Cuban Solitaire Myadestes elisabeth


Justification of Red List Category
This species is classified as Near Threatened because it has a moderately small population and occupies a small range in which rates of habitat degradation and loss are likely to be causing a decline. However, the range is not yet severely fragmented or restricted to few locations. For these reasons, the species is classified as Near Threatened.

Population justification
The global population size has not been quantified, but this species is described as 'fairly common' (Stotz et al. 1996).

Trend justification
There are no data; however, the species is thought to be in decline owing to habitat loss.

Distribution and population

Myadestes elisabeth is locally quite common on Cuba. In west Cuba, it is found only in Sierra de los Organos, Sierra del Rosario and Sierra de la Güira but is more widely distributed in the east. The race elisabeth, endemic to the Isle of Youth, was driven to extinction in the 1930s (Raffaele et al. 1998, del Hoyo et al. 2005).


It is found in dense montane humid forest and nests on steep limestone cliffs and in tree cavities shielded by bromeliads (Wells and Mitchell 1995, Raffaele et al. 1998, Garrido and Kirkconnell 2000).


Throughout much of its range, forest is under conversion to cultivation and pasture, and there has been a recent expansion of cacao, coffee and tobacco production (Dinerstein et al. 1995). However, habitat in the population stronghold of Pinar del Rio province is considered relatively secure (Wells and Mitchell 1995, Raffaele et al. 1998).

Conservation actions

Conservation Actions Underway
None is known.

Conservation Actions Proposed
Protect forest in its stronghold of Pinar del Rio province. Discourage the conversion of native forest to cash-crops. Monitor the population.


Text account compilers
Capper, D., Khwaja, N., Mahood, S., O'Brien, A., Sharpe, C J

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Species factsheet: Myadestes elisabeth. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/11/2019. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2019) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/11/2019.