Emperor Penguin Aptenodytes forsteri


Ainley, D.; Russell, J.; Jenouvrier, S.; Woehler, E.; Lyver, P. O’B.; Fraser, W. R.; Kooyman, G. L. 2010. Antarctic penguin response to habitat change as Earth’s troposphere reaches 2°C above preindustrial levels. Ecological Monographs 80: 49-66.

del Hoyo, J.; Elliot, A.; Sargatal, J. 1992. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Fan, T.T.; Deser, C.; Schneider, D.P. 2014. Recent Antarctic sea ice trends in the context of Southern Ocean surface climate variations since 1950. Geophysical Research Letters 41: 2419-2426.

Ferreira, D.; Marshall, J.; Bitz, C.M.; Solomon, S.; Plumb, A. 2015. Antarctic Ocean and Sea Ice Response to Ozone Depletion: A Two-Time-Scale Problem. Journal of Climate 28: 1206-1226.

Fretwell, P.T.; LaRue, M.A.; Morin, P.; Kooyman, G.L.; Wienecke, B.; Ratcliffe, N.; Fox, A.J.; Fleming, A.H.; Porter, C.; Trathan, P.N. 2012. An Emperor Penguin population estimate: The first global, synoptic survey of a species from space. PLoS ONE 7(4): e33751.

Jenouvrier, S.; Holland, M.; Stroeve, J.; Serreze, M.; Barbraud, C.; Weimerskirch, H.; Caswell, H. 2014. Projected continent-wide declines of the emperor penguin under climate change. Nature Climate Change 4: 715-718.

Paolo, F. S.; Fricker, H. A.; Padman, L. 2015. Volume loss from Antarctic ice shelves is accelerating. Science 348: 327-331.

Robertson, G; Wienecke, B; Emmerson, L; et al. 2014. Long-term trends in the population size and breeding success of emperor penguins at the Taylor Glacier colony, Antarctica. Polar Biology 37(2): 251-259.

Trathan P.N.; Fretwell P.T.; Stonehouse, B. 2011. First recorded loss of an Emperor Penguin colony in the recent period of Antarctic regional warming: Implications for other colonies. PLoS ONE 6(2): e14738.

Turner, J.; Comiso, J. C.; Marshall, G. J.; Lachlan-Cope, T. A.; Bracegirdle, T.; Maksym, T.; Meredith, M. P.; Zhaomin Wang; Orr, A. 2009. Non-annular atmospheric circulation change induced by stratospheric ozone depletion and its role in the recent increase of Antarctic sea ice extent. . Geophysical Research Letters 36: L08502.

Zwally, H. J.; Comiso, J..C; Parkinson, C. L.; Cavalieri, D. J.; Gloersen, P. 2002. Variability of Antarctic sea ice 1979–1998. Journal of Geophysical Research 107.

Further resources

IUCN SSC Penguin Specialist Group

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

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Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Aptenodytes forsteri. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/05/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/05/2020.