LC
Eastern Rock Nuthatch Sitta tephronota



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Perrins, C.M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Cramp, S.; Perrins, C. M. 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status altitudinal migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass 35.20000076 g
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 4,840,000
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified. In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 16,600-53,500 pairs, which equates to 33,200-107,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015), but Europe forms <5% of the global range.

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats. The small European population is estimated to be stable (BirdLife International 2015).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Armenia N Extant Yes
Azerbaijan N Extant Yes
Georgia N Extant
India V Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Kazakhstan N Extant Yes
Kyrgyzstan N Extant Yes
Pakistan N Extant
Tajikistan N Extant Yes
Turkey N Extant Yes
Turkmenistan N Extant
Uzbekistan N Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Armenia Khosrov Reserve
Iraq Ahmed Awa
Iraq Assos Mountain
Iraq Barzan Area and Gali Balnda
Iraq Chami Razan
Iraq De Lezha
Iraq Doli Smaquli and Ashab
Iraq Dukan Lake
Iraq Halgurd Mountain
Iraq Peramagroon Mountain
Iraq Qara Dagh
Iraq Sari Hassan Bag
Iraq Sharbazher Area
Kazakhstan Aksu-Dzhabagly State Nature Reserve
Kazakhstan Kapchagay Canyon
Kazakhstan Kenshektau Mountains
Tajikistan Dangara massif
Turkmenistan Dushakerekdag
Turkmenistan Gurykhovudan
Turkmenistan Koytendag
Turkmenistan Kurendag - Garagoz
Turkmenistan Kurtusuv - Khovudan
Turkmenistan Sumbar
Turkmenistan Uly Balkan
Uzbekistan Darasay Gorge
Uzbekistan Middle reaches of the Sherabad River
Uzbekistan Nuratau Range
Uzbekistan Sarmysh Nature Park

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) major resident
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable resident
Wetlands (inland) Seasonal/Intermittent/Irregular Rivers/Streams/Creeks suitable resident
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Sitta tephronota. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/05/2019. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2019) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/05/2019.