Egyptian Nightjar Caprimulgus aegyptius


Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2018 Least Concern
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass 77 g

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 12,100,000
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 7,640,000
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.6 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is reported to be locally scarce to common (del Hoyo et al. 1999).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be in decline owing to ongoing habitat destruction (del Hoyo et al. 1999).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Algeria N Extant Yes
Bahrain N Extant Yes
Chad N Extant
China (mainland) V Extant
Denmark V Extant
Egypt N Extant Yes
Eritrea V Extant
Germany V Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Israel N Extant
Italy V Extant
Jordan N Extant Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kuwait N Extant Yes Yes
Libya N Extant
Mali N Extant
Malta V Extant
Mauritania N Extant
Morocco N Extant Yes
Niger V Extant
Nigeria N Extant
Oman N Extant Yes Yes
Pakistan N Extant
Qatar V Extant
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes
Senegal N Extant
Somalia V Extant
South Sudan N Extant Yes
Sudan N Extant
Sweden V Extant
Syria V Extant Yes
Tajikistan N Extant Yes
Togo V Extant
Tunisia N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant Yes
United Arab Emirates N Extant Yes
United Kingdom V Extant
Uzbekistan N Extant Yes
Western Sahara U Extant
Yemen N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Algeria Belezma
Algeria Djebel Aissa
Algeria Béni Abbès
Egypt Lake Manzala
Egypt Lake Burullus
Egypt Lake Qarun Protected Area
Egypt Lake Nasser
Morocco Jbel Krouz
Morocco Merzouga/Tamezguidat
Morocco Oued Mird
Morocco Dakhla area
Chad Fada Archei
Tunisia Sebkhet Nouaïel
Tunisia Douz Laâla
Tunisia Snam
Tunisia Ghidma
Tunisia Jbil
Tunisia Sidi Toui
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamoun-i Sabari and Hamoun-i Hirmand
Afghanistan Hamun-i-Puzak
Iran, Islamic Republic of Miankaleh Peninsula and Gorgan Bay
Iran, Islamic Republic of South end of the Hamoun-i Puzak
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hilleh Protected Area
Iraq Anah and Rawa
Iraq Abu Habba
Iraq Razzaza Lake
Jordan Azraq
United Arab Emirates Al Marmoom Desert
Uzbekistan Aktepe Reservoir and Three Lakes
Uzbekistan Vardanzi
Uzbekistan Sudochye Lake
Uzbekistan Dengizkul Lake
Uzbekistan Karnabchul Steppe
Uzbekistan Karakyr Lakes
Turkmenistan Nargyz
Uzbekistan Kagan Fish Farm
Uzbekistan The desert around Kurkuduk village
Uzbekistan Achinskoe Lake
Tajikistan Kayrakkum Reservoir
Tajikistan Tigrovaya Balka Nature Reserve
Tajikistan Sarazm
Uzbekistan Buzaubay
Uzbekistan Kattakurgan Reservoir
Uzbekistan Khodzha-Davlet
Turkmenistan Garachop
Turkmenistan Garabil
Turkmenistan Mergen
Turkmenistan Tejen
Turkmenistan Uzboy
Turkmenistan Tekejik - Biynekyr
Uzbekistan Zarafshan State Nature Reserve
Uzbekistan Northern shore of Aydarkul Lake
Uzbekistan Akpetky lakes and surrounding Aralkum Desert
Uzbekistan Ayakaghytma lake and surrounding desert
Iraq Dalmaj Marsh
Iraq Central Marshes
Iraq Wadi Al-W’eir & Sh'eeb Abu-Talha
Iraq West Hammar
Iraq Jazman (Zurbatia)
Turkmenistan Chokrak-Tutly
Turkmenistan Badhyz
Turkmenistan Repetek

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable non-breeding
Desert Hot suitable breeding
Desert Hot suitable non-breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Sport hunting/specimen collecting - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Caprimulgus aegyptius. Downloaded from on 07/12/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 07/12/2022.