NT
Elegant Tern Thalasseus elegans



References

AOU. 1998. Check-list of North American birds. American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D.C.

Bird, J.P., Martin, R., Akçakaya, H.R., Gilroy, J., Burfield, I.J., Garnett, S.G., Symes, A., Taylor, J., Şekercioğlu, Ç.H. and Butchart, S.H.M. 2020. Generation lengths of the world’s birds and their implications for extinction risk. Conservation Biology 34(5): 1252-1261.

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

Gochfeld, M.; Burger, J. 1996. Sternidae (Terns). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J. (ed.), Handbook of the birds of the world, pp. 624-667. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Howell, S.N.G.; Webb, S. 1995. A guide to the Birds of Mexico and northern Central America. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

IUCN. 2020. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2020-3. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 10 December 2020).

Kushlan, J. A.; Steinkamp, M. J.; Parsons, K. C.; Capp, J.; Cruz, M. A.; Coulter, M.; Davidson, I.; Dickson, L.; Edelson, N.; Ellio, R.; Erwin, M.; Hatch, S.; Kress, S.; Milko, R.; Miller, S.; Mills, K.;…authors continued in notes. 2002. Waterbird conservation for the Americas. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service National Publications Clearinghouse, Shepherdstown, U.S.A.

Rankin, C. 2016. Colony dynamics of Elegant Terns (Thalasseus elegans) in the Southern California Bight in relation to prey availability, oceanographic conditions, and predator disturbance. California State University.

Samaniego-Herrera, A., Aguirre-Muñoz, A., Rodríguez-Malagón, M., González-Gómez, R., Torres-García, F., Méndez-Sánchez, F.; Latofski-Robles, M. 2011. Rodent eradications on Mexican islands: advances and challenges. . Island invasives: Eradication and management. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland: 350-355.

Velarde, E., Ezcurra, E., Horn, M. H., and Patton, R. T. 2015. Warm oceanographic anomalies and fishing pressure drive seabird nesting north. Science advances 1(5).

Velarde, E.; Anderson, D.W. 1994. Conservation and management of seabird islands in the Gulf of California: setbacks and successes. In: Nettleship, D.N.; Burger, J.; Gochfeld, M. (ed.), Seabirds on islands: Threats, case studies and action plans, pp. 229-243. BirdLife International, Cambridge, UK.

Further resources

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Thalasseus elegans. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 17/08/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 17/08/2022.