Elfin Woods Warbler Setophaga angelae


Anadón-Irizarry, V. 2006. Distribution, habitat occupancy and population density of the Elfin-woods Warbler (Dendroica angelae) in Puerto Rico. Thesis. MSc (Biology), University of Puerto Rico, Mayagüez.

Anadón-Irizarry, V.; González, R.; Llerandi-Román, I.; Campos-Cerqueira, M. 2017. Status and recommendations for the recovery of the Elfin-woods Warbler (Setophaga angelae) in Puerto Rico. Journal of Caribbean Ornithology 30(1): 28-32.

Arendt, W.J., Qian, S.S., and Mineard, K.A. 2013. Population decline of the Elfin-woods Warbler Setophaga angelae in eastern Puerto Rico. Bird Conservation International 23(2): 136-146.

Bird, J.P., Martin, R., Akçakaya, H.R., Gilroy, J., Burfield, I.J., Garnett, S.G., Symes, A., Taylor, J., Şekercioğlu, Ç.H. and Butchart, S.H.M. 2020. Generation lengths of the world’s birds and their implications for extinction risk. Conservation Biology 34(5): 1252-1261.

Campos‐Cerqueira, M.; Arendt, W. J.; Wunderle Jr, J. M.; Aide, T. M. 2017. Have bird distributions shifted along an elevational gradient on a tropical mountain? Ecology and Evolution 7(23): 9914-9924.

Colón Merced, R.J. 2013. Evaluación cuantitativa de presas potenciales, tipo artrópodo, y análisis paisajista del hábitat potencial para la Reinita de Bosque Enano (Setophaga angelae) en Puerto Rico. Universidad de Puerto Rico.

Cruz, A.; Delannoy, C. A. 1984. Ecology of the Elfin Woods Warbler Dendroica angelae, I. Distribution, habitat usage and population densities. Caribbean Journal of Science 20: 89-96.

Curson, J.; Quinn, D.; Beadle, D. 1994. New World warblers. A&C Black/Christopher Helm, London.

Delannoy, C. A. 2006. Distribution, abundance and description of habitats of the Elfin Woods Warbler, Dendroica angelae, in southwestern Puerto Rico. Technical Report to U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

Gonzalez, G.M. 2008. Distribución y abundancia de la reinita de bosque enano (Dendroica angelae) en el bosque de maricao y en áreas adyacentes. Universidad de Puerto Rico.

IUCN. 2020. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2020-3. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 10 December 2020).

Raffaele, H. A. 1983. A guide to the birds of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Fondo Educativo Interamericano, San Juan.

Raffaele, H.; Wiley, J.; Garrido, O.; Keith, A.; Raffaele, J. 1998. Birds of the West Indies. Christopher Helm, London.

Rodriguez-Mojica, R. 2004. First report of cavity-nesting in Elfin-woods Warbler Dendroica angelae at Maricao State Forest, Puerto Rico. Cotinga 22: 21-23.

US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS). 2015. Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Threatened Species Status for the Elfin-woods Warbler.

Further resources

Masters thesis

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Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Setophaga angelae. Downloaded from http://datazone.birdlife.org/species/factsheet/elfin-woods-warbler-setophaga-angelae on 07/06/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://datazone.birdlife.org on 07/06/2023.