Damara Tern Sternula balaenarum


Braby, J. 2010. New migration records for the Damara Tern Sterna balaenarum. Ornithological Observations 1: 38-41.

Braby, J. 2011. The conservation and biology of the Damara Tern in Namibia. University of Cape Town.

Braby, J.; Braby, R.J.; Braby, N.; Simmons, R.E. 2009. Protecting Damara Terns Sterna balaenarum from recreational disturbance in the Namib Desert increases breeding density and overall success. Ostrich 80(2): 71-75.

Braby, J.; Braby, S.J.; Braby, R.J.; Altwegg, R. 2012. Annual survival and dispersal of a seabird adapted to a stable environment: implications for survival. Journal of Ornithology 153: 809-816.

Braby, R.J.; Shapira, A.; Simmons, R.E. 2001. Successful conservation measures and new breeding records for Damara Terns Sterna balaenarum in Namibia. Marine Ornithology 29: 81-84.

del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J. 1996. Handbook of the Birds of the World, vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Demey, R.; Fishpool, L.D.C. 1991. Additions and annotations to the avifauna of Côte d'Ivoire. Malimbus 12: 61-86.

Gochfeld, M.; Burger, J. 1996. Sternidae (Terns). In: del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J. (ed.), Handbook of the birds of the world, pp. 624-667. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Harrison, J.A.; Allan, D.G.; Underhill, L.G.; Herremans, M.; Tree, A.J.; Parker, V.; Brown, C.J. 1997. The Atlas of Southern African Birds. BirdLife South Africa, Johannesburg.

Hockey, P.A.R.; Dean, W.R.J.; Ryan, P.G. 2005. Roberts Birds of Southern Africa. Trustees of the John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town, South Africa.

Roux, J.P. 2003. Risks. In: Molloy, F.; Reinikainen, T. (ed.), Namibia’s Marine Environment, pp. 137-152. Directorate of Environmental Affairs of the Ministry of Environment and Tourism, Windhoek, Namibia.

Simmons, R.E. 2010. First breeding records for Damara Terns and density of other shorebirds along Angola's Namib Desert coast. Ostrich 81(1): 19-23.

Simmons, R.E.; Cordes, I.; Braby, R. 1998. Latitudinal trends, population size and habitat preferences of the Damara Tern Sterna balaenarum on Namibia's desert coast. Ibis 140: 439-445.

Urban, E.K.; Fry, C.H.; Keith, S. 1986. The Birds of Africa, Volume II. Academic Press, London.

Williams, A.J.; Ward, V.L.; Underhill, L.G. 2004. Waders respond quickly and positively to the banning from beaches in South Africa. Wader Study Group Bulletin 104: 79–81.

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Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Species factsheet: Sternula balaenarum. Downloaded from on 26/05/2020. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2020) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 26/05/2020.