NT
Elliot's Pheasant Syrmaticus ellioti



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N. J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Near Threatened A2cd+3cd+4cd
2012 Near Threatened A2cd+3cd+4cd
2010 Near Threatened A2c,d; A3c,d; A4c,d
2008 Vulnerable A2c,d; A3c,d; A4c,d
2004 Vulnerable
2000 Vulnerable
1996 Vulnerable
1994 Vulnerable
1988 Threatened
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency High
Land mass type Land-mass type - continent
Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 673,000 medium
Number of locations 11-100 -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals medium estimated 2007
Population trend Decreasing poor suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) 20-29 - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) 20-29 - - -
Number of subpopulations 2-100 - - -
Largest subpopulations 1-89 - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5 - - -

Population justification: Ongoing and extensive survey efforts have led to a global population estimate of c.100,000-200,000 individuals (Fellowes, J. in litt. 2007; He Fen-qi in litt. 2007), while the population in China has been estimated at <c.10,000 breeding pairs (Brazil 2009).

Trend justification: Habitat loss was believed to have resulted in a rapid population decline. Clearance of natural forest has been illegal since 1998 and although hunting is also a factor at a local level it seems that what were previously assumed to be rapid population declines are now slower. Although there is no evidence that the population is dramatically declining, a decline of 20-29% over the past three generations is precautionarily suspected.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
China (mainland) N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
China (mainland) Fanjing Shan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Leigong Shan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Mount Huang Shan
China (mainland) Qingliangfeng Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Guniujiang Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Guanshan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Jiangxi Wuyi Shan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Jinggang Shan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Jiugong Shan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Badagongshan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Wulingyuan
China (mainland) Tianmen Shan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Dawei Shan Nature Reserve (Hunan)
China (mainland) Wugang Yunshan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Taoyuandong Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Huangsang Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Tianmu Shan
China (mainland) Zhejiang Qingliangfeng Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Gutian Shan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Shuiwu
China (mainland) Kuocang Shan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Baiyun Forest Park
China (mainland) Jiulong Shan Nature Reserve (Zhejiang)
China (mainland) Shiyang Forest Park
China (mainland) Fengyang Shan - Baishanzu Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Wuyanling Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Fujian Wuyi Shan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Longqi Shan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Meihua Shan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Mao'er Shan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Tianping Shan
China (mainland) Haiyangshan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Sansuo Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Jiaqiaoling Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Lagou Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Bamian Shan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Dashahe Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Fodingshan Forest
China (mainland) Maolan Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Mayanghe Nature Reserve
China (mainland) Yueliangshan Forest
China (mainland) Caiyanghe

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Forest Temperate major resident
Altitude 200 - 1900 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Threats & impact
Threat (level 1) Threat (level 2) Impact and Stresses
Agriculture & aquaculture Annual & perennial non-timber crops - Small-holder farming Timing Scope Severity Impact
Past, Unlikely to Return Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines Past Impact
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Agriculture & aquaculture Wood & pulp plantations - Scale Unknown/Unrecorded Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Gathering terrestrial plants - Unintentional effects (species is not the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Species disturbance
Biological resource use Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals - Intentional use (species is the target) Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Species mortality
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting - Unintentional effects: (large scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Past, Unlikely to Return Majority (50-90%) Slow, Significant Declines Past Impact
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Biological resource use Logging & wood harvesting - Unintentional effects: (subsistence/small scale) [harvest] Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation
Natural system modifications Fire & fire suppression - Increase in fire frequency/intensity Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Slow, Significant Declines Low Impact: 5
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation, Ecosystem conversion
Pollution Air-borne pollutants - Acid rain Timing Scope Severity Impact
Ongoing Minority (<50%) Negligible declines Low Impact: 4
Stresses
Ecosystem degradation

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Species factsheet: Syrmaticus ellioti. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 08/03/2021. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2021) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 08/03/2021.