LC
Eurasian Bittern Botaurus stellaris



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Cramp, S.; Perrins, C. M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass -
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 86,200,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 86,300,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals poor estimated 2012
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.5 - - -

Population justification: The global population is estimated to number c.115,000-340,000 individuals (Wetlands International 2015). The European population is estimated at 37,600-66,400 calling or lekking males, which equates to 75,300-133,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). National population estimates include: c.100-10,000 breeding pairs, c.50-1,000 individuals on migration and c.50-1,000 wintering individuals in China; < c.1,000 wintering individuals in Korea; < c.100 breeding pairs and < c.50 wintering individuals in Japan and < c.100,000 breeding pairs and < c.1,000 individuals on migration in Russia (Brazil 2009).

Trend justification: The overall population trend is decreasing, although some populations have unknown trends and others are stable (Wetlands International 2015). The European population is estimated to be stable (BirdLife International 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Albania N Extant Yes Yes
Algeria N Extant
Angola N Extant
Armenia N Extant Yes
Austria N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Bahrain N Extant Yes Yes
Bangladesh N Extant
Belarus N Extant Yes
Belgium N Extant Yes Yes
Bosnia and Herzegovina N Extant Yes
Botswana N Extant
Brunei V Extant
Bulgaria N Extant Yes
Cambodia N Extant
Cameroon N Extant Yes
Central African Republic N Extant
China (mainland) N Extant
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the V Extant
Croatia N Extant Yes
Cyprus N Extant Yes
Czechia N Extant Yes
Denmark N Extant Yes
Egypt N Extant
Eritrea V Extant
Estonia N Extant Yes
Eswatini N Extant
Ethiopia V Extant
Faroe Islands (to Denmark) V Extant
Finland N Extant Yes Yes
France N Extant Yes Yes
Gambia V Extant
Georgia N Extant Yes Yes
Germany N Extant Yes Yes
Ghana V Extant
Greece N Extant Yes Yes
Hungary N Extant Yes
Iceland V Extant
India N Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Ireland V Extant Yes
Israel N Extant Yes
Italy N Extant Yes
Japan N Extant
Jordan N Extant Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kuwait N Extant Yes Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Laos N Extant
Latvia N Extant Yes
Lebanon N Extant Yes Yes
Lesotho V Extant
Libya N Extant
Liechtenstein V Extant
Lithuania N Extant Yes
Luxembourg N Extant Yes
Malawi N Extant
Malaysia N Extant
Maldives V Extant
Malta N Extant
Moldova N Extant Yes Yes
Mongolia N Extant Yes
Montenegro N Extant Yes
Morocco N Extant
Mozambique N Extant
Myanmar N Extant
Namibia N Extant
Nepal N Extant
Netherlands N Extant Yes
Niger N Extant Yes
Nigeria N Extant
North Korea N Extant
North Macedonia N Extant Yes
Norway V Extant
Oman N Extant Yes Yes
Pakistan N Extant
Palestine N Extant Yes
Philippines N Extant
Poland N Extant Yes
Portugal N Extant Yes
Qatar N Extant Yes
Romania N Extant Yes Yes
Russia N Extant Yes
Russia (Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (Central Asian) N Extant Yes
Russia (European) N Extant Yes
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes Yes
Senegal V Extant
Serbia N Extant Yes
Seychelles V Extant
Slovakia N Extant Yes
Slovenia N Extant Yes
South Africa N Extant
South Korea N Extant
Spain N Extant Yes Yes
Sri Lanka N Extant
Sudan N Extant Yes
Sweden N Extant Yes
Switzerland N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes Yes
Taiwan, China N Extant
Tajikistan N Extant Yes
Tanzania N Extant
Thailand N Extant
Tunisia N Extant
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extinct Yes
Uganda N Extant
Ukraine N Extant Yes Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes Yes
United Kingdom N Extant Yes
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes
Vietnam N Extant
Yemen N Extant Yes
Zambia N Extant Yes
Zimbabwe V Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Czechia Zehunský rybník pond
Serbia Obedska bara
Serbia Koviljski rit
Serbia Carska bara
Serbia Slano Kopovo
Serbia Pašnjaci Velike Droplje
Serbia Subotica lakes and sandy terrain
Serbia Gornje Podunavlje
Bosnia and Herzegovina Hutovo blato
Azerbaijan Gizilagach State Reserve
Azerbaijan Absheron archipelago (north) and Pirallahi bay
Azerbaijan Lake Boz-Koba
Azerbaijan Divichi liman (or Lake Akzibir)
Azerbaijan Kura Delta
Azerbaijan Pirsagat Islands and Los Island
Azerbaijan Lake Sarysu
Azerbaijan Shahdidi spit
Belarus Yaselda
Belarus Sporovo
Belarus Balota Zvaniec
Belarus Mid Prypiac'
Belarus Lower Pripyat
Belarus Sialiec
Belarus Asvieja
Belarus Vyhanaščanskija baloty
Belarus Beresina
Belarus Bielaje fish farm
Belarus Halubickaja Pušča
Belarus Kaz'jany
Belarus Paliessie fish farm
Belarus Biarezinski zapaviednik
Belarus Al'manskija baloty
Lithuania Kretuonas Landscape Reserve
Lithuania Nemunas delta regional Park
Lithuania Zuvintas Biosphere Reserve
Lithuania Lake Kasonys and adjacent wetlands
Lithuania Pavezupis fish-ponds
Lithuania Birzulius-Stervas marshes complex
Lithuania Metelys, Dusia & Obelija lakes
Lithuania Zaltytis
Lithuania Kauno Marios water reservoir & eastern coastal zone
Lithuania Valley of Sirvinta River
Lithuania Islauzas fish-ponds
Estonia Matsalu Bay
Estonia Haapsalu-Noarootsi bays
Estonia Käina bay
Estonia Kõrgessaare-Mudaste coast
Estonia Relict lakes of southern Saaremaa
Estonia Mouth of the Emajõgi river and Piirissaar island
Cyprus Phasouri reedbeds
Latvia Engure lake
Latvia Babite lake
Latvia Lobe lake area
Latvia Pape lake
Latvia Durbe lake meadows
Latvia Satini fish-ponds
Portugal Murta dam
Bulgaria Durankulak Lake
Bulgaria Mechka Fish-ponds
Romania Satchinez marsh
Romania Lake Siutghiol
Romania Rotbav fish-ponds
Romania Danube Delta and Razelm-Sinoe complex
Romania Jijiei şi Miletinului fish-ponds
Romania Balta Mică a Brăilei
Romania Comana
Romania Mures river lower flood-plain
Romania Fizes valley
Romania Mehedinti fish-ponds-Gârla Mare
Slovenia Lake Cerknica
Belgium Entre-Sambre-et-Meuse
Belgium Bassin de la Haine
Belgium De Dijlevallei
Belgium De Maten
Belgium Vijverkomplex van Midden Limburg
Belgium Hamonterheide, Hageven, Buitenheide, Mariahof en Stamprooierbroek
Belgium De Maatjes, Wuustwezel Heide en Groot Schietveld
Belgium Durme en Middenloop van de Schelde
Belgium Zwin
Belgium Polderkomplex
Belgium IJzervallei-De Blankaart
Belgium Krekengebied
Sweden River Dal – Håvran
Sweden Lake Hjälstaviken
Sweden Lake Kvismaren
Sweden Bay of Kil
Sweden Lake Östen
Sweden Lake Dättern
Sweden Lake Hornborga
Sweden Lake Tåkern
Sweden Getterön
Sweden River Helge
Sweden River Klingaälv – Lake Kranke
Sweden Bay of Rynninge
Sweden Lake Tämnaren
Sweden Dannemora
Sweden Lake Östra Styran
Sweden Bay of Svensksund
Poland Biebrza river valley
Poland Lower Bug river valley
Poland Liwiec river valley
Poland Parczew forests
Poland Chelm calcareous marshes
Poland Janów forests
Poland Przemków ponds
Poland Warta River Mouth
Poland Notec river flood-plain
Poland Obra river flood-plain
Poland Middle Warta River Valley
Poland Vistula Lagoon
Poland Slowinska Site
Poland Insko Site
Poland Weltyn lakes
Poland Lower Odra river valley
Poland Swidwie Site
Poland Rozwarowo Marshes
Poland Dymerskie meadows
Poland Luknajno lake
Poland Oswin site
Poland Tuchola Forest
Poland Jeziorsko reservoir
Poland Delta of the Swina river
Poland Ostrówek and Smogulec ponds
Poland Woniesc reservoir
Poland Tysmienica river valley
Poland Goplo Lake Site
Poland Marshy Valley of the Narew River
Poland Upper Wisla River Valley
Poland Nida Rivar Valley
Poland Ner River Valley
Poland Slesin and Wystep ponds
Poland Solska Forest
Poland Pisz forest
Poland Marshy valley of the Drweca river
Poland Napiwodzko-Ramucka forest
Poland Borecka forest
Poland Upper Narew River Valley
Poland Starzawa ponds
Poland Narew river gaps
Poland Augustów forest
Poland Rakutowskie swamps
Poland Slup reservoir
Poland Ilawa Forest
Poland Nietlice marshes
Greece Axios, Loudias and Aliakmonas rivers' deltas
Greece Divari Pylou (Gialova) lagoon and Sfaktiria island
Greece Nea Fokaia marshes
Greece Lake Stymfalia
Greece Megalo and Mikro Livari lagoons, Istiaia
Greece Lake Kourna, Almyros delta and Georgioupolis coast, Crete
Greece Prespa National Park and Varnountas mountains
Greece Reservoirs of former lake Karla
Greece Gera gulf, Ntipi and Charamida marshes, Lesvos
Greece Amvrakikos gulf
Greece Evros delta
Greece Kalloni Gulf, Lesvos
Greece Acherontas gorge and estuary
Greece Lake Kerkini
Greece Lake Ismarida (Mitrikou)
Greece Lakes Cheimaditis and Zazari
Greece Porto Lagos, lake Vistonida and coastal lagoons
Greece Nestos delta and coastal lagoons
Greece Kalamas delta
Greece Samothraki island
Greece Alyki lagoon, Aigio
Greece Kotychi lagoon
Greece Lakes Volvi, Koroneia and Rentina Gorge
Netherlands Duinen Ameland
Netherlands Weerribben
Netherlands Oostvaardersplassen
Netherlands Ilperveld, Varkensland, Oostzanerveld & Twiske
Netherlands Gelderse Poort
Netherlands Kampina & Oisterwijkse Vennen
Finland Paimionlahti bay
Finland Köyliönjärvi and Pyhäjärvi lakes
Finland Puurijärvi-Isosuo wetlands
Finland Koskeljärvi, Vaaljärvi and Pitkäjärvi lakes
Finland Pori archipelago and wetlands
Finland Laajalahti bay, Vanhankaupunginlahti bay and Viikki
Finland Porvoonjoki Delta
Finland Teutjärvi and Suvijärvi lakes
Finland Kirkon-Vilkkiläntura Bay
Finland Kirkkojärvi lake and Lupinlahti bay
Finland Siikalahti bay and Sammallampi lake
Finland Koijärvi lake
Finland Artjärvi wetlands
Finland Hollola wetlands
Finland Kangasala wetlands
Finland Keski-Kallavesi and Kuhanen Lake
Finland Maaninka wetlands
Finland Outokumpu wetlands
Finland Värtsilä valley
Finland Oulu region wetlands
Hungary Kis-Sárrét
Hungary Bodrogzug–Taktaköz
Hungary Lower Tisza Valley
Hungary Hortobágy and Tisza-to
Hungary Lake Kis-Balaton
Hungary Velence Lake–Dinnyés Lake
Hungary Lake Fertő
Hungary Hanság
Hungary Vértes
Hungary Alkaline pusztas of Upper Kiskunság
Hungary Kolon Lake
Hungary Sárvíz Valley
Hungary Béda–Karapancsa
Hungary Kesznyéten
Hungary Hódmezővásárhely Pusztas
Hungary Csanád Pusztas
Hungary Szatmár-Bereg
Hungary Gerje-sik
Hungary Tápió valley
Russia (European) Valley of Safarovka river
Russia (European) Sources of the River Luga
Russia (European) South-eastern coast of Lake Ladoga
Russia (European) Stakhovski marshes
Russia (European) Savtsinskoye marsh
Russia (European) Danilovskoe marshes
Spain Ampurdán marshes
Spain Albufera de Mallorca and Albufereta de Pollença marshes
Spain Ebro delta
Spain Chingudi-Bidasoa estuary
Spain Cinco Villas ponds
Spain Prat de Cabanes-Torreblanca
Spain Pitillas and Dos Reinos lagoons
Spain Rivers Cinca and Alcanadre riverine forest
Jordan Northern Jordan Valley (North Ghor)
Ukraine Kanivs'kyi Nature Reserve
Ukraine Shats'ki lakes
Ukraine Kyivs'ke reservoir
Ukraine Bondar marsh
Ukraine Supij marsh
Ukraine Pryp'yat' river valley
Ukraine Sul's'ka bay
Ukraine Bodakivs'ke marsh
Ukraine Chervone marsh
Ukraine Velyke marsh
Ukraine Udaj river valley
Ukraine Dniprovs'ko-Oril's'kyj Nature Reserve
Ukraine Petropavlivs'kyj lyman
Ukraine Dnipro delta
Ukraine Turiya river valley
Ukraine Stokhod river valley
Ukraine Korotchenkivs'ki meadows
Ukraine Lyman lake
Ukraine Bagerove
Ukraine Stanychno-Lugans'ke fish-farm
Ukraine Dranyts'kyj protected locality
Ukraine Dgulyn lake
Ukraine Dnestr valley between Staryj Martyniv and Marynopil' villages
Ukraine Fishponds near Kukil'nyky village
Ukraine Ingul river valley
Ukraine Samars'kyj forest
Ukraine Kakhovs'ke reservoir (Kozats'ki islands)
Ukraine Mikulinetskie fish-ponds
Ukraine Oril' river valley
Ukraine Mzha river valley
Ukraine Latorytsya river valley near Chop
Ukraine Izyums'ka Luka forest
Ukraine Chonovyny marsh
Ukraine Molochna river valley
Ukraine Radomyshl's'ke Game Reserve
Ukraine Samara river valley
Ukraine Ikva river valley
Ukraine Orikhivski lake-system
Ukraine Debal'tsivs'ke lake
France Vallée du Rhin : Village-neuf à Biescheim
France Vallée du Rhin : Marckolsheim à Strasbourg
France Vallée du Rhin : Strasbourg à Lauterbourg
France Sologne Bourbonnaise
France Domaine d'Orx
France Garonne : marais de Bordeaux
France Réserve Naturelle du courant d'Huchet
France Marais de la Baie d'Audierne
France Baie de Goulven
France Lacs de la Forêt d'Orient
France Etangs d'Argonne
France Lac du Der-Chantecoq et étangs latéraux
France Brenne centrale
France Brenne: Forêt de la Petite-Brenne
France Etangs de Sologne: St Viatre, Marcilly-en-Gault et forêt de Bruadan
France Estuaire et embouchure de la Seine
France Etangs de la Woëvre: lac de Madine
France Etangs de Vendres, Pissevache et Lespignan
France Petite Camargue fluvio-lacustre
France Petite Camargue laguno-marine
France Vallées de la Scarpe et de l'Escaut
France Cap Gris-nez
France Camargue
France Marais entre Crau et Grand Rhône: Meyranne, Chanoine, Plan de Bourg et Salins du Caban
France Salins d'Hyères et de Pesquiers
France Etangs de Citis, Lavalduc, Engrenier, Pourra, l'Estomac, Fos et salines de Rassuen et de Fos
France Basse Vallée de la Durance
France Vallée de la Charente : amont d'Angoulême
France Etangs et marais du bassin de la Somme
France Marais de Sacy
France Vallée de l'Oise de Thourotte à Vendeuil
France Marais de la Souche
France Forêts picardes : massif des Trois Forêts et bois du Roi
France Estuaires picards : baies de Somme et d'Authie
France Traicts et marais salants de la Presqu'île Guérandaise
France Marais de Brière
France Estuaire de la Loire
France Lac de Grand-Lieu
France Marais de Mazerolles-Petit Mars
France La Dombes
France Plaine du Forez
France Lac et marais du Bourget
France Brenne Sud
France Queue de Brenne : Etang des Loges, Grand et Petit Mez
France Etangs de Sologne: étang de l'Arche
France Massifs de Fontainebleau et zones humides adjacentes
France Etangs de la Woëvre: la Chaussée
France Etang de Lindre
France Forêt de la Reine
France Etang des Landes
France Etang de Capestang
France Etangs Montpellierains
France Etang du Bagnas
France Etangs de Canet et de Villeneuve-de-la-Raho et embouchure du Tech
France Marais de Balançon et de Villiers
France Plateau de l'Arbois, garrigues de Lancon et chaîne des Côtes
France Bois de Palayson, du Rouet et de Malvoisin
France Marais arrières littoraux picards
France Baie de Bourgneuf et marais breton
France Marais poitevin et baie de l'Aiguillon
United Kingdom Leighton Moss
United Kingdom Minsmere - Walberswick
United Kingdom Broadland
United Kingdom North Norfolk Coast
United Kingdom Stodmarsh
Italy Diaccia Botrona
Italy Fucecchio marsh
Italy Lake Massaciuccoli
Italy Valli di Argenta
Italy Caorle lagoon
Italy River Mincio and Bosco Fontana
Italy Lake Candia
Italy Pian di Spagna and Lake Mezzola
Italy River Po: from the mouth of Adda river to Ostiglia
Italy Brabbia peatland, Lake Varese and Lake Biandronno
Italy Po Delta
Italy Valle Bertuzzi and Goro lagoon
Italy River Po: from Ticino mouth to Adda mouth
Italy Taro river
Italy Lake Alviano
Italy Punte Alberete and Valle della Canna, Pineta San Vitale and Pialassa della Baiona
Italy Rieti lakes
Italy Torrile LIPU reserve
Italy Lakes Montepulciano and Chiusi
Italy Colfiorito
Italy Vercelli rice-fields
Italy Lake Viverone
Italy River Po from Dora Baltea mouth to Scrivia mouth
Italy Simeto mouth and middle course and Biviere di Lentini
Italy Valli di Comacchio and Bonifica del Mezzano
Italy Ticino river
Italy Orbetello lagoon and Burano lake
Italy Palude e Tombolo di Bolgheri
Italy Migliarino-San Rossore
Italy Venice lagoon
Italy Iseo peatlands
Italy Litorale Romano
Italy Middle valley of Tagliamento river
Albania Drini Delta
Albania Lake Butrinti
Albania Velipoja
Czechia Poodri
Czechia Doupov hills
Czechia Hermansky stav-Odra-Poolsi wetlands
Romania Bistreţ
Romania Defileul Inferior al Mureşului
Denmark Skjern Å
Denmark Arresø
Denmark Marstal Bugt and the coast of south-west Langeland
Denmark Sønder Ådal
Denmark Hostrup Sø, Assenholm Mose and Felsted Vestermark
Denmark Nissum Fjord
Denmark Ringkøbing Fjord
Denmark Tissø, Lille Åmose and Hallenslev Mose
Denmark Stadil Fjord and Veststadil Fjord
Denmark Hyllekrog-Rødsand and Fehmarn Belt
Denmark Maribo lakes
Denmark Tøndermarsken, Magisterkog and Rudbøl Sø
Denmark Sydfynske Ø-hav
Denmark Nakskov Fjord and Indrefjord
Denmark Hjarbæk Fjord
Denmark Råbjerg Mile and surrounding heathlands
Denmark Eastern part of Vejlerne
Denmark Ribe Holme and meadows at Kongeåen
Denmark Islands and coast between Skælskør Fjord and Glænø
Denmark Arreskov Sø
Denmark Western part of Vejlerne, Arup Holm and Hovsør Røn
Denmark Rømø
Denmark Hanstholm Reservation
Denmark Borris Hede
Denmark Fiilsø
Denmark Fanø
Serbia Becej fish-pond
Serbia Jegricka
Georgia Javakheti Plateau
Georgia Kolkheti
Serbia Srednje Potamišje
Slovakia Slovenský karst
Slovakia Senné
Slovakia Parížske marshes
Slovakia Medzibodrožie
Serbia Labudovo okno
United Kingdom Lea Valley
Austria Southern Seewinkel and Zitzmannsdorfer Wiesen
Austria Neusiedler See
Austria March/Thaya riverine forest
Austria Storage lakes on the lower Inn
Poland Barycz river valley
Germany Lower Havel - Lake Schollene - Lake Gülpe
Germany Schorfheide-Chorin
Germany Ueckermünder Heide
Germany Putzarer See, Galenbecker See, Brohmer Berge
Germany Peenetal (Peenetalmoor and Anklamer Stadtbruch)
Germany Eastern shore of Lake Müritz, Grosser Schwerin and Steinhorn
Germany Nossentiner-/Schwinzer Heide with Krakower Obersee and Plauer See
Germany Lewitz
Germany Schaalsee
Germany Island of Usedom
Germany Charlottenhofer Weihergebiet and Hirtlohweiher
Germany Vogelfreistätte Alter and Neuer See
Germany Aisch-Regnitz-Grund
Germany Main valley near Schweinfurt
Germany Barnbruch
Germany Ostenholzer Moor and Meissendorfer Teiche
Germany Steinhuder Meer
Germany Dümmer
Germany Kühren Teich and Lanker See
Germany Lauenburgische Seen Nature Park and Schaalsee area
Germany Strand lakes and fish-ponds in south-western Fehmarn
Germany Warder See
Germany Grosser Plöner See
Germany Selenter See
Germany Selent-Plön fishponds
Germany Ostfriesische Meere
Germany Aland-Elbe lowlands
Germany Wulfener Bruch and Teichgebiet Osternienburg
Germany Elbe lowlands Jerichow
Germany Peitzer und Bärenbrücker Teiche
Germany Ponds and Elbe valley near Torgau
Germany Saale-Elster valley
Germany Drömling (Niedersachsen)
Germany Herbsleben ponds
Germany Rodachaue / Itzgrund / Oberes Maintal incl. Nassanger near Trieb and surrounding gravel pits
Germany Main valley: Eltmann - Hassfurt
Germany Main valley near Volkach: Fahr-Dettelbach
Germany Rötelsee-Weihergebiet incl. Regenaue and Chambaue
Germany Altmühl valley between Treuchtlingen and Leutershausen with Altmühlsee
Germany Spreewald
Germany Danube valley: Neu-Ulm - Lauingen incl. Faiminger Stausee, Donau-Moos, and Gundelfinger Moos
Germany Döberitzer Heide
Germany Oberes Rhinluch / Havelländisches Luch Nauen-Friesack
Germany Lowlands of middle Havel
Germany Oberlausitz heathland and fishponds biosphere reserve
Germany Grosshartmannsdorfer Grossteich
Germany Wagbach lowlands
Germany Blockland - lower Wümme valley - Westliches Hollerland
Germany Werderland
Germany Niedervieland, Ochtumniederung
Germany Mittelwesermarsch
Germany Rietzer See
Germany Lower Oder valley
Germany Uckermark lake region
Germany Stechlin
Germany Lower Elbe valley
Germany Deichvorland Oderbruch
Germany Unteres Rhinluch-Dreetzer See / Havelländisches Luch / Belziger Landschaftswiesen
Germany Bogs and heathlands of the Westmünsterland
Germany Heubachniederung/ Schwarzes Venn/ Borkenberge/ Halterner Seen
Germany Rieselfelder Münster
Germany Emsaue (Rietberger Emsniederung - Steinhorster Becken)
Germany Lower Rhine
Germany Sennelager training area
Germany Ems valley between Leer and Emden
Germany Elbe lowlands between Schnackenburg and Lauenburg
Germany Elbe marshes between Stade and Otterndorf
Germany Wendesser moor
Germany Fiener Bruch
Germany Salziger See and Salza valley
Germany Federseeried
Germany Lahn valley from Marburg to Wetzlar
Germany Rhäden near Obersuhl and Bosserode
Germany Alluvion of the middle Horloff
Germany Hessian Rhine alluvion
Germany Untersee of Lake Constance
Germany Rhine flats Karlsruhe - Rheinsheim
Germany Rhine flats Sasbach - Wittenweier
Germany Rhine flats Nonnenweier - Kehl
Germany Rhine flats Kehl-Helmlingen
Germany Woodlands of Western Pomerania, northern range
Germany Feldberg-Woldegk terminal moraine
Germany Wesseker See
Germany Oldenburger Graben
Belgium Bokrijk
Croatia Neretva Delta
Croatia Krka and Surrounding Plateau
Croatia Kopacki Rit Special Zoological Reserve
Croatia Poilovlje with Carp Fishponds
Croatia Vrana Lake and Jasen
Croatia Alluvial wetlands of the River Danube
Croatia Alluvial wetlands of the River Drava
Croatia Grudnjak fish-ponds
Croatia Donji Miholjac fish-ponds
Zambia Bangweulu Swamps
Lithuania Tyruliai State Nature Reserve
Lithuania Plinksiai state Nature Reserve and its environs
Lithuania Lake Druksiai
Ukraine Sosyns'kyj protected area
Ukraine Cholhyns'kyj zakaznyk
Lithuania Wetland complex of the Baltoji Voke fish-farm with neighbouring turbary and lake Papis
Israel Northern Arava valley
Israel Carmel coast
Iraq Hindiya Barrage
Iraq Hawizeh
Iraq Haur Al Hammar
Iraq Huweija marshes
Iraq Samara Wetlands
Iran, Islamic Republic of Shadegan marshes and tidal mudflats of Khor-al Amaya and Khor Musa
Iran, Islamic Republic of Arjan Protected Area
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamoun-i Sabari and Hamoun-i Hirmand
Iran, Islamic Republic of South end of the Hamoun-i Puzak
Jordan Jordan Valley
Lebanon Aammiq wetland
Oman Khawr Rouri
Oman Khawr ad Dahariz
Oman Salalah Bird Sanctuary
Saudi Arabia Al-Hasa lagoons
Syria Ras al-Ayn
Yemen Ta'izz wadis
Palestine Ein Al-Fashkha
Russia (European) Moksha valley in vicinity of Temnikov
Belarus Bielaviežškaja Pušča
Belarus Servač
Belarus Čyrvonaje
Belarus Sporaŭskaje balota
Belarus Liebiadziny Moch
Belarus Biarezina-Hajna
Belarus Cikiny astravy
Belarus Dražbitka-Svina
Belarus Janka river floodplain
Belarus Prostyr
Estonia Pakri
Estonia Ropka-Ihaste
Estonia Vooremaa
Estonia Võrtsjärv
Estonia Mullutu
Estonia Väinameri
Russia (Central Asian) Saltaim-Tenis lake
Russia (Central Asian) Lake Tavolzhan
Russia (Central Asian) Kurtan Lake
Russia (European) Dedinovo flood-plain of Oka river
Russia (European) Valdajskoe Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Yakush Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Kazanskaya flood-plain of the Ishim river
Russia (Central Asian) Pesochnoe Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Cher'omukhovo Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Shestakovskiye marshes
Latvia Adazi
Latvia Liepaja lake
Latvia Moricsala and Viskuzu sala
Latvia Lubans and fish-ponds
Latvia Seda marsh
Latvia Kemeri national park
Latvia Zvarde forest
Latvia Lake Lielauce
Latvia Piejura
Latvia Randu meadows
Latvia Sturu and Zvardes bogs
Latvia Razna
Latvia Svete lower reaches
Latvia Tasu lake
Bulgaria Zhrebchevo Reservoir
Bulgaria Zvanichevo Fish-ponds
France Bassin d'Arcachon et Banc d'Arguin
France Rade de Brest: Baie de Daoulas et Anse du Poulmic
France Vallée de la Loire : Orléanais
France Forêt d'Orléans: massifs d'Ingrannes et de Lorris
France Etang de Biguglia
France Vallée de la Saône de Corre à Broye
France Val de Chiers et environs de Spincourt
France Estuaire de la Canche
France Salines de l'Etang de Berre
France Vallée de la Charente et de la Seugne (Cabariot-Pons/St-Sever-de-Saintonge)
France Anse de Fouras, baie d'Yves et marais de Rochefort
France Bonne Anse
France Estuaire de la Gironde : marais de la rive nord
France Iles du Haut-Rhône
France Lac Léman (partie française)
France Marais de Manteyer
France Val de Saône
France Val de Drôme: Les Ramières-printegarde
France Rade de Lorient
France Etangs de Leucate et Lapalme
France Etangs Narbonnais
France Val d'Allier Bourbonnais
Bulgaria Yatata
Bulgaria Varna-Beloslav Lakes Complex
Bulgaria Shabla Lake Complex
Russia (European) Sitnikovski Reserve
Russia (Central Asian) Man'yass lake
Russia (Central Asian) Kuisakskoye reservoir
Russia (Central Asian) Zingeika lake
Russia (Central Asian) Kuznetsky Alatau Zapovednik
Russia (European) Floodplain of Pjana river near village Sarga
Russia (European) Floodplain of Moksha river and Common Crane autumn aggegation near villages Khohlikha and Shaprikha
Russia (European) Peat pits in Volodarski and Balakhninski districts
Russia (European) Rybachii Peninsula and Ushakovski bay
Russia (Central Asian) Taezhno-Mikhaylovsky
Russia (Central Asian) Kaban'i lakes
Russia (Central Asian) Kamyshnoye lake
Russia (Central Asian) Tarutino Lake
Russia (Central Asian) Ata-Anay Lake
Iran, Islamic Republic of Gori Gol
Iran, Islamic Republic of Anzali Mordab complex
Iran, Islamic Republic of Bandar Kiashar lagoon and mouth of Sefid Rud
Iran, Islamic Republic of Seyed Mohalli, Zarin Kola and Larim Sara
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lapoo - Zargmarz ab-bandans
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lashgarak and Latian dam
Iran, Islamic Republic of Dez river marshes and plains
Iran, Islamic Republic of Karun river marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Susangerd marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Maharlu
Iran, Islamic Republic of Lake Bakhtegan, Lake Tashk and Kamjan marshes
Iraq Attariya Plains
Jordan Azraq
Palestine Jerusalem wilderness
Saudi Arabia Wadi Turabah and Jabal Ibrahim
Syria Bahrat Homs
Bulgaria Straldzha Complex
Bulgaria Adata-Tundzha
Bulgaria Kalimok Complex
Bulgaria Tsibarsko Marsh
Turkmenistan Garabogaz - Garshy
Ukraine Chornobyl zone
Ukraine Serednyotomakivske reservior
Ukraine Buzhok river valley (Anastavtsi)
Ukraine Reservoir on r. Chechva with territories adjacent
Ukraine Vorskla river valley, near vv. Ivanivka-Kashans'ke, Kurikovka
United Kingdom Marazion Marsh
Sweden Lake Solgen
Kazakhstan Topar Lake System
Sweden Kalmar – Pataholm
Sweden Lake Vendel
Sweden Western part of Lake Mälaren
Sweden Lake Skedviken
Poland Bubnow Marsh
Italy River Po: from Ticino mouth to Boscone island
Poland Lower Vistula River Valley
Kazakhstan Cherniy (Black) Irtysh Delta
Poland Upper Vistula River Valley
Poland Omulew and Plodownica Rivers Valleys
Italy Lomellina and Heronries of Pavia province
Poland Pasleka river valley
Poland Middle Bug river valley
Poland Druzno lake
Poland Miedwie site
Poland Wkrzanska Forest
Poland Kostrzyn River Valley
Poland Cedynia Site
Poland Goleniow Forest
Poland Trzebiatow Site
Poland Witnica-Debno Site
Poland Barlinek Forest
Poland Drawa River Site
Poland Forest at Drawa River
Poland Forest at Gwda River
Poland Zgierzynieckie Lake
Poland Rogalin Site
Poland Bielawa Swamps
Poland Lower Silesia Forests
Netherlands Duinen en Lage Land Texel
Poland Pilica River Valley
Poland Kozienicka Forest
Poland Warmia Site
Poland Dobskie Lake
Poland Skaliskie Forest
Poland Orzysz Military Area
Poland Wizna Swamps
Poland Wkra and Mlawka Rivers Valleys
Poland Lower Notec River Valley
Poland Middle Notec River Valley
Poland Notec Forest
Poland Samica Valley
Poland Mala Welna River Valley
Poland Podedworze Reservoir
Poland Mosty-Zahajki Site
Poland Polesie
Poland Por River Valley
Poland Nielisz Site
Poland Tyszowce Site
Poland Upper Huczwa River Catchment
Poland Szyszla River Valley
Poland Solokija River Valley
Poland Upper Labunka River Valley
Poland Lower Skawa River Valley
Turkmenistan Deryatakyr
Turkmenistan Mergen
Italy Crava-Morozzo lakes
Netherlands Strabrechtse Heide & Beuven
Netherlands Duinen Schiermonnikoog
Netherlands Rottige Meenthe and Brandemeer
Hungary Alkaline lakes of Kiskunság
Serbia Carska Bara
Netherlands Alde Feanen
Netherlands Oostelijke Vechtplassen
Netherlands Nieuwkoopse Plassen & De Haeck
Netherlands Biesbosch
Netherlands De Wieden
Turkey Balıkdamı
United Kingdom Upper Nene Valley Gravel Pits
United Kingdom Humber Estuary
Turkey Kızılırmak Delta
Slovakia Morava
Slovenia Črete
Croatia Podunavlje and Lower Podravlje
Netherlands Oostzanerveld
Finland Päätyeenlahti bay
Finland Linnansaari
Finland Kukkiajärvi lake
Italy Valli Bolognesi
Italy Iolanda di Savoia wetlands
Italy Bassa Modenese
Italy Orti-Bottagone
Belarus Arechaŭskaje
Netherlands Lake Veluwemeer
Netherlands Lake IJsselmeer
Netherlands Ketelmeer & Vossemeer
Netherlands Lauwersmeer
South Africa Ntsikeni Wetland reserve
Russia (European) Karabash-Kudashskaya forest-steppe
Russia (European) Tishskaya Dal' area
Russia (European) Flood-plain of Lukh river between Lukh and Myt villages
Germany Wümme lowlands and St. Jürgensland
Germany Seeburger See
Germany Riddagshäuser Teiche
Germany Lengeder Teichgebiet
Germany Donau-Auen and Donau-Ried: Höchstädt - Donauwörth
Germany Danube valley: Regensburg-Vilshofen
Germany Ismaninger Speichersee and fish ponds
Germany Ammersee
Germany Starnberger See
Germany Lakes of Schwerin, Dambeck and Warin
Germany Heerter See
Germany Murnauer Moos and Loisach-Kochel-Moore
Germany Eastern part of Kiel Bight
Germany Serrahn and Woldegk-Feldberger Hügelland
Germany Mecklenburgische Schweiz
Germany Gransee / Zehdenick / Schnelle Havel
Germany Heathlands of Lieberose-Staakow-Reicherskreuz
Germany Mooswälder near Freiburg
Germany Main valley and Steiger foothills near Schweinfurt and Volkach
Germany Southern Tollense basin
Germany Upper and middle reaches of river Warnow with Göwe and Mildenitz
Germany Mildenitz Seen, Gägelower See, Uphaler See
Germany Recknitz and Trebel valley
Germany Western shore of Lake Müritz
Germany Torgelower See and Varchentiner See
Germany Bodanrück and Mindelsee
Germany Voslapper Groden
Germany Drumlinlandschaft near Überlingen with Salemer Klosterweihern
Germany Wernauer and Unterensinger gravel pits
Germany Ponds and forests near Maulbronn
Germany Gravel pits Krauchenwies-Zielfingen
Germany Military training area Grafenwöhr
Germany Lowlands of the Rivers Eider, Treene and Sorge
Germany Ploetzkau flood-plain forest
Germany Wetterau
Germany Lower Gersprenz lowlands incl. Reinheim pond
Germany Oldenburger Graben and Wesseker See
Germany Pinneberg Elbe lowlands
Germany Middle Elbe valley with Steckby-Lödderitz forest
Germany Hauke-Haien Koog
Germany Mouth of river Schwarze Elster
Germany Rohrsee near Bad Wurzach
Germany Danube valley Scheer-Zwiefaltendorf
Germany Flensburger Innen- and Aussenförde
Germany Traveförde and Dassower See
Germany Gotteskoogsee
Germany Schleswig-Holstein Wadden Sea National Park (includes the Halligs, Kniepsand/Amrum, Lister Koog, Rantumbecken, Rickelsb
Germany Haaler Au lowlands
Germany Kudensee
Luxembourg Haff Réimech
Romania Blahniţa
Romania Câmpia Nirului - Valea lerului
Romania Danube Delta
Romania Gruia - Gârla Mare
Romania Ostrovu Lung - Gostinu
Romania Suhaia
Kyrgyzstan Tokmak Pheasant Reserve
Kyrgyzstan Tulek Valley
Poland Wloszczowa Basin
Denmark Flyndersø and Stubbergård Lake
Denmark Glomstrup Vig, Agerø, Munkholm and Katholm Odde, Lindholm, and Rotholme
Denmark Holmegård Mose & Porsmose
Denmark Ovesø
Denmark Ramsø Mose
Denmark Rold Skov
Denmark Saltbæk Vig
Denmark Tinglev Mose and Sø
Denmark Ulvedybet and Nibe Bredning
Denmark Vestamager and adjacent sea area
Poland Szczecin lagoon
Poland Slupia River Valley
Poland Puck Bay
Poland Vistula river mouth
Poland Knyszyn Forest
Poland Pszczew Lakes and Obra River Valley
Poland Slawskie Lakes
Poland Bzura River Valley
Poland Turawa reservoir
Poland Middle Vistula River Valley
Poland Kampinos forest
Poland Odra riverine forests
Poland Roztocze
Poland Upper Odra River Valley
Poland Brzeszcze ponds
Poland Lower Sola River Valley
Poland Grzeda Sokalska Beechwood
Poland Czarna River Valley
Poland Lower San River Valley
Poland Lower Wieprz River Valley
Poland Przysowia and Sludwia River valley
Poland Stobrawa Watershed
Poland Widawa and Olesnica River Valley
Poland Karas Lake
Poland Kuznica Warezynska Reservoir
Poland Radlow Forest
Poland Sieniawa Forest
Poland Kurpie Site
Poland Kwiecewo Site
Poland Satopy-Samulewo Site
Poland Peatbogs at Wieprz River
Poland Sandomierz Forest
Poland Jaktorow and Krasnicza Wola Fishponds
Poland Elblag Height
Poland Sredzka Struga and Maskawa River Valley
Poland Siemianowka Reseirvoir
Slovenia Škocjan Bay
Belarus Braslav lakes
Jordan Maghtas - Sweimeh
Kazakhstan Batpakkol lake
South Africa Penny Park
Serbia Pester
Serbia Vršačke Planine
Serbia Okanj I Rusanda
Denmark Agger Tange and Krik Vig
Denmark Lille Vildmose
Estonia Kasti bay
Estonia Koorunõmme
Estonia Peipsi
Estonia Räpina polder
Estonia Siiksaare-Oessaare bays
Estonia Kunda
Croatia Grudnjak and Nasice Carp Fishponds
Estonia Alam-Pedja
Estonia Karula
Estonia Koigi
Greece Kalogria lagoon, Strofylia forest and Lamia marshes
Netherlands Wormer- en Jisperveld & Kalverpolder
Estonia Lahepera lake
Estonia Lavassaare
Estonia Luitemaa
Estonia Misso
Sweden Lake Gammelstadsviken
Kazakhstan Ereymentau Mountains
Kazakhstan Tyulen’i (Seal) Islands
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan portion of the river Volga's Delta - Zhambay
Kazakhstan Sorbulak Lake System
Sweden Lake Tysslingen
Albania Vlora Bay, Karaburun Peninsula and Cika mountain
Latvia Pape

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands major non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands major breeding
Altitude 0 - 1400 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Botaurus stellaris. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 04/10/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 04/10/2022.