LC
East African Citril Crithagra hyposticta



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass 13 g
Distribution

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 1,050,000 medium
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 3.8 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as common and widespread (Clement 1999).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Kenya N Extant Yes
Malawi N Extant Yes
Mozambique N Extant Yes
South Sudan N Extant Yes
Sudan N Extant Yes
Tanzania N Extant Yes
Zambia N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Kenya Chyulu Hills forests
Kenya Masai Mara
Kenya South Nguruman
Kenya Kakamega forest
Kenya Mount Elgon (Kenya)
Malawi Misuku Hills Forest Reserves
Malawi Nyika National Park (Malawi)
Malawi Uzumara Forest Reserve
Malawi South Viphya Forest Reserve
Malawi Mtangatanga and Perekezi Forest Reserves
Malawi Nkhotakota Wildlife Reserve
Malawi Ntchisi Mountain Forest Reserve
Malawi Dzalanyama Forest Reserve
Malawi Namizimu Forest Reserve
Malawi Mangochi Mountain Forest Reserve
Malawi Liwonde Hills Forest Reserve
Malawi Soche Mountain Forest Reserve
Malawi Mount Mulanje Forest Reserve
Malawi Thyolo Mountain Forest Reserve
Tanzania Arusha National Park and vicinity
Tanzania Mount Kilimanjaro
Tanzania Lake Manyara
Tanzania Mahali Mountain National Park
Tanzania Udzungwa National Park
Tanzania Ngorongoro Conservation Area
Tanzania Livingstone Mountains forests
Tanzania Nguru Mountains
Tanzania Njombe forests
Tanzania North Pare Mountains
Tanzania South Pare Mountains
Tanzania Rubeho Mountains
Tanzania Mount Rungwe
Tanzania Udzungwa Mountains
Tanzania Ukaguru Mountains
Tanzania Uluguru Mountains
Tanzania Umalila Mountains
Tanzania East Usambara Mountains
Tanzania West Usambara Mountains
Tanzania Uvidunda Mountains
Tanzania Kitulo plateau
Tanzania Longido Game Controlled Area
Tanzania Loazi-Kalambo Forest Reserves and surrounding area
Zambia Nyika National Park (Zambia)
Tanzania Udzungwa Mountain Range
Tanzania Greater Mahale

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable resident
Grassland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable resident
Savanna Dry suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical High Altitude suitable resident
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Moist suitable resident
Altitude 700 - 1800 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Utilisation
Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Species factsheet: Crithagra hyposticta. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 02/12/2021. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2021) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 02/12/2021.