Egyptian Nightjar Caprimulgus aegyptius


Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red List criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2018 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency does not normally occur in forest
Land-mass type Average mass 77 g

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 12,100,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 7,640,000
Severely fragmented? no -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
Number of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend decreasing suspected -
Generation length (years) 5.6 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is reported to be locally scarce to common (del Hoyo et al. 1999).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be in decline owing to ongoing habitat destruction (del Hoyo et al. 1999).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Presence Origin Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan extant native yes
Algeria extant native yes
Bahrain extant native yes
Chad extant native
China (mainland) extant vagrant
Denmark extant vagrant
Egypt extant native yes
Eritrea extant vagrant
Germany extant vagrant
Iran, Islamic Republic of extant native yes yes
Iraq extant native yes
Israel extant native
Italy extant vagrant
Jordan extant native yes
Kazakhstan extant native yes
Kuwait extant native yes yes
Libya extant native
Mali extant native
Malta extant vagrant
Mauritania extant native
Morocco extant native yes
Niger extant vagrant
Nigeria extant native
Oman extant native yes yes
Pakistan extant native
Qatar extant vagrant
Saudi Arabia extant native yes
Senegal extant native
Somalia extant vagrant
South Sudan extant native yes
Sudan extant native
Sweden extant vagrant
Syria extant vagrant yes
Tajikistan extant native yes
Togo extant vagrant
Tunisia extant native yes
Turkmenistan extant native yes
United Arab Emirates extant native yes
United Kingdom extant vagrant
Uzbekistan extant native yes
Western Sahara extant uncertain
Yemen extant native yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Algeria Belezma
Algeria Djebel Aissa
Algeria Béni Abbès
Morocco Jbel Krouz
Morocco Merzouga/Tamezguidat
Morocco Oued Mird
Morocco Dakhla area
Chad Fada Archei
Tunisia Jbil
Tunisia Sidi Toui
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamoun-i Sabari and Hamoun-i Hirmand
Afghanistan Hamun-i-Puzak
Jordan Azraq
United Arab Emirates Al Marmoom Desert
Uzbekistan Sudochye Lake
Uzbekistan Dengizkul Lake
Uzbekistan Karnabchul Steppe
Uzbekistan Karakyr Lakes
Uzbekistan The desert around Kurkuduk village
Tajikistan Kayrakkum Reservoir
Tajikistan Tigrovaya Balka Nature Reserve
Tajikistan Sarazm
Uzbekistan Buzaubay
Uzbekistan Kattakurgan Reservoir
Uzbekistan Khodzha-Davlet
Turkmenistan Garachop
Turkmenistan Garabil
Turkmenistan Mergen
Turkmenistan Tejen
Turkmenistan Uzboy
Turkmenistan Tekejik - Biynekyr
Uzbekistan Zarafshan State Nature Reserve
Uzbekistan Northern shore of Aydarkul Lake
Uzbekistan Akpetky lakes and surrounding Aralkum Desert
Iraq Razzaza Lake
Iraq Dalmaj Marsh
Iraq Central Marshes
Iraq Wadi Al-W’eir & Sh'eeb Abu-Talha
Iraq West Hammar
Iraq Jazman (Zurbatia)

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable non-breeding
Desert Hot suitable breeding
Desert Hot suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - non-trivial recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Caprimulgus aegyptius. Downloaded from on 27/09/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 27/09/2023.