LC
Dead Sea Sparrow Passer moabiticus



Taxonomy

Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: #http://www.aerc.eu/DOCS/Bird_taxa_of _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Does not normally occur in forest
Land mass type Average mass 15.5 g
Extent of occurrence (EOO)

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 1,770,000 medium
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 1,690,000 medium
Number of locations -
Fragmentation -
Population and trend
Estimate Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 20000-60000 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Decreasing suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Largest subpopulations - - -
Generation length (yrs) 5.8 - - -

Population justification: In Europe, the breeding population is estimated to number 1,000-3,000 pairs, which equates to 2,000-6,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015). Europe forms c.10% of the global range, so a very preliminary estimate of the global population size is 20,000-60,000 mature individuals, although further validation of this estimate is needed.

Trend justification: In Europe the population size is estimated to be decreasing by at least 10% in 17.4 years (three generations) (BirdLife International 2015). The remainder of the population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.


Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Afghanistan N Extant Yes
Bahrain V Extant Yes
Cyprus N Extant Yes
Egypt N Extant
Greece V Extant
Iran, Islamic Republic of N Extant Yes
Iraq N Extant Yes
Israel N Extant Yes Yes
Jordan N Extant Yes
Kuwait V Extant Yes
Pakistan N Extant
Palestinian Authority Territories N Extant Yes Yes
Saudi Arabia V Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes
Turkey N Extant Yes
United Arab Emirates V Extant Yes

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Afghanistan Hamun-i-Puzak
Iran, Islamic Republic of Dez river marshes and plains
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamidieh (Omidiyeh) plains
Iran, Islamic Republic of Hamoun-i Sabari and Hamoun-i Hirmand
Iran, Islamic Republic of Karkheh river marshes
Iran, Islamic Republic of South end of the Hamoun-i Puzak
Iraq Central Marshes
Iraq Dalmaj Marsh
Iraq Fishkhaboor
Iraq Haditha Wetlands and Baghdadi
Iraq Razzaza Lake
Iraq Teeb Oasis and Zubaidaat
Iraq Tharthar Lake and Al-Dhebaeji Fields
Iraq West Hammar
Israel Hula valley
Israel Jezre'el, Harod and Bet She'an valleys
Israel Northern Arava valley
Israel Northern lower Jordan valley
Israel Southern Arava valley and Elat mountains
Jordan Dana
Jordan Maghtas - Sweimeh
Jordan Wadi Mujib
Palestinian Authority Territories Ein Al-Fashkha
Palestinian Authority Territories Jericho
Syria Ras al-Ayn
Syria Yarmuk valley

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry major breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry major non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, Marshes, Swamps, Fens, Peatlands suitable non-breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable breeding
Wetlands (inland) Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls) suitable non-breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Passer moabiticus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/09/2019. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2019) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/09/2019.