LC
Dusky Tit Melaniparus funereus



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note
Melaniparus funereus (del Hoyo and Collar 2016) was previously listed as Parus funereus.

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
Dowsett, R. J.; Forbes-Watson, A. D. 1993. Checklist of birds of the Afrotropical and Malagasy regions. Tauraco Press, Li
Sibley, C. G.; Monroe, B. L. 1990. Distribution and taxonomy of birds of the world. Yale University Press, New Haven, USA.

IUCN Red List criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency medium
Land-mass type Average mass -
Range

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence (breeding/resident) 6,040,000 km2 medium
Severely fragmented? no -
Population
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
Population size unknown - - -
Population trend decreasing - suspected -
Generation length 4.2 years - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as locally common or common in Guinea, Sudan and Uganda; scarce in Sierra Leone and Cameroon and locally rare in Ivory Coast and Ghana (del Hoyo et al. 2007).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be in decline owing to habitat conversion (del Hoyo et al. 2007).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Presence Origin Resident Breeding visitor Non-breeding visitor Passage migrant
Angola extant native yes
Cameroon extant native yes
Central African Republic extant native yes
Congo extant native yes
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the extant native yes
Côte d'Ivoire extant native yes
Equatorial Guinea extant native yes
Gabon extant native yes
Ghana extant native yes
Guinea extant native yes
Kenya extant native yes
Liberia extant native yes
Rwanda extant native yes
Sierra Leone extant native yes
South Sudan extant native yes
Sudan extant native yes
Uganda extant native yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Angola Gabela
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Ngiri
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Salonga National Park
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Lomako - Yekokora
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Mount Hoyo Reserve
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Okapi Faunal Reserve
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Virunga National Park
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Maiko National Park
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Forests west of Lake Edward
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Kahuzi-Biega National Park
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Itombwe Mountains
Central African Republic Ngotto
Central African Republic Dzanga-Ndoki National Park
Congo Nouabalé-Ndoki National Park complex
Congo Odzala National Park complex
Côte d'Ivoire Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve
Côte d'Ivoire Gueoule and Glo Mountain Forest Reserves
Côte d'Ivoire Marahoue National Park
Côte d'Ivoire Bossematie Forest Reserve
Côte d'Ivoire Parc National de Taï et Réserve de faune du N'Zo
Cameroon Nki
Cameroon Lobéké National Park
Gabon Lopé Faunal Reserve
Gabon Ipassa Strict Nature Reserve
Gabon Minkébé Forest Reserve
Ghana Kakum National Park - Assin Attandaso Resource Reserve
Guinea Massif du Ziama
Kenya North Nandi forest
Kenya South Nandi forest
Kenya Kakamega forest
Liberia Nimba mountains
Liberia Zwedru
Rwanda Nyungwe National Park
South Sudan Imatong mountains
Sierra Leone Loma Mountains Non-hunting Forest Reserve
Sierra Leone Tingi Hills Non-hunting Forest Reserve
Sierra Leone Kangari Hills Non-hunting Forest Reserve
Sierra Leone Gola Forests
Uganda Bwindi Impenetrable National Park
Uganda Kibale National Park
Uganda Queen Elizabeth National Park and Lake George
Uganda Mabira Forest Reserve
Uganda Budongo Forest Reserve
Uganda Mount Elgon National Park
Congo Lake Télé Community Reserve
Uganda Kasyoha-Kitomi Forest Reserve
Uganda Bugoma Central Forest Reserve

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane major resident
Altitude 550 - 2500 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Species factsheet: Melaniparus funereus. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org/species/factsheet/dusky-tit-melaniparus-funereus on 26/02/2024.
Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2024) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org on 26/02/2024.