NT
Emperor Penguin Aptenodytes forsteri



References

Ainley, D.; Russell, J.; Jenouvrier, S.; Woehler, E.; Lyver, P. O’B.; Fraser, W. R.; Kooyman, G. L. 2010. Antarctic penguin response to habitat change as Earth’s troposphere reaches 2°C above preindustrial levels. Ecological Monographs 80: 49-66.

del Hoyo, J.; Elliot, A.; Sargatal, J. 1992. Handbook of the Birds of the World, vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Fretwell, P. T.; LaRue, M. A.; Morin, P.; Kooyman, G. L.; Wienecke, B.; Ratcliffe, N.; Fox, A. J.; Fleming, A. H.; Porter, C.; Trathan, P. N. 2012. An Emperor Penguin Population Estimate: The First Global, Synoptic Survey of a Species from Space. PLoS ONE 7(4).

Fretwell, P. T.; Trathan, P. N.; Wienecke, B.; Kooyman, G. L. 2014. Emperor penguins breeding on ice shelves. PloS one 9(1): e85285.

Jenouvrier, S.; Holland, M.; Stroeve, J.; Serreze, M.; Barbraud, C.; Weimerskirch, H.; Caswell, H. 2014. Projected continent-wide declines of the emperor penguin under climate change. Nature Climate Change 4: 715-718.

Meehl, G. A., Arblaster, J. M., Fasullo, J. T., Hu, A.,, Trenberth, K. E. 2011. Model-based evidence of deep-ocean heat uptake during surface-temperature hiatus periods. . Nature Climate Change 1(7): 360-364.

Meehl, G.A., Covey, C., Delworth, T., Latif, M., McAvaney, B., Mitchell, J., Stouffer, R., Taylor, K. 2007. The WCRP CMIP3 multi-model dataset: A new era in climate change research. . Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 88: 1383-1394.

Robertson, G; Wienecke, B; Emmerson, L; et al. 2014. Long-term trends in the population size and breeding success of emperor penguins at the Taylor Glacier colony, Antarctica. Polar Biology 37(2): 251-259.

Trathan P. N.; Fretwell P. T.; Stonehouse, B. 2011. First Recorded Loss of an Emperor Penguin Colony in the Recent Period of Antarctic Regional Warming: Implications for Other Colonies. PLoS ONE 6(2).

Turner, J.; Comiso, J. C.; Marshall, G. J.; Lachlan-Cope, T. A.; Bracegirdle, T.; Maksym, T.; Meredith, M. P.; Zhaomin Wang; Orr, A. 2009. Non-annular atmospheric circulation change induced by stratospheric ozone depletion and its role in the recent increase of Antarctic sea ice extent. . Geophysical Research Letters 36: L08502.

Zwally, H. J.; Comiso, J..C; Parkinson, C. L.; Cavalieri, D. J.; Gloersen, P. 2002. Variability of Antarctic sea ice 1979–1998. Journal of Geophysical Research 107.

Further resources

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Media resources
Arkive species - Emperor penguin (Aptenodytes forsteri) 0

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2017) Species factsheet: Aptenodytes forsteri. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/10/2017. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2017) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/10/2017.