Cyprus Warbler Curruca melanothorax


Taxonomic source(s)
AERC TAC. 2003. AERC TAC Checklist of bird taxa occurring in Western Palearctic region, 15th Draft. Available at: # _the_WP15.xls#.
Cramp, S. and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). 1977-1994. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. The birds of the western Palearctic. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Boesman, P. and Kirwan, G.M. 2016. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 2: Passerines. Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN Red List criteria met and history
Red List criteria met
Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable
- - -

Red List history
Year Category Criteria
2016 Least Concern
2012 Least Concern
2009 Least Concern
2008 Least Concern
2004 Least Concern
2000 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1994 Lower Risk/Least Concern
1988 Lower Risk/Least Concern
Species attributes

Migratory status full migrant Forest dependency does not normally occur in forest
Land-mass type Average mass 11 g

Estimate Data quality
Extent of Occurrence breeding/resident (km2) 14,400
Extent of Occurrence non-breeding (km2) 585,000
Severely fragmented? no -
Population and trend
Value Data quality Derivation Year of estimate
Number of mature individuals 140000-279999 poor estimated 2012
Population trend decreasing suspected -
Generation length (years) 4 - - -

Population justification: The breeding population, which is confined to Europe, is estimated to number 70,000-140,000 pairs, which equates to 140,000-280,000 mature individuals (BirdLife International 2015).

Trend justification: The population is suspected to be in decline in areas recently colonised by S. melanocephala (del Hoyo et al. 2006, BirdLife International 2015).

Country/territory distribution
Country/Territory Presence Origin Resident Breeding Non-breeding Passage
Cyprus extant native yes
Egypt extant vagrant
Israel extant native yes
Jordan extant native yes
Lebanon extant native yes yes
Spain extant native yes
Sudan extant native yes
Türkiye extant vagrant

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBA)
Country/Territory IBA Name
Cyprus Troodos Forest
Cyprus Pafos Forest
Cyprus Akrotiri Peninsula - Episkopi Cliffs
Cyprus Atsas-Agios Theodoros Area
Cyprus Limnatis Valley
Cyprus Panagia Stazousa River
Cyprus Adelphoi Forest - Papoutsa
Cyprus Akamas and Agia Aikaterini – Agia Paraskevi Gorges
Cyprus Cape Greco
Cyprus Diarizos Valley
Cyprus Ezousa Valley and Cliffs
Cyprus Cha Potami River
Cyprus Karpasia Peninsula - Kleides Islands
Cyprus Kormakitis Peninsula
Cyprus Mahairas Forest - Tzionia
Cyprus Paramali River and Plateau
Cyprus Pentadaktylos Mountains
Cyprus Pentashoinos River
Cyprus Xeros Valley and Hanoutaris Cliffs
Cyprus Xylourikos Valley

Habitats & altitude
Habitat (level 1) Habitat (level 2) Importance Occurrence
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable Land suitable non-breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable breeding
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations suitable non-breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation major breeding
Shrubland Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation major non-breeding
Shrubland Subtropical/Tropical Dry suitable non-breeding
Altitude   Occasional altitudinal limits  

Purpose Primary form used Life stage used Source Scale Level Timing
Pets/display animals, horticulture - - international non-trivial recent

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Curruca melanothorax. Downloaded from on 23/09/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 23/09/2023.