniţa
Romania Padiş - Vlădeasa mountain
Romania Retezat Mountains
Romania Trascău Mountains
Russia (European) Kargopol' area
Russia (European) Kraka Mountain
Russia (European) Mountain valley of Ai river
Russia (European) Mountain valley of Zilim river
Russia (European) Tsimlyanskiye sands
Serbia Pester
Serbia Prokletije
Serbia Sara mountain
Serbia Stara mountains
Serbia Uvac-Milesevka
Slovakia Horna Orava
Slovakia Malá Fatra
Slovakia Nízke Tatry
Slovakia Slanské hills
Slovakia Strazovske hills
Slovenia Karst
Slovenia Vipavski rob
Spain Alcarama mountain and Alhama river
Spain Arnedillo-Isasa crag
Spain Arribes del Duero-Fermoselle
Spain Bardenas Reales
Spain Bujeo, Ojén, del Niño and Blanquilla mountain ranges
Spain Burete, Cambrón and Espuña mountain ranges
Spain Cardó, Tivissa and Llabería mountains
Spain Cazorla and Segura mountain ranges
Spain Cortados del Jarama
Spain El Pardo-Viñuelas
Spain El Valle, Altaona and Escalona mountains
Spain Espadán mountain range
Spain Gorges of Iregua, Leza and Jubera
Spain Gredos and Candelario mountain ranges
Spain La Almenara mountain range-Cape Cope
Spain La Safor and North Alicante mountain ranges
Spain Lower course of the river Huerva
Spain Lower course of the river Matarraña-Ribarroja
Spain María mountain range-Los Vélez
Spain Monfragüe
Spain Montagut and Montmell mountains
Spain Montsant and Prades mountains
Spain Mountain range and saltpans at Cabo de Gata
Spain Mountains of Barcelona
Spain Obarenes mountains
Spain Pass of Beceite-Turmell mountain
Spain Prelittoral mountain ranges of Granada
Spain Rivers Cabriel and Júcar canyons
Spain San Pedro mountain range
Spain Tiermes-Caracena
Spain Toledo mountains-Cabañeros
Spain Torrecilla and Gigante mountain ranges
Spain Turia canyon and Los Serranos
Spain Upper Ebro and Rudrón canyons
Sweden Fjord of Stig
Sweden Hanveden – Hemfosa
Sweden Tärnan – Riala
Ukraine Carpathian Vulkanichnyj Mountains
Ukraine Gorgany
Ukraine Orikhivski lake-system
Ukraine Pryp'yat' river valley
Ukraine Shats'ki lakes
Ukraine Syra Pogonya mire
Ukraine Uzh river valley

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Subtropical/Tropical Heavily Degraded Former Forest suitable resident
Caves and Subterranean Habitats (non-aquatic) Caves suitable breeding
Forest Boreal suitable resident
Forest Temperate suitable resident
Grassland Temperate suitable resident
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable resident
Shrubland Temperate suitable resident
Altitude 0 - 4500 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Medicine - human & veterinary - - Non-trivial Recent
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - International Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2017) Species factsheet: Bubo bubo. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/10/2017. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2017) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/10/2017.