Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca


Anon. 2013. Can the Imperial Eagle and the Souslik keep their home and food? Neophron 1: 1.

Bagyura, J.; Szitta, T.; Haraszthy, L.; Firmánszky, G.; Viszló, L.; Kovács, A.; Demeter, I.; Horváth, M. 2002. Population increase of Imperial Eagle (Aquila heliaca) in Hungary between 1980 and 2000. Aquila 107-108: 133-144.

Barov, B and Derhé, M. A. 2011. Review of the implementation of species action plans for threatened birds in the European Union 2004-2010. Final report. BirdLife International for the European Commission.

Belik, V. P.; Galushin, V. M. 1996. Final report on the project Imperial Eagle inventory in European Russia, 1996.

Belik, V.; Galushin, V.; Bogomolov, D. 2002. Results of the Imperial Eagle (Aquila heliaca) Project in Russia during 1996 and 1997. Aquila 107-108: 177-181.

BirdLife International. 2008. Species factsheet: Aquila heliaca.. Available at:

BirdLife International. 2015. European Red List of Birds. Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg.

Bragin, E. A. 1999. Status of the Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca in Kazakhstan. Buteo 1999: 16.

Demerdzhiev, D.; Dobrev, D.; Isfendiyaroglu, S.; Boev, Z.; Stoychev, S.; Terziev, N.; Spasov; S. 2014. Distribution, abundance, breeding parameters, threats and prey preferences of the eastern imperial eagle in European Turkey. Proceedings from VII. International Conference on the Conservation of the Eastern Imperial Eagle, 2-5 October 2013, Bratislava, Slovakia. Slovak Raptor Journal 8: 17-25.

Demerdzhiev, D.; Stoychev, S.; Dobrev, D.; Spasov, S.; Oppel, S. 2015. Studying the demographic drivers of an increasing Imperial Eagle population to inform conservation management. Biodiversity and Conservation 24: 627-639.

Demeter, G. and Maderič, B. 2007. Imperial Eagle Management Guidelines. Raptor Protection of Slovakia.

Ferguson-Lees, J. and Christie, D.A. 2001. Raptors of the world. Christopher Helm, London.

Heredia, B. 1996. International action plan for the Imperial Eagle (Aquila heliaca). In: Heredia, B.; Rose, L.; Painter, M. (ed.), Globally threatened birds in Europe: action plans, pp. 159-174. Council of Europe, and BirdLife International, Strasbourg.

Horváth M., I. Fatér, E. Sultanov, S. Isayevand T. Karimov. 2008. Status of imperial eagles in North-western Azerbaijan: population size, density, breeding success and prey composition. Proceeding of 6th International Conference on the Conservation of the Eastern Imperial Eagle 5-7 September 2008, Topolovgrad, Bulgaria.

Horváth, M. 2009. Habitat- and prey-selection of imperial eagles (Aquila heliaca). PhD Thesis. Faculty of Science, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest.

Horvath, M., Fater, I., Isayev, S. Karimov, T. & Sultanov, E. 2007. Imperial Eagle population survey in north-western Azerbaijan (April 2007) - Project Report..

Horváth, M.; Béres, I.; Juhász, T.; Kleszó, A.; Kovács, A.; Isfendiyaroglu S.; Tavares, J. 2014. Population surveys of Eastern Imperial Eagles in Anatolia between 2009 and 2013. Proceedings from VII. International Conference on the Conservation of the Eastern Imperial Eagle, 2-5 October 2013, Bratislava, Slovakia. Slovak Raptor Journal 8: 63-64.

Horváth, M.; Demeter, I; Fatér, I.; Firmánszky, G.; Kleszo, A.; Kovács, A.; Szitta, T.; Tóth, I.; Zalai, T.; Bagyura, J. 2011. Population dynamics of the Eastern imperial eagle (Aquila heliaca) in Hungary between 2001 and 2009. Acta Zoologica Bulgarica Suppl. 3: 61-70.

Horvath, M.; Haraszthy, L.; Bagyura, J.; Kovacs, A. 2002. Eastern Imperial Eagle (Aquila heliaca) populations in Europe. Aquila 107-108: 193-204.

Horváth, M.; Kovács, A.; Demeter, I. 2005. The biology of the Imperial Eagle in the Carpathian Basin. In: Kovács, A., Demeter, I., Horváth, M., Fülöp, Gy., Frank, T., Szilvácsku, Zs (ed.), Imperial Eagle Management Guidelines, MME/BirdLife Hungary, Budapest.

Horváth, M.; Kovács, A.; Gallo-Orsi, U. 2006. Action Plan for Imperial Eagle (Aquila heliaca) in the Southern-Caucasus.

Karyakin I. V.; Bekmansurov R. H.; Nikolenko E. G. 2013. Imperial Eagle in Russia and Kazakhstan: monitoring results 2008–2013. International Conference on the Conservation of the Eastern Imperial Eagle 2-5 October 2013, Bratislava, Slovakia. 2013.

Karyakin, I. V. 2011. Altai gas pipeline - a threat to the welfare of the world's largest population of Eastern imperial eagle. Raptors Conservation 23: 33-42.

Kovács, A.; Demeter, I.; Horváth, M.; Fülöp, Gy.; Frank, T.; Szilvácsku, Zs. 2005. Imperial Eagle management guidelines.

Magyar, G.; Hadarics, T.; Waliczky, Z.; Schmidt, A.; Nagy, T.; Bankovics, A. 1998. [an annotated list of the birds of Hungary] Magyarorszag madarainak nevjegyzeke. BirdLife Hungary, Budapest.

Shashkin, M. M.; Karyakin, I. V.; Pazhenkov, A. S.; Levashkin, A. P.; Adamov, S. G.; Kolesova, N. E. 2011. The results of attracting the imperial eagle and the white-tailed eagle into artificial nests in the Samara District, Russia. Raptors Conservation 23: 138-151.

Snow, D.W. and Perrins, C.M. 1998. The Birds of the Western Palearctic, Volume 1: Non-Passerines. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Stoychev, S.; Zeitz, R.; Grubac, B. 2004. Plan for the Conservation of the Imperial Eagle in the Balkan Peninsula.

Sultanov, E. 2010. Research study of Imperial Eagle (Aquila heliaca) population in Azerbaijan. . Project Report. Azerbaijan Ornithological Society, Baku.

Further resources

Conservation of the Imperial Eagle in the Carpathian basin

Detailed species account from Birds in Europe: population estimates, trends and conservation status (BirdLife International 2004)

Detailed species accounts from the Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book (BirdLife International 2001).

Explore HBW Alive for further information on this species

International Action Plan

Search for photos, videos and sounds of this species in the Internet Bird Collection.

Wildlife comeback in Europe: The recovery of selected mammal and bird species (Deinet et al. 2013)

Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Aquila heliaca. Downloaded from on 23/04/2019. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2019) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 23/04/2019.