Eskimo Curlew Numenius borealis


Blanco, D.; Banchs, R.; Canevari, P. 1993. Critical sites for the Eskimo Curlew (Numenius borealis), and other Nearctic grassland shorebirds in Argentina and Uruguay.

Elphick, C.S., Roberts, D.L., and Reed, J.M. 2010. Estimated dates of recent extinctions for North American and Hawaiian birds. Biological Conservation 143(3): 617-624.

Environment Canada. 2007. Recovery Strategy for the Eskimo Curlew (Numenius borealis) in Canada. Environment Canada, Ottawa.

Gill, R. E.; Canevari, P.; Iversen, E. H. 1998. Eskimo Curlew (Numenius borealis). In: Poole, A.; Gill, F. (ed.), The birds of North America, No. 347, pp. 1-28. The Academy of Natural Sciences and The American Ornithologists' Union, Philadelphia and Washington DC.

Roberts, D. L.; Elphick, C. S.; Reed, J. M. 2010. Identifying anomalous reports of putatively extinct species and why it matters. Conservation Biology 24(1): 189-196.

Roberts, D.L., and Jari?, I. 2016. Inferring extinction in North American and Hawaiian birds in the presence of sighting uncertainty. PeerJ 4: e2426.

Further resources

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Media resources
Arkive species - Eskimo curlew (Numenius borealis) 0

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2018) Species factsheet: Numenius borealis. Downloaded from on 21/07/2018. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2018) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 21/07/2018.