NT
Emperor Penguin Aptenodytes forsteri



References

Ainley, D.; Russell, J.; Jenouvrier, S.; Woehler, E.; Lyver, P. O’B.; Fraser, W. R.; Kooyman, G. L. 2010. Antarctic penguin response to habitat change as Earth’s troposphere reaches 2°C above preindustrial levels. Ecological Monographs 80: 49-66.

del Hoyo, J.; Elliot, A.; Sargatal, J. 1992. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Fan, T.T.; Deser, C.; Schneider, D.P. 2014. Recent Antarctic sea ice trends in the context of Southern Ocean surface climate variations since 1950. Geophysical Research Letters 41: 2419-2426.

Ferreira, D.; Marshall, J.; Bitz, C.M.; Solomon, S.; Plumb, A. 2015. Antarctic Ocean and Sea Ice Response to Ozone Depletion: A Two-Time-Scale Problem. Journal of Climate 28: 1206-1226.

Fretwell, P.T.; LaRue, M.A.; Morin, P.; Kooyman, G.L.; Wienecke, B.; Ratcliffe, N.; Fox, A.J.; Fleming, A.H.; Porter, C.; Trathan, P.N. 2012. An Emperor Penguin population estimate: The first global, synoptic survey of a species from space. PLoS ONE 7(4): e33751.

Jenouvrier, S.; Holland, M.; Stroeve, J.; Serreze, M.; Barbraud, C.; Weimerskirch, H.; Caswell, H. 2014. Projected continent-wide declines of the emperor penguin under climate change. Nature Climate Change 4: 715-718.

Paolo, F. S.; Fricker, H. A.; Padman, L. 2015. Volume loss from Antarctic ice shelves is accelerating. Science 348: 327-331.

Robertson, G; Wienecke, B; Emmerson, L; et al. 2014. Long-term trends in the population size and breeding success of emperor penguins at the Taylor Glacier colony, Antarctica. Polar Biology 37(2): 251-259.

Trathan P.N.; Fretwell P.T.; Stonehouse, B. 2011. First recorded loss of an Emperor Penguin colony in the recent period of Antarctic regional warming: Implications for other colonies. PLoS ONE 6(2): e14738.

Turner, J.; Comiso, J. C.; Marshall, G. J.; Lachlan-Cope, T. A.; Bracegirdle, T.; Maksym, T.; Meredith, M. P.; Zhaomin Wang; Orr, A. 2009. Non-annular atmospheric circulation change induced by stratospheric ozone depletion and its role in the recent increase of Antarctic sea ice extent. . Geophysical Research Letters 36: L08502.

Zwally, H. J.; Comiso, J..C; Parkinson, C. L.; Cavalieri, D. J.; Gloersen, P. 2002. Variability of Antarctic sea ice 1979–1998. Journal of Geophysical Research 107.

Further resources

IUCN SSC Penguin Specialist Group

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

View photos and videos and hear sounds of this species from the Internet Bird Collection

Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Aptenodytes forsteri. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/05/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/05/2020.