CR
Dwarf Ibis Bostrychia bocagei



References

Azevedo, FP. 2015. How many dwarf olive ibises Bostrychia bocagei are there in São Tomé? Use of distance sampling and plot sampling to estimate the population of a critically endangered endemic bird, MSc thesis. Evora University, Portugal.

Bird, J.P., Martin, R., Akçakaya, H.R., Gilroy, J., Burfield, I.J., Garnett, S.G., Symes, A., Taylor, J., ?ekercio?lu, Ç.H. and Butchart, S.H.M. 2020. Generation lengths of the world’s birds and their implications for extinction risk. Conservation Biology 34(5): 1252-1261. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.13486.

BirdLife International. 2008. Species Guardian Action Update: November 2008: Dwarf Olive Ibis Bostrichia bocagei, São Tomé Fiscal Lanius newtoni, São Tomé Grosbeak Neospiza concolor. Available at: #http://www.birdlife.org/extinction/pdfs/Sao_Tome_Endemics_Guardian_Action.pdf#.

BirdLife International. 2019. Northern Bald Ibis: baldly leading the way in ibis conservation. Available at: https://www.birdlife.org/worldwide/news/northern-bald-ibis-baldly-leading-way-ibis-conservation. (Accessed: 29/01/2021).

Borrow, N.; Demey, R. 2001. Birds of western Africa. Christopher Helm, London.

Christy, P.; Clarke, W.V. 1998. Guide des Oiseaux de Sao Tome et Principe. ECOFAC, Sao Tome.

Collar, N. J. & Butchart, S. H. M. 2013. Conservation breeding and avian diversity: Chances and challenges. International Zoo Yearbook 48(1): 7-28.

de Lima, R.F.; Sampaio, H.; Dunn, J.C.; Cabinda, G.; Fonseca, R.; Oquiongo, G.; Oquiongo, J.; Samba, S.; Santana, A.; Soares, E.; Viegas, L.; Ward-Francis, A.; Costa, L.T.; Palmeirim, J.; Buchanan, G. 2017. Distribution and habitat associations of the critically endangered bird species of São Tomé Island (Gulf of Guinea). Bird Conservation International 27(4): 455-469.

del Hoyo, J., Elliot, A. & Sargatal, J. (ed.). 1992. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Dutton, J. 1994. Introduced mammals in São Tomé and Príncipe: possible threats to biodiversity. Biodiversity and Conservation 3: 927-938.

IUCN. 2021. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2021-3. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 09 December 2021).

Maia, H.; Gascoigne, A.; de Deus, D.; de Lima, R. F. 2014. Notes on the breeding ecology and conservation of the Critically Endangered Dwarf Olive Ibis Bostrychia bocagei. Bull. Afr. Bird Club 21(2): 202-205.

Ndang’ang’a, P.K., Ward-Francis, A., Costa, L., de Lima, R.F., Palmeirim, J., Tavares, J., Buchanan, G., Carvalho, M., Melo, M., Dallimer, M. and Valle, S. 2014. ) International action plan for the conservation of critically endangered birds on São Tomé: 2014-2018. BirdLife International, Cambridge, UK.

Olmos, F.; Turshak, L.G. 2010. Bird observations from São Tomé: Monte Carmo as a priority conservation site. Bulletin of the African Bird Club 17(1): 54-65.

Oyono, P. R., Morelli, T. L., Sayer, J., Makon, S., Djeukam, R., Hatcher, J., Bigombé, P. 2014. Allocation and use of forest land: Current trends, issues and perspectives. . In: C. de Wasseige, J. Flynn, D. Louppe, F. Hiol Hiol, & P. Mayaux (ed.), The forests of the Congo Basin: State of the forest (2013), pp. 215-240. Weyrich, Neufchâteau, Belgium.

Sampaio, H. A. L., de Lima, R. F., Ward-Francis, A. and Havery, S. J. 2016. Hunters and the critically endangered dwarf olive ibis, endemic to São Tomé. Unpublished report. BirdLife International, Cambridge, UK.

Soares, F.C, Panisi, M., Sampaio, H., Soares, E., Santana, A., Buchanan, G.M., Leal, A.I., Palmeirim, J.M. & de Lima, R.F. 2020. Land-use intensification promotes non-native species in a tropical island bird assemblage. Animal Conservation 23(5): 571-584.

Socfin. 2018. Agripalma. Available at: https://www.socfin.com/en/locations/agripalma. (Accessed: 05/09/2020).

Ward-Francis, A.; Costa, L.; Sampaio, H.; de Lima, R.F. 2015. Reducing the extinction risk of the three Critically Endangered birds of São Tomé. Interim Report AFR-1411 - F14AP00529. Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, Sociedade Portuguesa para o Estudo das Aves, University of Lisbon.

Further resources

IUCN SSC Stork, Ibis and Spoonbill Specialist Group

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

Species Guardian Action Update

This species has been identified as an Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) trigger - click here for more information


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Bostrychia bocagei. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/09/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/09/2022.