LC
Dusky Tit Melaniparus funereus



Taxonomy

Taxonomic note
Melaniparus funereus (del Hoyo and Collar 2016) was previously listed as Parus funereus.

Taxonomic source(s)
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.
Dowsett, R. J.; Forbes-Watson, A. D. 1993. Checklist of birds of the Afrotropical and Malagasy regions. Tauraco Press, Li
Sibley, C. G.; Monroe, B. L. 1990. Distribution and taxonomy of birds of the world. Yale University Press, New Haven, USA.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status not a migrant Forest dependency Medium
Land mass type Average mass -
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 6,040,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals unknown not applicable not applicable 0
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.2 - - -

Population justification: The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is described as locally common or common in Guinea, Sudan and Uganda; scarce in Sierra Leone and Cameroon and locally rare in Ivory Coast and Ghana (del Hoyo et al. 2007).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be in decline owing to habitat conversion (del Hoyo et al. 2007).


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Angola N Extant Yes
Cameroon N Extant Yes
Central African Republic N Extant Yes
Congo N Extant Yes
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the N Extant Yes
Côte d'Ivoire N Extant Yes
Equatorial Guinea N Extant Yes
Gabon N Extant Yes
Ghana N Extant Yes
Guinea N Extant Yes
Kenya N Extant Yes
Liberia N Extant Yes
Rwanda N Extant Yes
Sierra Leone N Extant Yes
South Sudan N Extant Yes
Sudan N Extant Yes
Uganda N Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Angola Gabela
Cameroon Lobéké National Park
Cameroon Nki
Central African Republic Dzanga-Ndoki National Park
Central African Republic Ngotto
Congo Lake Télé Community Reserve
Congo Nouabalé-Ndoki National Park complex
Congo Odzala National Park complex
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Forests west of Lake Edward
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Itombwe Mountains
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Kahuzi-Biega National Park
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Lomako - Yekokora
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Maiko National Park
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Mount Hoyo Reserve
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Ngiri
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Okapi Faunal Reserve
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Salonga National Park
Congo, The Democratic Republic of the Virunga National Park
Côte d'Ivoire Bossematie Forest Reserve
Côte d'Ivoire Gueoule and Glo Mountain Forest Reserves
Côte d'Ivoire Marahoue National Park
Côte d'Ivoire Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve
Côte d'Ivoire Parc National de Taï et Réserve de faune du N'Zo
Gabon Ipassa Strict Nature Reserve
Gabon Lopé Faunal Reserve
Gabon Minkébé Forest Reserve
Ghana Kakum National Park - Assin Attandaso Resource Reserve
Guinea Massif du Ziama
Kenya Kakamega forest
Kenya Mount Elgon (Kenya)
Kenya North Nandi forest
Kenya South Nandi forest
Liberia Nimba mountains
Liberia Zwedru
Rwanda Cyamudongo forest
Rwanda Nyungwe National Park
Sierra Leone Gola Forests
Sierra Leone Kangari Hills Non-hunting Forest Reserve
Sierra Leone Loma Mountains Non-hunting Forest Reserve
Sierra Leone Tingi Hills Non-hunting Forest Reserve
South Sudan Imatong mountains
South Sudan Kidepo
Uganda Budongo Forest Reserve
Uganda Bugoma Central Forest Reserve
Uganda Bwindi Impenetrable National Park
Uganda Kasyoha-Kitomi Forest Reserve
Uganda Kibale National Park
Uganda Kidepo Valley National Park
Uganda Mabira Forest Reserve
Uganda Mount Elgon National Park
Uganda Queen Elizabeth National Park and Lake George

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable resident
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland major resident
Forest Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane major resident
Altitude 550 - 2500 m Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2017) Species factsheet: Melaniparus funereus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/11/2017. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2017) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/11/2017.