Cyprus Wheatear Oenanthe cypriaca


Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red list criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency Low
Land mass type Average mass 18 g

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 14,400
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 1,130,000
Number of locations -
Severely Fragmented -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
No. of mature individuals 80000-199999 poor estimated 2012
Population trend Stable suspected -
Decline (3 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (5 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/1 generation past) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation future) - - -
Decline (10 years/3 generation past and future) - - -
Number of subpopulations - - -
Percentage in largest subpopulation - - -
Generation length (yrs) 4.1 - - -

Population justification: The population is estimated to number at least 18,000 individuals, roughly equating to 12,000 mature individuals (K. Kohls in litt. 2008). The population is estimated at 40,000-100,000 pairs, which equates to 80,000-200,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be stable (BirdLife International 2015).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Occurrence status Presence Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Cyprus N Extant Yes
Egypt N Extant
Ethiopia N Extant
Israel N Extant
Jordan N Extant Yes
Lebanon V Extant Yes
Oman V Extant Yes
Saudi Arabia N Extant Yes
South Sudan N Extant Yes
Sudan N Extant Yes
Syria N Extant Yes
Turkey N Extant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Cyprus Akamas and Agia Aikaterini – Agia Paraskevi Gorges
Cyprus Pafos Plain
Cyprus Xeros Valley and Hanoutaris Cliffs
Cyprus Phasouri reedbeds
Cyprus Akrotiri salt-lake including Bishop's Pool
Cyprus Larnaca Salt Lakes
Cyprus Cape Greco
Cyprus Karpas Peninsula
Cyprus Pentadaktylos Mountains
Cyprus Akhna dam
Cyprus Episkopi Cliffs
Cyprus Pafos Forest
Cyprus Adelphoi Forest - Papoutsa
Cyprus Diarizos Valley
Cyprus Troodos Forest
Cyprus Koshi-Pallourokampos and Troulloi Plain
Cyprus Atsas-Agios Theodoros Area
Cyprus Vouni Panagias
Cyprus Ezousa Valley and Cliffs
Cyprus Cha Potami River
Cyprus Karpasia Peninsula - Kleides Islands
Cyprus Kormakitis Peninsula
Cyprus Mahairas Forest - Tzionia
Cyprus Paramali River and Plateau
Cyprus Pentashoinos River
Cyprus Saramas Valley
Cyprus Xylourikos Valley

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Pastureland suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Rural Gardens suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Urban Areas suitable breeding
Forest Temperate suitable breeding
Grassland Temperate suitable breeding
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) suitable breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation suitable breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - Non-trivial Recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Species factsheet: Oenanthe cypriaca. Downloaded from on 13/08/2022. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2022) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 13/08/2022.