Double-crested Cormorant Nannopterum auritus


Butcher, G. S.; Niven, D. K. 2007. Combining data from the Christmas bird count and the breeding bird survey to determine the continental status and trends of North American birds.

del Hoyo, J.; Elliot, A.; Sargatal, J. 1992. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Hatch, J. 1995. Changing Populations of Double-Crested Cormorants. Colonial Waterbirds 18, Special Publication 1: The Double-Crested Cormorant: Biology, Conservation and Management: 8-24.

Wires, L.R.; Cuthbert, F.J. 2006. Historic populations of the double-crested cormorant (Phalacrocorax auritus): implications for conservation and management in the 21st century. Waterbirds 29: 9-37.

Further resources

IUCN SSC Cormorant Specialist Group

Search for photos and videos, and hear sounds of this species from the Macaulay Library

Media resources

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Nannopterum auritus. Downloaded from on 04/10/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 04/10/2023.