Eastern Marsh-harrier Circus spilonotus


An, S., Tian, Z., Cai, Y., Wen, T., Xu, D., Jiang, H., Yao, Z., Guan, B., Sheng, S., Ouyang, Y. and Cheng, X. 2013. Wetlands of Northeast Asia and High Asia: an overview. Aquatic Sciences 75: 63-71.

Bird, J.P., Martin, R., Akçakaya, H.R., Gilroy, J., Burfield, I.J., Garnett, S.G., Symes, A., Taylor, J., ?ekercio?lu, Ç.H. and Butchart, S.H.M. 2020. Generation lengths of the world’s birds and their implications for extinction risk. Conservation Biology 34(5): 1252-1261. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.13486.

del Hoyo, J., Elliot, A. & Sargatal, J. (ed.). 1992. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Ferguson-Lees, J. and Christie, D.A. 2001. Raptors of the World. Christopher Helm, London.

Hirano, T, Endo, K., Nonaka, J., Kawada, H., Uchida, H., Horie, R., Nagano, D., Hunatsumaru, H. and Ueta, M. 2010. A long term monitoring survey of wintering Eastern Marsh Harriers and Hen Harriers in Watarase Marsh. Bird Research 6: A29-A42.

Hirano, T., Koike, I. and Tsukahara, C. 2004. Lead shots retrieved from the pellets of Eastern Marsh Harriers wintering in Watarase Marsh, Tochigi Prefecture, Japan. Japanese Journal of Ornithology 53(2): 98-100.

Hughes, A. 2017. Understanding the drivers of Southeast Asian biodiversity loss. Ecosphere 8(1): 1-33.

IUCN. 2021. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2021-3. Available at: (Accessed: 09 December 2021).

Orta, J., Kirwan, G.M., de Juana, E. and Marks, J.S. 2014. Eastern Marsh-harrier (Circus spilonotus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. and de Juana, E. (eds), Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive, Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Further resources

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Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Circus spilonotus. Downloaded from on 01/06/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 01/06/2023.