LC
Eurasian Buzzard Buteo buteo



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note
Buteo buteo, B. japonicus and B. refectus (del Hoyo and Collar 2014) were previously lumped as B. buteo following Sibley and Monroe (1990, 1993).

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red List criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2021 Least Concern
2020 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2014 Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency low
Land-mass type Average mass -
Range

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence (breeding/resident) 33,500,000 km2 medium
Extent of Occurrence (non-breeding) 75,500,000 km2 medium
Severely fragmented? no -
Population
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
Population size 2000000-3500000 mature individuals medium estimated 2018
Population trend increasing - suspected -
Generation length 9.45 years - - -

Population justification:

The European population is estimated at 882,000-1,230,000 pairs, which equates to 1,760,000-2,460,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International in prep). Europe forms approximately 75% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 2,038,000-3,463,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed. It is placed in the band 2,000,000-3,500,000 mature individuals.

Trend justification:

In Europe, which holds approximately 75% of the global population, the population size is estimated to be increasing over the last 28 years (3 generations [BirdLife International in prep]). As such, the global trend is suspected to be increasing overall.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Presence Origin Resident Breeding visitor Non-breeding visitor Passage migrant
Afghanistan extant native yes
Albania extant native yes
Algeria extant native yes
Andorra extant native yes
Angola extant native yes
Armenia extant native yes yes
Austria extant native yes
Azerbaijan extant native yes
Bahrain extant native
Bangladesh extant native yes
Belarus extant native yes
Belgium extant native yes
Bhutan extant native yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina extant native yes
Botswana extant native yes
Bulgaria extant native yes yes
Burundi extant native yes
Cameroon extant vagrant yes
Central African Republic extant native yes
Chad extant vagrant yes
China (mainland) extant native yes
Congo extant native yes
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the extant native yes
Côte d'Ivoire extant native yes
Croatia extant native yes yes
Cyprus extant native yes
Czechia extant native yes
Denmark extant native yes yes
Djibouti extant native yes
Egypt extant native yes
Eritrea extant native yes
Estonia extant native yes
Eswatini extant native yes
Ethiopia extant native yes
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) extant vagrant
Finland extant native yes
France extant native yes yes
Gabon extant native yes
Gambia extant vagrant yes
Georgia extant native yes yes
Germany extant native yes yes
Ghana extant vagrant yes
Gibraltar (to UK) extant native yes
Greece extant native yes yes
Hungary extant native yes
Iceland extant vagrant
India extant native yes
Iran, Islamic Republic of extant native yes yes
Iraq extant native yes yes
Ireland extant native yes
Israel extant native
Italy extant native yes yes
Jordan extant native yes
Kazakhstan extant native yes
Kenya extant native yes
Kuwait extant native
Kyrgyzstan extant native yes
Latvia extant native yes
Lebanon extant native
Lesotho extant native yes
Liberia extant native yes
Libya extant native yes
Liechtenstein extant native yes
Lithuania extant native yes
Luxembourg extant native yes
Malawi extant native yes
Maldives extant vagrant yes
Mali extant vagrant yes
Malta extant native
Mauritania extant native yes
Moldova extant native yes yes
Monaco extant native yes
Montenegro extant native yes
Morocco extant native yes
Mozambique extant native yes
Namibia extant native yes
Nepal extant native yes
Netherlands extant native yes
Nigeria extant vagrant yes
North Macedonia extant native yes
Norway extant native yes
Oman extant native
Pakistan extant native yes
Palestine extant native yes
Poland extant native yes
Portugal extant native yes
Qatar extant vagrant
Romania extant native yes
Russia extant native yes yes
Russia (Central Asian) extant native yes
Russia (European) extant native yes yes
Rwanda extant native yes
Saudi Arabia extant native
Senegal extant native yes
Serbia extant native yes
Sierra Leone extant vagrant yes
Slovakia extant native yes
Slovenia extant native yes
Somalia extant vagrant yes
South Africa extant native yes
South Sudan extant native yes yes
Spain extant native yes yes
Sri Lanka extant native yes
Sudan extant native yes
Sweden extant native yes yes
Switzerland extant native yes
Syria extant native
Tajikistan extant native yes
Tanzania extant native yes
Togo extant vagrant yes
Tunisia extant native yes
Türkiye extant native yes
Turkmenistan extant native yes
Uganda extant native yes
Ukraine extant native yes yes
United Arab Emirates extant native yes yes
United Kingdom extant native yes
Uzbekistan extant native yes
Western Sahara extant native yes
Yemen extant native yes yes
Zambia extant native yes
Zimbabwe extant native yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Saudi Arabia Turaif-Qurayyat
Romania Dunăre - Canarale - Hârşova
Yemen Bab al-Mandab - Mawza
Cape Verde Serra do Pico da Antónia

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland suitable non-breeding
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane suitable non-breeding
Forest Temperate suitable resident
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable passage
Savanna Dry suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Temperate suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Freshwater Lakes (over 8ha) suitable passage
Altitude 0 - 2000 m Occasional altitudinal limits (max) 4500 m

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Agro-industry farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Species mortality
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Persecution/control Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Whole (>90%) Negligible declines Medium Impact: 6
Stresses
Species mortality
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Unintentional effects (species is not the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species mortality
Energy production & mining Renewable energy Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Species mortality
Pollution Agricultural & forestry effluents - Herbicides and pesticides Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Majority (50-90%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species mortality
Transportation & service corridors Roads & railroads Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Species mortality
Transportation & service corridors Utility & service lines Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Species mortality

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - non-trivial recent
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - international non-trivial recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Species factsheet: Buteo buteo. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org/species/factsheet/eurasian-buzzard-buteo-buteo on 22/02/2024.
Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2024) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org on 22/02/2024.